The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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111 views

How to move a bubble which is trapped by the capillary pressure?

I have a question about how to move a trapped bubble in a tube. If we assume to have a horizontal tube, with water on each side of the bubble. The point to the left of the bubble is point 1, while ...
1
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1answer
106 views

Using water pressure as pushing force in a floating bath tub? [closed]

Does physics allow for water pressure to work in this way? if so What formula can prove this? (backup link 1, backup link 2)
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1answer
26 views

Hot water tank elements [closed]

In a 2 element hot water tank, is there a kilowatt power usage increase if only one heating element is operating correctly?
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0answers
30 views

Physical intuition on bivector in fluid dynamics

Reading the M. S. Howe's Theory of Vortex Sound I've ran into this exoression and equation: Let $v_A$ denote the fluid velocity at a point A at $x$. The velocity $v_B$ at a neighbouring point B at ...
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1answer
44 views

Velocity of liquid molecules in turbulent flow

I was solving some questions when I came across this: what is the velocity of liquid molecules in contact with the walls of the tube? and the answer was given that it can have any velocity and then ...
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1answer
45 views

Direction of surface tension

consider the capillary tube shown in the diagram. According to my book the direction of surface at the point of contact is towards the surface as in diagram 2, but shouldn't it be away from as in ...
3
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2answers
113 views

Can the Arcaboard fly?

Recently, BBC news had a video that claimed to show a "real" hoverboard: As far as I can tell, there are 36 small fans on this device, and it seems to be flying just a few inches off the ground. ...
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0answers
73 views

Why is the no-slip condition valid for fluids but not for solids?

You can obviously move a solid at a different speed along the surface of another solid, so how come the velocity of the fluid at the fluid-solid interface must be equal to that of the solid? What ...
0
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1answer
194 views

Air core Vortex; Physical explanation of the “air Entrainment Hook” at $F_{co}=0.7$

This question was originally asked in the Outlook of this study (page 197)1 $F_{co}$ combined Froude number, [dimensionless], and can be calculated $F_{co}\thickapprox v_D/ \sqrt{gh}$ where $v_D$ is ...
3
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1answer
65 views

Cauchy stress tensor in different coordinate system

The general form of the cauchy stress tensor is given by the dyadic decomposition $$\boldsymbol \sigma = \sigma_{ij}\,\,\mathbf{e}_i \otimes \mathbf{e}_j$$ I want to know how this can be expanded in ...
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0answers
64 views

Reverse-engineering an equation of state

Suppose we have a fluid of some kind with a (let's keep it simple) barotropic equation of state: $p = p(\rho)$. Typically, I see that one starts with a function $p$ and $\textit{then}$ solves the ...
6
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0answers
116 views

Is drag force on an oscillating sphere an effective model for a swimmer?

I saw the latest video from Sixty Symbols Little Swimmers. At the end of the videos he says that we do not know how to calculate the movement of the little swimmers. He says(6:14-6:40 in video) that ...
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0answers
31 views

wind load (force exerted) on canopy area

I am working in agriculture vine yards that has relatively stronger wind pressure to my vine crops. how can i calculate the load of the perpendicular or at some angle prevailing wind to the closed ...
5
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1answer
174 views

Why does a stream of water behave like this when aimed against a spoon or into a glass?

I noticed while doing everything except the dishes that water behaves quite strange. These two things might be two different phenomenon, but the water acts in a similar way in both cases. Spoon and ...
2
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1answer
41 views

Gauge Pressure and Bar Pressure [closed]

I ran into a problem trying to calculate the absolute pressure of an isolated system. I was given that the gauge pressure in a tire is 200kPa or 2 bars. To get the absolute pressure I would have to ...
2
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0answers
35 views

Is there a general procedure for covariantizing equations?

I am currently attempting to derive covariant forms of equations whose domains are D=3 space. I am considering Lorentzian $(\mathbb{R}^4, \Omega, x, \nabla)$, where $\Omega \subset\mathbb{R}^4$ has a ...
3
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2answers
86 views

How is temperature and pressure related to when a tire rolls on the ground?

