A pictorial device which analyzes forces present on any body with the use of vectors. Allows easier grasping of problems involving either objects at equilibrium or in motion. Can be used to predict presence of forces.

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36 views

For a massless pulley moving upwards with acceleration, is the upward force equal to the downward force?

Imagine a massless and frictionless pulley with two weights hanging either side of the pulley by a massless string. Like this except not attached to a ceiling Rather than being fixed to a ceiling, ...
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1answer
28 views

Wheel dynamics: reaction forces with ground

I am confused by part of a dynamic model in this paper: http://waset.org/publications/4405/real-time-control-of-a-two-wheeled-inverted-pendulum-mobile-robot see page 3, figure 5. All forces labeled ...
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1answer
50 views

What is the net force acting on a climbing man by the rope?

I am confused with determining the net force on the climbing man below by the rope. My analysis is as follows. Let the tension be $T$. As both hands hold the rope then there are $T+T=2T$ upward acting ...
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1answer
167 views

Why am I wrong about this dynamics question?

I disagree with the answer to this homework question. Here it goes. The coefficient of static friction is 0.60 between the two blocks in figure. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the ...
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2answers
65 views

Nature of tension in a massless rope [duplicate]

I'm faced with a conceptual problem, where I am supposed to describe the motions of the following system (two masses on each end of a totally inelastic rope hanged on a pulley): I understand that ...
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0answers
30 views

Free body diagram of mechanisms

The image below shows a mechanism with 2 pin joints. On one of the pin joints, there is a torsional spring that exerts a torque $M_s = \kappa \theta$ (rest state is at $\theta = 0$). A force $F$ is ...
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1answer
36 views

Centripetal force in loop motion

I saw it from the book which talk about centripetal force in circular motion The main idea here is the balance in the term of relation between velocity and centripetal acceleration - centripetal ...
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1answer
53 views

FBD of a spring damper system

Does it matter which direction the spring and damper forces point? In one of the examples in my professor's lecture, he stated that if we define y to be positive when pointing up (see image below), ...
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1answer
34 views

Accelerated wedge [closed]

Consider the following figure, where a mass $m$ is placed on a wedge which is accelerated to the right ($\vec a$) which could be negative. The coefficient of friction between the mass and the wedge ...
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3answers
78 views

Direction of friction force between two boxes

There are two boxes on top of each other. The bottom box is dragged right by a constant force. What is the direction of friction of the top box against the bottom box?
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1answer
301 views

Advanced kinematics problem regarding $F = ma$ [closed]

I really need help with this problem. Thank you for your time. Question: Look at the figure below. Derive the formula for the magnitude of the force F⃗ exerted on the large block (mC) in the ...
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0answers
47 views

How torque and friction cause wheel to roll

I apologize if this question has been answered before, but I did not find the explanation that I needed. If a torque is applied to a wheel situated on a frictional surface, what forces cause the ...
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2answers
95 views

Why are some forces not included in the sum of forces?

I was given the following notes in class: 4.32 A skier of mass $65.0\text{ kg}$ is pulled up a snow-covered slope at constant speed by a tow rope that is parallel to the ground. The ground ...
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0answers
17 views

Action and Reaction on two bodies [duplicate]

If the action and reaction are both equal and opposite then why a body would move? The force exerted by me on the body must be counterbalanced by the force exerted by the body on me.
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1answer
84 views

Question about torque and center of mass [duplicate]

If a yo-yo's string is not attached to anything and the yo-yo is dropped, it is obvious it will fall at $g$. In this scenario, Tension of string = 0. If a yo-yo's string is attached to a cieling and ...
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3answers
65 views

Why does the work done by an internal force differ from the work done by external force?

Let's consider the following situation. We put a body of mass $m$ at a distance $A$ from the center of Earth. We let the Earth attract the body and analyze the situation at a point $B$, closer to the ...
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2answers
98 views

How did tension developed in a string when two equal and opposite forces are applied on the same body?

