The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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Can one model a spiral galaxy with a similar manifold to one for a whirlpool?

My question is more of a phenomenological question than literal, since the forces involved are very different. When one looks at the distortions (or wrinkles or whatever you wish to call them) in the ...
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1answer
100 views

Predicting balls's movement in well due to fluid flow

I am a total newbie in fluid dynamics. In one of my experiments/open project, my experiment setup is as below: a small ball sits in a circular well (has mass density a bit heavier than water), with ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Is placing a heater in the coldest part of a room the most efficient place to put it?

I've noticed that stores blow hot air in a "sheet" by doors and windows, which is "where cold air enters". I assume they do this because it saves money and/or keeps the store a uniform temperature. ...
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685 views

How much heat from a fire actually warms your home?

A fire in a hearth disperses heat to, I guess, three places: the bricks of the chimney out the hearth (where the person tending the fire is standing) out the chimney, above the house How would you ...
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186 views

Particles scattering on fluids: breakdown of the effective continuum description

When does the macroscopic continuum description of a medium like a fluid break down? Say I'm interested in a scattering process of some particles with momentum $p$ and energy $E$ off a fluid of ...
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1answer
939 views

What is the roaring in a roaring fire?

I was just starting a barbecue fire by blowing on the smouldering coals when I realised I had no idea what the sound was actually caused by. I can make the sound by blowing at almost any flame I can ...
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1answer
27 views

Making water spin a wheel [closed]

Let's say that I have a wheel with 8 symmetric arranged rectangular plates of area $A$ and the water, with density $\rho$, in the river it moves with $v\: \mathrm{m/s}$. How do I calculate the ...
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1answer
34 views

How do you work out the energy requirement for a submerged pump?

I was wondering if you were to place a pump in a submerged container and then were to open a hatch allowing water to flood the previously vacant cavity how much energy would be required to discharge ...
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50 views

Boundary conditions of stream function

I have to do an problem about solving numerically the flow that goes under an airfoil. The airfoil has a flap deployed downwards and I need to solve the mesh that it's under the airfoil. I have drawn ...
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13 views

How do we force a turbulent fluid to keep the input energy rate equal to energy dissipation rate?

If I want to do a DNS (direct numerical simulation) for turbulent fluid, and I know $\nu$, how can I add an external force so that the input energy rate is equal to the energy dissipation rate? If ...
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1answer
44 views

Pressure coefficient on fluid mechanics

I have to solve numerically a fluid mechanics problem. I have an airfoil with a flap deployed downwards, under the airfoil I have set a mesh with some nodes. I have already computed stream function ...
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4answers
3k views

Polar vs non-polar fluid

In the book "Vectors, Tensors, and the Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics" by Rutherford Aris I read the following: If the fluid is such that the torques within it arise only as the moments of ...
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Effect of water pressure on sinking objects

As I understand, water pressure increases as we go towards bottom of the ocean. So if an object* is thrown into water and it starts sinking with some speed, does the sinking object's acceleration ...
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1answer
139 views

Movement of a cylinder filled with water

Not long ago I was pretty bored at a dinner and I started playing with a water bottle that was not empty: I've been quite interested in its behavior when putted on its side and pushed: the bottle of ...
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0answers
104 views

Why (and how) do foods stick to a pan?

We all (sooner or later) have noticed that foods relatively high in protein (especially those low in fat) are very prone to sticking to a pan, or in general to any non-specially-coated metal surface. ...
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4answers
573 views

How is wind created?

I know that 'blowing air is called wind', but what I don't know is, how is wind created? And I don't want the answer from Google Search. I want to know more about wind at the atomic or molecular ...
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1answer
92 views

Relationship between Connection and Material Derivative

Suppose $D\subset \Bbb R^3$ contains a fluid and that $f : D\times \mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ is a time dependent function defined on the fluid region. In that case, the material derivative is defined ...
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2answers
94 views

Force needed to push a syringe plunger: does one add force associated with downstream back-pressure to frictional plunger force?

