The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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3
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1answer
112 views

Could $\int (\ddot\phi + \mu\dot\phi^2)d\phi$ ever be negative? How to show it?

I am working on the following problem: Given a mass $m$ at rest at the base of an incline surface shaped like 1/12th of a circle with radius $R$. The mass is pulled up the incline by a rope that ...
20
votes
1answer
302 views

How many molecules rub off when I press a key?

I have a lot of questions below but my overarching questions are: Do surfaces rubbing lightly together always strip molecules off of each other? and How can we model that? Clearly the answer to the ...
1
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0answers
27 views

Why do skidding wheels have less traction than non skidding wheels? [duplicate]

I do not understand in terms of coefficients of friction why this happens? From my understanding the ground and the tire still have the same coefficients of friction right? So why is there less ...
0
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1answer
2k views

Why does the co-efficent of kinetic friction of a block on an inclined plane not change when you increase the angle of the plane?

The coefficient of kinetic friction can be calculated using $\mu_k = F_k/F_n$. A change in angle does not affect the normal force, but doesn't a change in angle affect the friction? As in if the angle ...
1
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1answer
81 views

Pseudoforce and friction: confusion

Consider the following situation. A block of mass $M$ is resting on a rough horizontal ground, and a frame is moving towards the right horizontally with an acceleration $a$. Suppose the coefficient of ...
0
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5answers
579 views

Who does work while walking?

While walking the work done by friction is zero. But who does the work, actually? How someone is getting displaced? This situation also arises when someone climbs without slipping or is climbing a ...
0
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2answers
389 views

Why is there a static frictional force on an object that rolls without slipping?

It is clear that if a frictional force must exist on an object that rolls without slipping, it must a static frictional force because the contact point of the object with the ground does not move. I ...
0
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2answers
38 views

A statics problem to find minimal friction

consider the following: I need to find the minimal coeeficient of friction $\mu _{min}$ so that both recatngle boxes would remain static. The lower angle in the triangle is $2\alpha$ as indicated. I ...
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1answer
1k views

How does static friction increase with increase in the applied force?

My book says that 'Between surface of contact between two bodies there are contact forces applied between each other (they are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction,obeying Newton's 3rd law) ...
1
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2answers
110 views

Finding coefficient of friction between block and plane [closed]

An inclined plane makes angle $\theta$ with horizontal. Upper half plane is perfectly smooth where as lower half is rough. The block of mass m starts sliding from top. If the block again comes to rest ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Modeling a stool with three legs pushed on one leg

If a stool with three legs is pushed (horizontally) on one leg in the direction of the axis passing through the other two legs, it starts both moving and rotating. Is it correct to assume 1/3 of ...
1
vote
1answer
308 views

Moving wedge and pulley system

A wedge of mass $M$ rests on a rough horizontal surface with coefficient of static friction $\mu$. The face of the wedge is a smooth plane inclined at an angle $ \alpha$ to the horizontal. A mass ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Inclined plane problem with friction [closed]

A block of mass 6.0 kg slides from rest at a height of 2.0 m down to a horizontal surface where it passes over a 1.5 m rough patch. After crossing this patch it climbs up another incline which is at ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Static Friction on a Circular Road [duplicate]

I was recently brushing up on my dynamics, when I saw the interpretation of how a car moves in a circular road. Apparently, the car can stay in a circle due to static friction acting inwards. But I ...
1
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0answers
61 views

How do whitening toothbrushes work?

Certain "whitening" toothbrushes are sold and I was wondering about the mechanisms behind the tooth whitening process. I suspect this is related to the shape and arrangement of the fibres, probably ...
5
votes
1answer
249 views

How to get rotational speed after disk-disk collision with friction?

