The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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Liquid column “recoils” in a sealed cylinder when hit by a piston — is it possible?

Consider a cylinder filled partially with a liquid (e.g. water). The cylinder is sealed, and is at held at room temperature (e.g 298K). At equilibrium (or when no external disturbance is imparted to ...
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363 views

Lagrangian Coordinates in Fluid Flow

I apologize if this is not the right place to ask this question: I am currently reading a paper by Y. Brenier, where for the fluid flow he introduces a Lagrangian label $a$ instead of the vertical ...
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19 views

Are the arms of a hurricane along wind direction?

Within any tropical hurricane satellite photo we see a typical swirl pattern of clouds. Are the arms of clouds we see aligned on the winds vector field? Or are they on the contrary perpendiculars to ...
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33 views

Weather Meridians

Are there meridians that effect cloud movement? While observing radar images of moisture bearing cloud movements (at my location in Florida), I've noticed a splitting of the cloud formations a ...
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27 views

Would a linear relationship between pump speed and the flow rate from the pump be expected?

I am building a water cooling system for my pc whereby the water can be individually redirected to each of the three individual graphics cards depending on temperature. Can the relationship between ...
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265 views

Could the phenomenon of vortex bursting be exploited to reduce wake turbulence?

One of the classic stories in the annals of aerospace engineering is the development (and subsequent redesign) of the F-18 and its Leading Edge Extensions (LEX) due to fatigue problems, problems that ...
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113 views

Do vortex tubes work with a reversed end plug?

Would a vortex tube still work if instead of a cone plugged into the 'hot' end you had a smaller hole on the 'cold' end? As I understand it, the point of the cone on the hot end is to only allow the ...
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143 views

What's the physics origin and meaning of $\delta_{ij}-k_ik_j/k^2$

The projection tensor $P_{ij}\equiv\delta_{ij}-k_ik_j/k^2$ happens frequently in fluid mechanics or field theory. What's the physics origin of this structure and what's the meaning?
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Why does simmering sauce make bubbles and how Is it different from boiling water

Why does simmering sauce makes bubbles at different places. Is this like boiling water? Why or why not?
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82 views

What happens to running water in sub-zero environment?

Many rivers in sub-zero winter temperatures don't freeze (photo). For simplicity let's discuss a (small) water pipe/canal with uniform cross section, inclined by an angle $\theta$. It seems that: ...
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Gauge potential for locomotion at low Reynolds number

I've been studying some approaches with gauge theory to some problems in Mechanics and I've found the problem of self propulsion at low Reynolds number a quite complicated one. The approach I'm asking ...
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207 views

Position based dynamics constraint scaling factor

Reading through Müller et al., Position Based Dynamics, 2007 I got lost when passing from equation (5) $$\Delta p = \frac{C(p)}{|\nabla_pC(p)|^2}\nabla_pC(p)$$ to equation (6) (and applying the ...
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Calculating Reynolds number for a viscous droplet

I'm trying to develop a very basic scaling law/unit analysis for viscous droplet formation, and I'd like to get some rough numerical values of the Reynolds number to play with. To be specific, I'm ...
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Is it possible to make a low dense object sink in a fluid of higher density by cutting the object in particular shapes?

As we know that pressure becomes greater with decrease of height in a liquid column. If an object having lower density than that of the liquid cut in a shape of a pyramid or a right circular cone is ...
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How does vasoconstriction/vasodilation of arterioles change blood pressure?

Background: I am coming at this question from an electrical engineering background, and I feel like I am missing certain assumptions that are going into the statement found in my physiology textbook, ...
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76 views

Does the definition of compressibility depend on the frame of reference?

According to many authors, a fluid is defined to be incompressible if the material derivative of the density $\frac{D\rho}{Dt}$ is zero, that is to say, that in an frame of reference following the ...
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222 views

Sum of forces with liquid in rotation

It's not homework (I'm teacher). I would like to compute sum of forces on this study : The shape is symmetrical like that I'm sure the center of gravity is in the center of the shape. I compute ...
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Have we figured out how to analyze turbulent fluids?

I was surprised to read that we don't know how to analyze turbulent fluids. On page 3-9 of The Feynman Lectures on Physics (Volume One), Feynman writes: Finally, there is a physical problem that ...
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How laminar or turbulent is air?

Consider an outdoors scenario, with good weather and no sensible air currents at the floor level. How turbulent or laminar is the air surrounding this environment?
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636 views

Can a divider “laminarize” turbulent flow and thus reduce friction?

Looking at the Moody chart I think to myself, the friction factor doesn't decrease much at all with Reynolds number after a certain point. I wonder if laminar flow is more efficient in a sense, and ...
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Physics of the inverted bottle dispenser

When you invert a water-bottle in a container, the water rises and then stops at a particular level --- as soon as it touches the hole of the inverted bottle. This will happen no matter how long ...
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41 views

Can a vacuum make a turbulent flow laminar?

When a vacuum is generated next to a turbulence, does the flow towards the vacuum become laminar? Imagine a vacuum cleaner tube is put next to turbulent air movement, does the "suction" change the ...
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89 views

Nomenclature clarification concerning solitons

My experience with solitons is restricted to the classical setting, namely solutions to the quartic interaction $\phi^4$, the Sine-Gordon equation, and Korteweg–de Vries equations. I was explicit to ...
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28 views

Darcy friction factor

I have an assingment that says: How is the friction factor $f$ dependent of the roughness $\epsilon$ and Reynolds number $Re$? The equaton for the friction factor is ...
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Can we agitate a classical non viscous fluid?

