This tag is for the classical concept of forces, i.e. the quantities causing an acceleration of a body. It expands to the strong/electroweak force only insofar as they act comparable to ‘classical’ forces. Use [tag:particle-physics] for decay channels due to forces and [tag:newtonian-mechanics] or ...

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How to calculate pull force of a solenoid with permanent magnet plunger (NdFeB)?

The solenoid is air core. If we use permanent magnet like NdFeB as a plunger, how to calculate the pull/push force of the solenoid with plunger?
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1answer
415 views

Derivation of force law in special relativity

I've seen force defined in special relativity as the rate of change of 4-momentum $$ {\bf{F}} = \frac{d {\bf{p}}}{dt} $$ Can anyone comment on the following derivation of that relation? Take one ...
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2answers
31 views

How can you tell if the work done by a force is negative?

This is kind of confusing to me. I'm guessing that it's specific to the problem. Is the work done by friction always negative? Is the work done by gravity always negative? Spring as well? It seems ...
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0answers
28 views

What amount of force could be created by a person “swimming” in air?

Had a question on a physics test, a person is at rest on a frictionless surface and can not throw anything, can they move? I said yes, by "swimming" against the air and got docked because "it ...
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1answer
30 views

Tensile strength of a chain of electromagnets

I was having a discussion about the tensile strengths of various materials. Could something like a chain of electromagnets be made to have a tensile strength proportional to the power applied to it? ...
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1answer
208 views

We cannot solve this inclined plane problem, right?

We drag a sledge along a snow-covered hillside with constant speed. Distance is 150m. The time it takes to reach the top is 300 secs. The sledge is 12kg. And the coefficient of friction $\mu$ = 0.04. ...
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3answers
181 views

The speed of air rising through a heated tube

I would like to get an explanations of an observed physical phenomena. When a metal tube is placed vertically and heated and the air inside rises, the speed of the air moving through the tube ...
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2answers
57 views

How is a mass, suspended vertically by two springs in parallel, kept stable? [closed]

Consider a mass suspended vertically from above by two springs in parallel with different spring constants. Wouldn't the tension be different in each spring? How is this system kept in equilibrium?
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0answers
48 views

Determining the forces required to maintain a static center of mass position; one with velocity and one with acceleration [closed]

I'm having a bit of trouble wrapping my head around this conceptually. The magnitudes and directions of the forces on two of the particles are indicated. What are the magnitude and direction of the ...
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2answers
349 views

Ball flying towards me - Newton's third law is violated?

I was trying to answer the question of the flying ball here on the basis of Newton's third law and momentum conservation. Here is what I have tried. Lets take a ball mass of $m_1$ (index 1 is the ...
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1answer
137 views

induction of van der Waals forces

Is there a way to maximize van der Waals forces between two materials, by electrifying one material, thus creating dipoles/instantaneous dipoles and thus creating stronger van der Waals forces? has ...
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1answer
45 views

Force of baseball bat given force of ball and recoil distance

Say I swing a baseball bat and hit a ball. The ball is moving at 60 miles per hour and impacts the baseball bat squarely at that speed. The ball has moved twenty feet before impacting the bat. The ...
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2answers
36 views

Why is Kinetic Energy = (-) Total Energy and Potential Energy = 2 $\times$ Total Energy?

I came across this relation while reading on the Bohr atomic model. Are there any other forces for which these relations hold good?
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3answers
46 views

The principle behind Inertia and it's connection to Equilibrium

Inertia is the tendency of a force-free body to remain in that state or it is something that opposes any act of changing its equilibrium state. Mass is a measure of inertia. I have some questions ...
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4answers
1k views

Is there an underlying physical reason why the Coriolis force is similar to the magnetic component of the Lorentz force?

