The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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229 views

Supergun Launching of Satellites

I should say first that I don't believe this is a feasible launch method, otherwise NASA and other space agencies would be using it by now. It's based on this BBC news story Saddam Hussein's Supergun ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Power generation with a long, horizontal pipe, using atmospheric pressure differences

Straight to the point. If I float a pipe starting from a point in the ocean that has the atmospheric pressure of 101 kPa (Call it Point A) all the way to another geographic position on the ocean with ...
17
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6answers
465 views

Do gases have phonons?

A phonon is a quantized unit of sound; they are encountered when quantizing lattice vibrations in solids. Now, even an ideal gas supports sound waves, but in such a case, interactions between atoms ...
3
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1answer
590 views

Solve unsteady state Bernoulli equation for flow in a pipe

I am an engineer studying an unsteady-state flow through a pipe. The Pipeline has been cleanly cut into two halves, without deforming the cylindrical form of the pipe, exposing the contents to ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

Mass of star from Lane-Emden equation

Suppose we have equation of state $p=K\rho^{1+\frac{1}{n}},$ where $\gamma=1+\frac{1}{n}$ for some star. Then by standard calculations we obtain equation for enthalpy $h$: $$\Delta h+4\pi ...
3
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1answer
73 views

How to derive end-correction value relationship for open-ended air columns?

According to Young and Freedman's Physics textbook, in open-ended air columns like some woodwind instruments, the position of the displacement antinode extends a tiny amount beyond the end of the ...
1
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0answers
17 views

What is vortex row image system in fluid mechanics?

What is vortex row image system in fluid mechanics? I have lot search but I did not find any best answer about this question. Please explain about this topic or give me best link of book or site.
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2answers
27 views

Application of Bernoulli's equation to siphon

I'm trying to understand how to use Bernoulli's equation in practice. So I will make an example of where is my confusion. I found this great explanation on Wikipedia about the siphon, but there is a ...
4
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2answers
52 views

Analysis of a system consisting of a leaking tank of water

The departure point is this problem: A water tank on wheels is moving over an horizontal trail with negligible friction. There is a small opening in one of the walls, at a depth of $h$ below the ...
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0answers
41 views

How do ideal fluids enter narrower pipes? [on hold]

For an ideal fluid to enter a narrower pipe it would have to compress itself, which can't be true because ideal fluids are incompressible. So how can ideal fluids enter narrower pipes? Below is the ...
1
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1answer
259 views

Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution for transport equations

I have to calculate the transport coefficients for the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution. But I'm not sure what distribution I have to use. As far as I know it should not be the MB distribution for ...
5
votes
1answer
209 views

Smoothed particle hydrodynamics in cosmological N-body simulations

What is the role of smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) in cosmological N-body simulations like the Millenium Run (performed with Gadget-2)?
1
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1answer
616 views

Lorentz force for electrically conducting fluid flow in homogeneous magnetic field

I am mathematician and have paper which models situation when homogeneous magnetic field is applied to moving electrically conducting fluid. There is such Lorentz force formula on which all the work ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Finding viscosity of a liquid [on hold]

A ball bearing of diameter 10 mm is dropped into an oil of density 850 kgm–3. The ball bearing has a volume of 5.2 × 10^–7 m3 and density 7700 kgm–3. When the ball reaches terminal velocity ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Raising a cut on your arm above your heart

I often read that when you have a deep cut on your arm, you should raise your arm to the point where the cut is above your heart. This should reduce the amount of blood loss because less blood reaches ...
1
vote
3answers
527 views

How does the dissolution of salt affect the solution density?

Suppose you have a container of water as a solvent and you a certain amount of salt as a solute sitting at the bottom of the container that has yet to start dissolving. Supposing temperature and ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

How could water pour out from upside-down bottle, unless its pressure is smaller than atmosphere pressure?

Just a simple question : when we remove a stopper of an upside-down bottle, water flows out. But the pressure caused by the mass of water's column is usually smaller than atmosphere pressure unless we ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

What is the relative velocity term in drag and lift force in the following case?

