The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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205 views

Straw and Water

I drink from a glass of water with a vertical straw. What's the longest straw I can use and still drink water if the ambient pressure is 1 atm? Details and assumptions 1 atm is 101,325 Pa. The ...
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2answers
268 views

Physics of the inverted bottle dispenser

When you invert a water-bottle in a container, the water rises and then stops at a particular level --- as soon as it touches the hole of the inverted bottle. This will happen no matter how long ...
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2answers
378 views

Capillary tube of insufficient length

I was wondering if we have a very thin glass tube placed in a tub of liquid and the portion of the tube outside the liquid is lesser than the height to which the liquid can rise because of ...
4
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2answers
112 views

The velocity of a cloud?

I noticed an unusually fast moving cloud this morning. My questions: What is the average velocity of a cloud on Earth? What is the greatest ever recorded cloud velocity? What factors affect the ...
6
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1answer
437 views

Fluid in a rotating cylinder

I have been wondering why a fluid in a rotating container has a parabola shape? Is it possible to prove this mathematically?
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83 views

Formula for residence time/turnover rate with unsteady state

I'm not sure this is the correct place to ask my question... but maybe someone could still help me. I'm looking for a way to calculate the residence time/turnover rate. I have the production and ...
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1answer
50 views

Pushing water along is it possible to calculate the angle it forms

If I had a static thin (a few mm) film of water lying on a surface and I tried to push a squeegee across the surface in order to move the water. Would the water rise up in front of the squeegee? Would ...
3
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1answer
209 views

Application of Ampère's law in low $Re_m$ MHD

Ampère's law states that $$ \nabla \times \mathbf{B} = \mu_0 \mathbf{J} \tag{1}$$ Simultaneously, from Ohm's law, we know that ...
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1answer
177 views

Strange behaviour of water drops on a heated pan

I did an experiment in my home and I was surprised by the results. I heated a pan without anything in it. After some time it became very hot and I took some water (2 drops) and put it into the pan. It ...
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2answers
389 views

Why does sweetness of coke change after freezing completely

I freeze my coke in a freezer completely to solid and then keep it out to melt and as it melts portion by portion I starts to drink, initially It will be very sweet and later it wont be sweet at all. ...
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1answer
48 views

phase transformation of liquid under motion

I was testing in my lab with water and found that it starts to solidify when it is stationery at 0 degree centigrade.but when I move the liquid with some velocity it dosent change its phase.my ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Whirlwind/tornado/dust devil in the middle of nowhere

I live in area which have many properties similar to desert. Many times when I drive by I see a whirlwind/tornado/dust devil of sand or other garbage parts. I would like to ask how this was normally ...
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52 views

Flow of water through sand

Imagine a set up with a column of sand with porosity $\phi$ and permeability $k$ contained in a cuboid container. When one pours water evenly (let's say $V_w/A$ cubic meters per square meter) on the ...
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1answer
279 views

Hydrostatic pressure?

What what I understand, hydrostatic pressure is the "weight" of the water pushing against objects. But if this is true, why is hydrostatic pressure perpendicular to the surface it acts on instead of ...
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1answer
427 views

Problem with Velocity of efflux [closed]

I am stuck in this problem- I need to find the velocity of efflux at the hole of the container. [We can assume that the area of the hole is negligible in comparison with the base area of the ...
72
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8answers
5k views

Why does a helium filled ballon move forward in a car when the car is accelerating?

I noticed that when I had a helium filled, latex ballon inside of my car, it moved forward in the cabin as I accelerated forward. The faster I accelerated forward, the faster the ballon went from the ...
0
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1answer
50 views

Why is the collision term negative in the equation of motion for a fluid of electrons in a plasma?

The fluid equation of motion for electrons in a cold plasma is \begin{equation} m_en_e\frac{d\textbf{v}}{dt} = -en_e(\textbf{E}+\textbf{v}\times \textbf{B}) - m_en_e\nu\textbf{v} \end{equation} where ...
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54 views

Fluid Virtual Mass

In this paper of Lighthill, the author studies the motion of a fish in a constant flow field $U$, modelling the movement of the fish as a deforming, rotationally symmetric, rigid surface in an ...
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1answer
65 views

Initialize a traveling wave in a 1D gas?

