The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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decay time for a blast wave

The blast wave that is formed as a result of an explosion has some import parameters. One of them is the peak pressure which is basically the pressure measured when the blast wave arrives at a given ...
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3answers
282 views

What keeps a gas giant from falling in on itself?

There is not enough gravity at the center to start nuclear fusion, but it seems that there would be plenty enough to collapse the planet.
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1answer
118 views

Are third derivatives of metric perturbations zero?

I'm working on a problem related to fluid perturbations of stars. I'm following this paper. They start with the Einstein equation: $$G_{\alpha \beta} = 8 \pi G T_{\alpha \beta}$$ and then perturb the ...
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3answers
415 views

A book sits on a table. What is the net force of air pressure?

An elementary problem asks, A book is at rest on a table top. In what direction is the net force of air pressure on the book? Is this a meaningful question, and if so, what's the answer? If ...
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1answer
236 views

How to calculate strength of wind speed in a von Karman vortex?

I am working on a project involving Von Karman vortices coming off of a mountain. I was able to calculate the shedding frequency (thanks to tpg2114 in a prior question), but now find it necessary to ...
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2answers
79 views

What is the reason (quantum mechanical) behind Laminar Flow and the ability to return to near-original state in Laminar fluids?

Laminar flow here refers to the smooth disruption of fluid in layers, in a medium. A peculiar trait in a few examples of laminar flow is the ability to return to near-original state, as demonstrated ...
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1answer
420 views

Book recommendations for fluid dynamics self study [closed]

I have my bachelors degree in engineering science: computer science, option electrotechnic. I have a good understanding of basic mechanics and dynamics, calculus (differential equations). The books ...
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1answer
150 views

What is physics behind of explosion under Atmospheric pressure?

An explosion is a rapid increase in volume and release of energy in an extreme manner. A blast wave in fluid dynamics is the pressure and flow resulting from the deposition of a large amount of energy ...
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217 views

How to derive a physical model of temperature above the earth surface?

At a point on the surface of the Earth, if I go straight "up" a distance $z$ (radially outward from the Earth), I'd observe a temperature profile $T(z)$. The conventional wisdom from the meteorology ...
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1k views

Difference between Eulerian and Lagrangian formulation of Fluid Dynamics

Difference between Eulerian and Lagrangian formulation of Fluid Dynamics. I am completely new to fluid mechanics. Until now definition $F = ma$ was sufficient for me to solve any rigid body problems ...
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1answer
134 views

Buoyancy in muddy water

Consider the buoyancy force in water with very small but macroscopic particles in it. Such particles (suspension) will very slowly drift downwards and will eventually settle on the bottom. If one did ...
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742 views

Riemann invariants…Any physical interpretation?

I am really new to the CFD simulation, and started some simple algorithms recently. I then got introduced to the Riemann Invariants. Can any one provide some physical interpretation? Also, why is ...
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1answer
179 views

periodic boundary conditions for vortex in a square lattice

I am trying to follow this paper and track the dynamics of vortex motion on a discrete (square) lattice. The idea is to simulate the time evolution of the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation, which reads ...
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2answers
3k views

Conservation Vs Non-conservation Forms of conservation Equations

I understand mathematically how one can obtain the conservation equations in both the conservative $${\partial\rho\over\partial t}+\nabla\cdot(\rho \textbf{u})=0$$ ...
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1answer
3k views

How do you calculate vortex shedding frequency?

I am attempting to try to find out if there is any effect of Von Karman vortices on a group of wind speed readings where it is presumed that due to a mountain nearby the data collection spot Von ...
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2answers
377 views

Can water pressure ever be high enough to trap gas bubbles or keep them from surfacing?

Can water pressure ever become high enough to trap gas bubbles and/or keep them from surfacing?
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1answer
397 views

Does the Magnitude of the Drag Coefficient on a Rectangular Prism vary with Rotation?

