The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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Computing the force generated by a sail on a boat

This is a follow up question to the question I asked yesterday: Problem understanding basic sail mechanics I am focusing purely on the Newtonian aspect of motion and I am computing this as follows:...
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1answer
34 views

Viscous fluid boundary condition

Consider an incompressible viscous fluid of kinematic viscosity $ν$ , dynamic viscosity $µ$ and density $ρ$ . A viscous boundary layer is located over a solid surface at $y = 0$ and $x > 0$. The flow ...
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82 views

Bernoullis in Parallel pipes

Im having trouble with a scenario where a flow 𝑄𝑆𝑡𝑎𝑟𝑡 splits into two parallel pipes 𝑄𝐴 and 𝑄𝐵 then rejoins 𝑄𝐸𝑛𝑑 before exiting the control volume what makes this scenario difficult is ...
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3answers
863 views

Will this type of engine produce thrust?

I was wondering that if we replace the combustion chambers in a jet engine with heaters heating the compressed air up to temperature near to plasma then what will be the case, will it produce any kind ...
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1answer
41 views

Newton and Stokes regime in settling velocity

Can you tell me please the differences between Newtonian and Stokes regime in settling velocities of particles in moving fluids? I know that Newtonian applies to higher Reynolds numbers. Does that ...
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6answers
2k views

Why is a beam reach the fastest point of sail on modern sailboats?

I've heard that a beam reach (perpendicular to the wind) is the fastest point of sail on modern sailboats, but I haven't heard a satisfying explanation of the physics behind the claim. Triangular ...
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1answer
37 views

Finding boundary condition of stationary solid body

A fluid flows past a stationary solid body of arbitrary shape. Write down the boundary condition on the fluid velocity $\textbf u$ for an inviscid fluid and for a viscous fluid, at the solid surface. We ...
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1answer
31 views

Pressure drop through a flat vs. pleated filter

Consider two identical pipes where two identical air flows take place. The pipes are "obstructed" by two filters made of the same fabric, one flat, the other pleated as shown in the following picture. ...
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70 views

Time Scales Of Processes In Molecular Dynamics

Suppose I run a molecular dynamics simulation of a fluid sandwiched between solid walls which are periodic in the lateral directions and finite in the direction of the fluid film thickness. Now, I ...
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1answer
66 views

Why is it easier to remove stains with water?

And I don't mean stain removers, but literally tap water. See here's the thing, you can't remove a stain without some sort of friction, and water reduces friction. Yet if I say, spill some coffee and ...
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18 views

Water Jet scenario [duplicate]

So I have a question I came across that goes along the lines of Water is discharged from a 20 mm diameter nozzle to the atmosphere. The water jet leaves the nozzle with a velocity of 12 m/s and is ...
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66 views

Dispersion Relation for Convective Wave Equation

The convective wave equation governs the propagation of sound in the presence of mean flow: $$ \frac{D^2p'}{Dt^2}-\bar{c}^2\nabla^2p'=0 $$ or, expanded out: $$ \frac{\partial^2p'}{\partial t^2}+2\...
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Physical Meaning of Over- / Underdetermined Acoustic Eigenvalue Problem

I am performing an eigenmode study on a system of acoustic ducts. The system consists of two large cylindrical volumes connected by several smaller cylindrical volumes (modeling a combustion chamber ...
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2answers
63 views

Rotational and irrotational flow

Can a rotational flow take place if there is no viscosity? If yes then will it always be rotational or will it become irrotational after some time?
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2answers
92 views

How do ceiling fans cool or heat?

Why does a ceiling fan blowing air downward cool in the summertime: whereas a ceiling fan sucking air upwards heats in the wintertime: ? Why isn't it the other way around?
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0answers
14 views

Three-dimensional centrifugal instability and the Rayleigh critertion

Lord Rayliegh postulated that for a two-dimensional symmetric swirling flow, a three-dimensional instability may occur if the angular momentum magnitude decreases in the radial direction with respect ...
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2answers
21 views

How relevant are Reynolds number and flow regime in very small tubing at very low flow rates?

