The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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123 views

Equation derivation for skipping rocks

oWhy can rocks skip over water? For instance, if you conduct an experiment where you drop both rocks from the same height, but give one considerable acceleration in the x direction, one will fall in ...
7
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106 views

Could Navier-Stokes equation be derived directly from Boltzmann equation?

I know how to derive Navier-Stokes equations from Boltzmann equation in case where bulk and viscosity coefficients are set to zero. I need only multiply it on momentum and to integrate it over ...
7
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203 views

Could the phenomenon of vortex bursting be exploited to reduce wake turbulence?

One of the classic stories in the annals of aerospace engineering is the development (and subsequent redesign) of the F-18 and its Leading Edge Extensions (LEX) due to fatigue problems, problems that ...
7
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295 views

Is a venturi pump feasible at very low pressure?

I need assistance (or experience feedback) in estimating if a Venturi pump would work at low pressure. A boiler under vacuum (10% atmosphere) will produce steam (at a given speed depending on the ...
6
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82 views

What is a superfluid in field theoretic terms?

I'm wondering how one precisely defines a superfluid in terms of the effective field theory description. In Nicolis's paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1108.2513 there seems to be an extremely simple ...
6
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366 views

What's the efficency of a steam jet pump?

Jet pumps or venturi pumps are often stated as having a "terribly low" efficiency, steam jet pumps specifically are usually describes as "only justifiable when there's an abundant steam supply anyway" ...
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186 views

How do I enforce the no-slip boundary condition in time dependent incompressible pipe flow?

This is a technical problem which must have been solved already. It won't be in beginners textbooks but there should be a solution somewhere. I welcome reading suggestions. Maybe someone with ...
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577 views

Can a divider “laminarize” turbulent flow and thus reduce friction?

Looking at the Moody chart I think to myself, the friction factor doesn't decrease much at all with Reynolds number after a certain point. I wonder if laminar flow is more efficient in a sense, and ...
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81 views

What is the source of water and waves on the water planet in the movie Interstellar?

We will ignore some of the more obvious issues with the movie and assume all other things are consistent to have fun with some of these questions. Simple [hopefully] Pre-questions: 1) If the water ...
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118 views

Kolmogorov/Energy spectrum for turbulent boundary layer

Previously, I have calculated energy spectrum for 3D isotropic turbulent flow data which is equally spaced in all three directions and then to compute the energy spectrum, one performs Fourier ...
4
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96 views

Do vortex tubes work with a reversed end plug?

Would a vortex tube still work if instead of a cone plugged into the 'hot' end you had a smaller hole on the 'cold' end? As I understand it, the point of the cone on the hot end is to only allow the ...
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2k views

Difference between Eulerian and Lagrangian formulation of Fluid Dynamics

Difference between Eulerian and Lagrangian formulation of Fluid Dynamics. I am completely new to fluid mechanics. Until now definition $F = ma$ was sufficient for me to solve any rigid body problems ...
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117 views

Why (and how) do foods stick to a pan?

We all (sooner or later) have noticed that foods relatively high in protein (especially those low in fat) are very prone to sticking to a pan, or in general to any non-specially-coated metal surface. ...
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149 views

meteorite-like impact of a drop of yogurt

When I throw a drop of Yogurt (through spoon) into a dish of Yogurt, it caused something like a meteor hitting the earth and something occurs similar to the place a meteor hitting the earth(Barringer ...
3
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67 views

What's the corresponding symmetry of enstrophy conservation?

In fluid mechanics, especially 2D turbulence study, people talk about conservation of enstrophy. But I can't really understand enstrophy very well, and what's the corresponding symmetry of enstrophy ...
3
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148 views

Explicit form of the entropy production in hydrodynamics

I'm trying to understand how hydrodynamics arise from a precise, mathematical formulation of thermodynamics, learning mostly from Landau's "Hydrodynamics". So Landau starts from formulating the ...
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174 views

Bubble in a pipeline

I am just thinking about this phenomenon: We have a horizontal pipeline with a flowing liquid, which contains a small bubble of gas. How do the dimensions of this bubble change when it reaches a ...
3
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104 views

Boundary layer equation

I was trying to understand the derivation of the boundary layer equations at p.145 of http://www.unimasr.net/ums/upload/files/2012/Sep/UniMasr.com_919e27ecea47b46d74dd7e268097b653.pdf. : the ...
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142 views

seemingly impossible query

While on an expedition to a lake, it was noticed that the wind speeds gusted violently in seemingly periodic wakes and the proposed explanation was Von Karman vortex shedding off of nearby mountains ...
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71 views

Where else in physics does one encounter Reynolds averaging?

Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations (RANS) is one of the approaches to turbulence description. Physical quantities, like for example velocity $u_i$, are represented as a sum of a mean and a ...
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65 views

Modeling the formation of a stellar system and matter accretion

I am trying to figure out what do I need to know to properly simulate the creation of a solar system from a particle cloud with random distribution of hydrogen atoms. Being more of a programming ...
3
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127 views

Shock Rarefaction Interaction

I am interested to see/know if there exist analytical solutions for shock/rarefaction interaction. A rarefaction wave can catch up to a shock wave from behind. The shock will decay and the motion ...
3
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172 views

Conformal symmetry of Navier-Stokes?

This question is in reference to the paper arXiv:0810.1545 Can someone help understand this scaling argument and the proof(?) that there is a conformal symmetry in Navier-Stoke's equation? (..am I ...
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131 views

Difference between a Fixed Point and a Limit Point in implementations of the Renormalization Group (RNG) in Large Eddy Simulation (LES) model

In the introduction of this paper, it is explained that and how the application of a dynamic subrid scale model for turbulence into a large eddy simulation (LES) model corresponds to doing one ...
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78 views

Sound level of organ pipe driven by helium

The sound pressure level of an organ pipe is a function of the gas flow rate delivered to the pipe. Source Would the sound level of an organ pipe driven by helium be lower than that of a pipe driven ...
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241 views

Flow behind a plate causes pressure drop?

I've done an experiment where we direct an air jet from a fan onto a set of electronic scales. By measuring the velocity of the air jet at the exit of the fan nozzle, and applying the conservation of ...
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39 views

Why is the water in a cup not inclined (opposite the cup) when the plane takes a turn?

When a aircraft takes a turn: Why is the water in a cup not inclined (opposite the cup)?
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22 views

Fluid approximation for inflaton?

In cosmology there is a widely used fluid approximation which applies when the mean free path is very small compared to the scale of observation and then all the properties of stress energy tensor can ...
2
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40 views

Where can I find a table for NIST standards on temperature and pressure?

The Wikipedia article Standard conditions for temperature and pressure notes that IUPAC and NIST are two of the most common standards for temperature and pressure in use. Even if I could have gotten ...
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38 views

Are there resources for simulating and/or theoretically describing solitons?

Recently there are striking new ideas emerging on "lower level" dynamics with respect to quantum mechanics involving fluid mechanics principles, including hints of soliton-like aspects to particle ...
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40 views

What is the essential concept behind the difference in the fundamental solutions of the Stokes and Poisson equations?

The fundamental solutions, i.e., the solution with a point source, of the Poisson's equation and the Stokes equations in 3D are: $$\nabla^2 f=\delta(\boldsymbol x) \ \Longrightarrow\ G(\boldsymbol ...
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48 views

What happens to running water in sub-zero environment?

Many rivers in sub-zero winter temperatures don't freeze (photo). For simplicity let's discuss a (small) water pipe/canal with uniform cross section, inclined by an angle $\theta$. It seems that: ...
2
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55 views

Maximum hole size to stop a fluid passing through a solid

In a previous question, the following is answered in a general sense: Assume I have a inverse cone which holds 200ml water. I am going to cut the tip of the cone to create a small hole. How to ...
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83 views

What does the net force do with this droplet in magnetic field?

Consider a spherical droplet with radious $R_d$ which is coated with an immiscible ferrofluid with volume equal to $2v_f$. While the droplet is in rest on a surface, if I approach two magnets in ...
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47 views

Is it possible to generate one half of a Karman Vortex Street?

