The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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244 views

Why can we produce a sound by blowing across a blade of grass, a paper strip or similar

I just don't know how is the sound produced? Does it come from the vibration of the blade of grass or the air in the up and down?
6
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2answers
137 views

Foam patterns on espresso

When just prepared, an espresso has a thin layer of foam, known as crema, on its surface. As I move my drink from the bar to a table, the motion destroys the homogeneity of the layer, but I've noticed ...
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0answers
26 views

Good books for fluid mechanics [duplicate]

Hi everyone I'm new to this web-site. Over the years I have become more and more interested in applied fluid mechanics. Specifically nano to micro fluidics. As a chemist my mathematical background ...
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1answer
65 views

Properties of Fluids-theoritical confusion

I am having a very basic confusion on how we calculate the height of atmosphere when we assume that the density does not change with altitude(density remains 1.29 kg/m$^3$). I want to know why we say ...
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1answer
53 views

The name of effect of liquid flow inducing flow to neighboring layers of liquid?

How do you call an effect, when liquid or gas stream is involving the neighboring layers of matter also move? Like on videos of rocket engines testing, when exhausting gas sucks an air and steam from ...
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0answers
32 views

Ripples of flowing water on a smooth road surface [duplicate]

Yesterday some friends and I were walking in the rain. We noticed that, on a smooth tarmac road surface, the sheet of water flowing down the road was forming ripples as it went. Why was it doing ...
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1answer
315 views

What is the differential equation for pressure in a container with an orifice?

I've seen similar problems all over physics.SE and other sites. Most of the time it is about non-compressible fluids, or not about the differential equations. The physical system of interest is ...
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2answers
222 views

Is viscosity a function of density only?

I know viscosity is also a function of temperature, but (excluding superfluids) are there any fluids which are less viscous than fluids at lower densities? Is density the ultimate control on ...
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2answers
592 views

What air pressure is needed on mars, to have fluid water?

The atmospheric pressure on the Martian surface averages 600 pascals (0.087 psi), about 0.6% of Earth's mean sea level pressure. There is a lot of frozen ice on mars, but it can't melt, because of ...
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1answer
116 views

The Bernoulli equation: positive and negative sign problem

According to bernoulli equation $$ P_1+1/2 \rho v_1^2+ \gamma h_1= P_2+1/2 \rho v_2^2+ \gamma h_2. $$ Because $$ v_1=0\quad h_1=0 $$ So $$ 0= 1/2 \rho V^2+ \gamma h. $$ It is wrong I know, but ...
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67 views

Invariant Form of The Material Derivative

Why is the RHS of the following equation invariant to coordinate transformation and the LHS is not? And is there a way to show the equivalency between the LFS and RHS? \begin{align} \vec{V} \cdot ...
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2answers
62 views

Hydrodynamics: Conservation of momentum violated by a fan in a cylinder?

Consider the following situation: there is a hollow cylinder with both caps removed. The cylinder is submerged into water. Inside the cylinder, we place a fan (or pump) that pumps the water through ...
2
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1answer
397 views

Why are mass flow rates found using Venturi meter and pitot tube different?

Regarding an experiment to find the mass flow rate of a fluid (air) using a venturi meter and a pitot tube: What could be the cause of a variance in results obtained using the 2 instruments mentioned? ...
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0answers
96 views

What is the source of water and waves on the water planet in the movie Interstellar?

We will ignore some of the more obvious issues with the movie and assume all other things are consistent to have fun with some of these questions. Simple [hopefully] Pre-questions: 1) If the water ...
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1answer
126 views

How does a faucet work? [closed]

Well I mean how exactly water flows to the sink. How is it pulled through the faucet?
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0answers
135 views

How can one calculate diffusion velocity given the diffusion coefficient?

I am creating a basic simulation of 2-D diffusion and was wondering how diffusion velocity of a particle can be calculated if the diffusion coefficient is known (using no other information). Is this ...
21
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2answers
1k views

When a drop of water falls into water, where do the splashes come from?

