This tag is for the classical concept of forces, i.e. the quantities causing an acceleration of a body. It expands to the strong/electroweak force only insofar as they act comparable to ‘classical’ forces. Use [tag:particle-physics] for decay channels due to forces and [tag:newtonian-mechanics] or ...

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Tension on a string pulled by unequal forces

Suppose two cases where masses are attached to massless, inextensible strings. In the first case a body which has a weight of 20 Newtons(downwards) is attached to a string which is acted upon by ...
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1answer
87 views

How is gravitational lensing possible? [duplicate]

How is it possible that a force that affects mass (gravity) can affect massless particles like photons?
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1answer
633 views

Why do whips crack?

Whips have been discussed in a previous question last year. I wish to ask a further question on the subject. (I can not comment or reply to the previous question since I am a new member here and my ...
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1answer
456 views

Tension in an Atwoods machine conceptual?

Assuming $T_1$ is the force that acts on box $1$ and $T_2$ is the force that acts on box $2$. Exactly what causes the Tension? Why does $T_1 = T_2$? The problem is we are told to memorize that $T_1 =...
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4answers
853 views

How do electrons actually move in a circuit?

Last year, we were taught about electricity, about how electrons move in a closed circuit. But as our teacher had not taught us about electric fields yet, she gave us a simplified model of motion of ...
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2answers
228 views

What does an applied force on an already accelerating object do?

I'm a big beginner having only taken Grade 11 high-school physics. Imagine this situation: an object is accelerating north, and while it's accelerating, it's 'hit' by a northward force. To me it ...
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1answer
390 views

Will we feel the gravity of a star 10 light years away for the next 10 years if, somehow, it vanishes today from its position? [duplicate]

I was watching a relativity video, and although I am not sure, I felt that it was trying to tell that the effect of gravitation of a body is instantaneous, in the sense that a sudden change in the ...
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3answers
1k views

Proof that a force applied to the center of mass is the same as force applied off-center

There is a similar question that gives a bit of an explanation, but little mathematical proof here: force applied not on the center of mass I would like mathematical proof that shows that the ...
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1answer
2k views

Block and Pulley Problem with Friction [closed]

1.) What is the acceleration of the hanging mass? (Indicate the direction with the sign of your answer.) 2.) Determine the tension in the cord. (Indicate the direction with the sign of your answer.) ...
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1answer
135 views

Curve of a rod bent by force on both sides

Suppose we have a flexible rod (i.e. it can be bent without breaking apart) and we excert a force on both sides, like this: If the force $F$ is not exactly horizontal, the rod will be bent and form ...
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2answers
688 views

What will happen if we put balloon in water tank in space

Imagine this. You have some object (let say barrel) and fill it with water. The water remains rather calm so it doesnt' spills out. Then we take a balloon filled with air and push it in that tank. ...
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4answers
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Why is gas mileage typically better when traveling on the highway than on country roads or in the city?

The gas mileage of my vehicle tends to improve the more I have been driving on the interstate on that tank of gas - if I go through a tank of gas without at any point driving on the interstate, I will ...
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3answers
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Is friction a product of Newton's third law?

Newton's third law is defined as $F_{12} = -F_{21}$ Is friction a product of this law? For example, if I take my hand and slide it across the floor in the $+x$ direction... My hand exerts a force $...
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1answer
293 views

Derive force from the pair-wise potential equation [closed]

How can we calculate the force exerted on particle $i$ by particle $j$ given a general potential function $V(d)$? Let's discuss this genenal question with a concrete example below. To simulate the ...
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3answers
3k views

Why is using Newton's First Law failing me?

A factory worker pushes a 29.7kg crate a distance of 5.0m along a level floor at constant velocity by pushing downward at an angle of 32$^\circ$ below the horizontal. The coefficient of kinetic ...
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2answers
516 views

force of hail falling straight

There is a hail storm and it's falling straight down (0 wind factor) will the hail meet a moving car with greater force than a car standing still?
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1answer
227 views

How can a reel of thread move in opposite direction?