I am trying to initialize a traveling wave for a 1d simulation as one can see from the attached figure. Such that it will be traveling to the right. However, I cannot initialize the right velocity ...
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68 views

Do vortex tubes work with a reversed end plug?

Would a vortex tube still work if instead of a cone plugged into the 'hot' end you had a smaller hole on the 'cold' end? As I understand it, the point of the cone on the hot end is to only allow the ...
2
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2answers
112 views

Drying up a wet object

I am wondering whether an object which has been wet with hot water always dries up more easily and more quickly than one wet with cold water. How much do the shape, roughness, material, structure of ...
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1answer
79 views

Representation of the velocity field

Im trying to understand this line given by our prof. : "Representing fluid parameters as a function of the spatial coordinates($x$, $y$, $z$) and time $t$. For example: $$\vec{V} = u(x,y,z,t) \vec{i} ...
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1answer
132 views

What is the apparent viscosity in shear thinning turbulent flow through a pipe? [duplicate]

The explanation of shear rate in laminar flow is straightforward: We imagine small layers of fluid that glide on each other. Now, in turbulent flow, this does not work as there are no layers. If I ...
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1answer
97 views

Do electromagnetic fields interact with air pressure?

I would like to know whether electric and magnetic fields interact with air pressure. Do changes in magnitude or direction of such fields increase or decrease the air pressure in a given volume of ...
2
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1answer
83 views

Can I express the heat flow of a fluid in terms of estabilshed characteristics of the velocity distribution?

If $\rho$ is the mass density of a fluid and $A({\bf v})$ is an function of the velocity, which is distributed according to $f({\bf v})$, we have an averaging process $A\mapsto \langle A\rangle:=\int ...
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4answers
202 views

Reynolds Number

We know that the Reynolds Number is $R_e=\frac{\rho vd}{\eta}$ ($\rho$ density, $v$ velocity, $d$ diameter and $\eta$ the viscosity of fluid). We also know that an ideal fluid has no viscosity which ...
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4answers
615 views

Can air bubbles sink at extreme depths? [duplicate]

I was thinking earlier about air bubbles in water. if you had a bubble of air (say in a balloon) then as you take it down in water the bubble shrinks because of the pressure and because it is ...
2
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2answers
152 views

The criteria for potential flow theory

I am learning aerodynamics. In this course a potential flow is denoted that a flow in which the rotation is zero everywhere. But the book told me that we can add vortex into a flow field, and we can ...
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1answer
86 views

What is the linearized form of relativistic hydrodynamics?

What I'm looking for: Let $\vec{W}$ be the vector of conserved variables for a 1-dimensional, adiabatic, (special) relativistic, electrically neutral fluid. (Yes, something that simple!) I'm looking ...
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1answer
266 views

Difference resultant aerodynamics force on an airfoil and a flat plate

From basic airfoil theory the following free body diagram can be determined for a two dimensional asymmetric airfoil: Here the direction of the resultant force is governed by the geometry of the ...
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0answers
57 views

Fluid mechanics Grashoff number

When I derived the Grashof number (for natural convection at a vertical plate) starting with the ratio of buoyancy forces to viscous forces, I realized that I had set the Reynolds number to 1 (ie I ...
3
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1answer
513 views

What's the shear rate in a turbulent flow?

The explanation of shear rate in laminar flow is straightforward: We imagine small layers of fluid that glide on each other. Now, in turbulent flow, this does not work as there are no layers. I'm not ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Why does cornstarch and water mixed together become solid when put under stress? [duplicate]

Here is one of the many videos on youtube showing how a cornstarch and water mixture can become very hard when put under stress. I haven't found a good explanation of why it behaves the way it does. ...
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3answers
345 views

Steady isothermal flow of an ideal gas

So I have a steady isothermal flow of an ideal gas through a smooth duct (no frictional losses) and need to compute the mass flow rate (per unit area) as a function of pressures at any two different ...
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1answer
158 views

Why does the specific thrust of an ideal turbojet drop with increasing compressor pressure ratio?