The Karman Vortex Street is a type of phenomenon which is generally illustrated by examples in which a long, solid, smooth circular cylinder moves at constant velocity through a fluid. The long axis ...
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56 views

How can we theoretically calculate the number of balloons needed to stop a bullet?

After watching this video, I am interested in proving it mathematically. The problem is that how can we apply the conservation of momentum here to find the velocity of the bullet while we don't know ...
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41 views

Definition of Irreducible Tensor Parts in an Exercise

I am addressing exercise 23.9 on http://www.pma.caltech.edu/Courses/ph136/yr2011/1023.1.K.pdf. The exercise says that a fluid flowing through spacetime $\vec u(\mathcal P)$ can have its gradient ...
2
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55 views

How to make liquid marbles at home?

Some months ago I was reading a bunch of papers about the dynamics of liquid marbles. I was wondering if any of you have worked with them and know how to make them. I bought graphite and tried to ...
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36 views

Boundary Conditions for axisymmetric stream functions in a pipe

I'm solving the equation $$ \frac{\partial^2 \psi}{\partial r^2}+\frac{\partial^2 \psi}{\partial z^2}-\frac{1}{r}\frac{\partial \psi}{\partial r} =-\omega_\phi $$ in a cylindrical pipe, where ...
2
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39 views

What is the relationship between the angular speed and the diameter of the eye of a water vortex?

In a water vortex formed in a plastic bottle, what is the relationship between the angular speed of the water and the diameter of the hole in the cap? I would have expected that according to the ...
2
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337 views

Derivation of the equation of motion of a viscous fluid by Landau & Lifshitz

I am trying to follow Landau and Lifshitz, from the Volume 6 (Fluid Mechanics) of the Course of Theoretical Physics, on their derivation of the momentum equation for a newtonian viscous fluid, but I ...
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28 views

Vanishing viscosity in eqn. of heat transfer for free convection: on what argument?

In Landau's and Lifshitz' Fluid Mechanics on the derivation of the equation of heat transfer for free convection p. 218, they write In the thermal conduction equation (50.2), the viscosity term ...
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93 views

Capillary action column height in a tube fitted inside another tube?

I was thinking about how would capillary action change in a tube (classic example) and in a tube fitted inside another tube (considering water as the liquid involved). Height of liquid column: ...
2
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74 views

Similarities between laminar-turbulence transition and others like BCS-BEC crossover, quark-hadron transition etc

From my limited readings on fluid dynamics, my understanding is that as the system changes from near-laminar flows to full turbulence, the dimensionless Reynolds number changes from $ R << 1$ to ...
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46 views

Has this boundary condition been used in fluid flow?

I would like to know whether anyone has seen a boundary condition used in a fluid flow problem, of the following type. Suppose viscous incompressible fluid is to the left of a plane $x_1=a$, so the ...
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54 views

Translation symmetry and the non-conserved momentum in Viscous fluids

Even though a viscous fluid has a translation symmetry (invariance) for its Lagrangian , it still 'waste' Linear momentum. How come ?, isn't the rule that every symmetry yields a conservation law ?
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63 views

Is there any connection between “Lagrangian and Eulerian formalism of fluid” and “Heisenberg and Shrodinger picture”

Is there any connection between "Lagrangian and Eulerian formalism of fluid" and "Heisenberg and Shrodinger picture of Quantum mechanics"? Thanks!
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20 views

Regarding formulation of a multipoint model of fluid dynamics

Suppose I am trying to formulate a multipoint model of fluid dynamics. I have a procedure for doing so the details of which is not important to this question, but only that it is based on a series ...
2
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0answers
325 views

How does an atomizer work?

Will someone please explain how a basic pump atomizer works? I have a feeling it has something to do with pressure and the Venturi effect, but I'd really like to know precisely how they work as ...
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56 views

Realistic Ocean Shears

I was wondering if anyone could point me to published data on the vertical structure of strong ocean currents, such as the Gulf Stream. I am primarily interested in the mean current profile as a ...