The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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7
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2answers
153 views

Could motives aid in the study of the Navier-Stokes equations?

Recently, mathematicians and theoretical physicists have been studying Quantum Field Theory (and renormalization in particular) by means of abstract geometrical objects called motives. Amongst these ...
0
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0answers
423 views

Hydraulic System in a Simulation

A simulation project we are on, we have a machine with hydraulics that are powered (They don't just look like they move something, they are the only thing moving/turning/lifting something) - However, ...
2
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1answer
278 views

Change in Vapour/Liquid change point, at very low pressure

In a previous question, I was given an answer: "A quick Google suggests that the triple point of Hydrogen is 13.8K and the triple point of Neon is 24.6K, so neither can exist as liquids at ...
1
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2answers
482 views

some hints/introductions/textbooks for LBM(Lattice Boltzmann methods) fluid simulation?

I come from a computer science background and I want to learn details about LBM in fluid simulation. I have been searching around for a concise tutorial that tells me how LBM is used to solve a ...
18
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3answers
2k views

Why does the sound pitch increase on every consecutive tick at the bottom of a filled cup of coffee?

Since I don't know the proper physical terms for this, I describe it in everyday English. The following has kept me wondering for quite some time and so far I haven't found a reasonable explanation. ...
1
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1answer
447 views

Helium plasma in space and its properties

It is said, that, "Most of the Helium in the Universe, is in a plasma state". Plasma's are now talked of, as the forth state of matter, but this does not seem to be a majority opinion. Plasma's are ...
1
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2answers
2k views

Flow rate of a syringe

Suppose a syringe (placed horizontally) contains a liquid with the density of water, composed of a barrel and a needle component. The barrel of the syringe has a cross-sectional area of $\alpha~m^2$, ...
3
votes
3answers
264 views

Does Helium just naturally display BEC properties at <1K, or does it become a BEC?

I am researching low temperature, near absolute zero, and in particular Bose Einstein Condensate. There is a lot of research information, but it is confusing, and not explained. Technically a BEC is ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

Why do rain waves form and what is their connection to the texture of the surface they're on?

When it rains and water flows down an inclined street, ripples may form that are carried along with the current. Here's a picture with an example of what I'm talking about I'd like to know what the ...
8
votes
1answer
950 views

Why is compressible flow near the choke point so efficient?

Imagine a steady state, one-dimensional, compressible flow in a horizontal pipe of constant cross sectional area. This flow can be isothermal, adiabatic (Fanno), or diabatic (Rayleigh). As an ...
1
vote
1answer
293 views

Are there good home experiments to get a feel for the behavior of yield-stress liquids?

What common household liquids / foodstuffs show Herschel-Bulkley fluid behavior? I assume tomato soup to be one, since when sloshing it around lightly on a spoon the visible surface moves as one (as ...
2
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1answer
166 views

What is “surface fluid adhesion energy”?

This is related to my previous question. Pardon me for asking so many questions recently. My physics knowledge is not that good, and some answers are hard to find. In the question in the link, I ...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

Can a the volume flow through a positive displacement pump be reliably measured by tracking revolutions of the drive shaft? [closed]

The question refers to non-compressible fluids. I'm mostly thinking about monopumps (excentric screw pumps), but this also should apply to any type of gear pumps as well, possibly also to piston ...
4
votes
1answer
433 views

wind vs air resistance

I'm wondering which offers more resistance: pulling an object at some speed through air, or holding the object steady against wind at the same speed. I think initially people would think same ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Does it take significantly more fuel to fly a heavier airplane?

I was reading in the papers how some-airline-or-the-other increased their prices for extra luggage, citing increased fuel costs. Now I'm a bit skeptical. Using the (wrong) Bernoulli-effect ...
1
vote
1answer
453 views

What is the pressure drop in a venturi with a compressible fluid?

