This tag is for the classical concept of forces, i.e. the quantities causing an acceleration of a body. It expands to the strong/electroweak force only insofar as they act comparable to ‘classical’ forces. Use [tag:particle-physics] for decay channels due to forces and [tag:newtonian-mechanics] or ...

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What is a “Reversed Effective Force”?

I have some confusion about the "Reversed effective force" as it appears in the derivation of D'Alembert's principle. In Goldstein d'Alembert's principle is given as: $(F-\dot{p}) \cdot \delta r = ...
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2answers
174 views

Good way to compute the force of a hammer blow?

What is a good and easy way to compute and/or measure the force of a hammer blow, not using any fancy or specialized equipment? If the hammer is swung by hand through an arc, it is not obvious to me ...
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2answers
60 views

First-principles derivation of cutting force

I know that the amount of force required to separate a material from itself is linked to the surface energy of that material. However, looking at just the surface energy laughably underestimates the ...
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2answers
110 views

Maximum Extension of a Spring [closed]

In the given figure: m= 5kg, F = 30N, K = 700N/m In the figure shown above. the surfaces are friction-less. The blocks are initially at rest and the spring is initially in its natural length. What ...
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1answer
168 views

How did Feynman prove that energy cannot be extracted from electric field?

In the Feynman Lectures, vol. II, chapter 4, Feynman discusses electric potential and says: If we carry a charge from point $a \to b$, $$W = -\int_{a}^{b} \mathbf{F} \cdot ds.$$ Now, in general, ...
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1answer
60 views

If the cord has a breaking strength of 25.0 N, explain why the cord broke when supporting a load so much lesser than its breaking strength [closed]

A picture of weight 5.0 N is suspended from a hook on the wall by a cord. The tension of the cord is 7.07 N. It was found that the picture is hung too low on the wall and was adjusted by shortening ...
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1answer
74 views

Help calculating work done by stretching a wire [closed]

A wire of length 0.89 m and cross-sectional area 1.7 cm2 is stretched elastically by an amount 1.2 cm. By Hooke’s law, the restoring force is $−k\Delta L$. Calculate the work done in ...
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5answers
121 views

How to interpret that forces do not depend on acceleration?

I was told forces can depend on time, location and velocity, but never on acceleration. At first I thought this must be wrong, thinking of $F=m\cdot a$. But I think/hope I now got what was meant, what ...
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3answers
118 views

Does dark energy work like gravity, but the opposite way?

If a body has more mass gravity will exert a greater force on it. Does that apply also to dark energy? In other words, if a body has more mass, will it be affected more by dark energy? (that is, will ...
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5answers
252 views

How can static friction do work?

By definition, the work done by a force is $W = F\cdot d$, so how can static friction do work? Can this force move the body a distance of $75~\text{m}$?
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1answer
82 views

Confusion about average force applied over a time interval

If I understand correctly, the word average implies the average of forces acting during a certain time. $$F_{avg}=\frac{\int_{t_i}^{t_f}{F(t)\,dt}}{t_f-t_i}$$ The teacher gave us tasks with answers ...
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2answers
96 views

What guarantees that in a circular motion in a vertical loop, the resultant of the forces will always point to the center?

Here's what I know: If a body moves in a circular trajectory, then the resultant of all the forces must point to the center of the circle it describes in its movement. If a body moves in a vertical ...
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1answer
42 views

The force on the northern hemisphere

I am reading Griffiths' Introduction to Electrodynamics. On page 364, example 8.2 (4th edition), he calculates the force on the northern hemisphere of a ball with total charge $Q$ spread uniformly. ...
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1answer
62 views

Effect of Eath's rotation on a ball thrown upwards

Since the Earth is rotating it should have acceleration (in the sense that there is change in direction of velocity). So if we throw a ball upwards won't this acceleration affect its trajectory in ...
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1answer
57 views

Lagrangian formalism application on a particle falling system with air resistance

I have this problem, with a first-step resolution: $$...$$ So, I just don't know why they put the term $\frac{\partial F}{\partial \dot{z}}$ in Euler-Lagrange's equations. Why? I know that the ...
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2answers
75 views

