A pictorial device which analyzes forces present on any body with the use of vectors. Allows easier grasping of problems involving either objects at equilibrium or in motion. Can be used to predict presence of forces.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

34
votes
5answers
12k views

With Newton's third law, why are things capable of moving?

I've got a rather humiliating question considering newton's third law "If an object A exterts a force on object B, then object B exerts an equal but opposite force on object A" -> $F_1=-F_2$ ...
11
votes
14answers
3k views

Is Newton's third law always correct?

Newton's third law states that every force has an equal and opposite reaction. But this doesn't seem like the case in the following scenario: For example, a person punches a wall and the wall breaks. ...
4
votes
2answers
220 views

If $F=ma$, how do can we experience both gravity and a normal force even though we are not accelerating

So as I sit in my chair, I experience a gravitational force pushing me into the chair and I'm also experiencing the normal force of the chair pushing back at me so I don't fall. According to Newton's ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Why doesn't a wall move when you push it if there's space behind it?

In the first screen you can see that if a person were to push a wall within a typical household the wall would not move while keeping themselves tractioned to the floor. If you push hard and do not ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Two people pushing off each other

If there are two people on ice skates named $A$ and $B$, and $A$ pushes on $B$ with a force $F_A$, then both of them will experience a force of magnitude $F_A$ in opposite directions. I'm confused as ...
3
votes
3answers
348 views

Conical vs Simple Pendulum

I don't understand why the Tension $T$ on a conical pendulum and a simple pendulum are different. In a simple pendulum, one would say that the tension of the rope is $T=mg \cos(\theta)$. However, ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

How muscle force work? [closed]

If muscle works with force on joint and joint works with exact force on muscle(newton III law) how can muscle drag much heavier weight than itself?
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Determine the acceleration in a double Atwood machine

Trying to solve the following double Atwood machine: Suppose there is a mass of 12kg hanging on an ideal rope that wraps around an ideal pulley, and that the other end of the rope is attached to ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Force on bolt holding up jet engine on plane

I am to solve the following: A jet engine of mass $m$ is fastened to the fuselage of a passenger jet by a bolt. During flight, the plane encounters turbulence, which suddenly imparts an upward ...
3
votes
0answers
132 views

Obtaining point of application of Ground Reaction Force with use of a hyperstatic load-cell array platform

I'm looking for the theory of an experiment that is giving me a hard time to perform. I have an instrument composed of a rigid horizontal square plate rigidly supported under each corner by a ...
2
votes
4answers
64 views

Turning on a straight, unbanked, frictionless road

I was learning about circular motion when this question struck me: In real life situations we are able to take a turn along a circular arc with our bike because friction provides us the necessary ...
2
votes
3answers
279 views

If something that is moving at constant velocity has no net force acting on it, how come it is able to move other objects?

Let's say 10 kg block is sliding on a frictionless surface at a constant velocity, thus its acceleration is 0. According to Newton's second law of motion, the force acting on the block is 0: $a = ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

How is circular motion possible on a banked road when there is no Friction?

It is given here that the maximum safe speed of a vehicle on a banked road having coefficient of friction $0$, is $V =\sqrt{R g \tan \theta}$, where $\theta$ is the angle of banking. I can't ...
2
votes
1answer
842 views

Static Friction in Free Body Diagram (FBD) of Car parked on Incline

I'm working on a sample problem and it asks on how steep of an incline can a car park? From what I learned the friction is in the opposite direction if there was motion in said friction-less ...
2
votes
1answer
615 views

Why is static friction omitted here? And comparison with this problem on Newton's second Law. Solutions are all provided

The problem itself is short, but my concept question is...long. So be prepared. Note that problem 1 and problem 2 are related to my concept questions, so I am not taking advantage of asking two in ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Computationally solving bodies that push and pull

Is there a way to find a solution for the positions (as a function of time) of multiple free bodies that push and pull on each other? Say for instance I have a collection of cells which can ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Vertical Load Reactions On A Ramp

Hello, I'm working on a small hardware project. I have two load sensors located at distance $S_1$ ($x=0$) and $S_2$. Assuming we ignore the weight of the ramp ... What is the load on $S_1$ and ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Rolling resistance and static friction

I am a bit confused about the relation between rolling resistance and static friction. I have often heard that it is the static friction that lets the wheel roll. Consider the following two cases: ...
2
votes
0answers
259 views

Free body diagram of stresses governing fracture propagation in a solid material

Reading this, I can intuitively understand that fractures propagate along the path of least resistance, creating "width in a direction that requires the least force". However, it is less intuitive ...
1
vote
4answers
327 views

Action Reaction when I pushing a trolley?

I tried to explain how those force work but I can hardly figure it out. I exerted a force on the trolley and there will be a force on trolley on me as well. This is the newton's third law. But why the ...
1
vote
3answers
331 views

Force when acceleration is zero

i tried to find it in books but i was unable to do so and i am not able to understand this and I couldn't think of a better example. i repeat. its just an example. if i punch someone's face with my ...
1
vote
1answer
545 views

Newton's Third Law of Motion

I want to start off by saying that I've looked around for other explanations, but I've not really found any satisfying ones. My question is basically the whole "Why can anything move at all?" ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Naming vectors in free body diagrams

Is there a convention for naming the vectors? Suppose there is a box on a table. I'm going to draw the forces acting on the box. So I focus on the box and ignore forces acting on the table, the ...
1
vote
2answers
340 views

Direction of force of friction?

