The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.

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The directions of the frictional force acting on the cylinder while ascending and descending cylinder

A cylinder rolls up an inclined plane,reaches some height,and then rolls down without slipping throughout these motions.The directions of the frictional force acting on the cylinder (A)While ...
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2answers
39 views

Friction, Dynamics question

In the given question $F=2t$ where $t$ is time in seconds for which the force has been applied. Friction exists only between $A$ and $B$ with coefficient of friction $\mu=1/2$. Here we can easily see ...
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2answers
78 views

Horizontal rolling without slipping

I'm trying to find the friction coefficient that makes the body roll without slipping but I just can't reach a value. The force is applied on a small central disk of radius $r=0,03\, m$ and mass $m=0,...
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1answer
16 views

Frictional torque=? [on hold]

A uniform, hollow, cylindrical spool has inside radius $R/2$, outside radius $ R$, and mass $M $ (see figure below). It is mounted so that it rotates on a mass less horizontal axle. A mass m is ...
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1answer
31 views

Equilibrium of rigid body [on hold]

A uniform beam $AB$ of length $2l$ rests with end $A$ in contact with rough horizontal ground. A point $C$ on the beam rests against a smooth support. $AC$ is of length $\frac{3l}{2}$ with $C$ higher ...
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2answers
38 views

Verifying directions of forces during pure rolling?

Let us take a cylinder on a rough horizontal surface. The cylinder undergoes pure rolling A vertical downward force acts on the cylinder to produce a clockwise rotation. The point at which it acts ...
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4answers
73 views

Friction-Newtonian Mechanics

Here we are having two blocks of mass $2~\rm kg$ and $4~\rm kg$ on an inclined angle with angle of inclination being $30~\circ.$ The block of mass 2 kg has a coefficient of friction $\mu_1=0.2$ and ...
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1answer
41 views

Collisions; Linear Momentum [on hold]

Let's say we got a rough surface with friction and there are 2 blocks, the block of the left has initial velocity and will collide with the block of the right, which is in rest. Consider an elastic ...
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0answers
27 views

A trio of spinning marbles

My little brother showed me this devised act in which he stuck three marbles in a triangular pattern When he spun any of those marbles, the triplet would first rotate normally, but moments later, ...
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1answer
72 views

Why is it harder to open the cap on a bottle than to close it tightly?

In my experience it's harder to turn the tap off a bottle than to put it tightly on. Why?
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1answer
73 views

Understanding Newton's Laws of Motion

I'm having difficulty understand Newton's laws of motion in practice, and how to model true dynamic systems. There are two examples below, where I cannot quite figure out what the true forces and ...
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2answers
49 views

How to calculate energy loss in a rotating shaft?

Please help me with proper formula for below example. Imagine a rotating shaft 'X' with 2 gear wheels 'a' and 'b' of same dimensions. If energy applied to gear 'a' on the shaft through source A ...
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2answers
39 views

Wheel versus Sphere: Traveling Linearly Down a Track

Assume the following: A tire-like wheel and sphere are both of diameter d and mass m They are both made of the same material They are both resting at the apex of an inclined track An equal amount of ...
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0answers
31 views

In table tennis, is it possible to play a ball in such a way that it does not bounce off the opponents half of the table?

In table tennis you dont need to play over the net, the ball just has to hit the other half of the table. Is it possible to play the ball around the net so that it does not bounce off? My friend and ...
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1answer
46 views

Normal force for a Bike on an incline

So, in general I know how the find the normal force for an object on an incline, but this one is a bit harder, since the bike essentially has two normal forces like so: where L is the length of the ...
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4answers
63 views

How is frictional force dependent on normal reaction?

It is a general concept that horizontal forces can only influence physical quantities along horizontal direction; similarly vertical force can produce acceleration etc. only along vertical direction. ...
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2answers
43 views

Frictional Force on Plane Increases when Angle Increases?

I came across this question in one of my books and don't completely understand the answer: An object is resting on a board. One side of the board is slowly raised, up to an angle of 60 degrees. The ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Physics Chain Problem

A chain of length d lies on a table, $d/4$ of it hangs loose on the side of it. Friction coefficient is 0.2. It is released and begins to slide. What is the final velocity with which it falls of the ...
81
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6answers
10k views

Why is oil a better lubricant than water?

How come mineral oil is a better lubricant than water, even though water has a lower viscosity? When two surfaces slide over each other with a gap filled with a fluid, the different layers of the ...
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0answers
131 views

Why does temperature change the friction coefficient of my stovetop?

I have a Ceran cooking field at home, it's a glass-ceramic surface with heating coils embedded beneath. When I slide a pan around there's much more friction on a hot plate than on a cool one. Why? ...
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0answers
45 views

Maximum angle that a wheeled body can climb at

I've only recently been introduced to the concept of static vs dynamic friction and I was looking to check my understanding by determining the max angle a wheeled body can climb. In the diagram below ...
7
votes
2answers
249 views

Damped oscillator: time-reversal, time-translation and dissipation

The equation of motion of a damped oscillator $$\frac{d^2x}{dt^2}+\gamma\frac{dx}{dt}+\omega_0^2x=0$$ which is invariant under time-translation $t\rightarrow t+a$, but not under time reversal $t\...
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2answers
23 views

The direction of frictional force in circular turning

Why does the frictional force in case of circular motion point towards the center even though the motion is tangential to the radius?
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1answer
40 views

What kind of damping is this $F = -ax|x'|$?

From Applied Mathematics by Logan: A mass hanging on a spring is <...> governed by $$mx'' = -ax|x'| - kx$$ where $-ax|x'|$ is a nonlinear damping force. I looked up "nonlinear damping" ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Problem on rotation

So this is the problem:A wheel of radius of gyration k is placed on a belt moving with a speed v, which is maintained constant by means of an external agency. Assume that the axis of the wheel is ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Slow-Roll: What is the energy of a scalar field transformed to due to Hubble friction?