Capillary action and its limitations

From Wikipedia Capillary Action Thus for a 4 m diameter glass tube in lab conditions given above (radius 2 m), the water would rise an unnoticeable 0.007 mm. However, for a 4 cm diameter tube (radius ...
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5answers
350 views

when an object is lifted (at a constant velocity) shouldn't the work done on the object be zero? [duplicate]

When I lift an object from the ground (at a constant velocity) I'm applying force on the object equal to its weight and the earth is also pulling it downwards with equal amounts of force. So if the ...
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1answer
37 views

Could satellites achieve orbit using current laser technology

My question is, could we, using current laser technology sufficiently scaled up, launch a lightweight, say a GPS navigation satellite, into earth orbit? The main objection to me is maintaining the ...
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1answer
68 views

Throwing a basketball. What do I need to consider to hit a target? [closed]

This is a question that's been bugging me for some time now and the physics department at school is closed so yeah. Anywho, my question was, given a ball of mass .76, what forces would i have to ...
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1answer
61 views

How can I carry out this force summation? Control volume involved

I have a stationary jet engine on a test stand, like shown in the next figure: The control volume is indicated in the figure as a dashed rectangle, that has its left side far upstream of the ...
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1answer
28 views

Angular acceleration of two rods joined in the center - did I do this right?

The question is: The moment of inertia of a thin rod of length $l$ and mass $M$ about a perpendicular axis through its center is $\frac{1}{12}Mt^2$. The object shown consists of two ...
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0answers
20 views

Pressure change in throttling & flow rate reduction in a water circulation

If the pressure in a water pipe line is reduced from 7kgf/cm2 to 4 kgf/cm2, what is the % reduction in flow rate?
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2answers
56 views

Why am I getting that work it's always the same in both directions?

I'm studying electrostatic and I'm getting pretty frustrated because with the definition of work I'm getting that it's always positive and it doesn't make any sense. So here I have 2 positive ...
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3answers
216 views

Can we rigorously define force?

I'm looking to get rigorous definitions on which to base the important quantities in classical mechanics. To me a "rigorous" physical definition is an operational definition -- that is one in which ...
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1answer
52 views

Determining the force of a spring

How can I determine the maximum force a spring can release when it pops up? Is there even a formula for this?
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1answer
57 views

Resolution of force vectors

For example in a simple pendulum problem.. the forces that act on the bob are tension and gravitational force. but while the resolving the vectors to find T(tension) at any given angle x with the ...
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1answer
64 views

Force and initial height of thrown object [closed]

You stand at the earth's surface, and you throw a ball of mass m1 into the air perpendicular to the surface. Let g at the surface be 9.81m/s^2. You know two points (height:h1, h2 and time:t1,t2) of ...
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2answers
84 views

Question about a car on a banked turn with no friction

A popular physics page explaining how a car can make a banked turn even with no friction : gives the following free body diagram and then says In the vertical direction there is no ...
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1answer
258 views

The g-force of common objects hitting the floor

At my friend's work they have an accelerometer which measures the force with which certain objects hit the ground. He claims that from four feet high, cell phones hit a solid metal surface with a ...
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3answers
75 views

Tension on a string

A string is attached at both extremities and put under tension $T_0$ at rest. We know that if we pull the string upwards from the middle, the tension will increase. But why is it that, admittedly, ...
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3answers
77 views

How high could i jump if I weighed only half as much? [closed]

E.g. I weigh 150 lbs I had a thrust device that lifted 75 pounds. How high could I jump? What if that thrust lifted 2/3 of my weight (100 lbs)? Obviously, I cant fly, but I guarantee if I weighed ...
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1answer
71 views

Normal force, work and conservativity

I have searched very much on line, both in this site and elsewhere, but found no proof of whether the normal force is conservative or is not, in general. Clearly, if the force is orthogonal to the ...
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1answer
57 views

Finding the acceleration of a mass/pulley system without knowing the direction of the displacement

I have the following question: I noticed that if I solve for the acceleration assuming that the acceleration is occuring to the left, I get the equation: $\displaystyle a = ...
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2answers
39 views

Air leaking out of a tire

My bike was not used for over 7 months, It has no holes on it. Yet I found it empty, is there a specific reason why air leaks out of objects without any "force" acting upon the tire to force the air ...
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1answer
32 views

Mass-Spring system on an accelerating jet

Imagine a perfect mass spring system. If it's put on an accelerating plane, how will the motion change? Is the plane's acceleration like a driving/damping force, where: $$F_{\text{driving}} = ...
4
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2answers
82 views

Does the electric force on a charged particle in a uniform electric field increase?

