The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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Why is friction force negative in ice skater problem?

A 68.5 kg skater moving initially at 2.40m/s on rough horizontal ice comes to rest uniformly in 3.52s due to friction from the ice. What force does friction exert on the skater? I am not really ...
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249 views

Damped oscillator: time-reversal, time-translation and dissipation

The equation of motion of a damped oscillator $$\frac{d^2x}{dt^2}+\gamma\frac{dx}{dt}+\omega_0^2x=0$$ which is invariant under time-translation $t\rightarrow t+a$, but not under time reversal $t\...
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5answers
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On a bicycle, why does my back tyre wear so much more quickly than the front?

This question is cross-posted from Bicycles.SE, but it is really one for those that know a bit about physics. Why does the back tyre of a bicycle wear out quicker than the front tyre? I have my ...
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1answer
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Why do you hear an acute sound when you rub your shoe on the floor?

Sorry for the silly question, but I've been wondering about this for quite some time. After raining when I get home I rub my shoe's wet outsole on the floor and I hear an extremely acute (high pitch) ...
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1answer
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When is the principle of virtual work valid?

The principle of virtual work says that forces of constraint don't do net work under virtual displacements that are consistent with constraints. Goldstein says something I don't understand. He says ...
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Grip of the train wheels

How do the wheels of a train have sufficient grip on a metal track? I mean both of the surfaces are smooth (and not flexible) and it is okay if there is no inclination, but how about on an inclined ...
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3answers
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why making a surface “super” smooth increases the coefficient of friction?

I read that: If you take a rough surface and make it smooth, the coefficient of friction decreases. But if you make it super smooth, then the coefficient of friction increases. How come?
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A conceptual doubt regarding Forced Oscillations and Resonance

While studying about the Resonance and Forced Oscillations, I came across a graph in my textbook that is given below:- Now, the author writes As the amount of damping increases, the peak shifts ...
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How long will my fridge magnet stay attached to my fridge?

I have a 500 gram neodymium magnet. It is stuck to my fridge. With the constant pull of gravity trying to pull it off how long would it stay attached to fridge? For arguments sake lets say my fridge ...
6
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1answer
640 views

Lagrangian and Hamiltonian EOM with dissipative force

I am trying to write the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian for the forced Harmonic oscillator before quantizing it to get to the quantum picture. For EOM $$m\ddot{q}+\beta\dot{q}+kq=f(t),$$ I write the ...
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finding angular velocity and regular velocity when bouncing off a surface with friction

Take the game of pong as a simple example. When you hit the ball with a paddle that has a frictional surface, the ball will spin as well as change direction according to the coefficient of kinetic ...
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598 views

Analysis of a card pyramid

Here's an interesting question I thought of. Firstly, picture one of those card pyramids. Hopefully you know what I'm taking about when I say card pyramid, but basically you balance two cards up ...
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691 views

Why is it easier to glide on sharp ice skates than on dull skates?

There have been previous questions (e.g. here and here) on Physics.SE about the mechanism that makes ice skating possible. Reviewing these, as well external references, it seems pretty clear that the ...
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1answer
364 views

Why does chalk dust stick to a chalkboard?

I understand that friction causes the chaos dust to come off the stick of chalk, but what exactly is causing the chalk dust to stay on the chalk board until rubbed off?
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2answers
237 views

Free body diagram with forces of friction

I'm reallizing that I'm very confused on how to make a free body diagram of forces in some situations where there is friction between two objects. I'll make an example where I cannot figure out what's ...
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1answer
569 views

The quickest 6-3 play in baseball: to bounce or not to bounce?

What's the quickest way the get the ball (say from shortstop) into the first-baseman's glove, given some fixed initial (throwing) speed? Directly or with one bounce? I'm fairly sure that the answer ...
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1answer
223 views

Distance a curveball travels?

I've seen some discussions regarding the movement of a spinning object, say a curveball. However, all have been largely qualitative. I was wondering if anyone has seen or worked through a ...
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Zero gravity means zero friction?

The frictional force acting on a body placed on a horizontal plane is $F=\mu{R}$ where $R$ is the normal reaction and is equal to weight of a body in this case. And $\mu$ is the coefficient of ...
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4answers
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Would a pendulum swing indefinitely in a frictionless vacuum?

I am attempting to settle a friendly bet. Would a pendulum swing indefinitely in a hypothetical vacuum (i.e. no air resistance) having a hypothetical frictionless bearing (i.e. no energy lost due to ...
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Paradox in the two block problem [closed]

UPDATE (regarding duplicate) : This question is not a duplicate of another question. Sure, the situation in both the questions is same and, yes, both questions ultimately provide a methodology to ...
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5answers
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Why do we take small steps while walking on ice?

When we walk on ice we should take small steps. Small steps ensure: a.)larger friction. b.)small friction. c.)larger normal force. d.)smaller normal force. The correct answer ...
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3answers
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Does friction decrease as objects move faster against each other?

I was told that the faster two objects move against each other, the less the friction between them would be… compared to if they were moving slower. So does friction decrease when the body is moving ...
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2answers
506 views

Does a tire need to slip to generate force?

Recently, I have been doing some research on racing and tire modelling. While I was doing this, I encountered many curves like those shown below. While I understand the need of slip angles to ...
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What role does static friction force play for a rolling object? How can I know what direction it points?

