This tag is for the classical concept of forces, i.e. the quantities causing an acceleration of a body. It expands to the strong/electroweak force only insofar as they act comparable to ‘classical’ forces. Use [tag:particle-physics] for decay channels due to forces and [tag:newtonian-mechanics] or ...

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4answers
46 views

Action and reaction pair problem

If I sit on a chair, the first action and reaction pair force is my weight and the force acting on the earth by me. And the 2nd pair is the force acting on the chair by me and the opposite force. ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Force acting on center of mass

Pictured above is a biker (traveling in a curve) whose center of mass has two forces acting on it. These two forces - a horizontal centrifugal force F(centripetal)* and a vertical gravitational ...
1
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2answers
84 views

What happens to gravity in the middle of the earth? [duplicate]

So I was curious about, what if we make a tunnel from one side of the earth, to the other side of the earth? Gravity is ofcourse always negative, which makes you "fall" and not "float". If we take ...
-2
votes
2answers
235 views

Explain what happens to object in lift [closed]

In the following image,three cases have been mentioned. $N$ is the normal force acting on the object inside the lift and $mg$ is the force of attraction due to gravity. In case 1, $N = mg$. In case ...
-1
votes
2answers
52 views

The sign of the normal force.

The notes state that $N=mg$. However, if I have a $4\text{kg}$ box on a table, taking upward as positive $$N=-mg=-4*-9.81$$ Is this correct? If it is correct, why do the notes state that $N=mg$. ...
3
votes
4answers
645 views

Is restoring force a particular type of force?

I have a question about the restoring force in elastic band or rope which confusing me for a long time. As I was told in high school physics, for an elastic band (or spring), if Hooke's law holds, we ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

When to use Cosine or Sine? [closed]

Three blocks of masses $M_A=15.0 \; \text{kg}$, $M_B=12.0 \; \text{kg}$, and $M_C=8.0 \; \text{kg}$ sit next to each other on a frictionless surface. A force $F=54.0 \; \text{N}$ acts on Block $A$ ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Escape velocity of a rocket standing on Ganymede (Moon of Jupiter)

I want to calculate the escape velocity of a rocket, standing on the surface of Ganymede (moon of Jupiter) and trying to leave Ganymede. My thinking was, the kinetic energy $E_{\text{KIN}}$ must be ...
18
votes
5answers
639 views

Particles for all forces: how do they know where to go, and what to avoid?

Here's an intuitive problem which I can't get around, can someone please explain it? Consider a proton P and an electron E moving through the electromagnetic field (or other particles for other ...
13
votes
6answers
1k views

Are there forces which do not involve a change in momentum?

I am familiar with the equation $$\vec{F}=m \vec{a}$$ I am wondering as to whether it is possible for something to exert a force on another object without changing the momentum of said object. My ...
2
votes
2answers
553 views

What happens when the string slackens during vertical circular motion?

Consider a particle attached to one end of a string of length $l$ moving anti-clockwise in a vertical circle whose centre is $O$. What exactly happens physically when the string becomes slack and ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

How can we move an object with zero velocity?

Consider there is a box of mass $m$ at rest on the floor. Most books give an example that we need to do a work of $mgh$ to lift the box $h$ upward. If we analyze this work done, the external force ...
0
votes
2answers
106 views

what is “work”? (of a force)

I would like to know why two forces (of different magnitudes but same direction) that we'd use sequentially on an object to move it by the same amount twice, will produce two different values for the ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Mathematically impossible for a vortex line to have loose ends?

Could someone show the math behind it? Source : "A vortex is a bunch of air circulating around itself. The axis around which the air is rotating is called a vortex line. It is mathematically ...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

Work Power & Energy Question [closed]

If a person starts from rest with an acceleration of 10 m/s^2 and applies force of 1000N then What will be its work done at the end of 20s . If the object moves in the horizontal surface? Can ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Why friction force is force of constraint?

My understanding about constraint force is that it is a force which limits the geometry of particle's motion. For example, situations such as the particle trapped in a track or limited in domain can ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Why does air circulate on an airfoil — The Kutta Condition

Why does the air circulate on a flowing airfoil, thus giving rise to increased velocity (circulation + relative airspeed) above the wing and hence decreased pressure.
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Do we stand on the earth because of Newton's third law?

This is the question I encountered and I'm not sure I understand. The Newton's third law say that, when a body 1 exerts a force on the body 2, then the body 2 will exert the same force on body 1, ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Airfoil theory — Why does air travel faster above? [duplicate]

I do not understand, why the air above the airfoil travels faster than the air below it? The air above has to travel faster than the air below so that both streams meet simultaneously at the ...
7
votes
2answers
145 views

Why don't black holes form from forces other than gravity?

Gravity is the weakest of the fundamental forces, so what is so special about gravity that it can form an inescapably strong field while a force like the EM force cannot? It seems to me that if there ...
1
vote
2answers
152 views

Estimation nuclear force between proton and neutron in deuteron

Is there an estimation of nuclear force between proton and neutron in deuteron to say What is the strong nuclear force between them? 1N? 10N? 100N? 1000N?
1
vote
2answers
103 views

What is the third law action pair of buoyancy?

Consider a block floating in a fluid. The force due to gravity balances the buoyant force exerted on the block. But there must be a third-law action pair to the buoyant force. If the block exerts a ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

How do magnetic objects exhibit attraction/repulsion across empty space?

