The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

10
votes
6answers
669 views

Tsunami dampening mechanisms

Encouraged by the zeitgeist let me ask the following: Is it feasible (now or in the future) to build systems a certain distance of a vulnerable coastline which can serve to dampen a tsunami before it ...
3
votes
2answers
336 views

Mixed conductive and convective heat transfer

I want to make a finite element analysis of a cold airflow through warmer pipes. In particular I want to see how the pipes cool down and the air heats up, as it travels through the pipes. Wich are the ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How far will water squirt out from a hole in a can?

Say you have a bottle of water filled up to a height H. A small hole is drilled in its side at a height d, so that water squirts out. The squirting water travels in an arc as it falls, covering some ...
5
votes
2answers
570 views

Strange behavior and motion of bubbles in a glass of beer

Very unintuitive observation: I pour myself a Guinness and the bubbles in my glass seem to move down toward the bottom of the glass instead of rising directly to the top of the glass as foam. How ...
9
votes
2answers
997 views

The Galileo thermometer: why do the bubbles float in the middle of the tube?

If the water were uniform temperature, it would have uniform density, so a bubble should either be all the way at the top (if it's lighter than water) or all the way at the bottom (if heavier). But in ...
3
votes
2answers
721 views

Reynolds number, turbulence regime, and drag force

I am trying to model a system in which cubes of about 2 cm in size are floating in a circular water thank of about 30 cm in diameter. The cubes move around under the influence of the fluid flow ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Pressure vs wind speed, on a rectangular surface

How do I go about finding the pressure exerted on a rectangular surface in a free flowing air stream? I wouldn't imagine that this is directly related to the airspeed / surface area, but have no idea ...
1
vote
0answers
283 views

Creating the proper suction

I'm a bit rusty on my fluid dynamics. I'm experimenting with creating my own leaf vacuum. How would I determine how much suction a fan creates? Bernoulli's equation would apply correct? I would ...
12
votes
1answer
345 views

Why is there a breakdown in Kolmogorov scaling in turbulence?

Why is there a breakdown of Kolmogorov scaling in turbulence? What causes intermittency?
3
votes
1answer
175 views

What keeps the sugar suspended in the tea?

At room temperature.... How long will the sugar stay suspended once dissolved ? What governs the rate of settling ? What part does Brownian motion play ? Sugar might be a bad example...please ...
6
votes
1answer
495 views

Viscosity/Entropy ratio and unitary evolution in quantum gravity

Calculations of the shear viscosity of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), observed in heavy ions collisions, are performed via the AdS/CFT correspondence [ref1]. One finds that the shear viscosity of the ...
5
votes
1answer
610 views

Scale dependence of energy dissipation in viscous flow via AdS/CFT

The famous AdS/CFT calculation of the shear viscosity/entropy ratio for strongly coupled $N=4$ SYM relates the shear viscosity to the absorption cross section for fluctuations of the metric onto a ...
6
votes
2answers
346 views

Why is the answer to this diffusion example unintuitive?

Imagine a linear decrease in concentration from left to right. Using Fick's first law, $J = -D \frac{d \psi}{d x}$ for all x, from left to right, we have the same flux amount because the decrease is ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How is the Joukowsky Transform used to calculate the Flow of an Airfoil?

As I read in The Road to Reality by Roger Penrose, the Joukowsky transform $$w(z) = \frac12\left( z + \frac1z \right)$$ after Nikolai Zhukovsky (transcribed in several versions from Никола́й Его́рович ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Time evolution of wave spectrum

A useful way of thinking (not only) oceanic waves is to consider them as a superimposition of linear modes: the elevation η of the sea surface is given by: 1: $\eta({\bf x}, t) = ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Water pressure in free fall

The increasing water pressure as you go deeper is generally explained in terms of the weight of the water column above the observation point pressing down. The question, then, is what would happen if ...
1
vote
2answers
453 views

Speed of sound in astrophysics

Why is the speed of sound given so much importance in Astrophysics? For example in gas outflow (and accretion) problems, we often calculate the sonic point (the point at which the outflow speed ...
5
votes
1answer
182 views

Resonance modes of a cubic box of water which we shake

I don't know hydrodynamics, but I wonder how one would compute resonance modes of a cubic box of water which we shake. I believe the waves would directly depend on the height of water and the width ...
0
votes
1answer
358 views

Given temperature, composition, column density, and radial velocity, can I find the bulk flow of a gas cloud?

