# Tagged Questions

The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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### Prevention of fluid vortex formation

I've been looking for a way to prevent Vortex (whirlpool) formation in a pressurized vessel as it drains, but I am not having any luck finding the parameters at which vortex formation occurs. Is there ...
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### Different locations of a pump in a tube

I'm confused about pumps in fluid dynamics. As far as I understand, the basic effect of a pump which deliver a power $\mathcal{P}$ can be described with modified bernoulli equation between a point $A$...
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### Buoyancy and natural convection in a stratified water tank

I'm working on a simple calculation-model for a hot-water-storage. At the moment I'm stuck on implementing natural convection. To calculate the temperature I've implemented a simple 1D-model in ...
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### Is the system derivative for mass, in the Reynolds transport theorem for mass, always zero?

The Reynolds transport theorem for mass is $$\frac{dm_{sys}}{dt} = \frac{dm_{cv}}{dt} - \dot{m_{in}} + \dot{m_{out}}$$ My question is the term $\frac{dm_{sys}}{dt}$ always zero. Since this is the ...
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### How can we theoretically calculate the number of balloons needed to stop a bullet?

After watching this video, I am interested in proving it mathematically. The problem is that how can we apply the conservation of momentum here to find the velocity of the bullet while we don't know ...
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### Kolmogorov/Energy spectrum for turbulent boundary layer

Previously, I have calculated energy spectrum for 3D isotropic turbulent flow data which is equally spaced in all three directions and then to compute the energy spectrum, one performs Fourier ...
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### Attractive force between hose and floor when a pool is filled

I was filling a rubber pool for my baby using a hose. But I noticed that if I put the hose outlet directly with the floor there is an attractive force! This is strange, because the hose is throwing ...
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### How cold air is less dense in one case and more dense in another case when compared with warm air?

There are two different and contradicting explanations given. Which one is correct? Explanation 1: Cold air is more denser than hot air because ,when cold air of some density, say 'd' is heated, the ...
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### Inverted U manometer

I have some doubts on inverted U manometer. In the picture there is one U inverted manometer, the space above the liquid in the manometer is filled with air which can be admitted or expelled through ...
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### How to make an equal flow rate in 4 glass tubes with different inner diameters?

I would like to ask a question regarding a flow rate project I've been working on that required pneumatic software to solve. Unfortunately, I don't have the software, and I don't know how to control ...
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### History of Turbulence suggestions

I am looking for extensive historical accounts of turbulence that ideally is strong in math and physics (at least giving references). Any suggestions? The only book I found is "A Voyage Through ...
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### If the pressure between the cross-sections of a pipe is equal, will $P_1$ and $P_2$ be cancelled out of Bernoulli's Equation?

a). Water is flowing through a pipe of two circular cross- sections area $A_1$ and $A_2$ lying horizontally as shown in figure below. The pressure difference between the cross-section $A_1$ and $A_2$ ...
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### What happens to the flow rate when a water pump is pumping water through a tube that changes size

I'm going to apologize in advance if this is a rudimentary question. It's been 20 years since I took a fluid mechanics class. We are building a waterfall in my backyard. The water pump has a head ...
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### why do microscopic cracks happen?

2 weeks ago i asked a question about " Gas permeation through solid metal? " i have got a very good answer here .but microscopic crack was mentioned in the answer. i searched in Internet but i didnt ...
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### Ball Rotating in Place Under Waterfall

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Khf6koh3IO8 Can anyone help me explain this? It seems like the ball should shoot out from underneath. I have two main theories. 1) Bernoulli's Principle says that the ...
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### Implementing fixed-temperature, solid-wall boundary conditions

I wish to simulate the behaviour of a fluid along one dimension, where the right boundary is transmissive and the left boundary is a solid wall at a fixed temperature. Temperature is not one of my ...
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### Predict liquid film thickness outside a cylinder, under the influence of a) external gas flow and b) heating of the cylinder

I tried to post this question on Computational Science SE, but I was really unsure about the most appropriate SE site. The question didn't attract a lot of attention, and since Physics SE was my ...
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### What is the total velocity/force on a particle in fluid?

I am now facing a fluid-particle interaction problem. I would like to simulate particle motion in a fluid. I do know the external force acting on a particle (dielectrophoretic force in this case) ...
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### Pipe in a flowing river problem

I'm working on a certain problem in fluid mechanics, which isn't really my strongest area. The problem is as follows: Curved pipe is partially submerged in a flowing river so that one end is pointing ...
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### How to estimate a drag of flow reversing cylinder?

I am assuming a turbulent flow and a full reversal of the flow (in the picture the arrows are at non-straight angle but please consider the skew as negligible). Assuming we are talking about regular ...