This tag is for the classical concept of forces, i.e. the quantities causing an acceleration of a body. It expands to the strong/electroweak force only insofar as they act comparable to ‘classical’ forces. Use [tag:particle-physics] for decay channels due to forces and [tag:newtonian-mechanics] or ...

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3answers
48 views

Conditions for the tension to vary in the rope

What are the conditions for the tension to vary in the rope. I have read below conditions 1. rope has to have some mass 2. rope is accelerating I get the 1st ...
1
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2answers
168 views

If the force of friction is 20 N for a moving body does acceleration increase with the increase of the mass?

A body is moving and the only force acting on it is the force of friction. If we put another body on this moving body somehow the force of friction will increase; does its acceleration change?
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1answer
49 views

What makes cart with a moving object in it gain speed (no friction anywhere)?

I would like to understand what makes the cart below the moving object move. There is no friction between any of the objects. The cart is moving therefore there is force applied to it. The only force ...
0
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2answers
109 views

Force on border exerted by a liquid

Why is it nearly universally understood that force in a liquid against a border is dependent on internal pressure, depth only, rather than weight of the liquid? Thus, for example, that the force from ...
0
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1answer
16 views

Resultant force and constant velocity

Let's say for example, Jack is pushing on a box with force $F$, and John is pushing from the opposite side with force $F$ as well. We say that there is no resultant force, and the box remains stable ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Massless rope in a pulley pulled by a person

A massless rope passes through a pulley. On each end of the pulley there is a different mass (object). A person grips one of the masses and thus the system comes to equilibrium. How would you ...
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1answer
30 views

Does the shape of a containter affect the apparent mass of liquid inside it when measured by a scale? [duplicate]

For both containers it is true that: $p_{bottom}=p_{atm}+\rho gh$ and $F_{bottom}=a*p_{bottom} \iff F_{bottom}=a*p_{atm} + a\rho gh$ I do not know how a scale functions, but I guess that the only ...
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2answers
37 views

Objects and forces: air resistance

A force always works between two objects. When we are talking about air resistance acting on a skydiver for example, would air be considered the second objects besides the skydiver?
2
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4answers
329 views

Will this rope break due to the tidal forces or not?

While I was thinking about how tidal forces can make objects float at the surface of a planet orbiting a massive object like a black hole, the fact that any material on the Earth isn't held together ...
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1answer
35 views

Doubts About Force and Inertia!

But then what does inertia mean at all!? Cant we calculate how much it resists the applied force? I mean considering an imaginary plane with no friction but gravity as of Earth and an enormous mass of ...
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0answers
29 views

Force required to swing gate open/close

I need to know how to calculate the force required to swing the gate open / close. If it is moving straight, we can use f=ma, but how to calculate for swinging motion? When I open or close the gate, I ...
1
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3answers
170 views

When does normal force equal to $mg$?

Can someone once and for all explain when does normal force equal to mg? I know for sure that when there is no friction, normal force will be equal to mg. But, i encountered some questions when there ...
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1answer
58 views

Two mass spring system

The equations of motion of the spring mass system with, m = 1 $ \ddot{y_1} = -k_1y_1 + k_1(y_2-y_1)$ $ \ddot{y_2} = -k(y_2-y_1) - ky_2$ My question is with the second term in the first equation. ...
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1answer
35 views

Might one fall out of a basket swing?

My nieces like being pushed high in a basket swing. My sister-in-law worries they will fall out. Assuming I don't push them above horizontal, that I don't catch the basket and stop it mid-swing, and ...
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2answers
33 views

Magnitude of Tension: Circular Motion [closed]

Please consider the following: A tennis ball connected to a string is spun around in a vertical, circular path at a uniform speed. The ball has a mass m = 0.165 kg and moves at v = 4.76 m/s. The ...
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3answers
49 views

Tension in rods (basics)

I have a problem understanding these basics. What is the tension in the ground rod due to the forces exerted by the slanted rods? Please feel free to correct me at any point. Rods are idealized ...
0
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3answers
457 views