We've got a hot star in the middle of a gas cloud. We point a spectrometer at the star, calculating the following attributes of our line of sight at the star through the cloud: Total number of ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to compute the speed of sound in relativistic hydrodynamic?

In Weinberg: Gravitation and Cosmology chapter 2.10 (Relativistic Hydrodynamics) the speed of sound is derived as $v_s^2 = \left(\frac{\partial p}{\partial \rho}\right)$ and the equation of state ...
2
votes
2answers
193 views

Mixing of fluid in a rotating barrel

A barrel/drum with a diameter of 60cm is rotating at 20RPM to get a good mixing of the fluid contained (type thick oil). At what RPM should a barrel of 30cm rotate to get the same mixing efficiency ...
4
votes
1answer
429 views

Common approximations for fluid outflow beyond Torricelli's law

Last month, a puzzle here in physics.stackexchange asked to calculate the dynamics of the outflow in a loose (over rails, no friction) tank using Torricelli's law as a simplification. The ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does pressure act as a source for the gravitational field?

I'm asking for a qualitative explanation if there is one. My own answer doesn't work. I would have guessed it's because when a gas has pressure the kinetic energy adds to the rest mass of a given ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Vortex in liquid collects particles in center

At xmas, I had a cup of tea with some debris at the bottom from the leaves. With less than an inch of tea left, I'd shake the cup to get a little vortex going, then stop shaking and watch it spin. ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do galaxies and water going down a plug hole spin?

We all experience things spinning, whether it's water down a drain, the earth on its axis, planets round the sun, or stars in a galaxy - even electrons round an atom. But why is spin so common in ...
5
votes
4answers
760 views

A quantitative explanation of EM coherence domains in liquid with DNA

I've been looking with interest at a recent biology paper claiming that DNA molecules give off electromagnetic signals which can cause the same types of molecules to be reconstructed at a remote ...
4
votes
1answer
620 views

Boundary conditions for Couette flow

I'm trying to reproduce a result from a paper (T. Thatcher, Boundary Conditions for Grad's 13 moment equations, equation (32), page 6), however, I haven't been able to do so. Hopefully someone can ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Are there any liquids with zero surface tension?

Having read the Wikipedia page on superfluids I'm still not sure if stuff like liquid helium at the lambda point actually have surface tension or not. Is superfluidity the same thing? And are there ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Bubbles in zero gravity

What happens if you blow bubbles into a glass of lemonade on the international space station? Since you are weightless in orbit, there's no up, down, left nor right. We define down on the Earth ...
3
votes
1answer
439 views

Primer on Liquid/Ink Splatter Physics

I'm looking for primer material on the modelling the physics of liquids. In particular I want to make a small simulation (I'm a programmer by profession) of throwing ink at a board, much like this. ...
4
votes
2answers
189 views

Dynamic ferrofluid sculptures

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UJJuq_pcyIQ What exactly is going on in the video example? I understand the phenomena occurs because of magnetism but I am trying to figure out the mechanics behind ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Polar vs non-polar fluid

In the book "Vectors, Tensors, and the Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics" by Rutherford Aris I read the following: If the fluid is such that the torques within it arise only as the moments of ...
29
votes
3answers
3k views

When water climbs up a piece of paper, where is the energy coming from?

