The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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Is friction a product of Newton's third law?

Newton's third law is defined as $F_{12} = -F_{21}$ Is friction a product of this law? For example, if I take my hand and slide it across the floor in the $+x$ direction... My hand exerts a force ...
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436 views

About vector form of friction

I read a text on mechanics and in the chapter on friction, there written that the kinetic friction is in the form $$f_k = \mu_k F_N$$ where $f_k$ is the kinetic friction, $\mu_k$ is the kinetic ...
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776 views

When does centripetal force cause constant circular motion?

As far as I know, if an object has a speed $s$ and a force is applied to it which generates an acceleration of $s^2/r$, then the object will start moving in a circle of radius $r$. Also, as far as I ...
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108 views

Work done by frictional force on a sliding block

A block slides across a table horizontally with an initial velocity $V$. The frictional force $F$ brings it to rest after its Centre of Mass covers distance $S$. What is the work done by the ...
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83 views

Rolling w/o slipping - does a friction force acts in this scenario?

Assume the following scenario of rolling without slipping: A small disk starts rolling w/o slipping at $\vec{r}_{CM}=-9R\hat{x}$ (scenario A) and reaches the bottom of the large hollow disk ...
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How do I account for the direction of friction acting on a spring?

I would like to set up the equations of motion for a simple spring oscillator. Let's have a spring lying horizontally; we attach a small mass $m$ to the (massless) spring. The force of the spring ...
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What are all the equations we use to calculate how bounces work?

I mean, what is the object's final displacement, or the function that describes the object's height over time (see [1]) of an object thrown by a height $h$ with a speed of $\vec{v_0}$, a mass of $m$, ...
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Does a ski racer with a larger mass have an advantage?

Does a ski racer with a greater mass have an advantage over a racer with a lesser mass? If mass of one racer is 54 kg and the mass of a more slender racer is 44 kg I know the speed at which they ...
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59 views

Damping a spring force

I'm modelling particles in a system using a spring and damper force. $$F= kx -cv$$ $x=x_i -x_f$, where $x_i$=centre of spring and $x_f$= displaced position. Above $x$ is the displacement and $v$ is ...
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What role does static friction force play for a rolling object? How can I know what direction it points?

Fundamentally, what does a friction force do for a rolling object? I am very confused by the way my textbook explains it. In my textbook , it says: A wheel rolling on a horizontal flat surface at a ...
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105 views

Force balancing - Newtonian mechanics [duplicate]

If a horse pulls the carriage, the carriage should pull the horse with equal force (Newton's third law), then how does the whole system move? I drew the free body diagram but not yet figured what ...
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265 views

Is static friction an impulsive force?

For example: let's consider a static sphere on an horizontal rough surface. I apply an impulse $J$ parallel to the ground and in the middle of the sphere. If, like my book says, the friction is not an ...
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939 views

How is circular motion possible on a banked road when there is no Friction?

It is given here that the maximum safe speed of a vehicle on a banked road having coefficient of friction $0$, is $V =\sqrt{R g \tan \theta}$, where $\theta$ is the angle of banking. I can't ...
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443 views

Ideally speaking, will a rolling disk with no slipping come to a stop because of friction from the ground?

Consider a rotating disk on a horizontal plane with static friction. The contact point of the disk with the plane has null instantaneous velocity. Assuming the center of the disk has fixed $v_0$ ...
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258 views

How is it possible to move something without completely lifting it?

For example, let's assume a chair here: It can be "slid" across the force if we use minimal upwards force, but not enough to actually "lift" the chair. Why should it move? Here's a better example: I ...
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Static Friction in Free Body Diagram (FBD) of Car parked on Incline

I'm working on a sample problem and it asks on how steep of an incline can a car park? From what I learned the friction is in the opposite direction if there was motion in said friction-less ...
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1answer
194 views

Which theory predicts that dubbed tires have more friction?

The physical reasoning I suppose could be that more contact areas mean more and higher friction. But is there an actual formula or a more mathematical explanation? Application for bicycling was my ...
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147 views

Beer bottle leftovers pour quickly only after waiting?

Why is it that after pouring a delicious beer from a bottle, I can hold it upside down for several seconds without reward, but if I wait a bit, the remainder presumably settles at the bottom and ...
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780 views

Force applied perpendicular to direction of motion, static or kinetic friction?

Let's assume we have a 1 kg cube on a flat uniform surface. The coefficients of friction between them are $\mu_k = 0.25$ and $\mu_s = 0.50$. This cube is moving at 1 m/s in the y direction, with ...
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1answer
11k views

Torque Required For a Motor to Move an Object on Wheels?

I've been attempting to calculate how much torque a motor needs to produce in order to start a stationary object on wheels moving. (The torque is being applied to the rear 2 wheels, the front 2 are on ...
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48 views

Why does friction produce heat?

What causes two objects sliding against each other to produce heat? Why don't they generate visible light or something else?
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59 views

Why don't things balance after they stop spinning?

When I spin a penny, I spin it on its "edge" (circumference). So why is it that when the penny inevitably stops spinning, it never comes to rest on its edge, instead falling onto one of its faces? It ...
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Will the gravitational pull of air affect the falling rate of an object?

After looking at this question: Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity? A thought occurred to me that due to the increased gravitational pull of the ...
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203 views

Showing that a mass moves a half cycle

Consider a mass $m$ at position $x(t)$ on a rough horizontal table attached to the origin by a spring with constant $k$ (restoring force $-kx$) and with a dry friction force $f$ $$\begin{cases} ...
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42 views

If I shoot a hockey puck on ice, is the force of me shooting it applied throughout its travel, or is it a one time force?