So, I've lately been reading about the Slow-Roll approximation of scalar fields. However - since I don't really know that much about cosmology - I have some trouble regarding the understanding of the ...
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1answer
37 views

Non-uniform Normal force, friction

I got problems understanding the Non-uniform normal force. Why is it non-uniform? Because the object would have different densities in different parts, so weight would be greater in some parts? So ...
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1answer
28 views

slip definition that works in game

Wikipedia article gives us the following 2 equations: $\%_{slip} = \frac{\omega r - v}{|v|} * 100$ (The use of $v$ modulus makes it work in all directions. It is multiplied by 100 to get the ...
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1answer
63 views

Equation of Motion for spring-cylinder-mass system [closed]

Hello, I hope someone can help me with this question, to find the equation of motion of the disc for small angular rotations. The mechanism comprises of a uniform circular disc of mass $m$, spring ...
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2answers
42 views

Damped Simple Harmonic Motion Proof? [closed]

I was reading about damped simple harmonic motion but then I saw this equation: $$-bv - kx = ma$$ $b$ is the damping constant. Then it said by substituting $dx/dt$ for $v$ and $d^2x/dt^2$ for $a$ we ...
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votes
3answers
26 views

Are polished materials (say concrete/stone), more impervious to surface explosions?

Maybe another way to word this / a specific example: Is an object's resistance to damage from an explosion at all effected by it's smoothness / lack of friction on the surface? Example: Say an ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Rotating mass and gravity effect [closed]

I'm a 57 yr old EE, but never had any mechanical physics classes. If we have a vertically oriented disc, affixed to an axle in bearings, 1m in diameter, with two 1kg weights attached at the outermost ...
0
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2answers
46 views

is the nature of friction forces chemical or mechanical or both or other?

I don't quite understand the nature of friction forces, in simple mechanics and also in fluid mechanics. Is the nature of these forces, intermolecular forces ie. chemical nature? Or is it ...
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2answers
32 views

If a block moves on a straight line (no friction) for time $T$ and then along an incline plane, what will the displacement vs. time graph look like?

In my opinion, the graph for the first part of the motion will be a straight line passing thorugh the origin (at the beiginning of motion) and then it will be a falling parabolic curve ( $x$ is ...
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2answers
69 views

Pulley rotation

In the given arrangement, the friction in between the string and the pulley is enough to avoid slipping and the string is light. On the basis of these assumptions, would the tension in the upper part ...
0
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1answer
23 views

How does gas friction emerge?

The fluid parcel model states that a gas can be modelled as the sum of infinitesimal small parcels. According to this model, the friction of a gas with a solid surface (e.g. the wall of a pipe) ...
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1answer
40 views

What is the amount of Power required to maintain a flywheel at an angular velocity $\omega$ rad\sec of mass $M$ kg and Radius $R$ m? [closed]

What is the amount of Power required to maintain a flywheel at an angular velocity W rad\sec of mass M kg and Radius R m ?
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0answers
22 views

How does the rolling resistance of sticky tires scale with speed?

If I have a wheel that has a soft tire that sticks to the ground, will the rolling resistance (not the traction of the wheel, I mean how much force it takes to keep it rolling at the same speed) scale ...
3
votes
3answers
114 views

Is static friction the only force causing a car to move (without sliding)?

A car is moving without sliding means that the friction between wheels and the ground is static friction. This is the force causing an object to move forward, therefore, its direction is the same as ...
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2answers
67 views

Why does a ball eventually stop?

I was wondering, if the force of friction with the ground does not make any work on the ball and just give it the necessary torque to rotate (hence the consideration of static friction coefficient in ...
3
votes
3answers
44 views

Why does a pot start rotating when coffee is stirred inside?

I usually make Turkish coffee as my morning coffee. I have a small somewhat rounded pot with handle on one side. I noticed that when I pour water in and start stirring, pot has a tendency to start ...
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votes
1answer
28 views
0
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2answers
81 views

Difference between stiffness and damping?

I understand stiffness as the extent to which an object (e.g. a mass spring) resists deformation from an applied force, or the rigidity of an object. And I understand damping as the energy ...
-1
votes
1answer
58 views

Circular motion and inclined friction [closed]

I'm given the following picture: A car with the mass m passes the top of a hill with the height H. The coefficient of friction is $µ$. The speed of the car is $v_0$ in the moment of braking. ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Will kinetic friction change when normal force and coefficient of friction remains the same?

Based on common knowledge, a car can do uniform motion in any velocity when the applied force(by engine) do not exceed the maximum kinetic force of friction which can be calculated by: $$\ F_f = \mu_k ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

The instability of dry friction

Based on Newton Dynamics, the kinetic force of friction of any moving object can be found by using formula, $$F_f = \mu_k F_N $$ This means that if $\mu_k$ and $\ F_N$ remains constant, the ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

Can't identify static and kinetic friction regions

EDIT:I would like to say thank you to those who have commented so far trying to help me. It is really appreciated!! In a project, I am analysing the frictional behaviour of different specimen on a ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Pendulum with Viscous and Frictional Damping

I am trying to model a pendulum with both viscous and frictional (Coulomb) damping. The problem is that the viscous damping only occurs in one direction because I am modeling a dashpot that only has ...
3
votes
3answers
83 views

When only part of the surface an object is in contact with has friction, what is the normal force I should use?

I have the following exercise: A uniform rod of mass $M$ is given a horizontal velocity $v$ on a rough track as shown in the figure. The surface is rough on the right side of the origin $O$ and ...