If I have a proton in a uniform field between two parallel oppositely charged plates and the proton accelerates, the electric force acting on it stays constant seeing it is a uniform field and as a ...
0
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1answer
64 views

How do particles in a wave make the next particles move?

i only know few things about waves,but this question just popped up in my mind. I already know that the particles transfer energy to each other,but i do not know HOW they do it! The truth is that i ...
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4answers
128 views

Gravitational force of a ring [closed]

Given a ring with mass $m_1$, radius $R$ and a point mass $m_2$ with distance $x$ regarding the center of the ring. How can I calculate the gravitational force of this ring ? At first glance I'd say ...
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2answers
35 views

When I change the rpm of a turntable, how long does the turntable to get to the new rpm?

If the turntable was rotating at 16 rpm and I switched it to 30 rpm, is the change in speed pretty much instantaneous, or is their a period of acceleration? When I did it, the change appeared to be ...
2
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2answers
57 views

How do atoms in a solid “communicate” force to each other?

What is the mechanism that carries and communicates force in a solid, on the atomic level? Is there some other mechanism besides atomic deformation and proximity? That is, if I had an infinitely ...
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1answer
46 views

Similar effect to gravity horizontally? [closed]

I've been pondering this today. Say you have a moving vehicle, with enough space to move around in (say, an empty moving truck). How fast would it have to be going for you to jump and go flying across ...
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1answer
62 views

What is this equation $f^e = f^a - \nabla U$?

Recently in a mechanics class my prof scribbled down something looked like $$f^e = f^a - \nabla U.$$ Where he claimed $f^e$ is the external force on an object, $f^a$ is the applied force on the ...
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1answer
64 views

Tension problem [closed]

A weight "m" is suspended from the center of a light, taut and originally horizontal rope. After suspending the weight "m", what angle must the rope make with the horizontal if the tension in the ...
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1answer
43 views

Equilibrium when it shouldn't be?

I'm doing an experiment that requires me to balance a ring, tied to four strings, in the middle of a force table; in other words, the objective is to set the ring at equilibrium. Each string is ...
1
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1answer
28 views

How much power does it take to keep a massive particle suspended in a gravitational field?

For instance if I have a rocket of mass $m$ in a uniform gravitational field $g$, and I want to keep it floating in the air via thrust alone, then how much power in the form of (say) chemical energy ...
0
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1answer
144 views

Calculate reaction forces, bending moments and shear forces, udl=0.5kN/m

i have reaction forces of Ra $= 7.890625N$ & Rb $=1 03.359375N$ my shear force calculation equates to 0N at 5.5m which i believe is correct however i am having trouble getting the bending ...
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1answer
33 views

force acting on a small point mass dropped over a rotating rigid body

I came across a situation where I must find the force exerted by a rotating rigid body on a point mass $m$, dropped over it. The rotating rigid body will smash the point mass away in a direction ...
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1answer
70 views

Force Keeping Water Skier Afloat

A motionless water skier sinks because the upward buoyancy force on the skier is less than the downward force of gravity on the skier. A skier pulled by a boat does not sink into the water. Why?
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2answers
86 views

Force needed to hold a book between your hands - not sure about the influence of friction

I'm looking at this problem: A student presses a book between his hands, as the drawing indicates. The forces that he exerts on the front and back covers of the book are perpendicular to the ...
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4answers
80 views

How can a petrol car require less fuel at 55mph than a lower speed at the same rpm?

It seems to be widely accepted that somewhere around 55mph is the most economical speed to drive in a conventional petrol car. Recently I ordered an EV, and learned that (with the exception of at ...