This tag is for the classical concept of forces, i.e. the quantities causing an acceleration of a body. It expands to the strong/electroweak force only insofar as they act comparable to ‘classical’ forces. Use [tag:particle-physics] for decay channels due to forces and [tag:newtonian-mechanics] or ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

7
votes
6answers
2k views

Newton's third law and punching a glass or a feather

According to Newton's third law, action force equals reaction force in terms of magnitude. When I punch a glass, the glass punches me back. If I exert a greater force on the glass, it will break. ...
10
votes
7answers
3k views

Ball flying towards me or me flying towards ball

Suppose a ball is flying towards me at a speed of 10m/s and that, on impact, I feel "x" amount of pain. If, instead, it was me flying towards the ball at the same speed, with all other conditions ...
-4
votes
0answers
64 views

Fundamental coupling constant equation - fine structure, etc [closed]

I'm trying to understand a bit more about the fine structure constant and how it relates to coupling constants in the fundamental forces. It's listed as a coupling constant for fundamental forces - I ...
4
votes
3answers
87 views

Tension in the string [closed]

In the following diagram, what's the force that's acting on $m$, the Tension in the string? There is no friction between $M$ and the ground but there is between $m$ and $M$ and I need to find the ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Effect on Force as Mass Doubles

A fireman is holding a hosepipe so that water leaves the pipe horizontally. The hose-pipe has a constant cross-sectional area. The magnitude of the force that the fireman exerts to hold the hosepipe ...
2
votes
3answers
898 views

Dielectric slab counter-intuitive formula?

For the calculation of force on one of the two equal(in magnitude, opposite in sign) point charges separated by $r$ with a dielectric slab of dielectric constant $K$ and width $d$ in between, the ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

How does the nature of bonding between individual atoms in a molecule affect the van der Waal interactions between molecules?

I am currently studying certain materials. Some of these materials have ionic bonds, while some others have covalent bonds. Moreover, each unit of these materials interacts with the adjacent unit via ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Parallelogram Law of Force Addition

In most of the mechanics textbooks , the Parallelogram Law of Force Addition is stated without any justification or an experiment to confirm this law. Also after introducing this law forces are also ...
1
vote
4answers
74 views

Friction-Newtonian Mechanics

Here we are having two blocks of mass $2~\rm kg$ and $4~\rm kg$ on an inclined angle with angle of inclination being $30~\circ.$ The block of mass 2 kg has a coefficient of friction $\mu_1=0.2$ and ...
3
votes
3answers
73 views

Friction-free rolling/sliding on an inclined plane

Suppose a sphere is rolling down an inclined plane. There is no friction. The body will not roll and undergo just a translation. But why is this so? If we consider the axis to be along the point of ...
0
votes
4answers
189 views

Force exerted on carseats?

Can anyone explain how force is exerted on car seats during a crash? I am being told in car seat safety forums that $force=mass \times acceleration$. So if a $2000 \;\text{lb}$ vehicle bumps you at ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Force exerted on a rod resting on a frictionless surface [closed]

In a very short amount of time, a force is exerted on one end of a rod(mass M and length L) that rests on a frictionless plane. The force causes the momentum to change by J. What is the velocity of ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

How to calculate impulse force of body hitting water?

I'm calculating the force of a body hitting water from a high height. So far I've figured out the velocity at the time of collisions would be 40 m/s. The body is 78 kg. I seem to need the time it ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Collisions; Linear Momentum [on hold]

Let's say we got a rough surface with friction and there are 2 blocks, the block of the left has initial velocity and will collide with the block of the right, which is in rest. Consider an elastic ...
25
votes
17answers
9k views

Doesn't a box holding a vacuum weigh the same as a box full of air?