I couldn't help but notice that the expression for the magnetic component of the Lorentz force, $$\mathbf F = q\,\mathbf v \times \mathbf B\,,$$ is very similar in its mathematical form to the ...
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1answer
28 views

Rope tension definition

What is the exact definition of the tension of a rope? Here http://web.mit.edu/8.01t/www/materials/modules/chapter08.pdf the following definition is given The tension $T(x)$ in a rope at a ...
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1answer
22 views

Does stretching a spring with a relatively high spring constant value require more force because of its inertia?

Other than the fact that a spring has a relatively high spring constant (say 1000 N/m) and therefore requires more force per meter to stretch (not bend or twist).
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1answer
273 views

Question on Binet's equation

Is there a difference in Binet's equation when the force acting on a body is attractive and repulsive? I mean, if the force has a magnitude $F(r)$, is it Binet's equation always ...
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1answer
181 views

Calculating output forces of bicycle wheels

Based on the force on the rear gear $F_t$ and the radii of the rear gear $R_g$ and rear wheel $R_w$ , how would you calculate the force the bicycle exerts on the ground when it is accelerating? I ...
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3answers
67 views

Rolling without slipping in absence of friction force

I'm confused about a rolling without slipping situation. Suppose to have a disk of radius $R$ on a floor, and exert a horizontal force at a certain distance $r$ from the center of mass. I would like ...
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3answers
78 views

Zero Potential Energy Change in Raising a Mass

Suppose I am able to lift a body of mass $m$ up using a constant force $F=mg$ so that net acceleration is zero on it. I want to find the potential energy and the total energy of the body when I have ...
5
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4answers
147 views

Why is it easier for the ocean to push someone over by exerting force on their front side than by exerting force on their left or right side?

If I put two clones of normal weight on a beach in the ocean, with one standing perpendicular to the waves, and the other standing parallel to them, the one standing perpendicular to the waves will be ...
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2answers
127 views

Pressure and weight? (hydrostatic paradox)

Consider two different shaped containers having same area: one is cylinder, the other is like an inverted pyramid (roughly). Both have the same level of water, the weight of the inverted pyramidal ...
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3answers
62 views

According to Newton's third law the force between two object is balanced when they force exert to each other

According to Newton's third law, the javelin exerts as much force on the athlete as the athlete exerts on the javelin. Would it be correct to say that the javelin does work on the athlete?
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1answer
199 views

How do I describe and calculate the effect of an impacting object?

My lab studies the physiology of impact injury on biological tissues. I use a pneumatic cylinder to impart injury into a biological sample and then assess the molecular and physiological changes in ...
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1answer
63 views

Force, Mass, Motion? $E = mc^2$

Does any object needs force to move? If 'yes', does the matter needs mass to form a force? These questions arises from me because $E = mc^2$ and $F = ma$ does not relate and one does not agrees with ...
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4answers
2k views

Are Newton's “laws” of motion laws or definitions of force and mass?

If you consider them as laws, then there must be independent definitions of force and mass but I don't think there's such definitions. If you consider them as definitions, then why are they still ...
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1answer
40 views

A conceptual question about work

Consider an object of mass $5kg$ on a plane. If a horizontal force of $10N$ acts on the object for a time interval of a second. Calculate the work done on the object by the force given that the ...
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1answer
14 views

Increasing frictional force without increasing normal force

Is it possible to achieve 10N of frictional force while only having 1N of normal force, using a coefficient of friction no greater than 1? My grade 11 physics teacher is asking us to do this. He ...
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1answer
50 views

Contraction of a rotating system

Consider a system of two masses that rotates with constant angular velocity. When a force contracts the system the velocitie of the two masses increase. I understand this in terms of conservation of ...
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0answers
18 views

Clarification of why pressure must be constant at a boundary between two fluids/gases?

In section 13.2.1 of these notes on acoustic waves it says that the pressure must be continuous at the boundary of two fluids/gases in equilibrium. If they were not it says the following - If the ...
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1answer
158 views

Explanation about friction force directions of two moving bodies in contact

can someone explain me why in this scenario (picture below) we have a friction force Ftr12 in the same direction as movement (left part of the picture, case 1 ) and how these directions of friction ...
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3answers
74 views

What force prevents particles from penetrating other particles?

