This tag is for the classical concept of forces, i.e. the quantities causing an acceleration of a body. It expands to the strong/electroweak force only insofar as they act comparable to ‘classical’ forces. Use [tag:particle-physics] for decay channels due to forces and [tag:newtonian-mechanics] or ...

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1answer
24 views

How do you work out the energy requirement for a submerged pump?

I was wondering if you were to place a pump in a submerged container and then were to open a hatch allowing water to flood the previously vacant cavity how much energy would be required to discharge ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Action and Reaction - Time lag

Is there a time lag between action and reaction ? If there isn't such a time lag, the reaction force must cancel the applying force although they act on different bodies. My second question is that, ...
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3answers
32 views

Do components of force have direction when doing work?

When we get angle > 0, the x-component of force is along the direction of displacement and so their product is called Work. So the x-component of force is said to have direction of the respective ...
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1answer
70 views

Ball flying towards me - Newton's third law is violated?

I was trying to answer the question of the flying ball here on the basis of Newtons third law and Momentum conservation. Here is what I have tried. Lets take $m_1$ (the ball) hits $m_2$ (the man). ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Are fundamental forces always attractive/repulsive, i.e. parallel to the separation?

If magnetic monopoles existed it would not be the case - the forces on an electron and a magnetic monopole passing by each other would be at right angles to the vector connecting the two particles! ...
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1answer
2k views

Can we determine the force an object exerts by its mass and acceleration?

I understand that the objects acceleration is determined by the force exerted on it, and that the force exerted on it is determined by its acceleration. But, does an object's (named A) acceleration ...
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2answers
55 views

How to actually account for air resistance?

What's interested me in my studies thus far is that in a lot of beginner undergrad mathematics and physics courses we're often told to calculate trajectories, velocities, etc. by "ignoring air ...
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1answer
253 views

How do I factor in multiple forces into these Newtonian mechanics equations?

A person jumps. The person weighs $25$kg (irrelevant?). Just after jumping, their velocity is 5m/s (positive is taken as up). Gravity is taken as $-9.80665\text{ m/sec}^2$. ...
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7answers
538 views

Newton's third law and punching a glass or a feather

According to Newton's third law, action force equals reaction force in terms of magnitude. When I punch a glass, the glass punches me back. If I exert a greater force on the glass, it will break. ...
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2answers
81 views

Force of a Train

Imagine that there are two trains and the first train is twice as long as the second train. They have the same mass per unit length and they are traveling at exactly the same speed. If the first ...
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2answers
37 views

Inclined pulley with unknown hanging mass: when won't the system accelerate?

We have an inclined pulley with angle of $30° $ a block with mass of $10 kg$ placed upon it and It is attached by a rope over a pulley to a mass of $M_A$ which hangs vertically. If $μ_s=0.4$ and ...
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1answer
62 views

Electric force between charges in two different media

As far as I know, Coulomb's law of electrostatic force is applicable on two different charges situated in same medium. But if two individual charges are in different media (say one charge on a iron ...
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1answer
184 views

Large deflection of cantilever beam

How can I find the amount of point force at the end of a cantilever plastic beam that produces e.g. 45deg slop at the end of the beam? Is this the right equation: $$F=\frac{2EI\theta ^2}{L^2 ...
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1answer
75 views

How is Magnetic force on a current carrying conductor $Blb$

I was reading an answer about torque acting on a rectangular current carrying loop kept in a uniform magnitude field B. Force acting on each sides is $F_1$, $F_2$, $F_3$, $F_4$. It's written here : ...
2
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2answers
43 views

Another condition of calculating work

Let's imagine that there is a box placed at the corner of a table, and I push it so that my applied force makes an angle of 30° from the table's surface. The box would move and, due to the effect ...
1
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1answer
26 views

How do you find the tension in the real world? (Given a rope in a pulley system)

I'm well aware of the formula to calculate tension, however, given a real world situation where you have a closed pulley system. How do you measure the force (i.e., tension) required to pull on the ...
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1answer
46 views