When a stationary particle is introduced in a fluid moving with horizontal velocity $V_fx$, what is the relative velocity terms in the drag force ($F_D$) and lift force ($F_L$) equations. Am I correct ...
5
votes
2answers
139 views

Why do liquids exist? [on hold]

This post asks why matter exists in three phases. Most of its answers explain the existence of liquids with some variant of the following: liquids happen when thermodynamic conditions, temperature ...
4
votes
2answers
345 views

The demise of the Tacoma Narrows bridge was casused by aeroelastic flutter. But isn't that just a special case of resonance?

Much of the research I've done on the Tacoma Narrows bridge disaster of 1940 attribute the collapse of the bridge due to aeroelastic flutter - not strucural resonance. But isn't aeroelastic flutter ...
2
votes
1answer
515 views

Equilibrium between two water tanks

I've been reading about hydrostatic theory, however I couldn't find a similar case/exercise about my basic problem. I have two water tanks (same size) filled with different water heights, and ...
0
votes
1answer
249 views

Position based dynamics constraint scaling factor

Reading through Müller et al., Position Based Dynamics, 2007 I got lost when passing from equation (5) $$\Delta p = \frac{C(p)}{|\nabla_pC(p)|^2}\nabla_pC(p)$$ to equation (6) (and applying the ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Why does stagnation pressure reduce across a normal shock?

I am seeking an explanation for this graph where the subscript "1" refers to the supersonic region and the subscript "2" refers to the subsonic region present beyond a normal shock. The static ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

What is the variation of pressure in rotating fluids(in accordance to the question in the image)? [closed]

This is an interesting question that I came across. Please see attachment. It is a multiple answer type question. My answer was B and D. I have attached my derivation for this problem. I want to know ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

If a high speed car or train enters a tunnel, will the aerodynamics effect slow it down and hence requiring more energy to maintain speed?

Speed and distance are two main determinants in this question. A slow moving vehicle or train entering a tunnel is unlikely to be affected by the presence of solid stationery object covering them. But ...
6
votes
2answers
265 views

Rayleigh-Taylor Instability dependence on acceleration direction

I'm trying to bolster my understanding of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, and I've gotten stuck on the point of which fluid (more or less dense) is being accelerated into the other. Cases of uniform ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

What amount of force could be created by a person “swimming” in air?

Had a question on a physics test, a person is at rest on a frictionless surface and can not throw anything, can they move? I said yes, by "swimming" against the air and got docked because "it ...
1
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1answer
37 views

When does $ S\cdot v=\mathrm{cost}$ hold?

In fluids dynamics what are the limitations for the use of the volume flow rate conservation law? $$ S\cdot v=\mathrm{cost}$$ Does it still hold when there are external forces acting on the system, ...
1
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1answer
48 views

What is the direction of buoyancy in the bulk of liquid on earth?

I have a trouble when considering the direction of buoyancy in the bulk of liquid subjected to vertical temperature gradient. The liquid is heated from below or above that induces a natural convection ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Why do I spill lesser water if it's hotter?

If I pour water in a glass to make a cup of tea, I noticed that if the water that comes out of the kettle is very hot, almost no water is spilled. If the water is cold though, much more water is ...
10
votes
5answers
9k views

What about negative Pressure?

Here is something I see : Let's say the ideal fluid(water here) of density $\rho$ is drawn from a source by a motor and thrown upwards with a velocity $v$. Now we take the power of motor be ...
2
votes
2answers
768 views

Dynamic water pressure from flow and diameter

I have to test some fire hydrants and need to get the dynamic pressure. For that I know I can use a Pitot tube but, I don't have one. After Googling a lot, I found two formulas allowing to compute the ...
1
vote
0answers
437 views

An equivalent for the Bernoulli equation for viscous liquids

I was wondering whether there is any equation for viscous liquids (probably derived from energy and mass conservation principles) relating the pressure, rate of volume flow, area of cross section and ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Inertial Waves - Why neglecting the advecting term?