This was recently brought up, and I haven't been able to conclude a solid answer. Let's say we have two identical boxes (A and B...
3
votes
3answers
74 views

Fluid mechanics paradox: The force needed to 'balance' a fluid using a piston

We know that the pressure in a fluid (like water) is dependent on the depth. Consider this example: For the first setup, solving the pressure at the bottom yields $P_1 = \rho gh = 1000kg/m^3 \bullet ...
-1
votes
0answers
45 views

What is the significance of the so called Planck force? [duplicate]

So, what is the significance of the so called Planck force, and why is it called Planck force, when it has nothing to do with any of the Planck's discoveries? The Maxwell’s wave equation is $\nabla^...
2
votes
4answers
26k views

If something that is moving at constant velocity has no net force acting on it, how come it is able to move other objects?

Let's say 10 kg block is sliding on a frictionless surface at a constant velocity, thus its acceleration is 0. According to Newton's second law of motion, the force acting on the block is 0: $a = 0$...
0
votes
4answers
98 views

Question on the constraint force of a string

I would like to know if the following statement is true or false even if I expect that it is true. Notation: I will consider a string that has no mass and that can not be extended. Saying that a ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Is the Potential Energy just a bookkeeping device?

It is said that if the space is homogeneous then momentum is conserved. But I've been thinking in the following situation: Consider a parallel plates capacitor. In between the plates there is a ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Is work done = change in KE, or change in mechanical energy?

Starting from $F = ma$ we get: $$ F=m\frac{dv}{dt} = m\frac{ds}{dt}\frac{dv}{ds} = mv\frac{dv}{ds} $$ which leads to the work done: $$ W = \int Fds = \int mvdv = m\frac{v^2}{2} - m\frac{u^2}{2} \...
1
vote
1answer
214 views

Why golf balls travel faster if they spin?

From the book I have been given to read I found that balls spin due to the centripetal force but i am confused about how exactly do the resultant force causes it to spin and move forward about the ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

What happens to forces when a charge travels at near c?

Suppose 3 electrons are travelling at $c - 1$mm at 1 cm distance The charges are at rest relative to one another in their frame, but what happens to fundamental forces Fe and Fg? What Fe does A get ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Which fundamental force is behind friction?

In day to day life we come across situations where friction is used. What is the fundamental force behind friction. For eg. which is the force behind interlocked objects like nut and bolt, which is ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Dynamics of swinging

My husband built a 20'-high tree swing, using 3/16"-welded-link chains to suspend it approximately 2' off of the ground. To our disappointment, pumping barely gets the swing going, with little height ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

Different directions of frictional force when objects are rolling

My textbook has two instances of rolling bodies (smooth rolling). In the first, the body is rolling on the horizontal floor with some acceleration of its centre of mass. In this case, the book says ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Three connected balls

I'm stuck solving this problem with three small balls of masses $m$, $2 m$ and $3 m$ on a smooth table, connected by two equal, light inextensible strings as shown, and initially at the vertices of an ...
0
votes
3answers
289 views

Work and free body diagrams

I am a bit confused with how to find work when there is a free body diagram. I am trying to work out this problem, and in it a box is being pulled at a constant speed by a rope at a constant angle ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

In perfect vacuum (no external force), if I apply a small amount of force to a body, will it continue to accelerate forever?

According to the equation $F = ma$, the greater the force applied to a body, the greater its acceleration. But in a place where there is no gravity or any other kind of external force, if I apply a ...
0
votes
2answers
175 views

Resultant force on the side of a tank of water

A closed tank rectangular in plan with vertical sides is 1.8m deep and contains water to a depth of 1.2m. Air is pumped into the space above the water until the air pressure is 35kN/m2. If the ...
0
votes
2answers
655 views

Tension in string and gravitational force on bob relative strength

When calculating time period of simple pendulum (an approximation of SHM at small amplitudes) we take gravitational force greater than tension in string and resolve gravitational force in two ...
6
votes
1answer
280 views

Force problem related to adhesive and bonding

I have two PCBs (printed circuit board), and they are glued by adhesives, as show in the pictures. And the location of the adhesives are indicated on the picture (please notice that NO adhesive is ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Must multiple forces be expressed as a differential equation?