I am trying to figure out how much force $F$ is needed to push a syringe plunger. The plunger needs to overcome the friction force $F_1$ and (a much smaller) inertia force $F_2=ma$, giving the total ...
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1answer
42 views

Jets of equal height from a pipe [on hold]

Lets say I have a pump that delivers some flow and pressure to a horizontal pipe with holes at different location. Let's say L=0.5 m, 1m, 2m etc... The question is: What should the diameters of these ...
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2answers
110 views

Flow velocity out of a pipe

For a compressible homoentropic gas is the flow velocity out of the pipe the same as the velocity into the pipe?
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85 views

How to compute volume flow rate of water being sucked up in a straw?

If I know the pressure on one side of the straw (atmospheric) and the pressure inside the mouth, can I compute the volume flow rate? This is first disregarding the transient rise and fall and only ...
3
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1answer
105 views

How do simple bird waterers work?

I made a simple bird waterer made from two 1.25L PET bottles. Let's call these two bottles the reservoir and the tray. Setup The tray is a bottle with the top cut off to leave only the bottom ...
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1answer
195 views

Fluids in thermodynamic equlibrium

I am reading about the Euler equations of fluid dynamics from Leveque's Numerical Methods for Conservation Laws (Amazon link). After introducing the mass, momentum and energy equations, some ...
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3answers
496 views

Why $\log \rho$ in the continuity equation?

I just saw the continuity equation, in a manuscript, written as $$\frac{\partial \log \rho }{\partial t} + \vec v \cdot \nabla \log \rho= - \nabla \cdot \vec v.$$ Now, just calculating the derivatives ...
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4answers
98 views

Can the weight of a bird be measured, considering air friction? [duplicate]

Assume that a bird of mass 1.5 kg is held in a box at height 500m and this setup is placed on a weighing machine. Now, the bird starts to hover in the box pushing the air downwards, and is at a ...
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3answers
4k views

When water climbs up a piece of paper, where is the energy coming from?

Take a glass of water and piece of toilet paper. If you keep the paper vertical, and touch the surface of the water with the tip of the paper, you can see the water being absorbed and climbing up the ...
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1answer
138 views

Physical Meaning of Divergence of Convective Velocity Term

When taking the divergence of the convective velocity term, I get the following: \begin{align} \nabla\cdot\left[\mathbf u\cdot\nabla\mathbf u\right]&=\frac{\partial}{\partial ...
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2answers
768 views

How deep is the Great Red Spot?

The Great Red Spot (GRS) is a very persistent storm system that's easily visible through a telescope on the surface of Jupiter. But what is the three-dimensional structure of the GRS, and how deep ...
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2answers
311 views

Can cannonballs go through water?

In the recent Spielberg/Jackson Tintin movie, there is a scene where Red Rackham and Captain Haddock's ships are fighting, and cannons are fired. The cannonball is shown at one point to go through a ...
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3answers
2k views

Why does pressure act as a source for the gravitational field?

I'm asking for a qualitative explanation if there is one. My own answer doesn't work. I would have guessed it's because when a gas has pressure the kinetic energy adds to the rest mass of a given ...
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1answer
76 views

How high will the Ball Jump? [closed]

A small ball of density $\rho$ is immersed in a liquid of density $\sigma$, ($\sigma>\rho$) to the depth $h$ and released. How can we find the height above surface of the liquid up to which the ...
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0answers
25 views

Value of Pressure Gradient in a static Fluid [closed]

How can we prove that the value of Pressure Gradient in the horizontal direction represented by $\frac{\partial p}{\partial z}=-dg$ ; { $z$ direction is vertically upwards and $d$ is the density of ...
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1answer
28 views

Does gravity affect water permeability?

Suppose I have an approximately rectangular prism composed entirely of folded paper. If I place 600lbs on top of these rectangular sheets of paper, the paper should compress. How does this affect ...
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1answer
3k views

Why do some carbonated drinks fizz more than others?