Actual observation: Here in Canada it is known that even when 'dry' snow is on the ground, and when a car drives over it that small amount of dry snow instantly becomes ice (NOT GOOD). Anyways as an ...
0
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1answer
66 views

How to 'smooth/flatten' the surface of a disturbed liquid

I would like to essentially flatten or smooth the surface of a viscous liquid after dropping an object into it, without actually touching the liquid. For example, if I drop a rock into a tub of oil, I ...
0
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2answers
57 views

Is the Earth's molten outer core affecting its motion?

According with the seismological studies [1] the outer core, with thickness of about $2300km$, starting from depth of $2,900 km$ and ending at $5,200 km$ is a low viscosity fluid, consisted mostly of ...
3
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1answer
108 views

Hyperbolic flow / vector field - irrotational and divergence-free?

My text book on meteorology claims that a hyperbolic flow pattern is both divergence-free and irrotational: (d) Hyperbolic flow that exhibits both diffluence and stretching, but is ...
0
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4answers
141 views

Mass flow rate: Intuition of it being a product? [closed]

I'm looking for a good intuition for understanding the mass flow rate and specifically why it's a product. The mass flow rate is: $$density \text{(of fluid)} \times area \text{(of a face)} \times ...
1
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0answers
151 views

Numerical model for a Air core Vortex, why it's still so limited? [closed]

The Question can be Formally presented as follows; How is the Numerical Model (CFD, Navier Stokes) of fluid dynamics for Vortexes at in it's limits? At this Publication from 2013 at page 48 is ...
0
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1answer
52 views

Velocity of a liquid jet, coming out of a container

Think of a container which has a hole beneath it. And we have filled the container in height $h$ with a liquid of density $\rho$ and cross section of the hole $a$. (look at the pic) Then what is the ...
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0answers
42 views

Does it take energy to destroy the surface of a liquid jet? [closed]

Imagine we have a collision of a liquid jet with an obstacle Does it take time for the surface of the jet to be destroyed while collision?? Or it'll be destroyed immediately?
3
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1answer
80 views

Intuitive explanation for subsonic Fanno flow

In most situations in physics, the effect of kinetic friction is to reduce the macroscopic kinetic energy of a system and convert it into heat, thereby increasing its temperature. but in the case of ...
4
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4answers
343 views

Does steady flow imply laminar?

Most secondary school textbooks, in their chapter about fluid dynamics, seem to suggest that "steady flow" and "laminar flow" are synonyms. Though I never received any fluid mechanics course when I ...
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1answer
104 views

Flow through a rifled pipe

In turbulent flow the friction is inertial for the most part: the chaotic flow causes the fluid in the faster moving center to interchange randomly with the fluid near the edge. This eventually allows ...
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0answers
73 views

standing waves on a cylindrical jet

as we know, there are some perturbations on a falling jet which are always present and according to their wave number and the radius of the jet, they can grow and decay over time. so, imagine a jet ...
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0answers
33 views

The change in time of a concentration in a fluid can be described by Reynolds' theorem. Is that the whole story?

Let $d\in\left\{2,3\right\}$ and $\Omega_t\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be the bounded set occupied by a fluid at time $t\ge 0$. Moreover, let $\eta_t:\Omega_t\to[0,\infty)$ be the concentration of imaginary ...
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1answer
49 views

Shear stress in cylindrical coordinates?

In cylindrical coordinates the momentum flux is given by (in the $r$ direction): $$ \Pi=-\eta \frac{\partial (r\omega)}{\partial r}$$ Where $\eta$ is the viscosity. Therefore one would expect that the ...
0
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1answer
76 views

How to find gauge pressure in pipe

If I have a pipe for which I know the height and velocity of the fluid at the left and right end, and I am asked to find the gauge pressure at the right end, how would I go about doing this if the ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Waves: Small Amplitude Approximation

Why does the assumption of waves amplitude being small, compared to the wavelength, (as used for surface gravity waves in water) lead to the equivalent condition: $$ {\partial v \over \partial t } ...
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0answers
40 views

Force of Leaky Bucket over time

Indie Lab Procedure: I attached a cylindrical can to a force sensor. On the bottom of the can I drilled holes of various diameters. I then added a volume of water while collecting data from the force ...
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0answers
27 views

Height of water in vessel containing gas [closed]

