This tag is for the classical concept of forces, i.e. the quantities causing an acceleration of a body. It expands to the strong/electroweak force only insofar as they act comparable to ‘classical’ forces. Use [tag:particle-physics] for decay channels due to forces and [tag:newtonian-mechanics] or ...

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2
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1answer
145 views

Pushing, inertia of a cart system

I have a cart with another cart on top which gets pulled down by another cart on the side. There is no friction. The question is: How strongly do I have to push with $F$ to keep the cart $m_1$ ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Can the Lorentz force expression be derived from Maxwell's equations?

The electromagnetic force on a charge $e$ is $$F=e(E+v\times B),$$ the Lorentz force. But, is this a separate assumption added to the full Maxwell's equations? (the result of some empirical ...
-2
votes
1answer
110 views

What if the strong force gave up? [closed]

Thinking about the space between the subatomic particles in atom -- and how small they are relative to their atom's size -- isn't it rather convenient that the strength of those forces that govern the ...
3
votes
3answers
493 views

About constructing potential energy functions

There are many classical systems with different potential functions. My problem is that I do not understand how one can construct a certain potential function for a certain system. Are there any ...
3
votes
2answers
205 views

What would be the optimal weight of a ball if I want to throw it as far as possibile?

Assume the force behind my throw to be X. Assume the point of release is 2 meters above ground. Asume the ball is made of shiny steel. I'm not sure if the material matters, I'm just thinking that ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Nonabelian gauge theories and range of the corresponding force

Do all nonabelian gauge theories produce short range force?
3
votes
1answer
303 views

Effects of parallel superconducting plates

Assuming the existence of virtual particle field ( zero point energy field) Casimir force is produced by 2 parallel conducting plates excluding some of the frequencies between the plates, if these 2 ...
3
votes
2answers
414 views

The Double Integrator: Matching velocity and position as quickly as possible with only a limited amount of force available

If a body with mass $m$ begins at position $x_0$ with velocity $v_0$ and experiences a force that varies as a function of time $f(t)$ (and we ignore gravity, friction, and everything else that might ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

How does placing objects in liquids affect the mass?

I was dazing off in my physics class when I came up with this question and I was wondering about it all day. I could not provide myself with an adequate solution, so here I am asking the forum about ...
0
votes
3answers
270 views

Is $f=ma$ an identity?

In his The Principles of Natural Knowledge, Alfred North Whitehead writes that famous $f=ma$ is an identity: It has been popular to define force as the product of mass and acceleration. The ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the force exerted on a body that doesn't move?

If I push against a brick wall I'm exerting a force against the brick wall the the brick wall will exert the same force against me. These will cancel each other out and neither myself or the wall will ...
3
votes
2answers
271 views

Why doesn't phase space contain acceleration/forces?

I'm watching some Physics lectures on the internet by Leonard Susskind: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pyX8kQ-JzHI&feature=BFa&list=PL189C0DCE90CB6D81&lf=plpp_video In this lecture, and ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Can non-free forces change the rest mass?

While reading Hobsen et al.'s "General Relativity: An Introduction for Physicists", I came across a bit confusing derivation. Multiplying the 4-force and 4-velocity, the following derivation can be ...
3
votes
1answer
230 views

What force is acting on the charge in the dielectric?

For example I have a dielectric solid with a small charged ball in it. And I have external electric field $E$. So what force is acting on this ball? The field in dielectric is $\frac{E}{\epsilon}$, ...
6
votes
4answers
369 views

How does water carve rock?

How does water carve rock? And more generally, how does a soft material carve a hard material? Obviously it happens, but is it a continual process (every drop of soft water carries away a minute ...
4
votes
2answers
303 views

What frequency photons are involved in mediating physical force?

