The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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829 views

Rope wrapped around a cylinder

If a rope is wrapped aound a cylinder what is the relationship between the amount of wrap and the ability to resist slipping off of the cylinder? An example would be if I had a 180 degree wrap and ...
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0answers
60 views

How to get rotation speed after disk-disk collision?

Assume two circular disks A and B collide. They have both initial linear momentum and angular momentum. If their surface has no friction, their angular velocity does not change after collision, so I ...
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0answers
42 views

How much weight is lifted from each side? [closed]

I don't know the math to do this, so I am asking here if someone can work this out with all of the details I'm providing. Total mass EST.: 2,400 lbs. Length from front to back: 14 feet 6 inches. ...
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4answers
278 views

Would a three wheeled vehicle be faster than a four wheeled vehicle of the same weight?

If I have a four wheeled vehicle (small wooden block with metal nail axles and plastic wheels) and apply a force X to it, would it be made faster by keeping one wheel off the ground in order to reduce ...
3
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1answer
137 views

Sliding ruler on table top

I've got a standard foot-long flat plastic ruler (about an inch wide) and a desk with a smooth formica-like surface. When idly passing time reading on the computer, I will pick up one side of the ...
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5answers
379 views

Ball rolling into a bowl - where is its maximum KE (speed)… given there is friction. See diagram

Please examine this diagram and answer the apparently trivial questions. I am particularly interested in reasoned answers for part (a)(ii) - where is the maximum Kinetic energy? I say it is at B ...
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5answers
4k views

Physics behind Wheel Slipping

Lets say that I'm in a car and I apply full acceleration suddenly. Now, the wheels would slip and hence the car doesn't displace much. But If I start with some constant acceleration, slipping doesn't ...
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2answers
808 views

Euler-Lagrange equations and friction forces

We can derive Lagrange equations supposing that the virtual work of a system is zero. $$\delta W=\sum_i (\mathbf{F}_i-\dot {\mathbf{p}_i})\delta \mathbf{r}_i=\sum_i ...
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4answers
2k views

Maximum acceleration for wheel-driven vehicle from standstill

Once I discussed cars and there was a question about rate at which the car gains its speed ($100\:\mathrm{km/h}$) from standstill (i.e. acceleration). At some point of conversation it came up that ...
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2answers
1k views

Angular momentum conservation while internal frictional torque is present

So this appears in a problem which looks simple enough in its context; It's something like this: Two discs, A and B, are mounted coaxially on a vertical axle. The discs have moments of inertia $I$ ...
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3answers
2k views

Why does soap make shaving with razor less painful?

The lubricant is needed only on the hair surface? How can the blade cut the slippery surface? Why does soap make shaving with razor less painful?
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337 views

Is friction a product of Newton's third law?

Newton's third law is defined as $F_{12} = -F_{21}$ Is friction a product of this law? For example, if I take my hand and slide it across the floor in the $+x$ direction... My hand exerts a force ...
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231 views

About vector form of friction

I read a text on mechanics and in the chapter on friction, there written that the kinetic friction is in the form $$f_k = \mu_k F_N$$ where $f_k$ is the kinetic friction, $\mu_k$ is the kinetic ...
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1answer
571 views

When does centripetal force cause constant circular motion?

As far as I know, if an object has a speed $s$ and a force is applied to it which generates an acceleration of $s^2/r$, then the object will start moving in a circle of radius $r$. Also, as far as I ...
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1answer
875 views

How do I account for the direction of friction acting on a spring?

I would like to set up the equations of motion for a simple spring oscillator. Let's have a spring lying horizontally; we attach a small mass $m$ to the (massless) spring. The force of the spring ...
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2answers
4k views

What are all the equations we use to calculate how bounces work?

I mean, what is the object's final displacement, or the function that describes the object's height over time (see [1]) of an object thrown by a height $h$ with a speed of $\vec{v_0}$, a mass of $m$, ...
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3answers
871 views

Does a ski racer with a larger mass have an advantage?

