The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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How do fluids behave in space?

In outer space under absence of any external force (like gravity) can a free liquid develop pressure due to cohesive forces? Will the liquid be in spherical shape and will pressure increase towards ...
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Pressure Variations due to Flow in an Inviscid Fluid

Let's say we have an irrotational, inviscid fluid with steady flow. Then the Bernoulli function (ignoring gravity) $$H=\frac{p}{\rho}+\frac{u^2}{2}$$ is constant everywhere. My notes then make a jump ...
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52 views

How to calculate the speed of a jet of liquid coming out of a nozzle? [closed]

I'm working on a project and i need to calculate speed of a jet falling from a nozzle. But my question is that, is it correct to use $$v=\sqrt{2gh}$$ Or should the speed of the jet be independent ...
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25 views

Period of small oscillations of liquid in a bottle

I have seen that water in a bottle of water when perturbed invariably starts oscillation back and forth, with the shape of the water surface remaining intact. I was wondering if there was any way to ...
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44 views

Fluid flow around a cylinder

For an irrotational, incompressible fluid we can solve Laplace's equation for the velocity potential in a fluid in order to obtain the velocity field. This can be done for flow around a cylinder to ...
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61 views

How does a pop pop boat work?

I have been reading about the pop pop boat on wikipedea. What I don't understand is after the hot water is ejected the vacuume gets created, so when the same amount of water will be sucked in the boat ...
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Why does water pouring from a glass sometimes travel down the side of the glass?

If you have a glass of water, say, three quarters full and you pour it at an angle of say, $45^{\circ}$ with respect to the the table, the water comes out of the glass and goes directly down towards ...
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2answers
91 views

How does a rising bubble take a dome-like shape?

Since I have swam on the swim team for most of my life, I am very familiar with bubbles. I know a raindrop falling through the sky gets its shape because it is the most aerodynamic shape, but how come ...
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How does a table fan work?

In a table fan, the blades move around in circular way and we feel air/wind when sitting on front of it. How does this happen?
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Fluid Dynamics - How does air behave out a window?

I often smoke out a window, and I know that if you're driving a car, the passing air will affect the pressure inside and "suck" out the smoke for instance. But what if you're in a window pane? I have ...
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84 views

Rotation of fluid filled cylinders [closed]

Given two cylinders of same mass , one completely made out of solid metal and the other a hollow one which has been filled with a viscous fluid say oil. Both have the same mass.Now if they are placed ...
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106 views

Fluid filled harmonic oscillator

A vessel (preferably circular) filled with water is accelerating unidirectionally such that the level of water is higher on one end than the other. What I want to know is that if the vessel is ...
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36 views

Do liquids creep from cold to hot like gases?

Consider the U-tube water experiment below with the left red block at 10C and the right red block at 90C. I think the right level will become about 3% higher than the left level simply because hotter ...
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What exactly is the difference between advection and convection?

After reading Wikipedia articles on advection and convection, I still cannot determine whether there is a consensus on a difference between these two terms. Sometimes, the term convection seems to ...
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2answers
226 views

Why does a continuous water stream form ripples when colliding with a surface? [duplicate]

I was in the shower one day washing my hair, and noticed that the water falling off my hair formed perfect streams that ceased to break into droplets for quiet some distance (probably about 5-6 cm). ...
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11 views

How to make glass surfaces with different hydrophobicity level?

I have a number of small glass beads (d= 2.0 mm) and I need to use a method to make the glass surface hydrophobic. How can I create glass beads with different wettability levels (i.e. various contact ...
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4k views

Pouring oil on choppy water to calm it , does it work and if so how?

Near where I live, local fishermen often bring cans of castor oil with them, to calm the water around their boats, if they feel bad weather is due. They claim this method of sea calming works, ...
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1answer
41 views

Self similarity for slowpokes

I am struggling with the concept of self similarity. If I google search, I either find examples that don't explain all too much or detailed explanations that go waaaaay over my head. I've found a ...
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54 views

Application of Bernouli's Theorem

We have to calculate the velocity of efflux in this problem. My issue is, when I apply Bernoulli about the open end of the fluid and a point just outside the orifice, I seem to get a different ...
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423 views

Laminar vs Turbulent flow separataion

(Left is a laminar separation, Right is a turbulent separation) I have been having a bit of trouble understanding this concept. How come the laminar separation involves a much larger wake than the ...
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Why do particles in the molten wax near a burning candle wick get pushed away?

Have a look at this clip I made of my candle burning: I can accept that the molten wax gets sucked into the wick (though not quite sure why: capilary action?). But why does it also seem to get ...
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21 views

Momentum equation in collision of a particle and a droplet

When a solid particle which moves with a constant velocity has a head-on collision with a water droplet, at the exact moment of collision, a sudden decrease happens in particle velocity, and then ...
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48 views

Explanation of the liquid rope coil effect

I was recently introduced to the liquid rope coil effect by this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zz5lGkDdk78 I noticed while the video mentioned the equations governing the motion, it didn't ...
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59 views

Pressure exerted by a liquid on walls of a container (quantitative)

I want to calculate the total pressure exerted by a liquid of density ρ on the walls of a container, say a cylinder, for convenience. $$P = hρg$$ Therefore integrating from $0$ to $h\; ,$ we get : ...
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Stokes' law and settling particle speed

What are the forces that are exerted when a particle is dragged by air flow in a tube and settles within some distance? Does Stokes' law calculate the net force, taking into consideration of all these ...
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10answers
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What really allows airplanes to fly?

