A pictorial device which analyzes forces present on any body with the use of vectors. Allows easier grasping of problems involving either objects at equilibrium or in motion. Can be used to predict presence of forces.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
20 views

Free body force diagram for offset clamp

Can someone please help me determine the free body force diagram for this offset clamp. I understand there should be a compression and tension force somewhere. I think the screw on the right exerts ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

What does the force mean in $dp/dt$ form?

One was to write Newton's laws is: $$F=\frac{dp}{dt}.$$ I don't understand what is the force there. I believe that $F$ is the net external force on the system. So supposedly I have a mass which is ...
1
vote
5answers
117 views

Why am I not accelerated by the reaction force applied by Earth on me? [duplicate]

Newton's third law says that "to every action, there is always an equal but opposite reaction". And Newton's second law of motion says that, $F=ma$ $=>$ $a=\frac{F}{m}$. People says that If I stand ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

If the force of friction is 20 N for a moving body does acceleration increase with the increase of the mass?

A body is moving and the only force acting on it is the force of friction. If we put another body on this moving body somehow the force of friction will increase; does its acceleration change?
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Can two bodies move with equal acceleration if forces acting on both are unequal?

In my textbook there is a case given that is to find acceleration and tension produced in a string passed over a frictionless pulley and attached with bodies of different masses at its ends. Now below ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Can two bodies of different mass attached at ends of string passed over a frictionless pulley produce equal tension on both sides?

In my textbook there is given a case that to calculate acceleration and tension produced in string when string is attached at it's ends with two bodies of masses such that $m1>m2$ and the tension ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Force of tension on both sides of one string- 2 questions

Here's something I want to ask you guys about: Many times downward N1 and N2 are ignored in exercises. Why? If forces of tension are balanced by each other, why won't objects just fall? Cheers ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

When do we assume that a rope has different tensions in different places?

Working a problem with 2 pulleys and masses in class this week the professor at one point assumed that the tension on the two sides of a pulley would be different. Every other time we've done a ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

A simple pendulum

The idealized simple pendulum model (see the following figure) assumes that at every point of time the string to which the bob is attached exerts an equal and opposite force on the bob as does the ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Direction of friction vector when acceleration is zero

There is a box on a ramp, there is Wx that makes it fall, Tension that pulls it up the ramp (a rope) and Friction. The thing is, how can I determine the direction of the friction? For me, friction ...
-1
votes
1answer
46 views

How to draw the free body diagram of this? [closed]

There is a smooth light peg at C. The system is in equilibrium. The ground is rough. How do I draw the free body diagram for this? Here is the system, and my attempt.
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Is the force experienced by a particle influenced by its distance to the focus of the force? [closed]

Is the force experienced by a particle influenced by its distance to the focus of the force?
0
votes
2answers
87 views

Calculating Net Force with Free Body Diagram

Question: Three forces are acting on a 4-kg block. The acceleration of the block is 5.0 $m/s^2$. Find the magnitude of the unknown force $F$. The diagram I have shows the force F point left, a force ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Newton's 2nd and 3rd Law clarification [duplicate]

Hi I have a quick question. I know this may be a common question. If N3L states that there's an equal and opposite force, why do things still move? I have read up a lot and this is my understanding. ...
0
votes
3answers
65 views

Reason for motion after terminal velocity

Let some object hang by a string. So no motion since weight was counter balanced no net force. Now string is cut. Object is falling under gravity and experiences air resistance. Terminal velocity is ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Why we can omit some forces while applying linear momentum principle

While applying linear momentum principle, namely that if force is zero linear momentum of the system is constant, in textbook they don't count for $N$ force from $M \to m.$ This force have component ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Why doesn't a parachutist, according to Newton, “fall” upwards (because drag is larger than gravity)?

Part of the second law states that an object will accelerate in the direction of the unbalanced force. However, I've been thinking about parachuting and skydiving a bit lately, and I know that when ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

When is tension constant in a rope?

Suppose we have a massless rope with pulling forces applied at each end. In which scenarios is the tension in the rope constant throughout? For example if there is a knot in the rope the tension is ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Can someone please explain the forces acting on the rod? [closed]

Can someone please explain the forces acting on the rod.
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Argument for stability of journal bearing via inertial and viscous forces?

As I understand a journal bearing, a rotor is levitated by hydraulic forces from the lubricant. While these are lots of studies on this subject, I can't manage to find a paper that coherently breaks ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

What are the forces acting on a Pendulum Tuned Mass Damper?

Upon researching tuned mass dampers, I came across this free body diagram of a pendulum tuned mass damper. However, I don't understand where many of the forces come from. What exactly are the forces ...
4
votes
5answers
104 views

Relation between potential energy and forces

Can you also explain why can't we define potential energy corresponding to a non-conservative internal force? Non-conservative forces are those which don't depend on the initial and final states but ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Suspended mass in motion free-body diagram [closed]

A 20kg mass is held by two ropes which span 90 from each other. The mass is being accelerated at 1m/s^2 to the right. Draw a free body diagram for the mass and find the numerical values for each ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Maximum velocity on Unbanked roads and why should friction be more than centripetal force? [closed]

Why is maximum velocity on unbanked circular road given by $\sqrt{urg}$ where $u$ is coefficient of friction, $r$ is radius of circular track and $g$ is acceleration due to gravity? Why should ...
0
votes
2answers
241 views

Why do you have less control over a bicycle with a broader steer?