Problem of uncoupling a train

As a kid I have seen several movies, cartoon etc. in which usually one guy just uncouple (unplugs (?), dunno) the rest of a running train and then runs off with the locomotive at full speed and ...
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3answers
48 views

Net force of the following? [on hold]

The following objects are attached to one another and have difference force directions: Where is the direction of force? And What is the net force? I'm trying to calculate it using their angles, ...
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3answers
50 views

Force on a solid cylinder that is rolling on an accelerating block

Given: $m,R,I=mR^2/2, F,M$ and no traction between $B_2$ and the ground find $a_1, a_2$ (the accelerations of the CMs of $B_1$ and $B_2$ respectively).$B_1$ rolls on $B_2$ without sliding due to ...
5
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2answers
612 views

Does a force really act on a body during a collision?

Consider two bodies A(black) and B(red) having equal mass. A is moving at a constant speed towards B, which is stationary. At certain point of time, they collide elastically, $\therefore u_{A}=v_{B}$ ...
2
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1answer
215 views

Question about conservation of energy and force

Feynman mentions in his book, The Feynman Lectures on physics Let us now illustrate the energy principle with a more complicated problem, the screw jack shown in Fig. 4-5. A handle 20 inches ...
3
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3answers
236 views

Has a body angular momentum and torque only in a circular path?

In different contexts, my book(Principles of Physics by Resnick, Halliday ,Walker) , they wrote For torque, the path need no longer be a circle and we must write the torque as a vector ...
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1answer
116 views

Moment of inertia from torque and angular acceleration measurements

I tried to calculate the moment of inertia of a quadcopter along its roll axis using two different methods and the results do not match. Method 1: measuring the period of a bifilar pendulum, I obtain ...
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7answers
1k views

Does Newton's third law apply to momentum or to forces?

I read all the previous answers concerning the 3rd law and I have seen that it is definitely not universal, (Edit: but conservation of momentum is. If it is not universal it should be not a problem to ...
2
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1answer
94 views

Elasticity of a body on which variable force is applied

Let us consider a rod of some cross sectional area $A$ and length $L$. At one end a longitudinal foce of 5x acts on the rod. At a distance of $\frac{L}{2}$ from that point longitudinal force of 5x ...
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4answers
6k views

Why is the Moon considered the major cause of tides, even though it is weaker than the Sun?

You have likely read in books that tides are mainly caused by the Moon. When the Moon is high in the sky, it pulls the water on the Earth upward and a high-tide happens. There is some similar effect ...
3
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1answer
82 views

Waves and Newton's Third Law

I'm a really newbie in Physics trying to understand a bit about waves. Firstly, i'm using the Wikipedia's definition of wave , that is, as energy traveling through a medium/space without ...
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2answers
120 views

Why does iron sink in molten iron instead of floating?

Why does iron sink in molten iron whereas ice floats on water? Both are solid states of their own form, so why is one floating and the other sinking?
20
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16answers
7k views

Doesn't a box holding a vacuum weigh the same as a box full of air?

This was recently brought up, and I haven't been able to conclude a solid answer. Let's say we have two identical boxes (A and ...
36
votes
6answers
19k views

With Newton's third law, why are things capable of moving?

I've got a rather humiliating question considering newton's third law "If an object A exterts a force on object B, then object B exerts an equal but opposite force on object A" -> $F_1=-F_2$ ...
18
votes
6answers
3k views

Conservation of momentum when rain pours into a wagon

Suppose a wagon is moving at constant velocity on a friction-less surface, and rain begins to fill the wagon. The net force on the wagon is zero, so momentum is conserved; as the mass of the wagon ...
0
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1answer
275 views

A moving inclined plane with block problem

I'm trying to solve for a challenging problem : a moving inclined plane with a block I want to solve for the acceleration components for the block and the plane and the normal force acting on the ...
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3answers
64 views

Why doesn't an object that collides with one that is at rest just do a 180?