I would like to know if there is an equation to predict the pressure drop in a venturi device using a compressible fluid as the working medium. In particular, I'd like to use this equation to predict ...
1
vote
3answers
564 views

Video or animation for continuity equation in water pipes

I am looking for an animation or even better a video with a real experiment, which shows that at constant flow rate the speed of water in a pipe is higher at narrower parts of a pipe. I googled ...
3
votes
1answer
460 views

Local Mach number for an airfoil

I would like to know how to calculate the local Mach number on the upper surface of an airfoil given the ambient temperature, the local velocity on the airfoil surface, the freestream velocity, and ...
4
votes
2answers
731 views

What do the dimensions of circulation mean, and how is circulation related to action?

The dimensions of circulation $\int_C \vec{v}\cdot d\vec{r}$ seem strange, but if you include (even a constant) density $\rho$, then $\int_C \rho\vec{v}\cdot d\vec{r}$ has dimensions the same as ...
1
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1answer
248 views

Boundary condition for water waves generation

I am trying to model water wave propagation in 2D with CFD. What would be a suitable boundary condition to generate the waves on the left boundary? Currently I vary the fraction of water above the ...
10
votes
8answers
4k views

Why do ice cubes come out easier from top trays?

This is my "hey, I've noticed that too!" question for the week. If you stack two plastic ice cube trays with water in them in a freezer, the resulting ice cubes in the top tray will usually come out ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do steam bubbles increase in size as they rise?

In the following video (a customer's review of a glass kettle), we can observe water boiling: http://youtu.be/jByY5I7Xk7w?t=2m55s As the kettle starts to boil at around 2:55, we can see large steam ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is the unit of hydraulic impedance/resistance kilogram per second and hypermeter?

I'm trying to figure out the unit of impedance in the hydraulic analogy of electronic networks. Assuming $$Z=\frac{P}{Q},$$ with $P$ as pressure difference, $Q$ as volumetric flow rate and $Z$ as ...
2
votes
1answer
344 views

How was this pressure pulse propagation speed be derived?

Some lecture notes I was reading through claimed that a pressure pulse propagates through a liquid-filled tube (blood in a vein) with the speed $$c=\sqrt{\frac{A}{\rho}\frac{dP}{dA}},$$ where $A$ is ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Convective and Diffusive terms in Navier Stokes Equations

My question has 2 parts: I just followed the derivation of Navier Stokes (for Control Volume CFD analysis) and was able to understand most parts. However, the book I use (by Versteeg) does not ...
-1
votes
1answer
440 views

Ping pong ball levitation control system question, modeling as a damper? [closed]

I am building a control system to levitate a ping pong ball at a given height in a clear plastic tube using an arduino and implementing PID control. I have to come up with a transfer function... I am ...
-1
votes
1answer
211 views

I want to recreate a phenomenon I've noticed from our water tank [closed]

I'm trying to recreate a phenomenon I have noticed from our water tank at home. Ok so we have a deep well pump that fills our water tank everyday. But something odd always happen everytime the water ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How does smoke move in the air and how can I direct it so it will go to a place I want it to go?

Let's assume a close room with 1-2 people who only one of them smoking cigarette. What is the equation describe the smoking spreading? is it diffusion? what are the parameters is so? Is there a ...
2
votes
1answer
323 views

Calculating spacecraft water leak flow rate

A large container of heated water is floating in space. How can I calculate leak rate if a small puncture is opened? I'm assuming the water is kept at 298K and in the liquid state inside the chamber. ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Can a wave propagate in an elastic fluid in the absence of volume forces?

A motion (wave) $\mathbf{x}: \mathcal{B}_0 \times [t_0,t_1] \to \mathcal{E}:$ such that $q-o = \mathbf{x}(p,t)=(p-o)+\mathbf{a}_0 cos(\mathbf{k}_0\cdot(p-o) - \omega_0 t)$ can propagate in an elastic ...
3
votes
2answers
419 views

Strict general mathematical definition of drag

Is there a formal definition of drag, say, as some surface integral of normal and shear forces? There seem to be a lot of formulas for specific cases, but is there a general one? I need to accurately ...
3
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2answers
204 views

Air velocity in a double-skin facade

I was wondering how the air flows in a double skin facade? Say I have a glass facade with a depth of 1m, a height of 200m and a width of 10m. It is a single vertical shaft all the way up with openings ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Calculate fluid pressure loss due to hole leakage

I have a cylindrical pipe of internal diameter of around 5mm, with pressurised fluid flowing though it. If I have holes at the wall of the pipe, how do I calculate the pressure loss due to water ...
5
votes
2answers
118 views

What is it called when a fluid will “jump” to grab onto an object that comes very close?