The question reads- Thin walled Cylinder of height h, mass m and cross section A filled with gas and floats on water. Now due to leakage depth of submergence increases by $\Delta h$. $P_o$ is the ...
3
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0answers
102 views

Dark matter “hair” flowing through the earth

Gary Prézeau of NASA's JPL has done some calculations of how dark matter might be focussed by the Earth's gravitational field (publication preprint), and the results show some remarkable hairy ...
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0answers
19 views

Plateau–Rayleigh instability according to liquids $Ca$ number

For examining whether viscosity or surface tension dominates each other effects, we can't refer to $Re$ or $We$ numbers because they just tell us about one of them ( surface tension and viscosity ). ...
0
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1answer
38 views

What is the different between Poisson Nernst–Planck and Poisson Navier–Stokes in the Electrolyte?

I am now studying about electroosmosis flow phenomena which is governing by the Navier-Stokes equation and Poisson equation. By combine these two equation we can describe the electrolyte flow velocity ...
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0answers
17 views

Breakup of liquid jet hitting another liquid surface: Droplet size?

If a jet of liquid #1 impacts the horizontal surface of liquid #2, liquid #1 will break up into dispersed droplets below the surface of liquid #2. (The liquids are immiscible.) Is there a method for ...
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0answers
34 views

Flow of liquid through pipe [closed]

As in the figure there is a horizontal pipe through which liquid is flowing. And three tubes are connected A, B and C where the radii are 2 cm, 1 cm and 2 cm. Then what would be the height of liquid ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Surface energy of water [closed]

If $10^3$ small drops of water each of radius $10^{-7}\,\mathrm{m}$ combined to form one single large drop then what should be the energy ? If the surface tension is equal to $0.07\,\mathrm{N/m}$ . I ...
2
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1answer
31 views

The validity of constitutive diffusive fluxes

In transport phenomena the diffusive fluxes for mass, energy and momentum are the constitutive laws: $$\boldsymbol{j}_c=-D\boldsymbol{\nabla}c \quad \boldsymbol{j}_T=-k\boldsymbol{\nabla}T \quad ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Plateau–Rayleigh instability for liquids with low $Re$ number

I'm working on a project about Plateau–Rayleigh instability for liquids. But I've a question. we can examine the fluids with high $Re$ number that the influence of viscosity is negligible, but what ...
2
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0answers
31 views

How fast does water have to be moving for it to gain a lot of heat? [duplicate]

A random question popped into my head a few minutes ago: objects, when moving fast enough, start to get resistance from the air. Since there is friction between the air and the object [water], there ...
2
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2answers
250 views

Why does the pressure of fluid increase when the diameter of the pipe increases?

Assuming mass flow rate doesn't change and it's a closed system. Why does going from a smaller pipe to a large pipe cause an increase in pressure? What is the kinetic energy converted to as the ...
0
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2answers
58 views

Barometer barometric pressue

the barometric pressure and height on earth are 10^5 pa and 760 mm respectively . Then what is barometric height if it is taken at moom . I think at moon the gravity will decrease then pressure ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Rate of flow of water fluid mechanics

If we have a cylindrical tank of area $A$ which has a small outlet of area $a$ at the bottom of the surface . And the container starts filling with a constant rate $k [m^3/sec]$ . Now the max. level ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Aircraft lift theory vs energy conservation [closed]

I spent years trying to find out that when an aircraft flies or anything works it consumes energy more than it delivers back, means no perpetual motion exists. My query is that when an aircraft is at ...
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0answers
38 views

Pressure difference along horizontal in accelerated fluids

In accelerated fluids, fluid in a container can orient itself in a direction due to acceleration. In that case, pressure at different heights (at the surface) is same (atm). Then at the same height, ...
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2answers
211 views

Torricelli's speed of efflux law

Torricelli's law states that if we make a hole in a container of fluid open to atmosphere, then the speed of the fluid spouting out is: $$\sqrt{2gh}$$ Does this velocity correspond to the horizontal ...
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1answer
70 views

Why does my coffee stop?

As I was mixing my coffee this morning, wishing that it would do it on its own, I started wondering: What makes my coffee stop swirling? I mean what exactly? Is it the walls of the cup or the coffee ...