Does a ski racer with a greater mass have an advantage over a racer with a lesser mass? If mass of one racer is 54 kg and the mass of a more slender racer is 44 kg I know the speed at which they ...
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4answers
98 views

Turning on a straight, unbanked, frictionless road

I was learning about circular motion when this question struck me: In real life situations we are able to take a turn along a circular arc with our bike because friction provides us the necessary ...
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1answer
288 views

How is circular motion possible on a banked road when there is no Friction?

It is given here that the maximum safe speed of a vehicle on a banked road having coefficient of friction $0$, is $V =\sqrt{R g \tan \theta}$, where $\theta$ is the angle of banking. I can't ...
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2answers
188 views

How is it possible to move something without completely lifting it?

For example, let's assume a chair here: It can be "slid" across the force if we use minimal upwards force, but not enough to actually "lift" the chair. Why should it move? Here's a better example: I ...
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1answer
1k views

Static Friction in Free Body Diagram (FBD) of Car parked on Incline

I'm working on a sample problem and it asks on how steep of an incline can a car park? From what I learned the friction is in the opposite direction if there was motion in said friction-less ...
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1answer
120 views

Beer bottle leftovers pour quickly only after waiting?

Why is it that after pouring a delicious beer from a bottle, I can hold it upside down for several seconds without reward, but if I wait a bit, the remainder presumably settles at the bottom and ...
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2answers
597 views

Force applied perpendicular to direction of motion, static or kinetic friction?

Let's assume we have a 1 kg cube on a flat uniform surface. The coefficients of friction between them are $\mu_k = 0.25$ and $\mu_s = 0.50$. This cube is moving at 1 m/s in the y direction, with ...
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1answer
8k views

Torque Required For a Motor to Move an Object on Wheels?

I've been attempting to calculate how much torque a motor needs to produce in order to start a stationary object on wheels moving. (The torque is being applied to the rear 2 wheels, the front 2 are on ...
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2answers
115 views

kinetic and potential energy

I have 2 cubes where one mass is greater than the other. $M$ and $m$, where $M>m$, and there is a hill that is symmetrical on both sides, and has a friction factor of $k$ between the object and the ...
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2answers
113 views

Can a solid object float on a frictionless liquid?

Assuming the solid is less dense than the liquid, will a solid object float on a frictionless liquid? I can imagine that due to the pressure gradient the object will float, but I can also imagine ...
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2answers
201 views

Stick and slip motion: mass and spring inside a box model

I am trying to determine a set of differential equation which can describe the motion of a mechanical system as below. Here, at the bottom we have a plate, and a box on top of it. Inside the box, ...
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3answers
280 views

Ideally speaking, will a rolling disk with no slipping come to a stop because of friction from the ground?

Consider a rotating disk on a horizontal plane with static friction. The contact point of the disk with the plane has null instantaneous velocity. Assuming the center of the disk has fixed $v_0$ ...
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3answers
334 views

Nature of frictional force

I was thinking about a situation where a person in standing on the ground with some friction. The frictional force is directly proportional to the normal reaction acting on him by the ground. Assume ...
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1answer
157 views

Which theory predicts that dubbed tires have more friction?

The physical reasoning I suppose could be that more contact areas mean more and higher friction. But is there an actual formula or a more mathematical explanation? Application for bicycling was my ...
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2answers
5k views

Does kinetic friction increase as speed increases? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does the force of kinetic friction increase with the relative speed of the objects involved? If not, why not? Layman alert...I last did physics in high school, and am ...
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1answer
203 views

Understanding Work and the conservation of energy

We have a car with a mass of $780 kg$ with travels with a speed of $50 km/h$. The car brakes and after $4,2m$ is stops completely. Warmth is created. Calculate the friction. I solved this easily, by ...
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1answer
220 views

Moving along friction surfaces

If a particle moves along a one dimensional surface with constant friction. As the particle moves from point $A$ to point $B$ it loses an amount of energy equals $E(A,B)$. Consider that the particle ...
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How do I find work done by friction over a curve represented by a polynomial?