I'm doing an experiment where I bring a probe very close to a well full of fluid and then very slowly lower it to obtain some force deformation values. The material behaves very much like a fluid and ...
1
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3answers
2k views

How does the Dyson air multiplier fan create negative pressure?

I'm curious as to how the Dyson air multiplier fan works. So far I understand that it creates negative air pressure that causes air behind and around the device to be sucked into the air stream and ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Speed of a dynamic hydraulic system

We all have noticed that changing the temperature of the water in the shower is not instantaneous, rather the result is felt when the water that was in the tap works its way up to the showerhead. ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

How can I calculate the amount of bubbles needed to lift a submerged body?

Our teacher had us come up with our own thermodynamics experiments, so I put a glass of water inside a vacuum-capsule. Inside the glass of water I have placed a non-floating object, a small plastic ...
1
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1answer
256 views

Reynolds number with hyper-viscosity

Is it possible to evaluate a Reynolds number when viscosity operator is substituted by hyper-viscosity operator at the power H (Laplacien to the power H) in the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations ...
2
votes
2answers
713 views

How do swimfins work?

I'm interested primarly on bifins (one fin for each foot) with a monofin movement, e.g. undulatory. I'd like to know how they work and where I can find articles/books about it.
2
votes
1answer
376 views

Rough diffusion rate of sugar water through a larger volume of water

I hope this a question that can be answered and isn't too vague. I'm also only after a very rough answer. I'm adding a small amount (~500mL) of sugar solution into a carboy with a much larger volume ...
3
votes
2answers
538 views

Why are continuum fluid mechanics accurate when constituents are discrete objects of finite size?

Suppose we view fluids classically, i.e., as a collection of molecules (with some finite size) interacting via e&m and gravitational forces. Presumably we model fluids as continuous objects that ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Why tea dust in a cup of tea seems to concentrate in the bottom center? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Vortex in liquid collects particles in center Sorry for my bad English. :-) Hello ! Here is my question : If you enjoy some cup of tea, you may see that there are some ...
1
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0answers
72 views

Discharge of a propeller in a yield-stress liquid

What form does the discharge stream of a propeller take in a Herschel-Bulkley fluid, chracterised by having a certain yield stress, shear between layers only occurs beyond that stress. This situation ...
5
votes
0answers
300 views

What's the efficency of a steam jet pump?

Jet pumps or venturi pumps are often stated as having a "terribly low" efficiency, steam jet pumps specifically are usually describes as "only justifiable when there's an abundant steam supply anyway" ...
-1
votes
1answer
337 views

Dyson fans in ceiling? [closed]

Will it be feasible to use Dyson fans in the ceiling since it has to draw air from the back to "push" towards the front?
10
votes
3answers
431 views

Occurrence of turbulences in Fluid Dynamics from the equations of motion?

How can it be shown that turbulences occur in Fluid Dynamics? I think poeple imply that they develope because of the $\text{rot}$ terms in the equations of motion, i.e. the Navier-Stokes equations, ...
0
votes
1answer
418 views

Examples of immiscible or wall-climbing liquids

I am very interested in the physics of immiscible fluids. I would like to ask you if you know any source or list of experiments done by others, with two or three liquids. I am interested in the final ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the velocity area method for estimating the flow of water?

Can anyone explain to me what the Velocity Area method for measuring river or water flow is? My guess is that the product of the cross sectional area and the velocity of water flowing in a pipe is ...
-1
votes
1answer
150 views

Force on pneumatic cylinder [closed]

A pneumatic cylinder is kept vertically straight on a weighing scale, which is set at 0 for the setup. now a force of 1000 N is applied on the cylinder. what is the reading of scale. assume the ...
1
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1answer
113 views

Surface tension of N non-mixing fluids

I am a mathematician, not a physicist, so please be gentle with me if I write something wrong. Consider a bounded, regular container $\Omega$, which is filled with the fluids $F_1,...,F_N$ which do ...