Suppose we have an infinite amount of a non viscous liquid (No boundary). Inside that liquid works a rotating impeller. Can the impeller agitate the liquid at all? The question arise from thinking ...
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27 views

What is the best way to calculate speeds at other points in a venturi-tube when knowing one?

I and a friend have made a venturi tube trough which water flows at a low speed. The flow is therefore laminar. We measured the static pressure using some piëzometers at the points 1,2 and 3. We know ...
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How to solve Laplace equation in a domain with one boundary along a curve?

Is there a way to solve the 2D Laplace equation $\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial y^2} =0$ on $0 <x<\infty$ and $0 < y < \infty$, such that the domain is ...
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565 views

Torque on a rotational cylinder in viscous fluid

I've been stuck on what I'm pretty sure is a simple part of a larger question. It's a cylinder (radius a) spinning in a viscous fluid. It's rotating at rate $\Omega$ .During this question we get that ...
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130 views

How to calculate liquid pressure regardless of the gravity?

Assume we have a balloon in a tank filled with a liquid , without any gravitational forces: We just know the Temperature, V0 and V1 I want to calculate the pressure exerted from the liquid on the ...
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651 views

Finding Surface Tension of water at certain Temperature and Pressure

The question is: Using the Young-Laplace Equation (if applicable), find the surface tension (dynes/cm) for water at 20 degrees Celsius with 2.5 psi. Round to the nearest tenth. ...
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Why is a beam reach the fastest point of sail on modern sailboats?

I've heard that a beam reach (perpendicular to the wind) is the fastest point of sail on modern sailboats, but I haven't heard a satisfying explanation of the physics behind the claim. Triangular ...
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Why does the sound of my tea stirring go up in tone the faster I stir?

I've noticed that when stirring my tea, as I stir faster the tone generated by the stirring goes up. Why is that? Is it something to do with the Doppler Effect? EDIT -------------------------- ...
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397 views

Why are mass flow rates found using Venturi meter and pitot tube different?

Regarding an experiment to find the mass flow rate of a fluid (air) using a venturi meter and a pitot tube: What could be the cause of a variance in results obtained using the 2 instruments mentioned? ...
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Orifice Jet Flow experiment

I am writing up a report on Orifice jet flow experiment in which I am required to find coefficient of flow velocity, $C_v$, and the Coefficient of discharge, $C_d$. There are couple of things that I ...
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126 views

How does a sonic black hole (or dumb hole) work?

I came across this term and I heard they used sonic black holes to detect something analogous to hawking radiation, but I have failed to find sources which explain how exactly they work and how they ...
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By what factor would you have to slow down time for water to feel like glass?

I have been told that though glass seems like a solid, it is somehow, in theory, a liquid -- but is just somehow a liquid that is so thick that it appears to be solid. (Of course --- if this premise ...
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Can lift contradict conservation of energy?

In cruise flight of an aircraft lift does no work, it just holds the aircraft aloft. In order to climb aircraft pitch up and need excess energy because the thrust vector now has a vertical component ...
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What happens to the air in a water bottle when it falls?

(ignoring the air resistance that causes the bottle to take positions in mid air. Let's say it is dropped in a vacuum with earth's gravity accelerating it downwards) I just cannot catch what happens ...
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Friction drag force

When an object moves through air, the air closest to the object’s surface is dragged along with it, pulling or rubbing at the air that it passes. This rubbing exerts a force on the object opposite to ...
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Heat transfer between river and air

There is a temperature sensor about 200 feet back from a large river, at about the same height as the river. A sewage pipe continuously dumps water of about 12 degrees C in the river directly in front ...
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Why does glue stretch straighter than string?

So I have some bottles of lemonade and I peeled the labels off both of them, revealing the glue underneath. When these bottles were next to each other the glue stuck. I pulled them apart and it forms ...
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Fluid Dynamics applied to Aircraft wings [duplicate]

On aircraft wings, the bottom is flat and the top is curved. I know this benefits the aircraft by producing lift, but I wish to understand how. I'm told it has something to do with how fluids behave.
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Why does it seem as if big vehicles “attract” mine when I drive close to them?

When I drive a car at high speed and when I am near to another big car (like a van, or transport vehicle) I feel an attraction to or something push me toward the other big car. What's the physics in ...
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103 views

Why does this capillary action generator not work?

So I was doing a bit of reading. Apparently the the obstacle to generating energy from the forces driving capillary action is breaking the surface tension at the top of a capillary tube. It is just ...
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243 views

Force needed to push a syringe plunger: does one add force associated with downstream back-pressure to frictional plunger force?

I am trying to figure out how much force $F$ is needed to push a syringe plunger. The plunger needs to overcome the friction force $F_1$ and (a much smaller) inertia force $F_2=ma$, giving the total ...
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24 views

Equation of a water pump with a nozzle

If I have a small water pump with a flow f (L/s) and maximal pressure p (bar) and attach its output to a small tube having on the other end a nozzle with an area A (m^2). What is the equation that ...
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'Eulerian' description of a rigid body submerged in fluid

In this paper, equations of rigid body motion (eq 4 and 5 in the paper) are written in Eulerian form (eq 12 in the paper). The rigid body is submerged in a viscous incompressible fluid. ...
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Why does a nuclear explosion have directionality?

It just occurred to me that almost all images I've seen of the (in)famous mushroom cloud show a vertical column rising perpendicular to the ground and a horizontal planar ring parallel to the ground. ...
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Is Magnus effect a corollary of Bernoulli principle?

Magnus effect is commonly explained using Bernoulli principle. However, taking the lift on a rotating cylinder as an example, the velocity difference is caused by the extra work done by the rotating ...