If the force felt when pushing an object is mediated by the electromagnetic interaction and hence photons, what is their frequency?
0
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3answers
3k views

How do I find the tension in additional strings in this problem? [closed]

A mass of 5.00 kg hangs attached to three strings as shown in the figure (see image below). Find the tension in each string. Hint: Consider the equilibrium of the point where the strings join. ...
1
vote
2answers
264 views

Could someone remind me what this means again? $\nabla U = \pm F$

You know that for a potential function (conservative force/fields) that $\nabla U = \pm \vec{F}$ In math, we don't have that minus sign, we have only the plus one. What does it mean if you get rid ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Two problems with free body diagrams. Contradictions (solutions are provided)

This problem is similar, but also different question from my previous question. They are both unfortunately long. Problem/Solution #1 ! ! Quick Concept Check a) Could someone briefly explain to me ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

ALL “forces” as manifestations of properties of space-time

I apologize if this seems like a quack question, but I need some insights by those who know much more than me in Physics. Anyway, the gravitational "force" (not really a force) is a manifestation of ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Why did they add a Centripetal Force in the Free-Body Diagram?

problem ! solution ! Why do they have the centripetal force in there? I understand that the normal force is the centripetal force here, but why would they say "or $\frac{mv^2}{r}$"? I thought it ...
2
votes
2answers
460 views

Why did they omit the action-reaction pair force in this problem?

Problem ! Solution ! My solution ! Let me explain $n_{bg}$ means the force exerted by the block on the ground. This is because the normal force of the slab exerts (or touches) a force on the ...
2
votes
2answers
924 views

This is going to sound really stupid. But how do I change my normal force?

Suppose I am going to the doctor's and I want to do either of the following Make myself lighter on the scale Make myself heavier on the scale For 2), isn't it just relaxing and let your mass drop? ...
0
votes
3answers
903 views

Who is right? Force exerted on a body. Me or my friend?

Three masses $m_1 = 3\text{ kg}$, $m_2 = 9\text{ kg}$ and $m_3 = 6\text{ kg}$ hang from three identical springs in a motionless elevator. The elevator is moving downward with a velocity of $v = ...
5
votes
4answers
738 views

Physics Paradox about Newtons Second Law $F=ma$

I randomly thought of this- I'm surprised it took me so long to think of it, and I'm SURE I'm making a simple oversight of something completely trivial, but here it goes. (Im only in high school ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Does a car use friction to move?

When a car's engine injects fuel into the cylinder chambers, the reaction creates a force that generates rotational momentum to the shaft and over the transmission, it translates that power to the ...
1
vote
1answer
555 views

How do I find the force an object exerts on adjacent objects when I push on it?

Suppose that I have a situation like the figure below, with several circular objects in contact. I know: $\vec{A},\vec{B},\vec{C}$: the positions of the points of contact between circles $\vec{O}$: ...
-1
votes
1answer
133 views

Air simulation environment [closed]

I will preface this with the fact that I am not a physicist...I am an engineer by trade. I am working on a research problem that will involve flight of an organism with varying shapes, and I am ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Define Pressure at A point. Why is it a Scalar?

I have a final exam tomorrow for fluid mechanics and I was just looking over the practice exam questions. They do not provide solutions. But pretty much I have to define pressure at a point and also ...
8
votes
0answers
353 views

Measurement of Tangential Momentum Accomodation?

(this question is a crosspost from theoretical physics.) I am using atomic force microscopy (AFM) for characterizing pores of the size of nanometers for application in gas flow. For this, knowing ...
5
votes
0answers
26 views

Measurement of Tangential Momentum Accomodation? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Measurement of Tangential Momentum Accomodation? I am using atomic force microscopy (AFM) for characterizing pores of the size of nanometers for application in gas ...
0
votes
1answer
175 views

Figuring out the force using Newton's 2nd Law

Here's a problem on my test review: A 12 kg crate resta on a horizontal surface and a boy pulls on it with a force that is 30° below the horizontal. If the coefficient of static friction is ...
1
vote
0answers
683 views

FPS to MKS usage issues

I'm currently taking a high school physics class and we're doing friction problems now. I've been doing the ones that use MKS perfectly well, but when the problems start to use the FPS system, I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
822 views

Solving an indeterminate triangle truss structure (statics)

From the setup of two trusses as shown in this illustration, how can I solve for the axial reaction forces in the trusses, and in the points A and B (Ax, Ay, Bx, By)? It is assumed that the joints ...
7
votes
1answer
238 views

How would nucleosynthesis be different if the neutron were stable?

