This tag is for the classical concept of forces, i.e. the quantities causing an acceleration of a body. It expands to the strong/electroweak force only insofar as they act comparable to ‘classical’ forces. Use [tag:particle-physics] for decay channels due to forces and [tag:newtonian-mechanics] or ...

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1answer
52 views

What happens when a force is not applied on the centre of the mass? [duplicate]

The answer to this question force applied not on the center of mass states that for a force applied not directly on the center of mass will have the same linear acceleration as one applied on the ...
20
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6answers
3k views

Conservation of momentum when rain pours into a wagon

Suppose a wagon is moving at constant velocity on a friction-less surface, and rain begins to fill the wagon. The net force on the wagon is zero, so momentum is conserved; as the mass of the wagon ...
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3answers
75 views

Tension of 2 massless springs joined together

A cable is formed by joining two massless springs with different spring constants. Spring A has constant k1. Spring B has constant k2. If mass M1 hangs from the cable, is the tension greater on ...
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1answer
78 views

Understanding tension principles in a 2 pulley system [closed]

Trying to understand tensions in a 2 pulley rope system, where M1>M2. Is it true that T1>T2>T3?
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2answers
30 views

Modeling external forces in Lagrangian dynamics

For example, consider a system with a block on a flat, frictionless surface. On one side is a spring connecting the block to a wall. On the other side, a person's hand is pushing the block towards the ...
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4answers
346 views

Why don't we take force proportional to velocity? [duplicate]

When a Force is applied on a body at rest, it produces Acceleration which is equal to change in Velocity. But due to the Force, we see that the Velocity is increasing consequently. So why don't we ...
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1answer
58 views

What forces cause the centripetal acceleration in circular motion on a merry-go-round?

Suppose you stand on a merry-go-round spinning at $f$ revolutions per second and you are $R$ meters from the center. What forces act on you? If you were tied to a rope like in Fig 2 you would follow ...
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2answers
190 views

Torque and Pulleys [closed]

I have the solution to the problem below, however I approached the question differently than my professor and I do not understand why my answer is different. Can someone help explain where I'm ...
4
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1answer
161 views

Why is the relationship between velocity and radius curved, in circular motion?

We are supposed to graph velocity squared against period. My instructor specifically said: The gradient of this graph is acceleration and We should observe a trend of decreasing orbital velocities ...
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1answer
38 views

How is the load handled between a car and it's wheel?

I know, based on research, that the load of a car is transmitted to the wheels by properly torquing the lug nuts. I'd like to verify this through science. Alas, it's been a decade since I last ...
2
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4answers
87 views

What is the intuition behind “Net Work is Zero”?

I tried searching the answer to this all over the internet, but still cannot grasp this concept. So, when a book is being lifted, let's say $25 meters$ with a mass of $4kg$, with constant speed. I ...
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2answers
104 views

Ratio of the magnitude of the normal force to the magnitude of the gravitational force? [closed]

I'm working through some practice problems in preparation for my physics final and ran into one that I'm not sure how to do. A mass is released from rest from the edge of a large hemispherical, ...
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3answers
54 views

Force on a solid cylinder that is rolling on an accelerating block

Given: $m,R,I=mR^2/2, F,M$ and no traction between $B_2$ and the ground find $a_1, a_2$ (the accelerations of the CMs of $B_1$ and $B_2$ respectively).$B_1$ rolls on $B_2$ without sliding due to ...
3
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2answers
903 views

What is the cause for the validity of Newton's third law?

What, specifically, causes newton's third law? For instance, if I push on a wall, why is it that I experience a force in the opposite direction? I seem to vaguely understand that is has something ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Why does the water rise upwards when the bottle fall down with accleretion $>>g$?