I understand that what prevents objects from penetrating each other is the electromagnetic force between the electrons in the respective objects. But if we don't have electrons, for example a proton. ...
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1answer
370 views

Force of a solenoid on a ferromagnetic material

As I was trying to find an answer to another problem, I was informed that the equation I was using would not work. The equation I was using was $$F = (NI)^2\mu_0\frac{\text{Area}}{2g^2}$$ If this ...
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1answer
33 views

Equilibrium of a Solid Body

To find the torques around B, see the figure below, I took the cross product as followed: and we know that $W=160 N$ but when I insert that value into the the equation in the red box, I get ...
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1answer
38 views

How does distance affect force?

In the image below, the system is in equilibrium. Some force is applied at the bottom of the vertical pole and is being opposed by some force at the top by the horizontal pole... But I feel as though ...
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1answer
16 views

Finding the force exerted by a mass at different contact points

Okay so I've been doing a math assignment on torque which has to have real-world applications so I've gone off on a massive tangent trying to incorporate physics principles and trying to get them as ...
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1answer
121 views

Work done by friction on a body?

I know that when a body slides over a surface, the work done by friction is not stored as potential energy in the body. It is dissipated in the form of heat. But why is it not stored as potential ...
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0answers
18 views

Distribution of contact force

Say we have a body resting on a flat surface. The force of gravity acts through the center of mass. The normal force is equal in size and in oposite direction. Since the body is in contact with ...
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3answers
278 views

Work and free body diagrams

I am a bit confused with how to find work when there is a free body diagram. I am trying to work out this problem, and in it a box is being pulled at a constant speed by a rope at a constant angle ...
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3answers
2k views

Does the mass of a star change as it collapses into a black hole?

I know (I think!) that when a really big star collapses on itself it creates a black hole. My question: When a star collapses, is the mass equal to the mass of the star when it's not a black hole? Or ...
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0answers
20 views

What is a simple model to find the jump height for the Thomson's Jumping Ring experiment?

I'm trying to devise a basic formula that could give a rough estimate for the jump height reached in the Thomson's Jumping Ring experiment, as detailed here. However, it's pretty difficult as most ...
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0answers
22 views

Detecting force without displacement

I once made a hand strength test, with something that looked like a regular hand trainer, but according the nurse was "mute" (in my language), and then further explained that "it won't move when you ...
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2answers
51 views

Problems with work on an inclined plane

A constant force $F_a$ of magnitude $82.0N$ is applied to a $3.00 kg$ shoe box at angle $53.0^{\circ}$, causing the box to move up a frictionless ramp at constant speed. How much work is done on ...
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2answers
45 views

Question about aircraft/rockets

Lets say that you're sitting an inverted airplane. How do you determine how fast the plane must accelerate in order for you to not fall out?
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0answers
23 views

Force conversion in a barrel cam-follower mechanism

A barrel cam-follower mechanism consists of a (cylindrical) barrel with a cam track, a cam-follower (roller) inside of the track, a fork connected to the cam-follower and a guide along which the fork ...
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2answers
138 views

Force on border exerted by a liquid

Why is it nearly universally understood that force in a liquid against a border is dependent on internal pressure, depth only, rather than weight of the liquid? Thus, for example, that the force from ...
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2answers
38 views

How to determine the net velocity change applied by a force vector [closed]

I am a little stumped by the answer of this question. The question reads, "In three situations, a single force acts on a moving particle. Here are the velocities (at that instant) and the forces: ...
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0answers
47 views

Find the tension of rope A immediately after cutting rope B

As shown in the figure, a ball is attached to a ceiling and a wall with massless ropes A and B. Rope A is at angle θ from the vertical direction, and rope B is horizontal. The system is static. If ...
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3answers
237 views

Centripetal and centrifugal force

If a stone is rotated with the help of a rope, then both centripetal force and centrifugal force will be liberated. The magnitude of that forces are same, but direction of them are opposite to each ...