Wired magazine ran an article this month on carbonation in soft drinks. If all soft drinks are manufactured effectively identically, why do some types fizz more than others? For example, root beer ...
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1answer
38 views

Viscosity and Flow

I have a system with a fairly viscous fluid, 70,000 cP. The flow is induced by applying pressure to a plunger via compressed air. The error in viscosity for this material is +- 15% which can be ...
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12 views

Argument for stability of journal bearing via inertial and viscous forces?

As I understand a journal bearing, a rotor is levitated by hydraulic forces from the lubricant. While these are lots of studies on this subject, I can't manage to find a paper that coherently breaks ...
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3answers
3k views

Emptying a bottle faster by swirl

A moment ago, I was emptying bottles filled with water (2 liters) that are on the terrace of my house. As I did so I remembered something I saw on TV a some time ago (I don't remember when or where or ...
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1answer
43 views

Where can I get fluidics components?

Many years ago people were interested in developing fluidic circuits, i.e. circuits that are analogous to electric ones but that use fluids rather than electricity. It used to be possible to buy ...
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1answer
15 views

Conservation Equations forming a Determinate Set

I was reading "molecular gas dynamics" by Bird and came across the the statement that For conservation equations to form a determinate set shear stress and heat flux must be expressed in terms of ...
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19 views

Would a solid inside of a parcel moving due to buoyancy be affected by Bernoulli's Principle?

If a parcel (or column) of hot air were rising due to buoyancy and an extremely light solid were to be inside of this parcel (rising with it), would Bernoulli's effect cause the solid to stay inside ...
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1answer
51 views

Do de Laval nozzles have to be asymmetric?

All pictures of de Laval nozzles I've seen have an hourglass shape where the convergent section is shorter than the divergent section. Is this necessary to attain supersonic exhaust velocities, or ...
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48 views

Books on experimental methods, fluid mechanics related

I need some good books on experimental methods, requirements are: Fluid mechanics related; Thermal, multi-phase etc. topics should be covered; Traditional methods are good, but it would be greater ...
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27 views

Bernoulli and ideal flows

The question states that there is a permanent source of liquid at the bottom of a given reservoir and I need to find the maximum elevation of the liquid surface given two cases: $1.$ a straight narrow ...
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1answer
28 views

Enstrophy and energy spectral density of vorticity

I'm processing some flow field data obtained by PIV for a turbulent jet with the intention of using the energy spectral density (ESD) function to say something about the processes going on. I'm ...
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1answer
57 views

Does angular momentum of our planetary spin explain the natural 'log e' explanation (the spiral pattern) of my fossil gastropod collection? [closed]

If so, where is the momentum conserved? Any shell may shatter if from a recent land or sea shell. Is a fossil the same way, just waiting for decompression?
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1answer
66 views

Orientation of large water drops break-up

I have observed that if you pour small globs of water from a considerable height (let's say more than 20 meters), the globs will break up. This is not surprising at all since the amount of water ...
4
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3answers
9k views

What is the physical meaning of diffusion coefficient?

In Fick's first law, the diffusion coefficient is velocity, but I do not understand the two-dimensional concept of this velocity. Imagine that solutes are diffusing from one side of a tube to another ...
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1answer
373 views

Why does your car lurch toward an oncoming truck as it passes you?

I notice that the larger the truck the greater the magnitude of the lurch. Can anyone give a physical explanation to this?
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4answers
2k views

Define Pressure at A point. Why is it a Scalar?

I have a final exam tomorrow for fluid mechanics and I was just looking over the practice exam questions. They do not provide solutions. But pretty much I have to define pressure at a point and also ...
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1answer
34 views

Sum of velocity fields

In hydrodynamics the for a non-viscous flow the velocity (and density) fields are given by the continuity and Euler equations: $$\rho\frac{\partial \vec{v}}{\partial ...