I'm trying to derive the dispersion relation for Inertial waves. In Cartesian coordinates: Inviscid and incompressible fluid is rotating uniformly with Angular Velocity: $\Omega = (0, 0, \Omega)$ ...
1
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1answer
37 views

The convective term in Reynolds Transport theorem

Reynolds Transport theorem states that $$\frac{D B_{sys}}{Dt}=\frac{\partial B_{CV}}{\partial t}-\dot{B_{in}}+\dot{B_{out}}$$ where $B_{in,t+\Delta t}=b_1m_{1,t+\Delta ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

How does smoke move in the air and how can I direct it so it will go to a place I want it to go?

Let's assume a close room with 1-2 people who only one of them smoking cigarette. What is the equation describe the smoking spreading? is it diffusion? what are the parameters is so? Is there a ...
0
votes
2answers
229 views

Viscosity for steam in the Reynolds number

In calculating the Reynolds number for a flow of steam in a pipe, this is the general formula I am trying to use: $$Re=\frac{\rho d v}{\mu}$$ with density $\rho$, pipe diameter $d$, flow steam $v$ ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Nomenclature clarification concerning solitons

My experience with solitons is restricted to the classical setting, namely solutions to the quartic interaction $\phi^4$, the Sine-Gordon equation, and Korteweg–de Vries equations. I was explicit to ...
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0answers
28 views

Fluid flow using Bernoulli's equation [closed]

An airplane has a mass of 1.7x10^6 kg, and the air flows past the lower surface of the wings at 95m/s. If the wings have a surface area of 1200 square meters, how fadt must the air flow over the ...
-5
votes
1answer
48 views

Why do tea particles travel up stream? [closed]

I was wondering why tea leaf particles move up stream and back into the pot.
-2
votes
0answers
28 views

How to increase air velocity when blowing through a tube? [closed]

Seeking to increase air speed when blowing air through a tube with your mouth. What design or principles might apply here?
0
votes
1answer
132 views

How does a water-steam mixture behave?

Namely, if I mix a flow of steam that has density $\rho_s$, velocity $v_s$, and pressure $P_s$ with a flow of water that has pressure $P_w$, velocity $v_w$, and density $\rho_w$, how can I find the ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Best way to move teaspoon to dissolve sugar in a cup of tea

I know that there is asked questions about something like cooling down cope of coffee..etc, but this one is little different. My friend was watching TV program of English eating etiquette, and they ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Fluid speed and fluid density

How does fluid density affect fluid speed? Basically I am trying to figure out if, with all other quantities remaining constant, would an increase in fluid density cause the fluid speed to ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Strain Flow in Fluid Mechanics

I am working on hydrodynamic instabilities and was looking for non axisymmetric vortex models that are not Stuart or Taylor green vortices. What I came across was multipolar vortices where a uniform ...
5
votes
0answers
55 views

When beer tapping, why does only one of the beers foam up?

In the paper Physics of beer tapping the author go through an explanation of the phenomenon of beer tapping, i.e. the foaming up of beer in glass bottle after it has been hit at the top of the bottle ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

Lengthening in-flight evaporation time of water droplet in air

How one can increase the in-flight evaporation time of sprayed water droplets in air without changing the thermodynamic conditions of the ambient air ( i.e. RH, T ). For instance mixing water with ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

What happens if a cylinder filled with propane gas is connected to an empty one of the same size

Lets say I have 2 100lb propane cylinders. One of the cylinders is filled to its maximum capacity while the other is empty. If I connect them to each other via a high pressure hose in an upright ...
15
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2answers
2k views

Can a droplet of water bounce back when it hits a water surface?

Is it possible that a droplet of water can bounce from the surface of a volume of water?
0
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0answers
30 views

Flow rate calculation of small nozzles in a linear system

I am currently working on a system for feeding multiple very small reactors, of which a prototype is described in the figure below (for scale, the distance between each nozzle is 9mm). The liquid ...