The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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172 views

Distance traveled by a water jet

I helped my kid in a science fair project, where we punctured holes in a water bottle at various heights and then measured the distance traveled by the water jets before they hit the ground. The ...
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1answer
9k views

Calculation of pressure from flow rate of water

Anybody kindly help me to find how to calculate pressure in bar from flow rate. I have a pipe and from that I am transferring water at a constant flow rate of 5ml/min. At this flow rate, with a 0.5 cm ...
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1answer
27 views

Monoatomic fluids and free space around atoms

In monoatomic fluids the atoms can move quite freely around each other. Is there any thermodynamic/statistical mechanic equation how much free space there is between the atoms? This has to be ...
7
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0answers
140 views

Could Navier-Stokes equation be derived directly from Boltzmann equation?

I know how to derive Navier-Stokes equations from Boltzmann equation in case where bulk and viscosity coefficients are set to zero. I need only multiply it on momentum and to integrate it over ...
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5answers
14k views

How effective is speeding?

At a simple level, speeding in a car attempts to minimize the time required to travel a distance by utilizing the basic relationship: $$d=st$$ So for a given distance, time should be inversely ...
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1answer
73 views

Boat Hull Drag in Shallow Water

I paddle several different types of small craft in the ocean and bays near my home. One phenomenon I've observed is beyond my understanding of drag on a narrow displacement hull. When paddling in ...
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2answers
68 views

Do rotating non-circular projectiles also experience Magnus lift?

The Magnus effect has been studied on spherical projectiles such as golf balls, tennis balls, and soccer balls. The backspin of a golf ball leads to Magnus lift that opposes gravity, thus allowing the ...
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1answer
87 views

Is Archimedes' principle valid with moving objects?

I was solving a classic application of Archimedes' principle: a body partially submerged that is made to oscillate vertically and perform a simple harmonic oscillations. The equations turn out to be ...
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1answer
112 views

Can an air bubble in a liquid be faster than its terminal velocity

The title says it pretty much. I am wondering if an air bubble in a liquid can move faster (relative to the surrounding liquid) than its terminal velocity?
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74 views
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3k views

Is there an analytical solution for fluid flow in a square duct?

I couldn't find one but assumed it must exist. Tried to find it on the back of an envelope, but got to an ugly differential equation I can't solve. I'm assuming a square duct of infinite length, ...
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2answers
72 views

What is the pressure of falling water?

Imagine a breaking wave 10m high. The wave breaks onto a beach. What is the maximum pressure created by the wave on the beach, ignoring effects such as might be cause by air?
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1answer
76 views

What is the physical origin of acoustic modes in a duct?

Lets deal with wave propagation in a cylindrical duct. We ask the question: "what is the general form of a pressure wave which can propagate through the duct?" In answering this, we assume that the ...
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1answer
47 views

Limits for the linear wave equation

In acoustics and continuum mechanics the following wave equation (for Speed of Sound $c$) for the pressure field $p$ is well-known: $\partial_t \partial_t p = c^2 \Delta p$. This wave equation can be ...
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2answers
95 views

Ice when melted at zero gravity [closed]

I wish to know the behavior of ice at zero gravity, how ice will behave when melted at g=0? Thanks
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3answers
5k views

Is this really a golden ratio spiral?

In this blog post, I found this picture: There are other similar photos: and Does the water really form golden ratio spiral in such cases? Or is the photo just a provocative example, without ...
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2answers
62 views

How to increase flow rate? [closed]

I am coming up with ideas of how to increase grain (corn, soybeans etc,) flow in a tube. My first idea is to have spiral ribs inside of the tube to create a vortex effect that will allow the grain to ...
2
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4answers
3k views

What is the principle behind centrifugation?

What is the principle behind centrifugation? I understand the idea that you spin something around the centripetal force will cause an apparent force on the spinning system. However I don't quite ...
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0answers
27 views

Are centrifugal fans subject to triboelectric effects, and if so can the increase in charge be predicted and measured?

A centrifugal blower is a device that moves gas, usually under power of an electric motor. The blower housing and impeller may be metallic, but often are made of plastic materials. My question is ...
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1answer
125 views

Vorticity versus Viscosity

For a work project I need to revive my aerodynamics knowledge again. Can somebody help me with the distinction between vorticity and viscosity. If a flow vorticity is not equal to zero, the flow is ...
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0answers
29 views

Are there any in depth superfluid mechanic analyses of spacetime?

Has there been much work done that treats particles as vortexes in a fluid, or dark matter as bubbles in this fluid (bending space in the same way massive particles (vortexes) are observed to do, but ...
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2answers
51 views

Does air density influence a football player's ability to “bend” the ball?

Whilst reading an article on nasa.gov, there was a claim that I found interesting: At higher altitudes, the density r is lower producing a larger radius of curvature and a straighter path. The ...
146
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9answers
23k views

What really allows airplanes to fly?

What aerodynamic effects actually contribute to producing the lift on an airplane? I know there's a common belief that lift comes from the Bernoulli effect, where air moving over the wings is at ...
2
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0answers
26 views

Fluid approximation for inflaton?

In cosmology there is a widely used fluid approximation which applies when the mean free path is very small compared to the scale of observation and then all the properties of stress energy tensor can ...
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0answers
55 views

Why do clouds not fall? [duplicate]

The density difference between the clouds and the atmosphere favours the clouds to fall. Why don't they?
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1answer
28 views

Calculate the pressure required to stop a pipette (or pipe) from dripping [closed]

Suppose that I have a pipette with a length of 10 cm that is filled with water, with a diameter of 1 cm. If it is held vertically, how would I calculate the pressure required to stop any water from ...
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1answer
31 views

Change in radius of a charged bubble

I was thinking about what'd happen to the radius of a bubble, if a charge is uniformly distributed over it. At the beginning, I thought that the bubble would expand, for sure, because of the ...
6
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2answers
136 views

Foam patterns on espresso

When just prepared, an espresso has a thin layer of foam, known as crema, on its surface. As I move my drink from the bar to a table, the motion destroys the homogeneity of the layer, but I've noticed ...
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1answer
39 views

Is, in terms of sound, pouring water in a bottle the analogous of blowing into it?

