The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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What is physics of Collision between solid and liquid (or gas)? [closed]

My mind has been busy recently by this question: What is physics of Collision between solid and liquid (or gas)? What is Conservation law's of such Collision? Why, when we drop a solid object in ...
2
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1answer
838 views

Shear stress in directions other than the flow direction

Consider the flow of a newtonian fluid in a rectangular pipe. Consider a 3D coordinate system with the property that.that the flow of the fluid in the pipe is parallel to the x-axis. Let ...
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191 views

What is the drag coefficient of an open wedge?

To check my two dimensional CFD calculation I am looking for reference data on the drag coefficient of an open wedge. The geometry is shown below, together with the flow direction. I have found ...
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1answer
469 views

Question about the Bernouilli equation

There are some things I encountered, studying the Bernouilly equation, that I don't understand. I was studying in the following book: ...
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1k views

From Navier–Stokes equations to Euler, Bernoulli, etc [closed]

How can one go from the 3D compressible Navier-Stokes equations to the simpler Euler equations, Bernoulli's equation and other fluid dynamic equations?
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1answer
420 views

Is there a way to let water pour out of bottle without letting air inside? [closed]

Is there a way to let water pour out of bottle without letting air inside? i understand that air needs to enter the bottle to ensure water flow, but i do not want to the water to be exposed to air. ...
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2answers
2k views

Why do ice cubes stick together or to the edges of a drinking glass?

I was drinking iced-water from a drinking glass (made of glass) at a restaurant yesterday when I was taking a drink, I noticed that there is very little ice water coming out and then suddenly, the ice ...
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8answers
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Explaining to a five year old - why don't bubbles run like water

My five-year old daughter was asking about astronauts the other day and why they float in space. After me showing her a few bits on the kids section on the NASA web site I started explaining about the ...
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1answer
1k views

Finding the Center of pressure of a body immersed in liquid

I came across some problems related to finding the center of pressure. Please guide me how to go about them. Posting them all so that I can find out the intricacies involved when there are so many ...
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2answers
5k views

About an upside down cup of water against atmosphere pressure

There is an experiment we learned from high school that demonstrated how atmosphere pressure worked. Fill a cup of water and put a cardboard on top of it, then turn it upside-down, the water will not ...
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128 views

seemingly impossible query

While on an expedition to a lake, it was noticed that the wind speeds gusted violently in seemingly periodic wakes and the proposed explanation was Von Karman vortex shedding off of nearby mountains ...
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1answer
352 views

Is the convective heat coefficient always dependent on heat flux and delta T?

I'm having a difficult discussion with a colleague because I'm running heat flow simulations for a small heater (5 mm^2 area), and I insist that if we're going to run more electrical power through the ...
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1answer
654 views

Equation to estimate droplet volume falling from a needle of a known orifice diameter at a given flow rate

I am doing some research to see if there is a simple equation (or an equation that can be simplified) to estimate the volume of a drop of liquid falling due to gravity based upon the approximate flow ...
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1answer
725 views

How to calculate air velocity in a fan?

How to calculate air velocity in a fan and what data should I know ? So if I have a fan motor, fan blade and a battery, what data should I get from these items ? I think I will need to know the ...
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1answer
222 views

Isentropic vs Total pressure

I am confused between these two quantities: Isentropic pressure and Total pressure. Are they the same?
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1answer
46 views

Mass, momentum and energy…How many equations for more then one elements? [closed]

Basically, for solving 1D flow equations, one uses the mass, momentum and energy equations (Also known as Euler equations). Say now I have $N$ elements in series, will I be using $3N$ equations?
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4answers
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How do I calculate the distance a ship will take to stop?