There is a nice puzzle about reel of thread. I wonder why the solution works. The puzzle: You take a reel with threads on it. Inner radius r, outer radius R. You put it on a table. If you pull ...
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2answers
726 views

Is friction always constant?

Can the norm of the friction force change with time? Notice I said the norm which is in Newtons, can it change with time? Sorry if the question seems a bit confusing but I've done my best to explain.
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2answers
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How do we convert between the maximum value of the adhesive force (in kilograms or in Newton) of a magnet and its magnetic field strength (in tesla)?

On the following website they indicate how powerful is a magnet by giving the theoretical maximum value of its adhesive force in kilograms or in Newton (its adhesive force at a distance of zero). ...
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1answer
42 views

Clarification what exactly this question wants regarding force [closed]

I would like to ask you if the question asked What is the minimum force parallel to the plane, which can be prevent the block from slipping down the plane? I just did the calculation and and ...
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3answers
306 views

Solving for Normal Force

I'm working through The Nature of Code, which is an awesome book, lots of fun. I've come across Exercise 3.13 and I'm not sure how to solve it. I'm assuming that the force of gravity and the force of ...
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1answer
30 views

am i finding the force correctly?

I am trying to see if I am doing a problem correctly. Problem Suppose you carry a 50kg sack of potatoes up two flights of stairs, a total height of 10m. How much work did you do? If it took you ...
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1answer
289 views

How do internal forces affect motion?

As per newton's first law, only an external force can bring any change in the acceleration of a body, internal forces cannot. So, when we apply brakes to an accelerating car, aren't those brakes(...
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15answers
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Is Newton's third law always correct?

Newton's third law states that every force has an equal and opposite reaction. But this doesn't seem like the case in the following scenario: For example, a person punches a wall and the wall breaks. ...
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1answer
358 views

Relative strength of a dome [closed]

Is there a rough way to determine how the height of a dome affects the load that dome could support? For instance, assuming the bases of two domes are 24" in diameter, and one dome is 2" high while ...
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4answers
879 views

Definition of force, kinetic energy and momentum

I've edited the post. Q1 and Q4 are the important ones but I didn't delete Q2 and Q3 since some older answers would not make sense anymore. To begin with, the formula of the kinetic energy $T$ is $\...
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1answer
123 views

Help me understand constant speed on a slope

An object is pulled up a slope at constant speed. I'm trying to find the Tension on the rope. $$m = 65kg \Rightarrow W=-637$$ $$\mbox{constant speed} \Rightarrow a = 0$$ $$\mbox{angle of slope} = 45^\...
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2answers
115 views

In this particular problem: Is the mass of the system the mass of the person?

I am doing this problem: The upward normal force exerted by the floor is 620 N on an elevator passenger who weighs 650 N. What is the magnitude of the acceleration? This is how I solved it:...
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1answer
113 views

Pulse Reflection

I wanted to ask why a pulse that reaches to a free end will reflect off and return with the same direction of displacement that it had before reflection. I am looking for explanation with forces.
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1answer
121 views

Why $\vec F=m\vec a$ instead of $\vec F=m\vec v$? [duplicate]

$\vec F=m\vec a$ ,for moving object with 10 $km/s$ in a constant manner ,where acceleration is zero. ie No force on object ? http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=622711
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4answers
289 views

The work done by running in a rectangle

This may be quite off-topic but please help me. Is there any work done when I run in a rectangle? I thought that the answer should be no. But my teacher says that we should calculate each side ...
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4answers
2k views

Force as change in momentum vs. change in velocity

Is there ever a situation where the distinction between $F = m \frac{dv}{dt}$ and $F = \frac{dp}{dt}$ is important? I can't think of a situation where one is true and not the other (assuming only ...
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2answers
258 views

Conservative Forces & Conservation of Energy?