I am facing a problem in Physics. Problem: What will be the work done by the frictional force over a polynomial curve if a body is sliding on this polynomial($a+bx+cx^2+dx^3+\ldots$) curve from rest ...
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3answers
180 views

Effect of surface treatment on fair dice

If I have a perfectly balanced and thus fair cubic die, then polish 3 adjacent faces (so that their coefficient of friction is effectively zero) and roughen the remaining faces (so that their ...
2
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1answer
393 views

Thermal energy generated due to loss in kinetic energy when observed from two different frames of reference

A body is moving with a velocity $v$ with respect to a frame of reference $S_1$. It bumps into a very heavy object and comes to rest instantaneously, its kinetic energy $$\frac{1}{2}mv^2$$ as ...
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1answer
606 views

Physics needed to build a top down billiards game [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How are these balls reflected after they hit each other? I was wondering what sort of physics equations would I need in order to build a top down billiards game? I tried ...
2
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1answer
794 views

Does ABS cause a force that resists turning a car into a corner?

ABS systems work by allowing a tire to continue to rotate rather than "locking-up" (stop turning) due to loss of traction with the road surface. A rotating tire can influence the direction of the ...
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1answer
34 views

Erosion effect from Coriolis force in a South-to-North water channel?

Imagine we could build a channel (like those cool ones in some countries) but very, very long, parallel to a meridian (ie South-North direction).. The channel would contain water, which would ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Lifting frictional force and relative values for kinetic vs static friction

My physics textbook says that friction mainly arises due to intermolecular attraction between atoms of the objects in contact and clashes between peaks are only significant for rough surfaces. I was ...
2
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1answer
182 views

Accelerate the car by static friction

I asked this question about friction and slip ratio and now I still don't understand it Why friction is zero when wheel slip is zero? As the below graph of wheel friction vs slip ratio shows that in ...
2
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1answer
199 views

Push a box in a plane with friction. How to deal with the rotation?

Suppose I have a box (say, length-1m, width-1m, height-0.5m) on the plane with friction. I can apply a horizontal force in on the surface of the box. If the force doesn't pass through the center of ...
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1answer
80 views

intuition behind Coulomb's friction force

I would like to know why dry frictional force does not depend on speed(assuming that the heat generated by friction is small so it does not alter the coefficient of friction). Let me explain how I ...
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1answer
98 views

Why does taking a long step increase the chance of slipping?

Me and my friend were walking and it was raining. He didn't have any grip on the slippers so he took smaller steps to avoid slipping. We both were wondering why does taking a long step increase the ...
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2answers
441 views

Falling chain with friction

I really need some help with a physics problem, and I guess my doubt is more conceptual, than question based. But still, let me pose it to you: A uniform chain of mass $M$ and length $L$ lies on ...
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4answers
29k views

Finding the force of friction of a moving object and its change when it accelerates to a constant speed

I have been searching for a straight forward answer to this question for ages now and it is driving me crazy. Here is what I know: If an object is moving at a constant speed the force of friction ...
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1answer
449 views

Skiing downhill

The other day on skiing holiday we've been arguing about whether an adult has weight advantage over a child when skiing downhill. I was claiming that gravity is a constant regardless of object's ...
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1answer
572 views

Rolling (without slipping) ball on a moving surface

I've been looking at examples of a ball rolling without slipping down an inclined surface. What happens if the incline angle changes as the ball is rolling? More precisely I've been trying to find ...
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1answer
489 views

How does the resistance force on a rolling ball depend on the ball radius?

A billiard ball set gently rolling on a billiard table slows and stops, because it is decelerated by resistance forces at the contact between the ball and table. I expect the magnitude of the ...
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2answers
2k views

Rolling resistance and static friction

I am a bit confused about the relation between rolling resistance and static friction. I have often heard that it is the static friction that lets the wheel roll. Consider the following two cases: ...