Assume two circular disks A and B collide. They have both initial linear momentum and angular momentum. If their surface has no friction, their angular velocity does not change after collision, so I ...
6
votes
5answers
885 views

Forces other than the fundamental interactions, e.g. friction

Forgive me for the silly question, but I just don't get it. I just completed an elementary course in mechanics, and I am curious to know what I am about to ask. We have, all year, dealt with many ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How much more efficient is a road bike than a mountain bike? [closed]

What would be a good estimate on the difference of efficiency between a road bike and a mountain bike? A number of links cite all the usual reasons: thinner tires, better aerodynamics... But I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Erosion effect from Coriolis force in a South-to-North water channel?

Imagine we could build a channel (like those cool ones in some countries) but very, very long, parallel to a meridian (ie South-North direction).. The channel would contain water, which would ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Lifting frictional force and relative values for kinetic vs static friction

My physics textbook says that friction mainly arises due to intermolecular attraction between atoms of the objects in contact and clashes between peaks are only significant for rough surfaces. I was ...
0
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2answers
106 views

Work done by a frictional force on a cylinder

A cylinder of mass $m$ and radius $R$, is rolled on surface with coefficient of kinetic friction $\mu_{k}$ about the axis passing through the center and parallel to the surface, with initial ...
2
votes
2answers
226 views

Is static friction an impulsive force?

For example: let's consider a static sphere on an horizontal rough surface. I apply an impulse $J$ parallel to the ground and in the middle of the sphere. If, like my book says, the friction is not an ...
0
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2answers
53 views

Can friction be brought in to zero value by means of laboratory experiments?

By newton's first law, an object will continue to be in the state of motion of rest until and unless an external force is acting on it. To prove or verify it experimentally today, is there any way out ...
1
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1answer
111 views

What force counteracts friction when a block is pulled?

Firstly, I understand and apologize that this is more of a physics question than a math question. I noticed that when I pulled a book out from under a pack of gum, the gum stayed largely in place (it ...
7
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3answers
1k views

What determines whether a pool ball will bouce backwards after colliding with another pool ball?

I'm no knowledgeable pool player, but I've noticed that sometimes when the cue ball hits another pool ball, they roll together; and sometimes the cue ball bounces back. And I have a very, very rough ...
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0answers
39 views

Friction effects on ball motion direction when crossing surfaces edges

For a ball rolling from a high friction coefficient surface to an adjacent low friction coefficient surface. When the ball crosses the boundary at an angle, I believe it changes angle of velocity, ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

How to calculate energy to start movement?

So let me try to explain a little bit. Lets say I have a robot on wheels. I want this robot to push a block. Lets say the force to produce in order to move that block is 100N. How much energy will I ...
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0answers
46 views

Help with incline plane intuition?

I am doing a simple project for a self-learn class with a friend to understand physics better over the summer. We slide down a hill on a tarp on an ice-block and then half way down, we hit grass and ...
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2answers
118 views

Does distance traveled by a vehicle after its engine has been switched off depend on its mass at all?

A vehicle moving with some velocity on a rough horizontal road finally comes to rest after its engine has been turned off. Intuitively, it seems a vehicle with greater mass would stop first because it ...
0
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2answers
727 views

Question on circular motion — car turning on road

Lets say a car is turning on a road that has friction. I made this small diagram where the two parallel lines indicate the tires of the car. In order for the car to keep turning in a circle, there ...
0
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3answers
242 views

Why are some surfaces slippery?

Why are ice and oil slippery? In general, why do certain substances make a surface difficult to walk on?
0
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1answer
56 views

Kinematics - moving body [duplicate]

If I have an inclined plane, which has acceleration $\alpha$, will a block placed on the inclined plane slip back with the same acceleration? (considering that the surface is frictionless)
0
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1answer
63 views

Does a Force on the block $M_1$ in this diagram have an effect on the block $M_2$?

Suppose we have two blocks: There is no friction. Does $F$ has the same effect on $M_2$?
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2answers
185 views

Why isn't a pendulum clock considered a perpetual machine?