As per Newton's 3rd law every action has an equal and opposite reaction, but both of these forces are on different bodies under consideration Now when a single body (say rope in this case) is ...
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2answers
81 views

Why doesn't a car slide down a banked road when there is no friction?

In case of banked roads without friction, there is an additional $mg \sin(\theta)$ which is unbalanced. Why isn't this taken into account because it is responsible for making the vehicle slide down ...
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1answer
120 views

Forces acting on two balls in a jar [closed]

Consider the following situation: Two balls are inside a jar with diameter $D$. The balls are uniform in mass and both have the same diameter $d$. Express the forces that acts at the colored dots ...
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1answer
35 views

Computationally solving bodies that push and pull

Is there a way to find a solution for the positions (as a function of time) of multiple free bodies that push and pull on each other? Say for instance I have a collection of cells which can ...
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4answers
209 views

What do you exactly mean when you say that momentum is conserved? In other words: Which momentum is conserved?

I am taking for granted that when we say that something is conserved it is understood 'in its full integrity'. Energy is represented by a number (of J, or other) and is usually conserved. But ...
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2answers
28 views

A statics problem to find minimal friction

consider the following: I need to find the minimal coeeficient of friction $\mu _{min}$ so that both recatngle boxes would remain static. The lower angle in the triangle is $2\alpha$ as indicated. I ...
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1answer
59 views

Pushing a crate on a friction floor [closed]

A man is pushing a crate at a constant velocity. there is a friction between the floor and the crate of $$\mu =0.41.$$ The pushing force is directed downward at an angle $\theta $ below the ...
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2answers
53 views

Finding coefficient of friction between block and plane [closed]

An inclined plane makes angle $\theta$ with horizontal. Upper half plane is perfectly smooth where as lower half is rough. The block of mass m starts sliding from top. If the block again comes to rest ...
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1answer
80 views

How can I actually push heavier objects?

I've been thinking about Newton's third law lately because I couldn't understand a few things and I think I actually answered my own question. Could someone confirm if my reasoning is right or show me ...
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1answer
52 views

What happens when the speed of a body is less than optimum speed?

Yesterday I learned about optimum speed. My teacher told that optimum speed is the speed with which one can take turns on banked road without wear and tear. $v_0=\sqrt{rg\tan\theta} $, $v_0$= ...
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1answer
81 views

How muscle force work? [closed]

If muscle works with force on joint and joint works with exact force on muscle(newton III law) how can muscle drag much heavier weight than itself?
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0answers
24 views

Static Friction on a Circular Road [duplicate]

I was recently brushing up on my dynamics, when I saw the interpretation of how a car moves in a circular road. Apparently, the car can stay in a circle due to static friction acting inwards. But I ...
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4answers
330 views

Potential Energy Concept

Imagine a book that we lift it with a force that is exactly equal to the force of gravity so the forces cancel out and the book moves with a constant velocity. Consider the situation after the book ...
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1answer
778 views

Determine the acceleration in a double Atwood machine

Trying to solve the following double Atwood machine: Suppose there is a mass of 12kg hanging on an ideal rope that wraps around an ideal pulley, and that the other end of the rope is attached to ...
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1answer
146 views

How does friction and mass of the string influence the tension force?

According to my book, "tension is the reaction of a rope when it is stressed". Then it also said when the string is massless, tension is same everywhere. However in a,let, pulley-rope system,when ...
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1answer
80 views

What force counteracts friction when a block is pulled?

Firstly, I understand and apologize that this is more of a physics question than a math question. I noticed that when I pulled a book out from under a pack of gum, the gum stayed largely in place (it ...
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1answer
53 views

What will be the acceleration of an object $A$ when its released by another object $B$ moving with an upward acceleration $a$?

