This tag is for the classical concept of forces, i.e. the quantities causing an acceleration of a body. It expands to the strong/electroweak force only insofar as they act comparable to ‘classical’ forces. Use [tag:particle-physics] for decay channels due to forces and [tag:newtonian-mechanics] or ...

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1answer
56 views

How can the tension force be computed to test if a shape is moving or not?

Source Given the coordinates of $n$ 3D joints ($1kg$ each) connected by $m$ rods. Assume rods have zero mass and joints with $z=0$ are fixed to the ground while others are free to move, will the ...
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2answers
77 views

Force exerted on ceiling by a simple mecahnical system

I have a simple static mechanical system, but I reach a conclusion that seems to me counter-intuitive: There is a pulley fixed to the ceiling and there is a weight fixed to a rope which goes ...
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2answers
83 views

Newton's Second Law

Newton's Second Law tells us that $\sum F = ma$. The vector sum of the forces $F$ on an object is equal to the mass $m$ of that object multiplied by the acceleration vector $a$ of the object. So ...
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1answer
41 views

Freshman year forces problem [closed]

I have been sitting with this problem for about 2 hours now. I know it involves simultaneous equations of some sort... I am trying to figure out maybe if there was not enough information given .. ...
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1answer
87 views

Finding friction forces of stacked boxes on a table

Consider the following system. The given friction coefficients are for static. Let $g=10$ (meter per square second). If the $F(t)=10t$, for example, determine the friction forces $f_{AB}(t)$ ...
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2answers
187 views

Tensile strength of a braided steel wire vs. a solid steel bar?

I am wondering which one is the strongest between a steel rope and a steel bar with same diameter and made of the same steel? EDIT : The test could be: attach rope/bar to ceiling and suspend a mass ...
3
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2answers
64 views

Internal potential energy and relative distance of the particle

Today, I read a line in Goldstein Classical mechanics and got confused about one line. To satisfy the strong law of action and reaction, $V_{ij}$ can be a function only of the distance between ...
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4answers
67 views

Relation between Force, Time, and Energy

Is energy involved independent of force applied over time? In other words, if I wish to apply a force for much more time would I require more energy?
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2answers
65 views

How to express magnetic field vector in terms of force on current

I am preparing for an exam and one of the questions I have come across asks: Define the electric field $\mathbf{E}$ and the magnetic flux density $\mathbf{B}$, in terms of the force on charges and ...
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0answers
20 views

What will be the direction of the force required on the ball to move the ball up the stairs?

Is this diagram correct? The point of force A is at the farthest distance from the fixed centre O ,so the moment arm CD is greater and therefore,maximum torque would be produced.Is my concept ...
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6answers
194 views

Is gravitational force affected by intervening medium?

If we leave a iron ball and feather into the water, feather returns to the surface and floats or moves into the water slowly. On the other hand, iron ball (of certain mass greater than mass of ...
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0answers
24 views

When one monkey accelerates up a rope, what happens to the other? [duplicate]

The question is: Two equal weight monkeys each hang from the ends of a rope passing over a weightless, frictionless pulley. If one accelerates up the rope, what happens to the other? I'm going to ...
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3answers
2k views

How is gravity consistent when you split an object into multiple pieces?

Here's the picture: In picture 1: Assume that we have 2 objects, namely A, and B. Object A with mass $2M$, and object B with mass $m$; and their distance is $r$. Then the gravitational force of A ...
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0answers
19 views

Calculating rate of change of momentum for a package [closed]

A helicopter is flying to the right (in the $+x$ direction) with a constant speed $v$, carrying a package of mass $M$ suspended below it using a cable as shown in the figure. (You can assume that $H$ ...
2
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2answers
75 views

Where does a string tighten when you pull it?