Take a glass of water and piece of toilet paper. If you keep the paper vertical, and touch the surface of the water with the tip of the paper, you can see the water being absorbed and climbing up the ...
4
votes
1answer
792 views

Why does measured pressure change over time in closed hose with temperature gradient

I have a 4' hose that is closed at one end and connected to a Airdata Test Set (precise control of pressure) and a high accuracy pressure monitor on the other end with a T and valve. The valve allows ...
45
votes
12answers
8k views

How long a straw could Superman use?

To suck water through a straw, you create a partial vacuum in your lungs. Water rises through the straw until the pressure in the straw at the water level equals atmospheric pressure. This ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What cools a drink?

When you stick ice in a drink, AFAICT (the last physics I took was in high school) two things cool the drink:The ice, being cooler than the drink, gets heat transferred to it from the drink (Newton's ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Is it possible to accelerate air to supersonic speeds? What would it look like?

The speed of sound is the rate that disturbances in air propagate through it. Is it possible to have a wind that itself is moving at supersonic speeds relative to stationary winds around it? Or ...
29
votes
10answers
2k views

Mechanics around a rail tank wagon

Some time ago I came across a problem which might be of interest to the physics.se, I think. The problem sounds like a homework problem, but I think it is not trivial (i am still thinking about it): ...
5
votes
6answers
511 views

Why do liquids separate in space?

I've seen videos of people in space (on ISS) who squeeze a bottle or something and liquid comes out, it then separates into smaller balls. Why is this surely it should stay pretty much together ...
3
votes
2answers
349 views

Low pressure, pulsating, series of water droplets

I want to create a stream of water that emits only a droplet of water, waits a few milliseconds, and then continues. The important thing is that I need to create a visible gap between drops. ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

What is required to create water droplets of a consistent size and shape over a distance of 3 to 10 feet? [closed]

What would I need to do to create water droplets of a consistent size and shape over a distance of 3 to 10 feet? Are there any special requirements for the nozzle? Can I use pure water or should I ...
37
votes
10answers
7k views

Why does dust stick to rotating fan propeller?

Why does dust stick to rotating fan propeller? Intuitively, most people (including I) think of the dust will not stick to rotating fan propellers. EDIT 1: Thank you for the great explanations. I am ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Why exactly does a boomerang return back to the thrower?

I was always intrigued by the phenomena that govern the returning back of a boomerang to the thrower. Even if it is dependent on various factors such as velocity, aerodynamics, wind resistance and ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

How does a steady wind flow generate sound?

When a wind blow through sharp edge, say, edge of a paper, you can see the vibration of the paper and hear the sound. For this type of oscillation, it should be a damped oscillation with external ...
42
votes
8answers
20k views

Why does the atmosphere rotate along with the earth?

I was reading somewhere about a really cheap way of travelling: using balloons to get ourselves away from the surface of the earth. The idea held that because the earth rotates, we should be ...
10
votes
3answers
646 views

Which direction will Coriolis forces deflect a bubble?

If I throw a ball straight up, it deflects slightly to the west due to Coriolis forces. If instead I watch a bubble float up in water, is the bubble deflected west, east, or neither? I think the ...
2
votes
1answer
342 views

Why do those dolphin bubble rings I saw in a video behave the way they do?

This (see http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TMCf7SNUb-Q&feature=related) is so cool, I wanted to show it. As a pro forma question for this forum, any idea what is going on with the breaking of ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does the water level equalize in a series of tubes?

Say I have a series of tubes (not the internet) looking like this, where w represents water: ...
3
votes
2answers
809 views

logarithmic wind speed profile

Under some atmospheric stability condition, over flat terrain, it has been observed for a while that the ratio between wind speed at height $h_1$ above the earth and the wind speed at height $h_0$ is ...
30
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the fallacy in this infinite motion machine?

I realize this isn't possible, but I can't see why not, especially if you change the model a little bit so that the balls simply travel through a tube of water on the way up, rather than exactly ...