Advantages/Disadvantages of “hanging off” a motorcycle when leaning

The closest question I could find with regards to this subject was this one: Countersteering a motorcycle However, it does not address the specific physics of what I would like to know. There are 3 ...
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votes
1answer
72 views

Boeing 737 Homework Problem [closed]

I have done the above problem, but have come out with a rather large surface area. Could someone point out my mistake(s)? Given/Assumptions: I assume $\sum F_y=0$ because it's level and straight. ...
0
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3answers
34 views

Effect of internal force on the weight of an object

A man is holding a closed cage on the palm of his hand with a bird in it. When the bird flies with an upward acceleration inside the cage, it feels heavier. But the force due to the bird in the cage ...
1
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0answers
23 views

What forces act on a caravan being towed by a car? [closed]

What forces act on a caravan that is being towed by a car? How does this compare to a simple car travelling at a constant speed?
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3answers
4k views

Forces on a ball thrown upwards

When a ball is thrown up in upward direction, it is said that force is in downward direction. Why we don't we consider the force given to the ball to throw up in the upward direction? Is there is no ...
1
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0answers
23 views

Calculus formulas for buoyant force?

I am launching a high-altitude balloon as a part of a physics project I am working on. I know that the amount of helium I need corresponds to about 40 newtons of lift for the launch, which is all I ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Explanation about friction force directions of two moving bodies in contact

can someone explain me why in this scenario (picture below) we have a friction force Ftr12 in the same direction as movement (left part of the picture, case 1 ) and how these directions of friction ...
6
votes
3answers
317 views

Is work done by a pseudo force?

If a body is viewed from the frame of another body which is itself accelerating, will work be done by the pseudo force acting on the first body in the frame of second body ( provided the first body ...
0
votes
4answers
74 views

When writing a differential equation, when do you take $+\text{d}x$ and when do you take $-\text{d}x$?

When writing a differential equation I'm confused as to when to write $+\text{d}x$ a and when to write $-\text{d}x$ a where $x$ represents some quantity. For example, I wanted to derive the equation ...
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3answers
2k views

Different directions of frictional force when objects are rolling

My textbook has two instances of rolling bodies (smooth rolling). In the first, the body is rolling on the horizontal floor with some acceleration of its centre of mass. In this case, the book says ...
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1answer
29 views

The equation for average impact force over distance traveled/penetrated equals work done/change in kinetic energy [closed]

So the equation Favg * d = Work or change in kinetic energy, is this true? If a car crashes into a tree by 1 meter with 10000 joules, is the impact force on the car 10000 Newtons? If a bullet ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

induction of van der Waals forces

Is there a way to maximize van der Waals forces between two materials, by electrifying one material, thus creating dipoles/instantaneous dipoles and thus creating stronger van der Waals forces? has ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Maximum angle for highway lane change

I am preparing to fight a traffic ticket from a speed camera. There is a lot more to that story, but the info I need right now involves the angle at which a car can change lanes, in terms of vehicle ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Why the force acting on a particle is the negative gradient of a scalar potential? [closed]

For conservative forces we can proof that it is a gradient of a scalar potential, but why we use the negative sign? In every book I searched, it said that it is like an agreement between physicists, ...
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2answers
678 views

Inclined pulley with unknown hanging mass: when won't the system accelerate?

We have an inclined pulley with angle of $30° $ a block with mass of $10 kg$ placed upon it and It is attached by a rope over a pulley to a mass of $M_A$ which hangs vertically. If $μ_s=0.4$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Why, here, the torque with respect to bob is zero?

here, as you see, is a diagram of a pendulum with moving pivot along x-y surface. This picture was obtained from a journal in which this equation was written: $$F_x l \cos\theta = F_y l \sin\theta ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Centripetal force at the pole is different from the equator

why is the centripetal acceleration in the poles and equator if different? I know that it's related to Equatorial budge. But what I don't get it is that the centripetal force is zero at the poles. ...
0
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1answer
114 views

Moments and forces, when part of the scenario involves a circle or arc rather than a straight line

Some questions below, involving strategies, regarding the following problem: A hoop of weight $20$ Newtons can rotate freely about a pin fixed in a wall. A string has one end attached to a pin, ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

two spiring balances

My 9th grade textbook says when we set a apparatus by the following procedure "tie the free end of two spring balances X and Y together and name this intersection A and then fix the rigid end of ...
140
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11answers
22k views

Why are four-legged chairs so common?