I have the following setup: The string of negligible mass, causing little friction, is shown in dark blue and is fixed at the red circle. The taut string is shown in light blue (with excess string ...
4
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4answers
726 views

Blocks stacked on an incline connected by rope around pulley

Two objects A and B, of masses 5 kg and 20 kg respectively, are connected by a massless string passing over a frictionless pulley at the top of an inclined plane, as shown in the figure. The ...
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2answers
380 views

Toy helicopters at very high altitude

Because air is thin up there, toy helicopters usually have a maximum operational altitude. If the toy brought up by a real aircraft, higher than its intended maximum altitude, would it be able to ...
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0answers
116 views

How to calculate mass from compound lever? [closed]

A class 1 lever and a class 2 lever are connected in series, on the resistance end of the class one lever is a 500g weight. On the 2nd class lever sits a weight of an unknown mass. From the end of the ...
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4answers
385 views

Deriving $F = ma$ - Newton's Second Law of Motion

Context: In my textbook it is given: 'momentum' short for 'linear momentum': Mass = $m$, momentum is $p=mv$. In time $\Delta t$, momentum changes by $\Delta p$, the rate of change of momentum is: ...
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2answers
114 views

How much force is required to compress air?

How much force (Newtons) is required to compress normal air in a chamber to 2 atm? For example, if I had a sealed piston pump, how much force would need to be exerted in order for the air to be ...
2
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1answer
78 views

Why are non-horizontal levers not considered to be in equilibrium?

Consider a triple-beam balance, like so: An unknown mass is placed on the left pan, and the provided weights are moved on the right until the lever arm comes to rest at an exactly horizontal ...
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1answer
62 views

How quickly does air return to a vacuum chamber?

I know there are a lot of variables that affect how quickly this would occur. Any information on the topic would be highly appreciated. For sake of argument, lets say 1 square foot chamber, lets say ...
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2answers
36 views

Why do we have a galactic and a solar plane [duplicate]

Why do all of the planets in our solar system move is (more or less) the same plane? It would seem that the planets should all have very different orbital planes, each at a different angel to each ...
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1answer
56 views

Attraction and repulsion of charge? [duplicate]

Why do like charges on identical bodies cause a repulsion and unlike charges cause an attraction?
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2answers
49 views

Does Coriolis effect affect snowing?

Right now, outside is snowing. No matter what window I look from, the snow constantly for last few hours tends to fall to the right close to the window, and to the left close to the building across ...
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1answer
52 views

What forces are involved in this situation?

A old massless rope of 12 meters attached to a ceiling can sustain a maximum tension force of 1200N before breaking. An 85 kg person climbs up the rope. What is the minimum possible time in which ...
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0answers
89 views

Currents and magnetic fields produce forces that affect things they're not touching?

I was doing this past paper and am a little confused by question 5) part c)ii) I correctly calculated that the force acting on the rod due to the magnetic field is 0.016N but I can't see how ...
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1answer
76 views

A question about biceps and rotational equilibrium

I know that as the angle of the elbow increases, the force of the bicep increases. i.e. when angle is 180, arm is fully extended and there is 0 force from bicep. When the elbow angle is smaller there ...
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1answer
51 views

Magnetic Attraction in Space [closed]

If I were to attach a 1 inch diameter magnet to lets say a half pipe, that it fits perfectly in, and attach a 1 in diameter piece of iron close enough for the magnet to assert its attractive pull, ...
6
votes
8answers
402 views

How do we know that $F = ma$, not $F = k \cdot ma$

It seems intuitive that $a\; \propto \frac{F}{m}$, as the greater the force that is applied on an object, the greater its acceleration will be. Inversely, the greater the mass of the object, the ...
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4answers
131 views

Can you lift yourself standing on a wooden block using pulley mounted on block? [duplicate]

I am new to this site. Please help me figure out this problem. Is it possible to lift oneself like shown in schematic? Waiting for good suggestions. Chirag
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2answers
111 views

Can an extremely small force lift a mountain in a hydraulic system? If not, then why not?

As you see in the picture, a car can be lifted with a small force F1. Here it is shown that 'F1 . A1 = F2 . A2'. What will happen if A1 is of the size of a pin's cross-sectional area. Can a child ...
6
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4answers
195 views

If I bury a cylinder (top end sealed) in sand, how much force do I need to pull it out?