I am a River Pilot and drive ships for a living. These ships are very large and range up to 160,000 Metric Tons. I am trying to figure out how to calculate the distance to stopping. I have a basic ...
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0answers
63 views

Contraction and expansion after constricting flow though a pipe

If an orifice is placed inside a pipe with a smaller diameter than the rest of the pipe, fluid will follow a curved path in order to enter the orifice, and then expand. I was wondering at what ...
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0answers
78 views

What causes a whirlpool to form in a bathtub? [duplicate]

I mean, when you have a full bathtub and then let it empty, under what conditions does a whirlpool form? Could we devise an experiment and measure this effect? When it comes to fluids, I don't know ...
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1answer
496 views

Gas mixture flow rate equation [closed]

2 gas flows connect and mix in a pipe. The following is known: $\dot{m_1}$; $\dot{m_2}$ - mass flow rate of the inlet gases $(\frac{kg}{s})$ $A_1$; $A_2$; $A_{mix}$ - the cross section of the pipes ...
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62 views

Where else in physics does one encounter Reynolds averaging?

Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations (RANS) is one of the approaches to turbulence description. Physical quantities, like for example velocity $u_i$, are represented as a sum of a mean and a ...
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0answers
22 views

Windflow in a car [duplicate]

When driving on a highway, if the front two windows of a car are open , how does the air flow in and out of the windows? Clearly, air cannot keep accumulating inside the car, so how/where does the air ...
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0answers
116 views

Leakage rate Calculation

I have to calculate leak rate for helium/air from an enclosure which is made of fabric. This is similar to helium balloons. There are small holes in the fabric. How should i proceed ?
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3answers
197 views

Why does an ice cube not twirl along when twirling a drink glass?

When you have a drink with an ice cube and twirl the glass, the liquid itself seems to twirl but the ice cube stays roughly in the same place. Why is this?
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1answer
698 views

Does something like Pascal's Law apply in a Swimming Pool? If not, how does pressure spread?

I've been trying to wrap my head what happens when a force is exerted on the surface of a swimming pool / pond, or underneath it. Examples include a small boy cannon-balling into the deep end, or a ...
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1answer
201 views

Conditions of applicability of potential flow about an airfoil

In many cases the flow about an airfoil is calculated by solving the Laplace equation, (for example in the Hess-Smith panel method). If the velocity field is irrotational and its divergence its zero, ...
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1answer
1k views

Definition of Buoyancy Flux

I've seen in some papers the definition of buoyancy flux as follows $$B = g \frac{\rho_a-\rho_0}{\rho_0}Q$$ where $g$ is the gravity acceleration, $\rho_a$ is the density of the ambient fluid, ...
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132 views

decay time for a blast wave

The blast wave that is formed as a result of an explosion has some import parameters. One of them is the peak pressure which is basically the pressure measured when the blast wave arrives at a given ...
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3answers
300 views

What keeps a gas giant from falling in on itself?

There is not enough gravity at the center to start nuclear fusion, but it seems that there would be plenty enough to collapse the planet.
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1answer
121 views

Are third derivatives of metric perturbations zero?

I'm working on a problem related to fluid perturbations of stars. I'm following this paper. They start with the Einstein equation: $$G_{\alpha \beta} = 8 \pi G T_{\alpha \beta}$$ and then perturb the ...
5
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3answers
464 views

A book sits on a table. What is the net force of air pressure?

An elementary problem asks, A book is at rest on a table top. In what direction is the net force of air pressure on the book? Is this a meaningful question, and if so, what's the answer? If ...
6
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1answer
279 views

How to calculate strength of wind speed in a von Karman vortex?

I am working on a project involving Von Karman vortices coming off of a mountain. I was able to calculate the shedding frequency (thanks to tpg2114 in a prior question), but now find it necessary to ...
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2answers
83 views

What is the reason (quantum mechanical) behind Laminar Flow and the ability to return to near-original state in Laminar fluids?

Laminar flow here refers to the smooth disruption of fluid in layers, in a medium. A peculiar trait in a few examples of laminar flow is the ability to return to near-original state, as demonstrated ...
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1answer
543 views

Book recommendations for fluid dynamics self study [closed]

I have my bachelors degree in engineering science: computer science, option electrotechnic. I have a good understanding of basic mechanics and dynamics, calculus (differential equations). The books ...
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1answer
169 views

What is physics behind of explosion under Atmospheric pressure?