I know that in bigger pipes, Reynolds number and the dominant flow regime can be important in further decisions. Now, I have an application with tubing of about 0.5 mm in diameter and a flow rate of ...
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1answer
522 views

Is a venturi pump feasible at very low pressure?

I need assistance (or experience feedback) in estimating if a Venturi pump would work at low pressure. A boiler under vacuum (10% atmosphere) will produce steam (at a given speed depending on the ...
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0answers
22 views

Contact Angle In Capillary

One Professor recently told me that in an insufficient length capillary, the contact angle doesn't change, its an inherent property which does not change. If the edges of capillary are extremely sharp ...
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1answer
54 views

Pressure required for gas to flow through an orifice

Imagine I have an upside-down cone, which is filled with a gas - let's say it is air. At the bottom of this cone is an extremely small hole (a few microns in diameter). How do I go about calculating ...
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1answer
41 views

acceleration of water when it travels through garden hose

How to derive average acceleration of water as it travels through nozzle of garden hose. Suggest some assumptions for better understanding
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2answers
52 views

How can pressure and velocity fluctuations in acoustic plane waves be in phase and still hold to the B.C. that velocity must be zero at a solid wall?

In linear plane-wave acoustics (no mean flow, small perturbations, etc.), it is often derived that the phase of a traveling pressure fluctuation wave and a fluctuation velocity wave are the same. For ...
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1answer
50 views

Working Out Shaft Torque in a Stirred Tank with a Cylindrical Cavern Formation (using a non Newtonian fluid)

Here is some background to the problem (in a stirred tank): "With yield stress non-Newtonian (viscoplastic) fluids, it is possible to generate an agitated volume around the impeller, defined as a ...
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1answer
23 views

How does gas friction emerge?

The fluid parcel model states that a gas can be modelled as the sum of infinitesimal small parcels. According to this model, the friction of a gas with a solid surface (e.g. the wall of a pipe) ...
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29 views

Rotating droplet of liquid

I'm interested in the fluid dynamics of a spherical droplet of liquid whose surface is forced to rotate at a constant velocity. I'm interested in either steady-state solutions (the internal flow ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does a container with fluid make different sounds at different fluid levels?

Have you ever noticed that when you are filling a container with fluid. As it approaches the top, it makes a different sound? You can tell by listening when your about to reach the top. Why is this?
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1answer
56 views

Water Moving Through Coffee Grinds

Like many of my peers, I rely on coffee as if it were prescribed to me. It might even be classified as an addiction if it weren't for the cultural norms surrounding a cup of coffee or tea in the ...
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0answers
36 views

Why would oscillation of a gas column inhibit rather than promote mixing?

Many years ago I helped to support an experiment conducted in Japan which investigated the effects of high frequency oscillation ventilation (HFOV) on the mixing and distribution of gas into the lungs....
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2answers
72 views

How to stop water flow in a siphon?

I have assembled a small DIY drip-irrigation system for my terrace garden. Please have a look at the attached image. I switch on a small pump to start the drip-irrigation system and then switch it off....
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5answers
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1answer
24 views

Effect of wall friction on stagnation pressure and temperature

We have incompressible air flowing through a cylindrical pipe, from section A to section B. The process is considered to be stationary. My theory book says that, because of the frictional losses on ...
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1answer
483 views

Non-linear waves and shock formation

In the cases of non-linear acoustics, why is shock formation unlikely when the dispersion is strong when compared to the non-linearity of the wave?
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1answer
52 views

Can drag force and lift force be in the same direction in the following case?

In the attached picture, can I say that there is a lift force in the Y-direction, and a drag force too in the same Y-direction? $F_L$ proportional to $V_fx^2$ ? $F_D$ proportional to $V_py^2$ ? Is ...
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2answers
75 views

Intuitive explanation for lower pressure above airfoil

From Bernoulli's principle we know for an incompressible fluid (constant density $\rho$) in a gravitational potential $\psi=gz$, that we can state the equation along a streamline from point 1 to point ...
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2answers
44 views

Entropy and vacuums

If I have a vacuum (completely devoid of any particles; Q.M. effects aside), then turn a nozzle and let a gas freely expand into the vacuum, will I have increased the entropy of the vacuum? I get ...
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3answers
57 views

Is drag force in the direction of particle motion or opposite to motion?

