The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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1answer
165 views

Help understanding a potential energy problem [closed]

Apologies if the following problem does not seem to involve potential energy, it is a homework problem that is labeled under the potential energy chapter. Question While a roofer is working on a ...
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1answer
150 views

Why does a car bonnet (hood) rise when you connect the clutch with a brake on?

Is the rotational force to overcome the brakes moved to the opposite effect of moving the car chassis, until the brake is released?
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2answers
100 views

Energy of a damped oscillator

$$ E=\frac{1}{2}m\left(\frac{dx}{dt}\right)^2+\frac{1}{2}m\omega_0^2x^2. $$ This is the equation for the energy of a oscillator. The second term is the potential energy. Now, my question is, will ...
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0answers
58 views

Can I use the reduced mass principle in a spring-damper system?

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/orbv.html#rm I want to know, if I can use the reduced mass principle to solve a two object spring-damper system. In the books and webpages that I have ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Push a box in a plane with friction. How to deal with the rotation?

Suppose I have a box (say, length-1m, width-1m, height-0.5m) on the plane with friction. I can apply a horizontal force in on the surface of the box. If the force doesn't pass through the center of ...
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0answers
364 views

Damping ratio and damping coefficient of two objects connected by spring

There are two objects m1 and m2 connected by a spring and a viscous damper (e.g car body and wheel connected by spring) From wiki: $\zeta ={c \over 2{\sqrt {mk}}}$ ζ is damping ratio, c is damping ...
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1answer
147 views

Contradiction regarding friction of a rolling cylinder in an inclined plane

I came upon this while wondering whether the friction of a rolling cylinder on an inclined plane depends on the value of friction coefficient. now, $$f\leqq\upsilon N$$ Again after calculating I ...
5
votes
1answer
370 views

Why do you hear an acute sound when you rub your shoe on the floor?

Sorry for the silly question, but I've been wondering about this for quite some time. After raining when I get home I rub my shoe's wet outsole on the floor and I hear an extremely acute (high pitch) ...
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0answers
17 views

Angular Velocity and Translation velocity after ball bounce [duplicate]

A ball with radius $r$, angular velocity $\omega$ and linear velocity $v$ hits a surface with coefficient of friction $\mu$ at an angle $\theta$ with the surface. I want to calculate the final angular ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Calculate work done in an inclined plane [closed]

How can you calculate the work done by a force (of unknown quantity) exerted on a 10kg block on an inclined plane. The force is pointing upwards and parallel to the incline (which is inclined 30 ...
2
votes
2answers
685 views

Euler-Lagrange equations and friction forces

We can derive Lagrange equations supposing that the virtual work of a system is zero. $$\delta W=\sum_i (\mathbf{F}_i-\dot {\mathbf{p}_i})\delta \mathbf{r}_i=\sum_i ...
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0answers
57 views

Is there any role of steering in turning?

I am aware of the practical requirement of turning the steering wheel to turn a car while going on a straight and even curved road. But in the proofs of turning of car on leveled or banked curves, ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Angular Velocity after a frictional impulse

I am modelling 2D physics collision into simulations. In Physics for Game Programmers, Grant Palmer book, the velocity Vn1 after collision is mentioned to be independent of the friction coeff. ...
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votes
1answer
68 views

Forces: why are the theta's equal?

I found this figure in my physics book, the task says that the incline got a angle of theta. How do figure out that the gravity and the y-axis got the same angle as the incline? There is no ...
-5
votes
1answer
543 views

Is it possible to find the coefficient of friction without frictional force? [closed]

I am working on the following problem: The braking acceleration for a car based on data in a driver’s handbook is –12.2 m/s2. If the car has a mass of 925 kg, find the frictional force and state the ...
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votes
1answer
73 views

What is the frictional force of this car? [closed]

The breaking acceleration for a car is $-12.2\frac{m}{s^2}$. The car has a mass of 925kg. I want to find the frictional force. Here is what I have so far: $$\Sigma\vec{F} = m\vec{a}$$ $$\Sigma\vec{F} ...
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vote
2answers
61 views

Position with respect to time with friction

I'm interested in equations of motion when friction is present for a little graphical side project I am working on. I'm really rusty with physics, so I apologize if this is a basic question or doesn't ...
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2answers
397 views

Direction of force of friction?