When a medium-sized bottle filled with water quarterly falls from a height with acceleration $g$, the water remains calm. But when it falls with acceleration $>>g$, the water abruptly rises up ...
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7answers
3k views

Ball flying towards me or me flying towards ball

Suppose a ball is flying towards me at a speed of 10m/s and that, on impact, I feel "x" amount of pain. If, instead, it was me flying towards the ball at the same speed, with all other conditions ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Frictional force require to balance leaning sticks

Here is the question (from Morin's Introduction to Classical Mechanics book): One stick leans on another as shown in Fig. 2.21. A right angle is formed where they meet, and the right stick makes ...
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2answers
84 views

Pendulum's motion

Consider a pendulum in it's balance point hanging from ceiling. It can swing in all the directions in the space. The pendulum can only swing in a sphere(the string can't bend). Now, is it possible to ...
2
votes
3answers
98 views

Intuition and difference between centrifugal force & Coriolis force?

My book says that when a frame rotates uniformly, pseudo/fictitious force must be taken to count. This is centrifugal force. Also, while Googling, I found another pseudo force Coriolis force. ...
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2answers
42 views

Confused about Two Contradictory Facts

When an object hangs from the ceiling, through a rope, the tension force acts upwards, against the force of gravity. However, when a boy pulls a wagon, the tension force acts in the direction he is ...
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0answers
38 views

Inclined plane, circular motion and the friction

Suppose we have a cylinder on an inclined plane of mass $m$ and radius $R$ moving without sliding (so that $\varepsilon = a/R$). Why is the friction $F$ causing the circular motion sometimes lower ...
3
votes
3answers
241 views

What is the basic reason behind buoyancy?

Yesterday my friends and I were solving this easy-looking question: A metal cube is placed in an empty vessel. When water is filled in the vessel so that the cube is completely immersed in the ...
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2answers
91 views

Why do these two derivations of the formula for impulse contradict?

I was trying to derive $I = F\Delta T$ from $p = mv$. First I converted $v = at$: $$\begin{align} p &= mv \\ p &= m \times at \\ p &= ma \times t \\ p &= Ft \\ \Delta p &= F ...
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16answers
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Doesn't a box holding a vacuum weigh the same as a box full of air?

This was recently brought up, and I haven't been able to conclude a solid answer. Let's say we have two identical boxes (A and ...
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0answers
47 views

The force acting on a plate of a parallel capacitor

How can you prove (using high-school-knowledge) that the force which acts on one plate of a parallel capacitor is equal $F = \frac{E \cdot Q}{2}$ Where $E = \frac{U}{d}$ is the magnitude of the ...
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2answers
62 views

How to check if a system is in SHM in two spring systems?

I must determine if the system (a) is in SHM. I must arrive to the conclusion that there is a linear restoring force such that $a=-w^2x$. The solution's manual affirms that according to Newton's ...
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1answer
54 views

Question about central force,and acceleration of the tangent velocity due to a radial velocity and angular momentum conservation

I am a bit confused, and I'll appreciate some help. Let's say that a particle is moving under the influence of a central force. Let's say that its initial velocity, has both: tangent component and ...
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1answer
58 views

How Earth's Gravity is more powerful than its centrifugal force?

How Earth's Gravity more powerful than centrifugal force? The earth spins all the time but we are not holding onto something to avoid drifting off in space cause of the centrifugal force.
4
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2answers
99 views

Does String Theory Predict more than Four Forces?

String theory literature tells us that ST predicts the four forces: weak, strong, EM, and gravity. What it fails to tell us is if that's all the forces it predicts. Might there be a fifth force that ...
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2answers
38 views

Why isn't there a net force when two rods touch each other?

This is a problem from Beer and Johnston's Mechanics of Materials (Amazon link). There's a problem in which there are two rods of different material, area, and length. The rods are fixed to walls, ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Energy loss through gravity and the law of conservation of energy

Since every object exerts a force of gravity on all objects around it, how can it lose so much energy at all times without ever stopping? If an object always loses energy from gravity, how does it ...
0
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2answers
53 views

Prevent a box from tipping over: height of CG?