If the strong nuclear force were just 2% stronger, the neutron would be a stable particle instead of having a half life of about 13 minutes. What difference would that have made to Big Bang ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Vertical component of moving weight at a 45 degree angle

Here's an easier one. I use the leg press machine at the gym so I don't have to worrying about hurting myself while lifting heavier weight. The weight glides on a track that looks to be 45 degrees. ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Book against a wall and forces

If you take a book with mass of 1kg and push it against the wall. With how much force do you have to push the book so it does not fall? The problem is I know how to calculate this problem, you say ...
2
votes
2answers
856 views

What is the force between two magnetic dipoles?

What is the force between two magnetic dipoles? If I have two current loops parallel to each other with currents $I_1$ and $I_2$ and radii $R_1$ and $R_2$ a distance $z$ from each other, what is the ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

split gravitational force into x, y, and z componenets

I am writing a program for a computer science class in which I am doing an n-body simulation in 3-dimensional space. Currently, I have figured out the gravitational force along the hypotenuse between ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Escape velocity of a rocket standing on Ganymede (Moon of Jupiter)

I want to calculate the escape velocity of a rocket, standing on the surface of Ganymede (moon of Jupiter) and trying to leave Ganymede. My thinking was, the kinetic energy $E_{\text{KIN}}$ must be ...
2
votes
3answers
923 views

Why do some satellites fall to Earth?

In another question How does Newtonian mechanics explain why orbiting objects do not fall to the object they are orbiting?, one can read an affirmative answer. They how do you explain satellites ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Physics behind 2 different wall kicks

I'm looking at a situation where a sprinter starts at some distance x from a wall. The goal is to sprint to the wall, hit it, and get back to the start as quickly as possible. There are two ways ...
5
votes
4answers
884 views

Alternate layman's metaphors for illustrating curved space-time

The metaphor of a surface (typically a pool table or a trampoline) distorted by a massive object is commonly used as a metaphor for illustrating gravitationally induced space-time curvature. But as ...
8
votes
1answer
816 views

Ping-pong ball pontoon

Imagine a vertical pipe (both ends opened) in the water. Drop several ping-pong balls into pipe and cover them with a cylinder. When you have enough balls, the cylinder will float. Now start adding ...
2
votes
1answer
251 views

Additional accelerating force during take off of a rocket?

During the take off of a rocket, the exhaust produces some pressure below the rocket, which gives an additional force. How large is this force in comparison to the force produced directly by the ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

Question regarding escape velocity

Haliday-Resnick-Walker state that the escape velocity will cause a projectile to move upward forever, theoretically coming to rest only at infinity. I was wondering what the forces forcing the body ...
0
votes
1answer
637 views

Applying a force on a rigid body on a certain point

I have a rigid body with an origin point (at the center of mass). I want to apply a force on a certain point. So what is the force applied to the origin of this rigid body? Description image: ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Classical car collision

I have a very confusing discussion with a friend of mine. 2 cars ($car_a$ and $car_b$) of the same mass $m$ are on a collision course. Both cars travel at $50_\frac{km}{h}$ towards each other. They ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

Force as gradient of scalar potential energy

My text book reads If a particle is acted upon by the forces which are conservative; that is, if the forces are derivable from a scalar potential energy function in manner $ F=-\nabla V $. I ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Net work done on the body when we lift it and put it on the table is zero?

I'm little confused here. Work done on the body when we lift it and put it on the table is zero, because according to work energy theorem, change in kinetic energy of the body is zero. So, the net ...