I know that friction opposes the direction of the velocity, but the problem is when I don't know what the direction of the velocity is. When I'm drawing a FBD for complex systems with ramps and ...
3
votes
4answers
241 views

Would a three wheeled vehicle be faster than a four wheeled vehicle of the same weight?

If I have a four wheeled vehicle (small wooden block with metal nail axles and plastic wheels) and apply a force X to it, would it be made faster by keeping one wheel off the ground in order to reduce ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Where did the energy come from?

Suppose there are two slopes. Imagine its just small slope and can be placed on your floor. One slope is made of a very smooth material and another which provides a lot of friction for example made ...
0
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2answers
437 views

Friction on an object moving with momentum over a surface

I'm familiar with the equations for friction for a static object and an object moving at steady speed over a surface from high school physics. But we never learned how an object moving only due to ...
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2answers
949 views

What is the direction of static friction?

Note: My question is duplicate of the following Direction of friction when a car turns Why does friction cause a car to turn? I've gone through many related questions especially the first. As ...
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1answer
170 views

Block Sliding Down a Plane (Perpendicular Velocity)

I'm having trouble understand the concepts for this problem. Here's the problem: A block is placed on a plane inclined at angle $\theta$. The coefficient of friction between the block and the ...
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1answer
97 views

What stops the car?

Centre of mass of a system cannot change its state of motion, unless there is an external force acting on it. Yet the internal force of brakes can bring a car to rest. Then what stops the car?
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2answers
113 views

Friction acting on mass on string

Assume we have some stationary point mass that would slide, if not for some coefficient of friction, along a light, inextensible string, attached to two points at different heights. Considering ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

If friction disregard area, why the direction you drag a long object matters?

I am talking here about dry friction between solid objects, for example a ruler and a table, not anything lubricated or fluid. I noticed that with a ruler and a table for example, if you drag the ...
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0answers
225 views

Work done by rolling vs skidding friction force

Two identical bicycles having equal weight riders are traveling along a level road adjacent to each other with the same non-zero velocity. Bike A, (the "skidder"), applies the rear brake strongly ...
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1answer
66 views

Find the force used to press a book against a leaned desk so it doesn't slip

I know there are several threads concerning this issue, but none of it helped me, so I decided to open a new one. So, the task is to find a force $F_{\mathrm{push}}$ on a desk which is leaned for an ...
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votes
1answer
113 views

How do I find angular and linear velocity after normal force and “infinite” friction force?

Look at this picture: http://i.imgur.com/mY8ShkV.png Here we have a ball resting on top of a platform (the contact point is marked red). I know the normal vector (marked green). I also know the mass, ...
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votes
2answers
494 views

Why is static friction called self adjusting force? [closed]

Explain what is limiting force of static friction.
2
votes
2answers
182 views

Stick and slip motion: mass and spring inside a box model

I am trying to determine a set of differential equation which can describe the motion of a mechanical system as below. Here, at the bottom we have a plate, and a box on top of it. Inside the box, ...
2
votes
3answers
265 views

Ideally speaking, will a rolling disk with no slipping come to a stop because of friction from the ground?

Consider a rotating disk on a horizontal plane with static friction. The contact point of the disk with the plane has null instantaneous velocity. Assuming the center of the disk has fixed $v_0$ ...
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1answer
348 views

Using Lagrange's Equations with Generalized forces

I am a bit confused on how this works. For instance if I wanted to look at an object moving in 2 dimensions only subject to gravity (and assuming that the potential is just mgy), I get that my ...
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1answer
81 views

Shaking water inside bowl causes waves but why does the water stabilize?