Newton's third law says "for every action, there's an equal and opposite reaction." So why is it, say, that when a pool/billiards ball hits the wall of the table, the ball doesn't just turn around?
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1answer
39 views

spinning a water bottle quickly

When we spin a water bottle so quickly, why don't the water inside the bottle come out ? It has to do with the normal force and the apparent weight , i think . but plz someone explain for me how does ...
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2answers
85 views

Why the gravitational force is 10^38 times smaller then the strong nuclear force?

and the weak interaction force is $$10^7$$ times smaller then the strong nuclear force? Why exists this comparison?
1
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1answer
48 views

Two boys pull a rope in the two edges with the force 50 N each. Will the rope rip if it can handle only a pull of 80 N? [closed]

I think we should make the sum the two forces 50+50=100 N and say it can't handle? Can you explain me using the 3rd Newton Law?
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1answer
90 views

Langevin equations in translational and rotational direction

I want to describe the following system. A bead is connected with a tether. There is a force $\vec{F}_{up}=F_{up}\hat{y}$ that acts on the bead. The tether acts with a force on the bead, this force ...
0
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1answer
19 views

About Cell and its electric feild?

1.When we connect wire in a battery there is a electric field so current starts flowing? 2.Do electric field spreads everywhere except in wire? 3.Electric field starts from positive charge to ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is the mechanical advantage of a wedge = length of slope/ width?

Mechanical advantage is defined as Force Output/Force Input For a symmetrical wedge with the length of the slopes being equal and the width being the distance between the end points, the articles ...
1
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1answer
43 views

What happens when a force is not applied on the centre of the mass? [duplicate]

The answer to this question force applied not on the center of mass states that for a force applied not directly on the center of mass will have the same linear acceleration as one applied on the ...
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2answers
27 views

Tension of 2 massless springs joined together

A cable is formed by joining two massless springs with different spring constants. Spring A has constant k1. Spring B has constant k2. If mass M1 hangs from the cable, is the tension greater on ...
2
votes
3answers
335 views

Calculating the torque at a point when a motor is stopped?

So, I'm trying to solve for the torque $\tau_A$ of a motor. I have attached a strong stick to the motor, like so: I apply a force $F$ on the stick which stops the motor. The distance from the ...
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1answer
28 views

Understanding tension principles in a 2 pulley system [closed]

Trying to understand tensions in a 2 pulley rope system, where M1>M2. Is it true that T1>T2>T3?
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2answers
27 views

Modeling external forces in Lagrangian dynamics

For example, consider a system with a block on a flat, frictionless surface. On one side is a spring connecting the block to a wall. On the other side, a person's hand is pushing the block towards the ...
0
votes
3answers
173 views

Interpreting Aristotle's law of motion $\vec F = R\vec v$

The Aristotle's law of motion, which is incorrect, states that The velocity of an object $\vec v$ is directly proportional to the force $\vec F$ acting on it or $\vec F \propto \vec v$ ...
0
votes
4answers
298 views

Why don't we take force proportional to velocity? [duplicate]

When a Force is applied on a body at rest, it produces Acceleration which is equal to change in Velocity. But due to the Force, we see that the Velocity is increasing consequently. So why don't we ...
0
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1answer
25 views

What forces cause the centripetal acceleration in circular motion on a merry-go-round?

Suppose you stand on a merry-go-round spinning at $f$ revolutions per second and you are $R$ meters from the center. What forces act on you? If you were tied to a rope like in Fig 2 you would follow ...
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0answers
26 views

Determine a gradient field [closed]

Given the following field of force, $$ \vec F(\vec r) =\begin{pmatrix} 2x+2y+az \\ 2x-3ay \\ 4x+c+2z+yd \\ \end{pmatrix} $$ My exercise is to determine $a,b,c$ ...
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2answers
93 views

Torque and Pulleys [closed]

I have the solution to the problem below, however I approached the question differently than my professor and I do not understand why my answer is different. Can someone help explain where I'm ...
3
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7answers
2k views

Intuitively, how can the work done on an object be equal to zero?

To my understanding the work done on an object is defined mathematically as: $$W = \vec{F}\cdot\vec{S}=|\vec{F}||\vec{S}|cos\theta$$ This, I understand. My problem is that I don't understand that if ...