I'm on a problem that can be simplified in the following way: A box is placed on a horizontal plane, and is pinned to the ground on one side only such that it can tip over that side. Given a ...
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1answer
80 views

Would “The Flash” be able to fly? [closed]

I'm addicted to the new TV program The Flash. In the last few episodes, the maximum speed required to "beat the bad guys" has been increasing. The most recent episode required him to run at Mach 1.3 ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Waves and Newton's Third Law

I'm a really newbie in Physics trying to understand a bit about waves. Firstly, i'm using the Wikipedia's definition of wave , that is, as energy traveling through a medium/space without ...
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0answers
32 views

Problems when a disc is rotating at extreme speeds (theory)?

I was wondering the problems that would occur (aside from mechanical friction), when a disc rotates at high angular velocity. Is centripetal force an issue if high torque is applied on a disc ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

The principles of statics without force

I'm a student of civil engineering and now my course is covering the basics of statics, such as the equations of equilibrium, etc. Trying to get a better basis on the subject, I started to search on ...
10
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6answers
797 views

Newton's third law and punching a glass or a feather

According to Newton's third law, action force equals reaction force in terms of magnitude. When I punch a glass, the glass punches me back. If I exert a greater force on the glass, it will break. ...
4
votes
4answers
254 views

Why does a spring fixed to a wall have PE and not KE?

As many books,including mine (Principles of Physics by Resnick and Halliday) introduce, I also will present my example like this: Let there be a spring of negligible mass attached on one side ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Calculating the force required to lift a weight with a screw

I am trying to learn physics by myself as I do not have a good teacher at school. I've been reading Feynman Lectures on Physics and I can't figure out how he found out this number. Here is an excerpt ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Torque and Car parked on slope [closed]

I have a homework question in which a car of mass $M\ kg$ is parked on a hill inclined at $25^o$ The car is facing up the hill and I am told that the wheels are $3\ m$ apart and the centre of mass is ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Buoyant Force Issue

I don't understand why the buoyant force is equal to the weight of the displaced water for objects that are not "spheres of fluid." Why does the reasoning for fluid spheres hold for other objects?
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1answer
48 views

2012 quo. no. 14 $F_{net} = ma$ [closed]

Please refer to #14 in this document Please help me solve this problem... I don't understand why a force (in the problem, T) even needs to be applied to keep the ball in equilibrium. There is no ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Disk and Ball on a smooth surface [closed]

A uniform disk of mass $\text{2m}$ and radius $\text{R}$ is placed freely on a smooth surface as shown in the figure. A particle of mass $\text{m}$ is connected to the circumference of the disc with a ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Problem on Inclined Forces [closed]

I am having trouble on one of my homework problems. The problem is What is the acceleration of the system if M1 is 5 kg and M2 is 4kg and the coefficient of friction between M1 and the table ...
0
votes
2answers
63 views

Possible solutions to the crown problem of Archimedes [closed]

My teacher was talking about the crown problem, possibly solved by Archimedes using skills about density, weight and other properties that he studied. In the original publication, by Vitruvius in a ...
4
votes
5answers
104 views

Relation between potential energy and forces

Can you also explain why can't we define potential energy corresponding to a non-conservative internal force? Non-conservative forces are those which don't depend on the initial and final states but ...
39
votes
5answers
6k views

Why is the Moon considered the major cause of tides, even though it is weaker than the Sun?

You have likely read in books that tides are mainly caused by the Moon. When the Moon is high in the sky, it pulls the water on the Earth upward and a high-tide happens. There is some similar effect ...
3
votes
3answers
260 views

Impulse and force in a karate chop, can we maximize force minimizing the time of impact?

I have heard that we can maximize the force by minimizing the time of impact in a punch. If that is true, the paradox is if we increase the time of contact with the same amount of force still we ...
5
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1answer
208 views

Validity of work energy theorem in presence of non-conservative forces?

How can the work energy theorem be valid in presence of non-conservative forces since conservation of energy is not there?
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0answers
29 views

How to determine speed/energy of something dropped from a given height?

Say I dropped a ball from some height, which is measurable, is it possible to determine the speed of the ball when it hits the ground and thus the force exerted on the ball my the ground (or vice ...