When we pour some liquid in a closed container, for instance a jar or a bottle, we usually hear two (acoustical) noises: one is the classical turbulent (I guess white) noise, that in my view is ...
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1answer
55 views

Why Benard cells are usually hexagonal?

Solution of equations of convection (hydrodynamics equations in Boussinesq approximation) involves existence of convective cells, so-called Benard cells. They are represented by superposition of ...
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1answer
34 views

Amount of unknown parameters in compressible Euler equations

I'm looking at this page for the compressible Euler equations. To me it seems, in the 1-dimensional case, there should be 3 unknowns: density, velocity, and pressure. This is because the energy $E$ ...
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1answer
67 views

Variance and Intermittency in turbulence

In the turbulent transport of a scalar field, $\Phi$, decomposed into mean and fluctuating components, $\Phi=\left<\Phi\right>+\phi^\prime$, the scalar variance is defined as ...
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1answer
37 views

Tank draining with piston

I am trying to solve a problem which is close to the tank draining (as here Fuel tank draining) but with a piston a the top of the tank which means $p_A$ different of $p_B$. I search the velocity ...
7
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3answers
4k views

Why do non-Newtonian fluids go hard when having a sudden force exerted on them?

You can dip your hands into a bowl of non-Newtonian fluid but if you are to punch it, it goes hard all of a sudden and is more like a solid than anything else. What is it about a non-Newtonian fluid ...
13
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3answers
782 views

How does liquid in a ball affect its rotational acceleration down a ramp?

Suppose we have a shell with mass $M$ and radius $R$. If we let that roll without slipping down a ramp of angle theta to the horizontal, we can easily find the acceleration of the shell the instant ...
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0answers
22 views

The free surface of the wave is a material surface

If we define the free surface by: $F(x,y,t)=y-h(x,t)=0$ Then for this to be a material surface $\frac{DF}{Dt}=0$ on $y=h(x,t)$ However on $y=h(x,t)$, $F=0$, so doesn't this just imply ...
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1answer
54 views

Rate of evaporation of water with mass loss at set temperature and pressure

I have a cylindrical tank with an 'm' amount of water in it. The tank is sealed except through an exhaust with a fan that keeps a lower than atmospheric pressure (but not vacuum) inside the tank. The ...
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0answers
97 views

Static pressure in relation to CFM

I’ve scoured the internet in search of an answer to no avail, so it’s time to ask the experts! My background is more Chemistry and Biology, not Physics, or specifically fluid dynamics, so bear with ...
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2answers
56 views

Eulerian mass conservation on a stream line to Lagrangian mass conservation

if the density of a fluid particle is conserved on a streamline, $$\frac{d\rho}{dt}=0.$$ Why does this mean $$\frac{\partial \rho}{\partial t}+(\mathbf{v}\cdot\nabla)\rho=0$$ is true everywhere? Why ...
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2answers
73 views

Given airplane mass, velocity of air under wing, and a wing area, find velocity of air over wing

I attempted to solve this problem as a tutor for a student and struggled, but want to be convince the professor didn't provide enough information. The problem is essentially: We wish to maintain a ...
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1answer
86 views

Metric inside a sphere of uniform density?

Is an exact solution to Einstein's Field Equations known for the interior of a sphere of uniform density (to approximate a star or planet, for example?)
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8answers
584 views

Why does an ice cube not twirl along when twirling a drink glass?

When you have a drink with an ice cube and twirl the glass, the liquid itself seems to twirl but the ice cube stays roughly in the same place. Why is this?
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2answers
132 views

Backwards airflow in a Venturi tube

When air is flowing through a Venturi tube, it's speed increases at the narrow section. If the airflow is arranged by moving the Venturi tube through calm air, this means air will momentarily flow ...
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1answer
2k views

Fluid in a rotating cylinder

I have been wondering why a fluid in a rotating container has a parabola shape? Is it possible to prove this mathematically?
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0answers
26 views

How can a rotating cylinder produce lift? [duplicate]

In the air, the velocity and angular momentum that causes a force against gravity is lift. How can a rotating cylinder make lift with angular momentum?
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1answer
30 views

Can the fluid volume in a control volume change over time?

For a control volume, am I right in thinking it's just the boundary of the volume that is fixed? The volume of fluid inside the control volume can change, over time?
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0answers
27 views

The velocity of air on an airfoil

They say that velocity of the top layer on an airfoil is higher than the lower layer. But, according to the continuity principle of fluid, the velocity of air is inversely proportional to the surface ...
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1answer
36 views

Does air speed vary in a jet engine axial flow compressor?

Does it get slower and slower after each stage because of the pressure increase? Or does the shrinking of the space after each stage compensate for this and the air speed at the last stage of the ...
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6answers
52k views

Relation between pressure, velocity and area

In a nozzle, the exit velocity increases as per continuity equation $Av=const$ as given by Bernoulli equation (incompressible fluid). Pressure is inversely proportional to velocity, so we have lower ...
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1answer
23 views

How do we force a turbulent fluid to keep the input energy rate equal to energy dissipation rate?

If I want to do a DNS (direct numerical simulation) for turbulent fluid, and I know $\nu$, how can I add an external force so that the input energy rate is equal to the energy dissipation rate? If ...