What aerodynamic effects actually contribute to producing the lift on an airplane? I know there's a common belief that lift comes from the Bernoulli effect, where air moving over the wings is at ...
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27 views

Lift provided to an aeroplane [duplicate]

We say that aeroplanes find lift due to an effect explained by Bernoulli's theorem. But isn't newton's third law of motion applicable along with Bernoulli's theorem? otherwise, an aeroplane wouldn't ...
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How to calculate the time it takes water to travel 100' [closed]

100 foot of pipe(lets assume it is straight) Diameter of pipe 2" Flow rate at point of entry into pipe and exit 50gpm Temperature of water 100F 50 psi Or stated another way if I was able to ...
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Paper plane between two fans - is this possible?

The setup: two fans facing each other, distance around 1m. Both are turned on. In between them, place a simple paper plane and according to this video, it will fly. ...
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54 views

Unsteady Rankine-Hugoniot relations. Is it applicable?

For a unsteady normal shock moving in a medium, the Rankine-Hugoniot relations can be derived, by converting the problem into a steady by fixing the frame of reference on the shock. This idea is easy ...
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30 views

Is a creeping flow with $u_r \sim \ln r$ physically possible?

I was wondering if it is possible to have a 2D cylindrical flow where the radial velocity scales with $ln (r)$. I understand that a flow with $u_r \sim 1/r$ corresponds to a line source or sink. Also ...
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1answer
96 views

Stationary waves on a laminar liquid flow near collision with a surface [duplicate]

Look at the picture below I know about plateau rayleigh instability. And my opinion is that the reason of this phenomena is plateau rayleigh instability. But there's a question, in the picture ...
6
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916 views

Why doesnt flow of liquid from a orifice depend on atmospheric pressure?

While calculating the velocity of efflux, ie, the velocity of a liquid when it flows from a orifice which is made in a beaker filled with liquid. Since at the orifice, atmospheric pressure acts along ...
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62 views

Pressure and state variable: Difference between compressible and incompressible

My question: If I am simulating compressible fluids, then pressure is a "state-variable" - if incompressible, then not. Could anyone explain the difference :)? Thank you very much.
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Is there something like the Poynting vector for hydraulic circuits?

The Poynting vector is a representation of the energy flux in electromagnetics, showing the amount and direction of power flow at different points in space. In electric circuits, the energy is not ...
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4answers
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How can I understand a Vortex Tube and its efficiency?

A Vortex Tube takes a pressurized input stream, most typically of a gas, and creates two output streams with a temperature differential. Apparently, it has been described as a Maxwell's Demon. Both ...
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kinetic energy of flowing fluid

When a quantity of fluid (let's say equal to volumetric flow rate Litre/s) collides during a second with an object, do all the molecules of this quantity collides with it? I am asking this question ...
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Friction in a fluid

when an object is moving in a fluid(air for example), the air will resist the object's movement: molecules of the air will collide with the surface of the object (no slip condition) and then we will ...
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3answers
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Why sphere minimizes surface area for a given volume?

I was studying surface tension recently. Rain drops or bubbles of any kind which form are always of a spherical shape. This is because the liquid tries to minimize the surface area as the molecules ...
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39 views

Need to know height of wave generated by spherical object falling into water [duplicate]

Working with an architect at present.I need to know the height of wave/ripple that would be created by a spherical object weighing approximately 10 tonnes and measuring 42 metres in diameter falling ...
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Modeling Fluid Flow

I could really use some assistance. How would I go about trying to use Maple in order to model flow of a fluid through objects? For a rough example, such as entering an enterance of a maze and exiting ...
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Kinetic energy of fluid + collision

When a fluid is flowing, it has of course a kinetic energy and thus we can define kinetic power equal to ρAv v is the velocity and A is the surface of a solid for example. I have a question (maybe it ...
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4answers
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What is the minimum pressure of a medium for which a sound wave can exist?

At what pressure will be particles in a medium be unable to form a sound wave when disturbed? How can this pressure be described mathematically? My guess is that this would correspond to the point at ...
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Water container insulation? [closed]

If I had a 2 gallon aluminum rectangular box (quarter inch wall) full of water and had it enclosed in a thin walled aluminum shell with a quarter inch spacing which would give the best insulation ...
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38 views

Is there a conclusive correlation between viscosity and surface tension?

I'm working on a project and I need to know if the viscosity effects on the surface tension or not?
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52 views

Can u explain below diagram is possible or not [closed]

If I takes 3 balloons with same size they r connected with same thred frist end have 2 balloons and second end have 1 balloon I put same manner as shown in diagram then frist end is gos up or not or ...
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18 views

How to measure the surface tension of a liquid in contact with air? [closed]

I've used some ways to reduce the surface tension of water in contact with air ( like adding oil or electrifying the water or .... ) but now I've a question. How can measure the surface tension of ...
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255 views

How to reduce surface tension of water?

I'm working on a project and I need to reduce the surface tension of water. I want you to tell me a way in order to reduce surface tension of water except changing the temperature.
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Numerical problem on Viscosity [closed]

A horizontal tube of radius $1\ \mathrm{mm}$ and length $40 \ \mathrm{cm}$ is connected to the bottom of a cubical tank of sides $100\ \mathrm{cm}$ containing water of viscosity $0.01 \ ...
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assumptions about sound waves

When deriving the sound wave equation: $${1 \over c^2} {\partial^2 p' \over \partial t^2 }= \Delta^2 p' $$ by linearizing the Euler equation: $$\rho {d v \over dt }= - \nabla p $$ and the continuity ...