The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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3
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1answer
105 views

What is the physical interpretation of the linear coefficient in this ODE for projectile motion?

For the second order ODE governing the position of a projectile subject to air resistance $$ m\frac{d^2x}{dt^2} +k\frac{dx}{dt}+mg=0 \quad k>0, \> x(0)=0, \> x'(0)=V>0 $$ a ...
1
vote
3answers
42 views

How can we minimize the coefficient of static/kinetic friction?

Static frictional force depends on the coefficient of static friction; kinetic frictional force depends on the coefficient of kinetic friction. To minimize friction, one of two things could happen: ...
-4
votes
0answers
30 views

Coefficient of Static friction [on hold]

Kindly provide the reasoning for the direction of friction chosen...
1
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1answer
20 views

How to calculate heat generated from cosmic dust in space? [duplicate]

Say I have a spaceship, and I'm flying it through space at a constant high velocity V. The spaceship is pretty large (big surface area). In space however, there is cosmic dust scattered throughout ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Finding equation for acceleration using mass1, mass2, gravity, theta, and Mu [on hold]

So, the only question I could not solve in this chapter for AP Physics, and I really want to understand it. We have a situation like this: There is a box sitting on an incline. We are trying to ...
1
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3answers
78 views

Distinction between torque and force

Distinction between Torque and Force. Consider a case when a cylinder is rolling down a rough inclined plane. While analysing its motion, we consider the force applied by the friction and the ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Everyday Low-Energy Atom Collider

During the shearing of metal in a machining process, what exactly is the source of the heat that is produced? I realize that the energy is coming from the work being done by the cutting tool. I am ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Accelerated wedge [on hold]

Consider the following figure, where a mass $m$ is placed on a wedge which is accelerated to the right ($\vec a$) which could be negative. The coefficient of friction between the mass and the wedge ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Direction of friction force between two boxes

There are two boxes on top of each other. The bottom box is dragged right by a constant force. What is the direction of friction of the top box against the bottom box?
2
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1answer
33 views

Nails and Screws without Friction

In my physics class we're just starting the chapter on friction, and our book began the chapter by describing what a world without friction would be like. Among other examples, it said "nails and ...
27
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do computers generate heat?

Computers generate heat when they work. Is it a result of information processing or friction (resistance)? Are these just different ways to describe the same thing? Or does some definite part of the ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Tension of two masses accelerating down an incline with friction? [closed]

I have tried multiple times, and I can't seem to understand how to solve this question. The question goes as follows: Two masses, M and m accelerate down an incline. They are connected by a massless ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

The forces acting on 2 boxes [closed]

Consider the following figure: The surface is not friction-less. When the force $F$ is applied on mass A: Is the force the mass A applies on mass B larger, smaller or equal then the Force that B ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

How torque and friction cause wheel to roll

I apologize if this question has been answered before, but I did not find the explanation that I needed. If a torque is applied to a wheel situated on a frictional surface, what forces cause the ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Why does a cyclist/motorcyclist bend when making a turn? [duplicate]

I've seen this very prominently in the Olympics
1
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0answers
114 views

Tension Problem: Solve for T for two sliding blocks connected by a string [closed]

The problem: Two blocks made of different materials connected together by a thin cord, slide down a plane ramp inclined at an angle θ to the horizontal as shown in the figure (block B is above ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Static and kinetic friction [closed]

Say you have block1 on top of block 2 and the whole system is accelerating toward the right at a certain acceleration. Due to inertia block 1 wants to move backward to the left so there has to be a ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

Pulling apart two interleaved phone books

The TV show Mythbusters had an episode in which they interleaved two phone books and dramatized how hard it was to pull them apart. (A long time ago, a phone book was a book that had an index of phone ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Calculate coefficient of friction from deceleration with and without conservation of energy

How can I solve the following problem? A block that moves at the speed of 120 cm / s keep going for 70 cm before stopping. What's the coefficient of friction between block and table calculated ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Could $\int (\ddot\phi + \mu\dot\phi^2)d\phi$ ever be negative? How to show it?

I am working on the following problem: Given a mass $m$ at rest at the base of an incline surface shaped like 1/12th of a circle with radius $R$. The mass is pulled up the incline by a rope that ...
18
votes
1answer
171 views

How many molecules rub off when I press a key?

I have a lot of questions below but my overarching questions are: Do surfaces rubbing lightly together always strip molecules off of each other? and How can we model that? Clearly the answer to the ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Why do skidding wheels have less traction than non skidding wheels? [duplicate]

I do not understand in terms of coefficients of friction why this happens? From my understanding the ground and the tire still have the same coefficients of friction right? So why is there less ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Why does the co-efficent of kinetic friction of a block on an inclined plane not change when you increase the angle of the plane?

The coefficient of kinetic friction can be calculated using $\mu_k = F_k/F_n$. A change in angle does not affect the normal force, but doesn't a change in angle affect the friction? As in if the angle ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Pseudoforce and friction: confusion

Consider the following situation. A block of mass $M$ is resting on a rough horizontal ground, and a frame is moving towards the right horizontally with an acceleration $a$. Suppose the coefficient of ...
0
votes
5answers
182 views

Who does work while walking?

While walking the work done by friction is zero. But who does the work, actually? How someone is getting displaced? This situation also arises when someone climbs without slipping or is climbing a ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Why is there a static frictional force on an object that rolls without slipping?