Four-legged chairs are by far the most common form of chair. However, only three legs are necessary to maintain stability whilst sitting on the chair. If the chair were to tilt, then with both a ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Wind resistance [closed]

You have a metal plate/sign (max weight $5\, \text{kg}$) $1200\, \text{mm}$ long and $400\, \text{mm}$ high pivot/hinge at its base. A windspeed of $90 - 100\, \text{km/h}$ is applied to one face of ...
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2answers
2k views

What is going on in the system? How are the formulas $mg \sin(x)$ and $mg \cos(x)$ derived?

When a load is resting on an inclined plane, there is force $mg \sin(x)$ that's vertical to the inclined plane and force $mg \cos(x)$ horizontal to the plane acting on it like this: My textbook ...
0
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3answers
166 views

Confused about the direction of friction force

I'm really confused about the direction of friction force. I think about collision of two balls and think that "friction force is opposite to the relative speed of the contact point of the two ...
2
votes
3answers
344 views

Time reversal symmetry in the presence of friction

I was reading a paper on time reversal symmetry, and came across an example of a pendulum swinging in the presence of friction: When we consider the more realistic physical situation of a swinging ...
8
votes
8answers
330 views

How do electrons know when a circuit is closed?

I was told that electrons do not begin flowing unless the circuit is closed. The electrons from the battery are not in the ends of wire when it is open, apparently, as there is no reason for them to ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Question about Kinetic Energy and Force acting on a body

Below is the graph of a body that rests on a friction-less flat surface. On this body force F is applied and it's value is being depicted in the graph below. We can see that the body moves from point ...
0
votes
3answers
56 views

Measuring force of a punch

I'm trying to build a device that can mesure the force of a punch. ​ My initial plan was to build a platform with 4 springs (one at each corner) and an accelerometer in the middle. But, if the ...
2
votes
3answers
12k views

Rotating a stone with a string

Suppose we are given a stick and a stone tied to the stick by a string. Now if we rotate the stone around the stick the stone rises in height (see picture below). My question is which force accounts ...
2
votes
4answers
999 views

Confused about Newton's 3rd law

I am confused about Newton's 3rd Law. If a person jumps off the ground a force is applied both to the person and to the ground. However, as $F=ma$ acceleration experienced by the Earth is much less ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Could a hydrophobic surface increase a liquid's resistance to compression/displacement?

Imagine a quantity of an aqueous (yet slightly viscous) solution is resting on a hydrophobic surface with a contact angle around 100°. A downward force is then applied as a (repellant) surface is ...
1
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2answers
67 views

Why do the masses in an Atwood's machine move?

The masses you see on the following picture are $m_1=8$kg and $m_2=12$kg. Also the coefficient of friction between $m_2$ and the floor is $0.25$. What i'm concerned with is that although $m_2 ...
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0answers
12 views

Field line Direction and exerted force

Magnetic field lines of a magnetic field have different directions. What information about the force exerted on a charge will give us the direction of field lines?
3
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4answers
70 views

Why aren't things massless when they have balanced forces acting on them?

Since $0$ divided by anything is $0$, why isn't everything with a net force of $0$ massless? Since $F = ma$ rearranges to $m = F/a$, when $F = 0$, $m$ should equal $0$, shouldn't it? This obviously ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Force on a magnetic dipole due to a magnetic field

Imagine a solenoid which has current $i$ and is producing a magnetic field $B$ which equals $$B=\mu N i$$ Now, imagine we put a small cylindrical magnet at the end of the solenoid. Then because at ...