I know that friction opposes the direction of the velocity, but the problem is when I don't know what the direction of the velocity is. When I'm drawing a FBD for complex systems with ramps and ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Finding coefficient of friction between block and plane [closed]

An inclined plane makes angle $\theta$ with horizontal. Upper half plane is perfectly smooth where as lower half is rough. The block of mass m starts sliding from top. If the block again comes to rest ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Why does Newton's Third Law not preclude any motion at all? [duplicate]

When walking, if I apply a force of 2N on the earth, the earth applies a force of 2N back on my feet due to Newtons 3rd Law of Motion. These 2 forces are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction, ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Tension in an Atwoods machine conceptual?

Assuming $T_1$ is the force that acts on box $1$ and $T_2$ is the force that acts on box $2$. Exactly what causes the Tension? Why does $T_1 = T_2$? The problem is we are told to memorize that ...
1
vote
2answers
263 views

Watching something fall into a black hole from far away

I am observing (theoretically) an object falling into a black hole from a safe distance away. My understanding is that from far away it appears as if the body will asymptotically approach the event ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How do I properly use Newton's Third Law and Free Body Diagrams?

A force of 14.0N is applied to a block as shown in the diagram below ! If the coefficient of friction is between the surface and the blocks is 0.35 a) What is the acceleration of the two blocks? ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

How can I actually push heavier objects?

I've been thinking about Newton's third law lately because I couldn't understand a few things and I think I actually answered my own question. Could someone confirm if my reasoning is right or show me ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

What force counteracts friction when a block is pulled?

Firstly, I understand and apologize that this is more of a physics question than a math question. I noticed that when I pulled a book out from under a pack of gum, the gum stayed largely in place (it ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Weird assumption in free body diagram problem

The assignment is to eventually calculate the forces on the BD beam of this picture: My issue is that on the solution sheet, the professor drew a free body diagram (FBD) for just the beams, with ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Is it useful to geometrically represent conservation laws?

In my physics class, we just studied collisions. We learned that momentum is conserved in collisions. I decided to examine a one dimensional collision in which two objects collide - object 1 and ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Two problems with free body diagrams. Contradictions (solutions are provided)

This problem is similar, but also different question from my previous question. They are both unfortunately long. Problem/Solution #1 ! ! Quick Concept Check a) Could someone briefly explain to me ...
1
vote
2answers
775 views

How to deduce this free body diagram?

Can someone provide a trigonometry/geometry insight to deduce the angle of the plane is the same as the angle of the component of the weight?
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Pushing a crate on a friction floor [closed]

A man is pushing a crate at a constant velocity. there is a friction between the floor and the crate of $$\mu =0.41.$$ The pushing force is directed downward at an angle $\theta $ below the ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Motion of a car rounding a bank

When a car is traveling round a banked track as fast as possible, it has a tendency to slip up the slope. Opposite in the case when the car travels slowly and has a tendency to slip down. Can ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Static Friction on a Circular Road [duplicate]

I was recently brushing up on my dynamics, when I saw the interpretation of how a car moves in a circular road. Apparently, the car can stay in a circle due to static friction acting inwards. But I ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Which Force would help find the mass?

A and B are connected to a rope. A constant upward force 86.0N is applied to box A. Starting from rest, box B descends 12.1m in 4.70s . The tension in the rope connecting the two boxes is 32.0N. What ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Breaking force and translational force [closed]

Let’s say I have a horizontal rod whose total length = ΔXtotal = 5 inches. However, the rod is made up of two pieces (ΔXshaft = 4 inches and ΔXbase = 1 inch) that are welded together, where ΔXtotal = ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Question about resolving forces

Say, in the example below, the weight $mg$ of the object is $800N$. To find $R$, the conventional method is to use $R\sin(28^\circ) = 800$. But why isn't it possible to use instead the component of ...
0
votes
4answers
525 views

How can acceleration $a$ be zero when applied force $F$ is non-zero?

An object is at rest and stays at rest, but an attached rope pulls with increasing force. What is the acceleration? The correct solution is that acceleration is constant and 0. Obviously $a= dv/dt ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Do we stand on the earth because of Newton's third law?

This is the question I encountered and I'm not sure I understand. The Newton's third law say that, when a body 1 exerts a force on the body 2, then the body 2 will exert the same force on body 1, ...
0
votes
2answers
127 views

Is my free diagram of a spring stretched on one end and attached to the wall on the other end correct? [closed]

Consider the following figures. The top one shows the construction of a spring where its left end is attached to the wall and its right end is stretched by a force. The bottom one is supposed to be ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

How does friction and mass of the string influence the tension force?

According to my book, "tension is the reaction of a rope when it is stressed". Then it also said when the string is massless, tension is same everywhere. However in a,let, pulley-rope system,when ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

What will be the acceleration of an object $A$ when its released by another object $B$ moving with an upward acceleration $a$?

What will be the acceleration of an object $A$ when its released by another object $B$ moving with an upward acceleration $a$? Will the acceleration of the object $A$ be more than the acceleration due ...
0
votes
3answers
55 views

Solving for Normal Force

I'm working through The Nature of Code, which is an awesome book, lots of fun. I've come across Exercise 3.13 and I'm not sure how to solve it. I'm assuming that the force of gravity and the force of ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Newton's third law, action vs reaction

When I push a wall with my hand, the wall does the same and because both forces cancel out the sum of the forces applied by me on the wall and the wall on me is zero, plus the friction on the ground ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

Find the tension and angle from a vertical of a rope hooked up to an object

Below is the homework problem I am working on: A 18.3-kg object hangs in equilibrium at the end of a rope (taken as massless) while a wind pushes the object with a 63.9-N horizontal force. Find ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Confusing Classical Mechanics Question

I don't want this to be a "do my home work question" so please tell me how I can make this question helpful for other people. In my physics assignment I found the question below. I'd think that both ...