An explosion is a rapid increase in volume and release of energy in an extreme manner. A blast wave in fluid dynamics is the pressure and flow resulting from the deposition of a large amount of energy ...
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1answer
233 views

How to derive a physical model of temperature above the earth surface?

At a point on the surface of the Earth, if I go straight "up" a distance $z$ (radially outward from the Earth), I'd observe a temperature profile $T(z)$. The conventional wisdom from the meteorology ...
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2k views

Difference between Eulerian and Lagrangian formulation of Fluid Dynamics

Difference between Eulerian and Lagrangian formulation of Fluid Dynamics. I am completely new to fluid mechanics. Until now definition $F = ma$ was sufficient for me to solve any rigid body problems ...
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1answer
153 views

Buoyancy in muddy water

Consider the buoyancy force in water with very small but macroscopic particles in it. Such particles (suspension) will very slowly drift downwards and will eventually settle on the bottom. If one did ...
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1answer
884 views

Riemann invariants…Any physical interpretation?

I am really new to the CFD simulation, and started some simple algorithms recently. I then got introduced to the Riemann Invariants. Can any one provide some physical interpretation? Also, why is ...
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1answer
194 views

periodic boundary conditions for vortex in a square lattice

I am trying to follow this paper and track the dynamics of vortex motion on a discrete (square) lattice. The idea is to simulate the time evolution of the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation, which reads ...
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2answers
4k views

Conservation Vs Non-conservation Forms of conservation Equations

I understand mathematically how one can obtain the conservation equations in both the conservative $${\partial\rho\over\partial t}+\nabla\cdot(\rho \textbf{u})=0$$ ...
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1answer
4k views

How do you calculate vortex shedding frequency?

I am attempting to try to find out if there is any effect of Von Karman vortices on a group of wind speed readings where it is presumed that due to a mountain nearby the data collection spot Von ...
5
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2answers
442 views

Can water pressure ever be high enough to trap gas bubbles or keep them from surfacing?

Can water pressure ever become high enough to trap gas bubbles and/or keep them from surfacing?
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1answer
439 views

Does the Magnitude of the Drag Coefficient on a Rectangular Prism vary with Rotation?

I have a question about the drag coefficient in the drag equation. Let's say I have a rectangular prism oriented such that, looking down on it, the long side is parallel to the y-axis. Moving forward ...
2
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1answer
149 views

Angle of rotation of an ellipsoid in a linear shear flow field

I am modeling the motion of an ellipsoid in a linear shear flow field. The ellipsoid is rotating about its shortest semi-principal axis which I have designated the $z$-axis in the body-fixed frame, ...
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39 views

Bulk transport of an aerosol by a blast wave

I'm trying to model the behaviour of aerosols in response to blast waves. (This is for visual effects.) Intuitively, if a flare left a smoke trail above a field and then a bomb detonated elsewhere ...
5
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2answers
469 views

Deuterium density in seawater

I heard today that deuterium for nuclear fusion could be extracted from the Oceans, in which it is present in "heavy water." I heard this claim: "Deuterium is distributed uniformly with Ocean ...
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1answer
2k views

What part of the fan blade actually does the noise generation?

I'm trying to identify the sources of noise in spinning fan blades and what causes them. Is the noise only generated by the lead edge of the blade 'cutting through' air? and different parts of it ...
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3answers
2k views

Floating a ping pong ball in the air just using a pen!

Caution: Apparently this problem is harder than it seems! There is a well known phenomena, which I first learnt about when I was a 10 years old kid. You can levitate a ping pong(or whatever ...
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2answers
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Is there a way to fill Tank 2 from Tank 1 through Gravity alone?

I am a newbie in water system design but I am currently faced with the exact situation below on my land, and I need to know whether gravity alone is sufficient in order to fill Tank 2 from Tank 1, as ...