For example, if I take a slap shot on a hockey puck, from what I understand, the forces acting on the puck are friction, the normal force, and the puck's weight. And, since I'm not constantly either ...
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136 views

Efficiency of Bicycle Pedalling

Consider a bicycle with multiple gears. Suppose that you are in a starting position with someone holding your bike upright (so when you start there's no issue with clipping in etc). It's well-known ...
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259 views

How does a bowl of hot water move by itself?

I think everyone should have seen a bowl of hot water moving by itself on a flat surface such as glass(seems like it is moving by itself but maybe there are some external force applied to it when it ...
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81 views

Why do Signs Fall?

My question in this post is, why do signs with large angles fall? For example, fold a piece of paper in half, set the angle between the two halves, and place it on the floor; it will stand or collapse ...
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150 views

kinetic and potential energy

I have 2 cubes where one mass is greater than the other. $M$ and $m$, where $M>m$, and there is a hill that is symmetrical on both sides, and has a friction factor of $k$ between the object and the ...
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185 views

Can a solid object float on a frictionless liquid?

Assuming the solid is less dense than the liquid, will a solid object float on a frictionless liquid? I can imagine that due to the pressure gradient the object will float, but I can also imagine ...
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330 views

Stick and slip motion: mass and spring inside a box model

I am trying to determine a set of differential equation which can describe the motion of a mechanical system as below. Here, at the bottom we have a plate, and a box on top of it. Inside the box, ...
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519 views

Nature of frictional force

I was thinking about a situation where a person in standing on the ground with some friction. The frictional force is directly proportional to the normal reaction acting on him by the ground. Assume ...
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Angular momentum after elastic collision

If two balls collide (elastically) and there is no friction between them, will their angular momentum change after the collision?
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Does kinetic friction increase as speed increases? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does the force of kinetic friction increase with the relative speed of the objects involved? If not, why not? Layman alert...I last did physics in high school, and am ...
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237 views

Understanding Work and the conservation of energy

We have a car with a mass of $780 kg$ with travels with a speed of $50 km/h$. The car brakes and after $4,2m$ is stops completely. Warmth is created. Calculate the friction. I solved this easily, by ...
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316 views

Moving along friction surfaces

If a particle moves along a one dimensional surface with constant friction. As the particle moves from point $A$ to point $B$ it loses an amount of energy equals $E(A,B)$. Consider that the particle ...
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How do I find work done by friction over a curve represented by a polynomial?

I am facing a problem in Physics. Problem: What will be the work done by the frictional force over a polynomial curve if a body is sliding on this polynomial($a+bx+cx^2+dx^3+\ldots$) curve from rest ...
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Effect of surface treatment on fair dice

If I have a perfectly balanced and thus fair cubic die, then polish 3 adjacent faces (so that their coefficient of friction is effectively zero) and roughen the remaining faces (so that their ...
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1answer
559 views

Thermal energy generated due to loss in kinetic energy when observed from two different frames of reference

A body is moving with a velocity $v$ with respect to a frame of reference $S_1$. It bumps into a very heavy object and comes to rest instantaneously, its kinetic energy $$\frac{1}{2}mv^2$$ as ...
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1answer
752 views

Physics needed to build a top down billiards game [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How are these balls reflected after they hit each other? I was wondering what sort of physics equations would I need in order to build a top down billiards game? I tried ...
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1answer
936 views

Does ABS cause a force that resists turning a car into a corner?

ABS systems work by allowing a tire to continue to rotate rather than "locking-up" (stop turning) due to loss of traction with the road surface. A rotating tire can influence the direction of the ...
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1answer
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Coefficient of friction on a loop-the-loop!

Here is a question that I thought of while doing a physics lab in class. We dropped a marble from a certain height down a ramp and around loop-the-loop and let it fly off of a table and then we were ...
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82 views

Frictional force require to balance leaning sticks

Here is the question (from Morin's Introduction to Classical Mechanics book): One stick leans on another as shown in Fig. 2.21. A right angle is formed where they meet, and the right stick makes ...
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63 views

Erosion effect from Coriolis force in a South-to-North water channel?

Imagine we could build a channel (like those cool ones in some countries) but very, very long, parallel to a meridian (ie South-North direction).. The channel would contain water, which would ...
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134 views

Lifting frictional force and relative values for kinetic vs static friction

My physics textbook says that friction mainly arises due to intermolecular attraction between atoms of the objects in contact and clashes between peaks are only significant for rough surfaces. I was ...
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106 views

What determines the speed required to pull a table cloth?

I was watching this show "Street Genius" on National Geographic and the host Tim Shaw demonstrated an experiment about Inertia, What he did was, He tied one end of a table cloth to a car through a ...
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459 views

Accelerate the car by static friction

I asked this question about friction and slip ratio and now I still don't understand it Why friction is zero when wheel slip is zero? As the below graph of wheel friction vs slip ratio shows that in ...
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284 views

Push a box in a plane with friction. How to deal with the rotation?

Suppose I have a box (say, length-1m, width-1m, height-0.5m) on the plane with friction. I can apply a horizontal force in on the surface of the box. If the force doesn't pass through the center of ...
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299 views

Angular Velocity after a frictional impulse [duplicate]

I am modelling 2D physics collision into simulations. In Physics for Game Programmers, Grant Palmer book, the velocity Vn1 after collision is mentioned to be independent of the friction coeff. ...
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1answer
91 views

intuition behind Coulomb's friction force

I would like to know why dry frictional force does not depend on speed(assuming that the heat generated by friction is small so it does not alter the coefficient of friction). Let me explain how I ...