Suppose water is flowing in horizontal direction (positive $x$-direction) and a particle immersed in that water is also moving in the same direction. In this case, is the drag force $F_D$ in the ...
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1answer
42 views

effect of opening the barrier between a tube with one side pressurized and the other side a vacuum

What would happen when a tube with an air space pressurized to 500 atm by the water exerted at 5 km below the surface was opened into a vacuum chamber rising up 5 km to the surface? The bottom of the ...
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1answer
33 views

Trouble understanding a formula in Turbulence

I'm very new to turbulence.I'm reading this book on "Turbulence: An introduction for scientist and Engineers" by Davidson. I came across this formula for energy dissipation. This is in chapter one. I ...
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1answer
54 views

Physics behind blowing soap bubbles

Is it possible, using the surface tension of a soap bubble, to calculate the maximum pressure (created by the air flow) it can withstand while still attached to the orifice to prevent it from bursting?...
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3answers
107 views

Physical explanation of Pascal’s Law

I have a problem with physical explanation of Pascal’s Law. For example, when I was teaching my sister (a high school student) about force transmitting by a rope, I said her: “In a very simplified ...
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2answers
27 views

Probability of Millikan's drop gaining or losing charge during the experiment

I performed Millikan's experiment with latex drops. I did not get the "step graph" that I wanted (though the precision of the experiment was really bad as seen in the figure). My first drop is ...
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1answer
43 views

Fluid Mechanics: Stream Function for Axisymmetric flow

I have problem in understanding the result of stream function in Axisymmetric 3D flow: I know that the result is (for spherical coordinates): $$u_r=\frac{1}{r^2sin\theta}\frac{\partial\psi}{\partial\...
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4answers
270 views

What is the real cause of the boiling (forming of bubbles) of water?

I've got a question about the boiling of water. I'm a first year physics student and from the Netherlands. I've searched alot about the boiling of water and this confused me. Everyone said something ...
7
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1answer
204 views

Navier-Stokes Energy Equation

I've been assigned (for homework in a mathematical modelling course) the task of deriving the Navier-Stokes energy equation in one space dimension: Consider a fluid flowing through a cylindrical ...
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2answers
46 views

Hourglass fluid mechanics issue with Bernoulli's equation

I know that I'm thinking about this problem wrong, but I've been pondering it for a while and can't understand something. On my fluid mech. exam I had a problem that asked to determine the radius of ...
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1answer
21 views

How would an increase in temperature affect ooblek's (non newtonian fluid) viscosity?

Due to the fact that Ooblek (cornstarch and water), contains so much water and from what I understand it is non newtonian due to the particles suspended in it, would it therefore be correct to say ...
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1answer
53 views

can water falling/running down in pipe cause suction capable of creating a continuous flow

can water falling under gravity create suction force and if so, how much force..if i put a huge strong tank on top of a hill and on top there is a tap connected to a huge body, then i put a another ...
2
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1answer
200 views

Bernoulli Equation for isentropic ideal gas flow

If one derives the Bernoulli Equation for the isentropic ideal gas flow you get: $$ \frac{1}{2}v^2 + g z + \left(\frac{\kappa}{\kappa -1} \right) \frac{p}{\rho} = const. $$ Two questions: Is ...
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0answers
49 views

A question about droplets formation

This picture shows a fuel ejector of a diesel engine that propels ships. When the fuel line pressure exceeds 380 bars, the tension of the spring is overcomed and fuel is ejected into the combustion ...
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2answers
301 views

Explanation of the waves on the water planet in the movie Interstellar?

We will ignore some of the more obvious issues with the movie and assume all other things are consistent to have fun with some of these questions. Simple [hopefully] Pre-questions: 1) If the water ...