As the pressure ratio increases in an ideal turbojet (fixed flight Mach number), the specific thrust, $\frac{F}{\dot{m_{air}}}$ rises, reaches a peak for small pressure ratios and then starts to ...
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1answer
284 views

Where do the equations for resistive force come from?

I've been watching MIT's Walter Lewin physics lectures. In lecture 12, Lewin pulls, out of nowhere, a couple of equations regarding resistive/drag forces in fluids: $$\begin{align} \vec{F_{res}} ...
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92 views

Plotting Dividing Streamline

I'm trying to plot just the dividing streamline of a flow on Maple. I have the complex potential $$\Omega(z)=Uz+\frac{m}{2\pi}ln(z)$$ with Stream function $$\psi(r,\theta)=Ur\sin\theta + ...
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66 views

What field of physics play a major role in water pipe function [closed]

Background: I'm a legal MMJ patient and I've been looking into water pipers/bongs recently. I understand that this question can be a little controversial but where I live this is all legal as long as ...
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0answers
64 views

Streamlines tangent to velocity vector

As from the title, I'm not too sure how they are related. Definition is that streamlines are instantaneously tangential to the velocity vector of the field. Why would a streamline that shows direction ...
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2answers
434 views

A question on Bernoulli's principle

Which is more appropriate regarding Bernoulli's principle fast moving air causes low pressure or lower pressure causes fast moving air.
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1answer
101 views

Vector analysis query [closed]

I cannot understand how and why those two expressions are coming (the ones I have highlighted). Please explain.
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1answer
82 views

liquid polymers of high molecular weight

We often see a limit of melting point as a function of polymer chain length. Polyethlyene tops at about 190C, and polyethlyene glycol saturates at only 67C no matter how long the chain is: ...
5
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1answer
124 views

The Mysterious Reverb in a Jar of Hair Gel

I have a small jar filled with hair styling gel (or, as it calls itself: Ultra Gel-Wax). The jar is cylindrical(with the height being less than the width), has an unscreweable lid and is made of ...
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0answers
42 views

Cauchy's Second Law of Motion understanding

I'm told that Cauchy's Second law of motion is $$\tau_{ik} ~=~ \tau_{ki}.$$ Now my notes don't go into great details for simplicity sake, but they mention that the order of magnitude of body force ...
5
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1answer
148 views

Boiling noodles

Last week I did an expermient which goes as follows, I boiled some amount of water, and then put in a small piece from an uncooked thread of noodle, first of all it went right down to the bottom of ...
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2answers
131 views

How does the curve ball drag air around it?

In cricket or baseball there is a type of ball called the curve ball. This is the top spin of the ball.I read that due to spin the ball drags the air around it due to friction in the way shown ...
2
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1answer
178 views

Pressure difference in water tanks at different heights

Suppose there are two tanks(airtight) fully filled with water.one is kept on top of a ten storey building and one on top of a twenty storeyed one.They are NOT interconnected.Will there be a pressure ...
2
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0answers
18 views

Regarding formulation of a multipoint model of fluid dynamics

Suppose I am trying to formulate a multipoint model of fluid dynamics. I have a procedure for doing so the details of which is not important to this question, but only that it is based on a series ...
3
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3answers
448 views

Dyson Air Blade as a propulsion system?

I've read from many sources that Dyson Air Multipliers are more efficient and quieter than normal fans. Now, with the proof of concept, is it possible to use its principles as a propulsion system for, ...
4
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1answer
155 views

Speed of sound in non-newtonian fluids

Recently I saw some videos of non-newtonian (shear-thickening) fluids like corn starch mixed with water(sometimes known as oobleck), where the fluid is placed on top of a speaker cone and starts to ...