I recently had an argument with someone on why a bicycle with a broader steer gives you more control. We both had different answers to this question and neither could convince the other. First a ...
-1
votes
3answers
144 views

Where does the force to stop a constant velocity object come from?

If a ball hits a wall at a constant velocity, it will slow down and eventually come to rest. Since the ball was at constant velocity, it was not accelerating, and so there was no force. Also, the ...
4
votes
4answers
689 views

Why doesn't centrifugal force appear on an FBD for a car on a banked track?

Suppose you wish to find the max speed at which a car can travel on a banked curve of radius R and angle theta to the horizontal and coeff. of static friction mu. I don't understand the relevant ...
0
votes
1answer
216 views

The direction of frictional force in smooth rolling motion

I want to ask about the direction of frictional force in smooth rolling motion which means the rolling object doesn't slide on the surface. Here is the first case, the wheel rolls to the right so the ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

Work and Free Body Diagrams

I am a bit confused with how to find work when there is a free body diagram. I am trying to work out this problem, and in it a box is being pulled at a constant speed by a rope at a constant angle ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Cart and Fan Problem [closed]

I have this problem : A 2.19-kg cart on a long, level, low-friction track is heading for a small electric fan at 0.21m/s . The fan, which was initially off, is turned on. As the fan speeds up, the ...
3
votes
3answers
649 views

Tension of rope. Different Answers?

The tension of a rope in a tug of war with unequal forces is equal to the least force on the rope. Am I right? (If group A pulls the wire with 20 newton leftwards and the group B pulls with 30 newton. ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

Force balancing - Newtonian mechanics [duplicate]

If a horse pulls the carriage, the carriage should pull the horse with equal force (Newton's third law), then how does the whole system move? I drew the free body diagram but not yet figured what ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Work energy and laws of motion and friction problem?

I am having a confusion in the following question- Q-To stimulate car accidents auto manufacturers study the collision of moving cars with mounted springs of different spring constants. consider a ...
1
vote
2answers
206 views

For a massless pulley moving upwards with acceleration, is the upward force equal to the downward force?

Imagine a massless and frictionless pulley with two weights hanging either side of the pulley by a massless string. Like this except not attached to a ceiling Rather than being fixed to a ceiling, ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Find force of friction on an object under influence of tension by another object

I conducted an experiment using video analyses software, and found the accleration of a box on a table being pulled by a string attached to a pulley on the edge of the table attached to the weight ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Wheel dynamics: reaction forces with ground

I am confused by part of a dynamic model in this paper: http://waset.org/publications/4405/real-time-control-of-a-two-wheeled-inverted-pendulum-mobile-robot see page 3, figure 5. All forces labeled ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

What is the net force acting on a climbing man by the rope?

I am confused with determining the net force on the climbing man below by the rope. My analysis is as follows. Let the tension be $T$. As both hands hold the rope then there are $T+T=2T$ upward acting ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Why am I wrong about this dynamics question?

I disagree with the answer to this homework question. Here it goes. The coefficient of static friction is 0.60 between the two blocks in figure. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the ...
2
votes
2answers
148 views

Nature of tension in a massless rope [duplicate]

I'm faced with a conceptual problem, where I am supposed to describe the motions of the following system (two masses on each end of a totally inelastic rope hanged on a pulley): I understand that ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Free body diagram of mechanisms

The image below shows a mechanism with 2 pin joints. On one of the pin joints, there is a torsional spring that exerts a torque $M_s = \kappa \theta$ (rest state is at $\theta = 0$). A force $F$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Centripetal force in loop motion

I saw it from the book which talk about centripetal force in circular motion The main idea here is the balance in the term of relation between velocity and centripetal acceleration - centripetal ...
0
votes
1answer
197 views

FBD of a spring damper system

Does it matter which direction the spring and damper forces point? In one of the examples in my professor's lecture, he stated that if we define y to be positive when pointing up (see image below), ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Accelerated wedge [closed]

Consider the following figure, where a mass $m$ is placed on a wedge which is accelerated to the right ($\vec a$) which could be negative. The coefficient of friction between the mass and the wedge ...
1
vote
3answers
365 views

Direction of friction force between two boxes

There are two boxes on top of each other. The bottom box is dragged right by a constant force. What is the direction of friction of the top box against the bottom box?
0
votes
2answers
106 views

A Falling Chain

A chain hanging from a string just touches the surface of the weighing machine. The string is burnt, and the chain falls on the weighing machine. What would be the weight registered on the weighing ...
1
vote
1answer
577 views

Advanced kinematics problem regarding $F = ma$ [closed]

I really need help with this problem. Thank you for your time. Question: Look at the figure below. Derive the formula for the magnitude of the force F⃗ exerted on the large block (mC) in the ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

How torque and friction cause wheel to roll

I apologize if this question has been answered before, but I did not find the explanation that I needed. If a torque is applied to a wheel situated on a frictional surface, what forces cause the ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Why are some forces not included in the sum of forces?

I was given the following notes in class: 4.32 A skier of mass $65.0\text{ kg}$ is pulled up a snow-covered slope at constant speed by a tow rope that is parallel to the ground. The ground ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Action and Reaction on two bodies [duplicate]

If the action and reaction are both equal and opposite then why a body would move? The force exerted by me on the body must be counterbalanced by the force exerted by the body on me.
1
vote
1answer
211 views

Question about torque and center of mass [duplicate]

If a yo-yo's string is not attached to anything and the yo-yo is dropped, it is obvious it will fall at $g$. In this scenario, Tension of string = 0. If a yo-yo's string is attached to a cieling and ...