Why do people say that a perpetual machine is one that runs for eternity? Wouldn't a machine that runs taking no energy from outside but sometimes needs to be restarted, such as pendulum clock, be ...
0
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0answers
56 views

Maximum rail adhesion utlilization during vehicle towing

Ok Physics Stackexchange, I've got a question for you regarding maximum adhesion utilization regarding railway vehicles (a EMU, with distributed motorized axles to be more specific) during a special, ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Why is mud muddy?

How to explain properties of mixture of sand with water? Why is it so coherent and slippery at the same time? Is it due to hydrogen bonds? Why is mud of smaller grains more slippery and incoherent ...
0
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2answers
668 views

Why is the force of Friction less than the force applied on the block in this situation?

This is a seemingly basic mechanics problem but I'm having a dilemma in understanding what happens. You start with two blocks, one on top of the other (the bottom block has a larger mass than the top ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

How does separation of tracks affect the acceleration of a rolling ball on the tracks?

If I have two metal rods arranged like a ramp with coefficient of friction $\mu$, at an angle $\theta$ to the ground, and a solid metal ball or radius $r$ and mass $m$ rolling down between the two ...
36
votes
6answers
6k views

How can the Earth keep spinning with a liquid core?

In regards to the 'conservation of angular momentum' being the explanation of why celestial objects spin... If you fill a ball or any other container with a liquid and try to spin it, you will not ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Force on a potentially rolling ball initially at rest

I'm a graduate student in mechatronics, but I give myself headaches on this astonishingly simple 2D problem. Imagine a ball (perfectly rigid) on an horizontal plane (perfectly rigid), initially at ...
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1answer
75 views

How to identify whether the friction is kinetic or static?

The body 'A' is moving forward with certain acceleration over the ground. The ground applies a kinetic friction force on 'A' in backward direction to oppose the relative motion. The block 'A' also ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Throwing ball against oily/slippery wall

I would like to know whether a ball bounces back normally if you throw it against an oily wall. Like a wall watered down with oil. Basically I want to know if it will actually slip before bouncing ...
2
votes
3answers
169 views

Materials with directional friction property?

At the macroscopic level a simple metal file or rasp creates a large amount of friction in one direction and a much smaller amount in the opposit direction. Shark skin displays the same properties due ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Block and Pulley Problem with Friction [closed]

1.) What is the acceleration of the hanging mass? (Indicate the direction with the sign of your answer.) 2.) Determine the tension in the cord. (Indicate the direction with the sign of your ...
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0answers
130 views

Friction force problem for a 4 wheel drive Car [closed]

The car is a 4 wheel drive in equilibrium, the car doesn't touch the ground with the front wheel (A) but is in contact in B with the sidewalk (the sidewalk has a hight equal to $h$), the friction ...
1
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3answers
266 views

Why doesn't a block rotate due to friction?

In a horizontal surface, a block (cube) is sliding due to a sudden push. When the block slides, there is frictional force which is acting on the block. Frictional force will have a torque around ...
1
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3answers
3k views

Water pressure calculation for a volume of water at a given height

I'm looking to create a rain harvesting system. I have a 275 gallon IBC tote that is 48" x 40" x 46". I have an adapter for a 3/4 garden hose at the bottom of the IBC tote. I'm trying to figure out ...
2
votes
4answers
193 views

Turning on a straight, unbanked, frictionless road

I was learning about circular motion when this question struck me: In real life situations we are able to take a turn along a circular arc with our bike because friction provides us the necessary ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Is friction a product of Newton's third law?

Newton's third law is defined as $F_{12} = -F_{21}$ Is friction a product of this law? For example, if I take my hand and slide it across the floor in the $+x$ direction... My hand exerts a force ...
2
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3answers
2k views

Why is using Newton's First Law failing me?

A factory worker pushes a 29.7kg crate a distance of 5.0m along a level floor at constant velocity by pushing downward at an angle of 32$^\circ$ below the horizontal. The coefficient of kinetic ...