This may be a stupidly obvious question, but can multiple forces (such as acceleration due to gravity and air resistance acting on a falling object) be expressed algebraicly or must it be written in ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

Why $F_\mu V^\mu=0$ in special relativity? [closed]

I'm trying to prove why $F_\mu V^\mu=0$. Where $F^\mu$ is the four force and $V^\mu$ is the four velocity. Can anyone help me?
0
votes
1answer
212 views

Explanation about friction force directions of two moving bodies in contact

can someone explain me why in this scenario (picture below) we have a friction force Ftr12 in the same direction as movement (left part of the picture, case 1 ) and how these directions of friction ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Conservative force for impulse analogous to conservative force for work done?

As force $F(x)$ can be conservative regarding work done between two points in space, can force $F(t)$ be conservative regarding impulse between two points in time?
1
vote
1answer
162 views

Why does thawing Coca-Cola generate force and expand the can as it thaws?

If I take a warm unopened aluminum can of Coca-Cola and place it in the freezer and let the Coca-Cola freeze solid, then take the can out of the freezer and let it thaw unopened in a typical room, the ...
0
votes
4answers
59 views

Is this thought regarding work and potential energy correct?

I am really confused about this. The potential energy acquired by an object is equal to $mgh$, if we are on any planet, where $g$ is the planet's gravitational acceleration, which directly comes from ...
0
votes
4answers
118 views

Measuring force of a punch

I'm trying to build a device that can mesure the force of a punch. ​ My initial plan was to build a platform with 4 springs (one at each corner) and an accelerometer in the middle. But, if the ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Work done relation to potential energy

I know work done is negative of change in potential energy, I.e., $W=-(∆U)$. It means that Work done against a force (or work done on a system) increases its potential energy. And Work done by a ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Can we define tension in a string as the reactive force produced in a string being pulled at both ends?

In my textbook, the definition of tension was given that Tension is the reactive force which exists when string is being stretched at its both end. After it there was a case given that to calculate ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Is the net force conventionally shown in a free body diagram?

Is it standard convention to display the net force vector on a free body diagram? Internet searches seem to give mixed results.
0
votes
3answers
226 views

Confused about the direction of friction force

I'm really confused about the direction of friction force. I think about collision of two balls and think that "friction force is opposite to the relative speed of the contact point of the two ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Rolling motion of a rigid object

I have the situation described in this picture I know the speed of the ball at the top of the loop ($v_{top} = 2.38 m/s$), and I have to demonstrate that the ball does not fall from the track at ...
1
vote
3answers
536 views

Advantages/Disadvantages of “hanging off” a motorcycle when leaning

The closest question I could find with regards to this subject was this one: Countersteering a motorcycle However, it does not address the specific physics of what I would like to know. There are 3 ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Scanning Electron Microscopy on a smaller scale

Is it possible to sufficiently focus a ~1nm beam of electrons into a sample chamber in less than 10cm of vertical space, therefore reducing the volume of the entire vacuum chamber, and subsequently ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Understanding Newton's Laws of Motion

I'm having difficulty understand Newton's laws of motion in practice, and how to model true dynamic systems. There are two examples below, where I cannot quite figure out what the true forces and ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Which one would has a greater magnitude, the viscous drag or the weight of the bubble?

An air bubble in a tank of water is rising with constant velocity. The forces acting on the bubble are X, Y and Z as shown. What describes the three forces? A) Z is the viscous drag ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Electric Field and Force from four particles

Four charged particles are arranged in a square as shown below, with A=3, B=4, and C=5 (a) Determine the electric field at the location of charge q. (Use the following as necessary: $q$, $a$, and $...
1
vote
2answers
254 views

Could time be considered a force

I think I understand the basic concept of spacetime, at least some of it. And when people talk about spacetime they don't call gravity a force, but rather the result of mass interacting with it. And ...