The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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Why would it be true that people with longer legs walk faster than ones with shorter legs?

When a person walks, the only force acting on him is the force of friction between him and the ground (neglecting air resistance and all). The magnitude of acceleration due to this force is ...
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Which will stop first a heavier car or a lighter car?

If the friction from brakes, wind resistance and all such factors remain constant, which will stop first? A heavier car or a lighter car? How will the momentum of the car and gravitational pull on a ...
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Why doesn't static friction decelerate a rolling body?

I know that static friction isn't the cause of deceleration of a rolling body. But if static friction is the only force in the horizontal direction, then shouldn't there be some acceleration produced ...
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97 views

Where did the energy come from?

Suppose there are two slopes. Imagine its just small slope and can be placed on your floor. One slope is made of a very smooth material and another which provides a lot of friction for example made ...
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725 views

Change in appearance of liquid drop due to gravity

A liquid drop is spherical in shape due to surface tension. But why does it appear as a vertical line under the free-fall due to gravity? (E.g. During a rain - falling raindrop) Is there a specified ...
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Is the wind's force on a stationary object proportional to $v^2$?

I am on a boat docked at Cape Charles, VA, about 30 or 40 miles from the center of Hurricane Irene. This understandably got me thinking about the force of wind on the boat. Since air friction is ...
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672 views

Does the friction force change directions with a change in reference frame?

In a basic friction problem with Block A sliding on top of Block B, the direction of the friction force is usually explained as being simply the opposite of the direction of motion. So if Block A is ...
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252 views

Lagrangian and Hamiltonian EOM with dissipative force

I am trying to write the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian for the forced Harmonic oscillator before quantizing it to get to the quantum picture. For EOM $$m\ddot{q}+\beta\dot{q}+kq=f(t),$$ I write the ...
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152 views

What is the physical interpretation of the linear coefficient in this ODE for projectile motion?

For the second order ODE governing the position of a projectile subject to air resistance $$ m\frac{d^2x}{dt^2} +k\frac{dx}{dt}+mg=0 \quad k>0, \> x(0)=0, \> x'(0)=V>0 $$ a ...
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193 views

Does the slip-stick phenomenon have any application?

The slip-stick phenomenon is present all around us, be it the noise of car breaks or in earthquakes. But does it have any real-life application?
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Will two trains running along the equator in opposite direction experience same wear out?

Two identical trains, at the equator start travelling round the world in opposite directions. They start together, run at the same speed and are on different tracks. Which train will wear out its ...
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What would it feel like to touch a frictionless surface

Assume there is a completely frictionless surface. Would touching such a surface be possible? If so, what would it feel to the touch?
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Does friction decrease as objects move faster against each other?

I was told that the faster two objects move against each other, the less the friction between them would be… compared to if they were moving slower. So does friction decrease when the body is moving ...
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208 views

Why friction is not reliable for circular turns on horizontal road with high speed and sharp curve?

Why is friction not reliable for circular turn on horizontal road for centripetal force when high speed and sharp curve are involved? So banking of road has to be present to introduce a new force $N ...
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How can a train locomotive generate enough traction to pull all the coaches?

Sorry for posting what may be an obvious question but we just learning about friction at school and my teacher couldn't explain well enough to me and I would appreciate your inputs. Consider the ...
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Why does a tire produce more traction when sliding slightly?

It is well known in racing that driving the car on the ideal "slip angle" of the tire where it is crabbing slightly from the pointed direction produces more cornering speed than a lower slip angle or ...
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2answers
130 views

Does drag produce heat?

When a solid object moves through a fluid drag is produced. Does this drag produce heat? I believe drag should produce heat as it is the friction between fluid and surface of object. Is this true or ...
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445 views

Consider a horizontal surface with or without friction. Ideally, will a wheel rolling without slipping roll forever in both cases?

Suppose a wheel is rolling smoothly on a horizontal plane i.e., it is rolling without slipping. Now let's take the two cases of the horizontal plane: It has friction It is frictionless In the ...
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Two masses attached to a spring

I'm trying to understand the solution of the following problem. Two masses $m_{1}$ and $m_{2}$ slide freely in a horizontal frictionless track and are connected by a spring whose force constant is ...
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229 views

Calculating the path of a ball with spin moving across a table

A ping pong ball is rolling over a smooth (but not frictionless) table. During its travel, a clockwise spin is placed on the ball. The ball's path is changed to move to the right (in perspective from ...
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494 views

What is the function of the top point of a bouncing ball?

A ball is thrown away as parallel to x axis from M(0,h) point with speed V . After each jumping on x axis , it can reach half of previous height as shown in the figure.(Assume that no any air ...
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37 views

Everyday Low-Energy Atom Collider

During the shearing of metal in a machining process, what exactly is the source of the heat that is produced? I realize that the energy is coming from the work being done by the cutting tool. I am ...
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1answer
116 views

Could $\int (\ddot\phi + \mu\dot\phi^2)d\phi$ ever be negative? How to show it?

I am working on the following problem: Given a mass $m$ at rest at the base of an incline surface shaped like 1/12th of a circle with radius $R$. The mass is pulled up the incline by a rope that ...
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How can a block which is not receiving the direct force have a greater acceleration?

I solved it like this: $$F(\text{st max})=5\text{ N}$$ For the top block, $$\begin{align} 6\text{ N} - 5\text{ N} &= 1a \\ a &= 1\ \mathrm{m/s^2} \end{align}$$ For the lower block, the ...
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Why does friction cause a car to turn?