What will be the acceleration of an object $A$ when its released by another object $B$ moving with an upward acceleration $a$? Will the acceleration of the object $A$ be more than the acceleration due ...
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1answer
81 views

Why does Newton's Third Law not preclude any motion at all? [duplicate]

When walking, if I apply a force of 2N on the earth, the earth applies a force of 2N back on my feet due to Newtons 3rd Law of Motion. These 2 forces are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction, ...
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1answer
41 views

Kinematics - moving body [duplicate]

If I have an inclined plane, which has acceleration $\alpha$, will a block placed on the inclined plane slip back with the same acceleration? (considering that the surface is frictionless)
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3answers
224 views

Confused about Newton's 3rd law

I am confused about Newton's 3rd Law. If a person jumps off the ground a force is applied both to the person and to the ground. However, as $F=ma$ acceleration experienced by the Earth is much less ...
4
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1answer
207 views

Why doesn't a wall move when you push it if there's space behind it?

In the first screen you can see that if a person were to push a wall within a typical household the wall would not move while keeping themselves tractioned to the floor. If you push hard and do not ...
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1answer
201 views

Tension when two connected blocks are pulled in opposite directions [duplicate]

Suppose there exist two blocks A and B connected by a massless, inextensible cord. Both A and B have equal masses and are acted upon by equal forces in opposite directions. So, is the tension in the ...
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0answers
155 views

Tension on a string pulled by unequal forces

Suppose two cases where masses are attached to massless, inextensible strings. In the first case a body which has a weight of 20 Newtons(downwards) is attached to a string which is acted upon ...
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1answer
69 views

Tension in an Atwoods machine conceptual?

Assuming $T_1$ is the force that acts on box $1$ and $T_2$ is the force that acts on box $2$. Exactly what causes the Tension? Why does $T_1 = T_2$? The problem is we are told to memorize that ...
2
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4answers
98 views

Turning on a straight, unbanked, frictionless road

I was learning about circular motion when this question struck me: In real life situations we are able to take a turn along a circular arc with our bike because friction provides us the necessary ...
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3answers
72 views

Solving for Normal Force

I'm working through The Nature of Code, which is an awesome book, lots of fun. I've come across Exercise 3.13 and I'm not sure how to solve it. I'm assuming that the force of gravity and the force of ...
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14answers
4k views

Is Newton's third law always correct?

Newton's third law states that every force has an equal and opposite reaction. But this doesn't seem like the case in the following scenario: For example, a person punches a wall and the wall breaks. ...
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2answers
83 views

Which Force would help find the mass?

A and B are connected to a rope. A constant upward force 86.0N is applied to box A. Starting from rest, box B descends 12.1m in 4.70s . The tension in the rope connecting the two boxes is 32.0N. What ...
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1answer
58 views

Motion of a car rounding a bank

When a car is traveling round a banked track as fast as possible, it has a tendency to slip up the slope. Opposite in the case when the car travels slowly and has a tendency to slip down. Can ...
0
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1answer
149 views

Newton's third law, action vs reaction

When I push a wall with my hand, the wall does the same and because both forces cancel out the sum of the forces applied by me on the wall and the wall on me is zero, plus the friction on the ground ...
1
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1answer
91 views

Naming vectors in free body diagrams

Is there a convention for naming the vectors? Suppose there is a box on a table. I'm going to draw the forces acting on the box. So I focus on the box and ignore forces acting on the table, the ...
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1answer
65 views

Question about resolving forces

Say, in the example below, the weight $mg$ of the object is $800N$. To find $R$, the conventional method is to use $R\sin(28^\circ) = 800$. But why isn't it possible to use instead the component of ...
2
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3answers
1k views

If something that is moving at constant velocity has no net force acting on it, how come it is able to move other objects?

Let's say 10 kg block is sliding on a frictionless surface at a constant velocity, thus its acceleration is 0. According to Newton's second law of motion, the force acting on the block is 0: $a = ...
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0answers
56 views

Can't work out how the following free body diagram was created

I've been asked to draw a free body diagram of the following stepped bar setup: $ P = 10kN \;and\; Q = 30kN$ The one shown in the answer is the following: Could someone explain to me how this ...