When a drop of water falls into a reservoir of water from a high enough altitude, water droplets will splash (image credit): My question: Does the water in those droplets come from the original ...
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0answers
11 views

Equivalence of Bulk Modulus Definitions [duplicate]

Per http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulk_modulus, $K=-V\frac{\mathrm d P}{\mathrm d V}$ and $K=\rho \frac{\mathrm d P}{\mathrm d \rho}$ are two equivalent definitions for $K$, the bulk modulus. How do ...
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3answers
138 views

Why do square shaped cups spill easier than round cups?

I've noticed that when I use a cup that is square shaped with convex sides, it spills more easily than a circular cup. Why does this happen? What is the most spill-prone cup shape? What is the most ...
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3answers
869 views

Would a perfectly clean and perfectly smooth champagne glass have no bubbles?

My understanding is that nucleation sites for bubbles in a champagne glass are either due to defects in the glass or due to fibers in the glass. (See this article for details on that statement.) Does ...
2
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1answer
126 views

How does a sonic black hole (or dumb hole) work?

I came across this term and I heard they used sonic black holes to detect something analogous to hawking radiation, but I have failed to find sources which explain how exactly they work and how they ...
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1answer
115 views

How to move liquid uphill against a thermal gradient, without moving parts

I am looking for a conceptual way of dealing with the following. I am not looking for a set of blueprints. Consider a 5 meter x 10 cm vertical closed tube filled with a substance in the gas and ...
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1answer
263 views

The original thorium reactor?

With lunar thorium being common, and heavier than iron or nickel, does earth's core have the the occasional nuclear reaction?
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1answer
247 views

Thought experiment about fluid mechanics (reductio ad absurdum)

In an interview a philosopher said: "Suppose I cut the handle off your coffee mug leaving two holes. Would the coffee flow out of one hole faster than the other? If we tried to figure this out by ...
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2answers
91 views

Water level of ice in cup [duplicate]

Since ice is less dense than water, it floats on it, we all know this. Now suppose, if ice is floating in a glass cup, when the ice melts there should be some change at water level in the glass cup. ...
3
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2answers
143 views

What's the physics origin and meaning of $\delta_{ij}-k_ik_j/k^2$

The projection tensor $P_{ij}\equiv\delta_{ij}-k_ik_j/k^2$ happens frequently in fluid mechanics or field theory. What's the physics origin of this structure and what's the meaning?
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2answers
256 views

Does water maintain equal level in connected vessels?

Consider a system as illustrated below: There are two 55 gallon barrels used to store water coming down the gutter. These barrels are connected together on the bottom to maintain equal water level ...
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1answer
215 views

Can I use Runge-Kutta to solve these equations?

Edit: I'm going to give some more background and derivation to show how I got to these equations. I am basically following the derivation that is found in the appendix of the following paper: ...
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3answers
839 views

How much heat from a fire actually warms your home?

A fire in a hearth disperses heat to, I guess, three places: the bricks of the chimney out the hearth (where the person tending the fire is standing) out the chimney, above the house How would you ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Is placing a heater in the coldest part of a room the most efficient place to put it?

I've noticed that stores blow hot air in a "sheet" by doors and windows, which is "where cold air enters". I assume they do this because it saves money and/or keeps the store a uniform temperature. ...
2
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1answer
114 views

Predicting balls's movement in well due to fluid flow

I am a total newbie in fluid dynamics. In one of my experiments/open project, my experiment setup is as below: a small ball sits in a circular well (has mass density a bit heavier than water), with ...
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1answer
31 views

Making water spin a wheel [closed]

Let's say that I have a wheel with 8 symmetric arranged rectangular plates of area $A$ and the water, with density $\rho$, in the river it moves with $v\: \mathrm{m/s}$. How do I calculate the ...
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1answer
228 views

Non-Darcy Flow : Forchheimer plotting method

Recalling Darcy's equation for gas flow, assuming ($z\mu_g$) = Constant $$\tag{1} q_{g,sc}=\frac{kA}{L}\left(\frac{T_{sc}}{Tp_{sc}}\right)\left(\frac{1}{2z\mu_g}\right)(p_1^2-p_2^2)$$ For ...
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86 views

Boundary conditions of stream function

I have to do an problem about solving numerically the flow that goes under an airfoil. The airfoil has a flap deployed downwards and I need to solve the mesh that it's under the airfoil. I have drawn ...
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1answer
23 views

How do we force a turbulent fluid to keep the input energy rate equal to energy dissipation rate?