I'm trying to relate them, I'm trying to find the key relation that would show how the conservative forces serve conservation of energy. How would they relate? Also, how are non-conservative forces ...
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2answers
826 views

Is the Lorentz force conservative? [duplicate]

Is the Lorentz Force acting on a wire, that has current $I$ in a magnetic field $B$ conservative? Or non-conservative? I understand that all the fundamental forces are conservative, am I correct?
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3answers
423 views

Time reversal symmetry in the presence of friction

I was reading a paper on time reversal symmetry, and came across an example of a pendulum swinging in the presence of friction: When we consider the more realistic physical situation of a swinging ...
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1answer
218 views

The force on an infinite line of charge perpendicular to a on a rod of charge

Essentially the question is to calculate the force exerted by a charged rod perpendicular to an infinite line of charge: $\vec{F}_{\text{rod}\rightarrow \text{line}} =\dots$ My question is it okay to ...
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2answers
21k views

Relationship between amplitude and frequency of a wave

What is the relationship between amplitude and frequency of a wave? Some say there isn't any relationship, some say that there is, but from their answers the relationship is still unclear.
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1answer
4k views

Acceleration of masses hanging from a system of two pulleys

"Masses $M_1$ and $M_2$ are connected to a system of strings and pulleys as shown. The strings are massless and inextensible, and the pulleys are massless and frictionless. Find the acceleration of M1....
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1answer
114 views

Question about pendulum

I came up with this problem by myself: How much force do I need to make a pendulum revolve? Now I imagined that the force $\vec{F}$ must be enough to make the pendulum swing until half of the ...
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1answer
118 views

Question on Newton's law

I have heard my friends referring to quantity ma as the "force of acceleration" whereas my teacher told us it can't be referred as so. Is it correct to refer that quantity a force? If not, how can we ...
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0answers
614 views

Sum of energy in a free rotation with Algodoo software

I try to understand why Algodoo software (freeware) give an efficiency greater than unity. I tested several scenes and at each time I can look the software give energy, I don't say it's all the time ...
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0answers
172 views

Creep of materials at atomic/molecular level under stresses

Do the viscoelastic materials creep at the same rate under three types of fundamental stresses, viz.- TENSION, COMPRESSION and SHEAR??? My intuition tells me that the answer is no. But, I can't get ...
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1answer
67 views

Help for orbits of planets

Suppose that an asteroid) that moves at a velocity $v$ passes near to a planet: now I know that the gravity force of the planet will curve the trajectory of the asteroid so I tried to make a draw of ...
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1answer
124 views

Motion of a car rounding a bank

When a car is traveling round a banked track as fast as possible, it has a tendency to slip up the slope. Opposite in the case when the car travels slowly and has a tendency to slip down. Can ...
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2answers
323 views

Newton's third law, action vs reaction

When I push a wall with my hand, the wall does the same and because both forces cancel out the sum of the forces applied by me on the wall and the wall on me is zero, plus the friction on the ground ...
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1answer
252 views

Naming vectors in free body diagrams

Is there a convention for naming the vectors? Suppose there is a box on a table. I'm going to draw the forces acting on the box. So I focus on the box and ignore forces acting on the table, the ...
2
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5answers
647 views

Why Newton's law of universal gravitation is a valid law? What causes any two bodies in the universe attract each other with a force?

Why Newton's law of universal gravitation is a valid law? What causes any two bodies in the universe attract each other with a force? What causes a larger body in space to have a gravitational pull on ...
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2answers
597 views

Why neglect friction when computing torque?

There is a block of wood on a plank, with friction, and the block is moving down with uniform speed. They are asking what is the torque acting through the center of the block. My doubt is that ...
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1answer
143 views

Electric Field Homework Question

Can a charged particle move through an electric field that exerts no force on it?
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1answer
223 views

Question about resolving forces

Say, in the example below, the weight $mg$ of the object is $800N$. To find $R$, the conventional method is to use $R\sin(28^\circ) = 800$. But why isn't it possible to use instead the component of ...