It is clear that if a frictional force must exist on an object that rolls without slipping, it must a static frictional force because the contact point of the object with the ground does not move. I ...
0
votes
2answers
24 views

A statics problem to find minimal friction

consider the following: I need to find the minimal coeeficient of friction $\mu _{min}$ so that both recatngle boxes would remain static. The lower angle in the triangle is $2\alpha$ as indicated. I ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

How does static friction increase with increase in the applied force?

My book says that 'Between surface of contact between two bodies there are contact forces applied between each other (they are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction,obeying Newton's 3rd law) ...
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2answers
45 views

Finding coefficient of friction between block and plane [closed]

An inclined plane makes angle $\theta$ with horizontal. Upper half plane is perfectly smooth where as lower half is rough. The block of mass m starts sliding from top. If the block again comes to rest ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Modeling a stool with three legs pushed on one leg

If a stool with three legs is pushed (horizontally) on one leg in the direction of the axis passing through the other two legs, it starts both moving and rotating. Is it correct to assume 1/3 of ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Moving wedge and pulley system

A wedge of mass $M$ rests on a rough horizontal surface with coefficient of static friction $\mu$. The face of the wedge is a smooth plane inclined at an angle $ \alpha$ to the horizontal. A mass ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Inclined plane problem with friction [closed]

A block of mass 6.0 kg slides from rest at a height of 2.0 m down to a horizontal surface where it passes over a 1.5 m rough patch. After crossing this patch it climbs up another incline which is at ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Static Friction on a Circular Road [duplicate]

I was recently brushing up on my dynamics, when I saw the interpretation of how a car moves in a circular road. Apparently, the car can stay in a circle due to static friction acting inwards. But I ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

How do whitening toothbrushes work?

Certain "whitening" toothbrushes are sold and I was wondering about the mechanisms behind the tooth whitening process. I suspect this is related to the shape and arrangement of the fibres, probably ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

How to get rotation speed after disk-disk collision?

Assume two circular disks A and B collide. They have both initial linear momentum and angular momentum. If their surface has no friction, their angular velocity does not change after collision, so I ...
5
votes
5answers
472 views

Forces other than the fundamental interactions, e.g. friction

Forgive me for the silly question, but I just don't get it. I just completed an elementary course in mechanics, and I am curious to know what I am about to ask. We have, all year, dealt with many ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How much more efficient is a road bike than a mountain bike? [closed]

What would be a good estimate on the difference of efficiency between a road bike and a mountain bike? A number of links cite all the usual reasons: thinner tires, better aerodynamics... But I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Erosion effect from Coriolis force in a South-to-North water channel?

Imagine we could build a channel (like those cool ones in some countries) but very, very long, parallel to a meridian (ie South-North direction).. The channel would contain water, which would ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Lifting frictional force and relative values for kinetic vs static friction

My physics textbook says that friction mainly arises due to intermolecular attraction between atoms of the objects in contact and clashes between peaks are only significant for rough surfaces. I was ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Work done by a frictional force on a cylinder

A cylinder of mass $m$ and radius $R$, is rolled on surface with coefficient of kinetic friction $\mu_{k}$ about the axis passing through the center and parallel to the surface, with initial ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Is static friction an impulsive force?

For example: let's consider a static sphere on an horizontal rough surface. I apply an impulse $J$ parallel to the ground and in the middle of the sphere. If, like my book says, the friction is not an ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Can friction be brought in to zero value by means of laboratory experiments?

By newton's first law, an object will continue to be in the state of motion of rest until and unless an external force is acting on it. To prove or verify it experimentally today, is there any way out ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

What force counteracts friction when a block is pulled?

Firstly, I understand and apologize that this is more of a physics question than a math question. I noticed that when I pulled a book out from under a pack of gum, the gum stayed largely in place (it ...
7
votes
3answers
968 views

What determines whether a pool ball will bouce backwards after colliding with another pool ball?

I'm no knowledgeable pool player, but I've noticed that sometimes when the cue ball hits another pool ball, they roll together; and sometimes the cue ball bounces back. And I have a very, very rough ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Friction effects on ball motion direction when crossing surfaces edges

For a ball rolling from a high friction coefficient surface to an adjacent low friction coefficient surface. When the ball crosses the boundary at an angle, I believe it changes angle of velocity, ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How to calculate energy to start movement?

So let me try to explain a little bit. Lets say I have a robot on wheels. I want this robot to push a block. Lets say the force to produce in order to move that block is 100N. How much energy will I ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Help with incline plane intuition?

I am doing a simple project for a self-learn class with a friend to understand physics better over the summer. We slide down a hill on a tarp on an ice-block and then half way down, we hit grass and ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Does distance traveled by a vehicle after its engine has been switched off depend on its mass at all?

A vehicle moving with some velocity on a rough horizontal road finally comes to rest after its engine has been turned off. Intuitively, it seems a vehicle with greater mass would stop first because it ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Question on circular motion — car turning on road

Lets say a car is turning on a road that has friction. I made this small diagram where the two parallel lines indicate the tires of the car. In order for the car to keep turning in a circle, there ...
0
votes
3answers
55 views

Why are some surfaces slippery?

Why are ice and oil slippery? In general, why do certain substances make a surface difficult to walk on?