I've had a lot of difficulty conceptually understanding the physics of how a car turns on an unbanked curve, so I'm hoping you could help me out. When a car is moving in uniform circular motion, we ...
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917 views

A block on a wedge

The system is as follows - Friction exists only between the 2 blocks. I am trying to find out the accelerations of $m_1$ and $m_2$. Let $a_2$ be acceleration of $m_2$, and $a_x$ and $a_y$ be the ...
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Friction on roads

I have a question with which I am having trouble. A 71m radius curve is banked for a design speed of 91km/h. Given a coefficient of static friction of 0.32, what is the range of speeds in which a car ...
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Conservation of angular momentum in helicopter

I have a small RC-controlled toy helicopter with removable tail rotor. Suppose I remove the tail rotor, hold the tail with my hand, start the rotor until it moves with constant angular velocity and ...
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544 views

Strict general mathematical definition of drag

Is there a formal definition of drag, say, as some surface integral of normal and shear forces? There seem to be a lot of formulas for specific cases, but is there a general one? I need to accurately ...
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375 views

Does air resistance ever slow a particle down to zero velocity?

If a particle moves in a place with air resistance (but no other forces), will it ever reach a zero velocity in finite time? The air resistance is proportional to some power of velocity - $v^\alpha$, ...
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Rope wrapped around a cylinder

If a rope is wrapped aound a cylinder what is the relationship between the amount of wrap and the ability to resist slipping off of the cylinder? An example would be if I had a 180 degree wrap and ...
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1answer
124 views

Is it possible to eliminate Van der Waals interactions?

I came to know that the friction force actually depends on the surface contact area due to weak interactions (adhesion due to Van der Waals forces) between the atoms of both materials increasing in ...
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300 views

Rolling a ball into a cone; what should the forces overall be?

This is my solution to finding angular displacement/velocity/acceleration on cone so far. Consider a cone, with an apex of half-angle $\psi$ pointing down, and a height of $h$. If I roll a ball into ...
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How much weight is lifted from each side? [closed]

I don't know the math to do this, so I am asking here if someone can work this out with all of the details I'm providing. Total mass EST.: 2,400 lbs. Length from front to back: 14 feet 6 inches. ...
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1answer
185 views

Sliding ruler on table top

I've got a standard foot-long flat plastic ruler (about an inch wide) and a desk with a smooth formica-like surface. When idly passing time reading on the computer, I will pick up one side of the ...
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435 views

Would this box on the floor rotate based on friction?

There is a floor that friction is proportional to its velocity (like $F=-kv$) and there is a box with its width as $l$ and its height as $h$. (you may assume that $l$ is longer than $h$). It is on the ...
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Ball rolling into a bowl - where is its maximum KE (speed)… given there is friction. See diagram

Please examine this diagram and answer the apparently trivial questions. I am particularly interested in reasoned answers for part (a)(ii) - where is the maximum Kinetic energy? I say it is at B ...
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Why is using Newton's First Law failing me?

A factory worker pushes a 29.7kg crate a distance of 5.0m along a level floor at constant velocity by pushing downward at an angle of 32$^\circ$ below the horizontal. The coefficient of kinetic ...
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Angular momentum conservation while internal frictional torque is present

So this appears in a problem which looks simple enough in its context; It's something like this: Two discs, A and B, are mounted coaxially on a vertical axle. The discs have moments of inertia $I$ ...
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Friction as a Centripetal Force

When an object is moving in a circle, won't the frictional force oppose it's motion? And if the velocity is always tangential to the path, there is no component of it towards the center, so there is ...
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Maximum acceleration for wheel-driven vehicle from standstill

Once I discussed cars and there was a question about rate at which the car gains its speed ($100\:\mathrm{km/h}$) from standstill (i.e. acceleration). At some point of conversation it came up that ...
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Time reversal symmetry in the presence of friction

I was reading a paper on time reversal symmetry, and came across an example of a pendulum swinging in the presence of friction: When we consider the more realistic physical situation of a swinging ...
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Euler-Lagrange equations and friction forces

We can derive Lagrange equations supposing that the virtual work of a system is zero. $$\delta W=\sum_i (\mathbf{F}_i-\dot {\mathbf{p}_i})\delta \mathbf{r}_i=\sum_i ...
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Why does soap make shaving with razor less painful?

The lubricant is needed only on the hair surface? How can the blade cut the slippery surface? Why does soap make shaving with razor less painful?
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Does stopping the same bike and rider at the same velocity with the front brake require less energy than the back brake?

It's the same body made by the rider and the bike moving at the same speed. So, even though braking on the front/back alters the normal forces on the opposite wheels thus creating more friction with ...
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Turning on a straight, unbanked, frictionless road

I was learning about circular motion when this question struck me: In real life situations we are able to take a turn along a circular arc with our bike because friction provides us the necessary ...
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Is friction a product of Newton's third law?

Newton's third law is defined as $F_{12} = -F_{21}$ Is friction a product of this law? For example, if I take my hand and slide it across the floor in the $+x$ direction... My hand exerts a force ...
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About vector form of friction

I read a text on mechanics and in the chapter on friction, there written that the kinetic friction is in the form $$f_k = \mu_k F_N$$ where $f_k$ is the kinetic friction, $\mu_k$ is the kinetic ...
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When does centripetal force cause constant circular motion?

As far as I know, if an object has a speed $s$ and a force is applied to it which generates an acceleration of $s^2/r$, then the object will start moving in a circle of radius $r$. Also, as far as I ...
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Work done by frictional force on a sliding block

A block slides across a table horizontally with an initial velocity $V$. The frictional force $F$ brings it to rest after its Centre of Mass covers distance $S$. What is the work done by the ...