Fundamentally, what does a friction force do for a rolling object? I am very confused by the way my textbook explains it. In my textbook , it says: A wheel rolling on a horizontal flat surface at a ...
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Determining the direction of friction

I had a question which has always been of slight confusion to me. Say you are dealing with your typical block-on-an-angled-plane setup. You have a block with mass m that is initially at rest. The ...
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177 views

Boy and box on ice

I have a troubles. Can you help me? I have a task, called "slippery activity". Boy (he has $m=45kg$) Stands at ice and tries to move a big box ($M=90kg$) with a string (rope). Boy's Slip ratio is ...
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Model of contact friction

Consider the standard model of kinetic contact friction taught in introductory physics courses: $$F_f=\mu_k*F_N$$ According to this model, for a block with initial speed $v$ moving on a horizontal ...
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Does a car use friction to move?

When a car's engine injects fuel into the cylinder chambers, the reaction creates a force that generates rotational momentum to the shaft and over the transmission, it translates that power to the ...
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1answer
182 views

Superhydrophobic coating and water friction

If you were to apply super-hydrophobic coating to the hull of ships or even submarines, would you get more or less water friction? If the coating completely repels the water you could argue there ...
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1answer
488 views

How to get rotational speed after disk-disk collision with friction?

Assume two circular disks A and B collide. They have both initial linear momentum and angular momentum. If their surface has no friction, their angular velocity does not change after collision, so I ...
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Simple friction formula for a car

I am making a 2D driving video game, and I would like to know the "simple" formula for calculating the friction force between the car and the road. I have read lots of friction diagrams involving ...
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1answer
627 views

What happens when two smooth surfaces touch?

I am wondering what will be the physics to explain how two neutral, chemically nonreactive objects stick. I know that using van der Waals formalism, we can treat neutral body electrodynamic forces and ...
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1answer
227 views

How can a reel of thread move in opposite direction?

There is a nice puzzle about reel of thread. I wonder why the solution works. The puzzle: You take a reel with threads on it. Inner radius r, outer radius R. You put it on a table. If you pull ...
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Particle sliding on a semisphere - solving the differential equations analytically [closed]

I have the following problem: A particle of mass $m$ is at rest at the top of a semispherical surface of radius $R$. After an impulse, it starts to slide along a meridian with speed $v_0$. The ...
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331 views

Why does the overhand knot jam but the figure-8 knot doesn't?

After tensioning a rope with an overhand knot in it, it is often very hard if not impossible to untie it; a figure-8 knot, on the other hand, still releases easily. Why is that so? Most "knot and ...
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4answers
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Why does a rotating tire use the static, rather than the dynamic coefficient of friction?

The explanation I have heard of the difference between static and dynamic friction is that static friction is stronger because bonds form when one object is put on top of another object and these have ...
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Force required to drive car

From what I know of Newtonian Mechanics, if an object is moving at a constant velocity, the net force acting on that object is equal to zero. If there is friction, then the applied force required to ...
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2answers
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Friction as a Centripetal Force

When an object is moving in a circle, won't the frictional force oppose it's motion? And if the velocity is always tangential to the path, there is no component of it towards the center, so there is ...
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If you had two “perfectly” flat surfaces of the same material?

Let's say you had 2 nano-engineered surfaces of diamond which were as 'flat' as possible (of course considering the radii of each carbon atom in the lattice)... would there be any friction between ...
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Physics behind Wheel Slipping

Lets say that I'm in a car and I apply full acceleration suddenly. Now, the wheels would slip and hence the car doesn't displace much. But If I start with some constant acceleration, slipping doesn't ...
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2answers
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Where does the lost energy go in a rubber band powering a rotating shaft?

Okay, I'm no physics whiz, and this has me stumped. You know those toy airplanes you can get with the rubber-band driven propellers? You twist the propeller a bunch of times, and this stores ...
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4answers
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Why doesn't centrifugal force appear on an FBD for a car on a banked track?

Suppose you wish to find the max speed at which a car can travel on a banked curve of radius R and angle theta to the horizontal and coeff. of static friction mu. I don't understand the relevant ...
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3answers
330 views

Why do sand dunes, hills and mountains assume the shape they normally do?

What about something taken in a tablespoon? This shape, as I understand, could be explained by gravity, friction and similar concepts, but why the shape isn't cubical or cylindrical couldn't be ...
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Magnetic fields and friction

If I was to pass a metal object through a magnetic field would there be any friction?
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Is the wind's force on a stationary object proportional to $v^2$?

I am on a boat docked at Cape Charles, VA, about 30 or 40 miles from the center of Hurricane Irene. This understandably got me thinking about the force of wind on the boat. Since air friction is ...
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2answers
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Why does friction play the role of centripetal force during the turning of a car?

What makes frictional force the centripetal force of a car turning along a curve? As friction is the opposing force and acts anti-parallel so there is no component of frictional force towards the ...
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2answers
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Why are there both Static and Kinetic Friction?

When dragging an object, there is a greater start-up force than the force it takes to keep it moving. Why is this? Why are there two different values for friction?
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Does the friction force change directions with a change in reference frame?

In a basic friction problem with Block A sliding on top of Block B, the direction of the friction force is usually explained as being simply the opposite of the direction of motion. So if Block A is ...
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You are trapped on a frictionless sheet of ice. Can you escape by inhaling in one direction, then exhaling in the opposite direction?

You are trapped on a frictionless sheet of ice. If you trued to escape by blowing, you would have to inhale eventually, which would counteract the force you gained by blowing. However, if you were to ...
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Why does friction act on a cylinder rolling on an inclined?

When a cylinder performs pure rolling while on an inclined plane, Why does friction act on the bottom point? In pure rolling the bottom most point is at rest, so there is no sliding over ...