If I want to do a DNS (direct numerical simulation) for turbulent fluid, and I know $\nu$, how can I add an external force so that the input energy rate is equal to the energy dissipation rate? If ...
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1answer
61 views

Pressure coefficient on fluid mechanics

I have to solve numerically a fluid mechanics problem. I have an airfoil with a flap deployed downwards, under the airfoil I have set a mesh with some nodes. I have already computed stream function ...
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1answer
51 views

How do you work out the energy requirement for a submerged pump?

I was wondering if you were to place a pump in a submerged container and then were to open a hatch allowing water to flood the previously vacant cavity how much energy would be required to discharge ...
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129 views

Why (and how) do foods stick to a pan?

We all (sooner or later) have noticed that foods relatively high in protein (especially those low in fat) are very prone to sticking to a pan, or in general to any non-specially-coated metal surface. ...
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2answers
243 views

Force needed to push a syringe plunger: does one add force associated with downstream back-pressure to frictional plunger force?

I am trying to figure out how much force $F$ is needed to push a syringe plunger. The plunger needs to overcome the friction force $F_1$ and (a much smaller) inertia force $F_2=ma$, giving the total ...
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4answers
110 views

Can the weight of a bird be measured, considering air friction? [duplicate]

Assume that a bird of mass 1.5 kg is held in a box at height 500m and this setup is placed on a weighing machine. Now, the bird starts to hover in the box pushing the air downwards, and is at a ...
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0answers
117 views

How to compute volume flow rate of water being sucked up in a straw?

If I know the pressure on one side of the straw (atmospheric) and the pressure inside the mouth, can I compute the volume flow rate? This is first disregarding the transient rise and fall and only ...
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1answer
94 views

How high will the Ball Jump? [closed]

A small ball of density $\rho$ is immersed in a liquid of density $\sigma$, ($\sigma>\rho$) to the depth $h$ and released. How can we find the height above surface of the liquid up to which the ...
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0answers
29 views

Value of Pressure Gradient in a static Fluid [closed]

How can we prove that the value of Pressure Gradient in the horizontal direction represented by $\frac{\partial p}{\partial z}=-dg$ ; { $z$ direction is vertically upwards and $d$ is the density of ...
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1answer
46 views

Viscosity and Flow

I have a system with a fairly viscous fluid, 70,000 cP. The flow is induced by applying pressure to a plunger via compressed air. The error in viscosity for this material is +- 15% which can be ...
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0answers
36 views

Argument for stability of journal bearing via inertial and viscous forces?

As I understand a journal bearing, a rotor is levitated by hydraulic forces from the lubricant. While these are lots of studies on this subject, I can't manage to find a paper that coherently breaks ...
2
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1answer
42 views

Does gravity affect water permeability?

Suppose I have an approximately rectangular prism composed entirely of folded paper. If I place 600lbs on top of these rectangular sheets of paper, the paper should compress. How does this affect ...
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1answer
20 views

Conservation Equations forming a Determinate Set

I was reading "molecular gas dynamics" by Bird and came across the the statement that For conservation equations to form a determinate set shear stress and heat flux must be expressed in terms of ...
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1answer
230 views

How do simple bird waterers work?

I made a simple bird waterer made from two 1.25L PET bottles. Let's call these two bottles the reservoir and the tray. Setup The tray is a bottle with the top cut off to leave only the bottom ...
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1answer
46 views

Where can I get fluidics components?

Many years ago people were interested in developing fluidic circuits, i.e. circuits that are analogous to electric ones but that use fluids rather than electricity. It used to be possible to buy ...
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23 views

Would a solid inside of a parcel moving due to buoyancy be affected by Bernoulli's Principle?

If a parcel (or column) of hot air were rising due to buoyancy and an extremely light solid were to be inside of this parcel (rising with it), would Bernoulli's effect cause the solid to stay inside ...