Magnets will attract or repel over a distance before physically touching each other. What makes this effect possible? My best guess is that the forces generated by the angular momentum of the ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Why does shaking your head with short hair hurt? [closed]

When my hair gets long I start doing a little flick of my head occasionally to get my hair out of my eyes. This grows into a habit though, and for the first few days after cutting my hair I end up ...
2
votes
3answers
130 views

Why does centre of mass of ice-container system shift in absence of any net external force?

Consider a cube of ice in a flat based container(the base is very broad).The temperature of the system is at first fixed at a minus Celsius temperature, but then the system is left on a table with the ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Where do these formulas for an object being pushed up an incline come from? [closed]

An object on an incline with an angle $\theta$ is being pushed at constant speed. Constant speed implies $a = 0$. Because $F=ma$ and the object must have mass greater than 0. If I want to find the ...
10
votes
1answer
715 views

Origin of electric charge

Baryons have charges that are the result of a polynomial calculation of their building blocks (quarks)'s fractional charges. But what gives these quarks electric charges? What interactions do they ...
0
votes
3answers
207 views

Tension on a string between two objects on a friction less surface [closed]

I just need my work checked here. Please let me know if I am correct. I had this problem in one of my test in which I did not get full credits. I am re-doing this(hopefully correctly this time) just ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Questions on electron orbits

I have three questions to ask: Why do electrons (in an atom) specifically move in orbits and not some other type of motion? Where does the energy comes from, for the electron to move at much higher ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Why is it easier to turn a heavy hanging object?

Assume if we had a 2 tonne weight placed on ground attached with a rope that we can use to turn the object around. It will immensely hard to turn that object around by pulling the rope. However, if ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

Equal and opposite reaction - forces coming in pairs - or just common sense?

I've never understood why the conservation of momentum law is taught in schools as "every force has an equal opposite reaction". To me a gun's recoil is self explanatory; the explosion sits ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

How to measure power used to sustain something in a (gravitational) field? [duplicate]

I've read this question and answers, but neither of the posts does seem to address my concerns. The problem is as follows: Assuming a device that keeps something in a gravitational field on a ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

Solving actual weight lifted

I was wondering if anyone knew the formula to calculate how much force is required to lift a tire or any object by the edge. For example if a tire weighs 500 lbs (or has a mass of 226.8 kg). I would ...
37
votes
6answers
5k views

Pouring water in an aircraft while upside down?

What is the physics behind the following photo? Someone had told me that this is because the aircraft might be moving towards a lower altitude, but I am still not sure.
0
votes
1answer
68 views

The nature of the gravity force: Is it attractive or repulsive between positive and negative mass? [duplicate]

If negative mass is rotating around fixed positive mass, then what will be the nature of force and how?
19
votes
5answers
2k views

Why isn't Higgs coupling considered a fifth fundamental force?

When I first learned about the four fundamental forces of nature, I assumed that they were just the only four kind of interactions there were. But after learning a little field theory, there are many ...
9
votes
1answer
85 views

More forces at low energy?

Just a quick question: In high energy experiments, the fundamental forces are thought to merge into a single force. My question is, in very low energy experiments (very low), do the forces we know ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

If the earth would stop spinning, what would happen?

What would happen if the earth would stop spinning? How much heavier would we be? I mean absolutely stop spinning. How much does the centrifugal force affect us? If you give technical answers (please ...
15
votes
2answers
382 views

Why do speed skaters use their right hand to accelerate?

I was watching the speed skating event, and was wondering, why do the athletes use their right hand while accelerating? If they want to increase the moment of inertia, then they should move the hand ...
-3
votes
2answers
57 views

Force applied to two blocks [closed]

Due to application of force tow blocks of mass 1Kg and 0.5Kg move together. Each block exerts a force of 6N on each other. What is the acceleration by which both the blocks move?
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Chain with mass gradient problem

This is the problem, basically. Now my question is about the approach. Mine, and my teacher's. I would like some help as to which one is correct... Mine: As the whole chain is in equilibrium, the ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Pressure applied to flat plate

I have a question about the pressure placed on a plate of material X, how the force is distributed and what would be the material property that would determine its failure. To simplify things ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

What happens to bodies that lift each other up? [closed]

Person A and Person B are same person (theortically). They both weigh 800N. They both can vertically lift 1000N. They want to ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Two tensions in massless string

There should only be one tension in a massless string. But imagine this situation. Let a massless rope hang from a ceiling and two monkeys of different weights are holding on to the rope at two ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Breaking force and translational force [closed]

Let’s say I have a horizontal rod whose total length = ΔXtotal = 5 inches. However, the rod is made up of two pieces (ΔXshaft = 4 inches and ΔXbase = 1 inch) that are welded together, where ΔXtotal = ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Impulse & Momentum

please could someone check this MIT video (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lkuo6nZ6nZM) at 26mins 31secs. He says that if you threw a tomato on a bathroom scale then you would get a certain force ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Propulsion force [closed]

My physics instructor gave us a general problem A box is sitting motionless on a rough, horizontal patch of ground. You give it a good kick, so that it slides to the right with an initial speed of ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Force exerted by a capacitor on a polar object

I was reading about capacitors and wondered what the force an electrostatic field created by a capacitor would be on an object with a certain charge and mass. If it can exert a force on a polar object ...
0
votes
2answers
201 views

Calculating axle load in cargo container (pics are included)

I'm current developing cargo loader software, but i have a little challenge with calculating load for each axle when a cargo is placed on container. I know that all axles will be affected (the nearest ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

Pendulum in a Turning Airplane

My friend and I are having an argument over what happens with a pendulum hanging inside an airplane during a turn. Assuming that the airplane is making a standard 1 G coordinated turn, how does the ...