Let's say the cylinder has a diameter equal to its height of $25\;\mathrm{cm}$ the cylinder is sealed at the top and filled with sand the cylinder is also buried in the sand at sea at a depth of ...
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3answers
152 views

How do birds generate thrust?

I have been watching this video carefully and I want to know how the wings of birds generate thrust. This is because the wings are more or less flapping up and down --- generating the lift. But I do ...
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4answers
113 views

Action and reaction pair problem

If I sit on a chair, the first action and reaction pair force is my weight and the force acting on the earth by me. And the 2nd pair is the force acting on the chair by me and the opposite force. ...
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2answers
91 views

Force acting on center of mass

Pictured above is a biker (traveling in a curve) whose center of mass has two forces acting on it. These two forces - a horizontal centrifugal force F(centripetal)* and a vertical gravitational ...
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2answers
102 views

What happens to gravity in the middle of the earth? [duplicate]

So I was curious about, what if we make a tunnel from one side of the earth, to the other side of the earth? Gravity is ofcourse always negative, which makes you "fall" and not "float". If we take ...
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3answers
79 views

The sign of the normal force.

The notes state that $N=mg$. However, if I have a $4\text{kg}$ box on a table, taking upward as positive $$N=-mg=-4*-9.81$$ Is this correct? If it is correct, why do the notes state that $N=mg$. ...
2
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1answer
41 views

How to calculate the force acting on a magnet due to a solenoid

Can I assume both magnet and solenoid as magnetic dipole and use Coulombs law to find the force acting the magnet?
17
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4answers
3k views

How can we move an object with zero velocity?

Consider there is a box of mass $m$ at rest on the floor. Most books give an example that we need to do a work of $mgh$ to lift the box $h$ upward. If we analyze this work done, the external force ...
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1answer
64 views

Work Power & Energy Question [closed]

If a person starts from rest with an acceleration of 10 m/s^2 and applies force of 1000N then What will be its work done at the end of 20s . If the object moves in the horizontal surface? Can ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Mathematically impossible for a vortex line to have loose ends?

Could someone show the math behind it? Source : "A vortex is a bunch of air circulating around itself. The axis around which the air is rotating is called a vortex line. It is mathematically ...
0
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0answers
61 views

Why does air circulate on an airfoil — The Kutta Condition

Why does the air circulate on a flowing airfoil, thus giving rise to increased velocity (circulation + relative airspeed) above the wing and hence decreased pressure.
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0answers
75 views

Why friction force is force of constraint?

My understanding about constraint force is that it is a force which limits the geometry of particle's motion. For example, situations such as the particle trapped in a track or limited in domain can ...
0
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1answer
82 views

Do we stand on the earth because of Newton's third law?

This is the question I encountered and I'm not sure I understand. The Newton's third law say that, when a body 1 exerts a force on the body 2, then the body 2 will exert the same force on body 1, ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Airfoil theory — Why does air travel faster above? [duplicate]

I do not understand, why the air above the airfoil travels faster than the air below it? The air above has to travel faster than the air below so that both streams meet simultaneously at the ...
1
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2answers
130 views

What is the third law action pair of buoyancy?

Consider a block floating in a fluid. The force due to gravity balances the buoyant force exerted on the block. But there must be a third-law action pair to the buoyant force. If the block exerts a ...
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1answer
71 views

How do magnetic objects exhibit attraction/repulsion across empty space?

Magnets will attract or repel over a distance before physically touching each other. What makes this effect possible? My best guess is that the forces generated by the angular momentum of the ...
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2answers
168 views

Why don't black holes form from forces other than gravity?

Gravity is the weakest of the fundamental forces, so what is so special about gravity that it can form an inescapably strong field while a force like the EM force cannot? It seems to me that if there ...
1
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1answer
406 views

Why does shaking your head with short hair hurt? [closed]

When my hair gets long I start doing a little flick of my head occasionally to get my hair out of my eyes. This grows into a habit though, and for the first few days after cutting my hair I end up ...