Suppose you shake water inside a container, then at first the waves goes up and down strongly but they gradually dissipate. What makes them dissipate?
10
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3answers
469 views

What is the physics of a spinning coin?

When we spin a coin on a table, we observe 2 things: It slows down and stops after sometime. It does not stay at just one point on the table but its point of contact with table changes with time. ...
0
votes
4answers
238 views

Rolling motion of an accelerated body

I recently read in a book that static friction is zero for a rolling body, and this explains why it doesn't slow down the rolling body. However, if static friction is zero, how does the body grip the ...
3
votes
3answers
988 views

Why doesn't static friction decelerate a rolling body?

I know that static friction isn't the cause of deceleration of a rolling body. But if static friction is the only force in the horizontal direction, then shouldn't there be some acceleration produced ...
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votes
1answer
69 views

friction between 2 bodies [closed]

There is a plank on which a block is kept. the block is given some velocity. Now if there is friction between block and plank it will act opposite to it's velocity for sure. but the plank is free to ...
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0answers
56 views

What allows for more traction: Rubber or skin?

Suppose I am on a soccer field running, and the field is composed of grass and soil. I also own a pair of shoes in the shape of feet, so when I am put them on, it's really just rubber protection. I ...
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0answers
80 views

Finding kinetic friction coefficient

A box is thrown up an incline with degree $\alpha$. the kinetic-friction coefficient is $\mu_k$. the body returns back to its start point. a. prove ...
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2answers
252 views

Conservation of Angular Momentum and linear velocity

I have a problem where a cylinder is moving on a horizontal surface, starting with velocity $v_0$. It is given that its radius is $10\text{cm}$, its mass is $200\text g$ and the coefficient of ...
0
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2answers
460 views

Direction of friction when a car turns

When a ball moves to the right, friction acts to oppose the motion, in other words, to the left. However, when a car travels around a bend, the friction acts in the perpendicular direction to the ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

How is it possible to move something without completely lifting it?

For example, let's assume a chair here: It can be "slid" across the force if we use minimal upwards force, but not enough to actually "lift" the chair. Why should it move? Here's a better example: I ...
-3
votes
1answer
44 views

Acceleration on an inclined rail [closed]

I have to use $\vec{P}+\vec{R_N}+\vec{F_f}=m\vec{a}$ with $\|\vec{F_f}\|=\mu\|\vec{R_N}\|$ to express the acceleration as $$a_{x'}=g\sin\alpha(1-\frac{\mu}{\tan\alpha})$$ The configuration is (sorry ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Sliding ruler on table top

I've got a standard foot-long flat plastic ruler (about an inch wide) and a desk with a smooth formica-like surface. When idly passing time reading on the computer, I will pick up one side of the ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

What is the work done by friction on an arbitrary curve? [closed]

Here is the question, I have a particle with mass of $m$ moving on an arbitrary curve $y=y(x)$ with friction coefficient $\mu$. Force $F$ is applied to the particle with the equation, $\vec{F}= ...
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2answers
244 views

Does anti-lock braking system (ABS) perform reverse rotation sometimes?

In cartoons we can see, how vehicles brake by rotating wheels reverse. Will this be helpful sometimes in real situations? I know that the main tactics of ABS is to maintain tractive contact. But may ...
0
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1answer
4k views

Rope tension between two objects [closed]

Let me explain the picture just to make sure. Object with mass 2 kg is being pulled with a force of F = 14.4 N. The whole system has an acceleration of a = 2.8 m/s^2. The friction coefficient ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Why does the fluid inside a cup not spin when the cup is spinning, but starts to spin when the cup stops spinning?

How come when I spin a cup with water in it, the water does not spin, but the moment I stop spinning the cup, the water starts spinning the other way?
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3answers
104 views

$P\sin(\alpha)$ and not $\sin(\alpha)/P$?

Why is the force parallel to the surface that pushes the object $P \sin(\alpha)$ and not $\frac{\sin(\alpha)}{P}$? I didn't understand when they showed me it. can someone give me an answer in full ...