I have a question about the drag coefficient in the drag equation. Let's say I have a rectangular prism oriented such that, looking down on it, the long side is parallel to the y-axis. Moving forward ...
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1answer
138 views

Angle of rotation of an ellipsoid in a linear shear flow field

I am modeling the motion of an ellipsoid in a linear shear flow field. The ellipsoid is rotating about its shortest semi-principal axis which I have designated the $z$-axis in the body-fixed frame, ...
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0answers
38 views

Bulk transport of an aerosol by a blast wave

I'm trying to model the behaviour of aerosols in response to blast waves. (This is for visual effects.) Intuitively, if a flare left a smoke trail above a field and then a bomb detonated elsewhere ...
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2answers
376 views

Deuterium density in seawater

I heard today that deuterium for nuclear fusion could be extracted from the Oceans, in which it is present in "heavy water." I heard this claim: "Deuterium is distributed uniformly with Ocean ...
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1answer
1k views

What part of the fan blade actually does the noise generation?

I'm trying to identify the sources of noise in spinning fan blades and what causes them. Is the noise only generated by the lead edge of the blade 'cutting through' air? and different parts of it ...
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3answers
1k views

Floating a ping pong ball in the air just using a pen!

Caution: Apparently this problem is harder than it seems! There is a well known phenomena, which I first learnt about when I was a 10 years old kid. You can levitate a ping pong(or whatever ...
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2answers
2k views

Is there a way to fill Tank 2 from Tank 1 through Gravity alone?

I am a newbie in water system design but I am currently faced with the exact situation below on my land, and I need to know whether gravity alone is sufficient in order to fill Tank 2 from Tank 1, as ...
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62 views

Can a hierarchy of fixed points potentially be used to describe a kinetic energy spectrum which is composed of multiple scale invariant subranges?

Making use of a nonequilibrium functional renormalization group (Berges and Mesterhazy, 2012) are able to investigate a whole hierarchy of fixed points that explain the successive evolution of a ...
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1answer
471 views

Drag force at high speeds [duplicate]

The drag force on a spherical body according to Stokes' law is given by $$F = 6π\mu rv$$ Where $\mu$ is the dynamic viscosity of the fluid, $r$ is the radius of the spherical object, and $v$ is its ...
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1answer
169 views

Isn't this wikipedia equation of navier-stokes actually wrong? [closed]

There is a wikipedia page about NS Existance and Smoothness It seems to me that the Navier Stokes equations is wrong? (because in one side of equal sign unit is $\frac {m}{s^2}$ but in other side it ...
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119 views

Sound Propagation using Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) considering wind effects

I am trying to plot the propagation of sound from a fixed source in a 2D environment using Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) Method taking into account the effects of the wind velocity. I came ...
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212 views

Is a venturi pump feasible at very low pressure?

I need assistance (or experience feedback) in estimating if a Venturi pump would work at low pressure. A boiler under vacuum (10% atmosphere) will produce steam (at a given speed depending on the ...
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4answers
1k views

What is the physics behind a soap bubble?

A soap bubble is an extremely thin film of soapy water enclosing air that forms a hollow sphere with an iridescent surface. What fluid dynamical process occurs during the popping of a soap bubble?
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2answers
880 views

What forces are at work causing sand to migrate to the centre of a spinning bucket of water? [duplicate]

A bucket is filled with water and a handful of sand. The water is then spun. Why and what forces are in play which cause the sand particles to congregate in the centre of the bucket?
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3answers
198 views

Meaning of “Gradient with respect to coordinates of particle” in SPH

I'm currently trying to implement a simple SPH simulation based on a variety of papers. However as I'm not a trained physicist nor mathematician I have a small issue with the following notation and ...
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2answers
593 views

The pressure in a water spout and Bernoulli's equation

This is a conceptual question about the application of Bernoulli's equation to a water spout. There is a classical problem found in many physics texts which goes something like "you have a garden ...
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3answers
478 views

What do mathematicians mean by Navier Stokes existence and smoothness problem?

I still don't know what mathematicians mean by Navier-Stokes existence and smoothness. Since there is a reward for proving it, it seems important to them. (in past several months I've read online ...
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1k views

How do we calculate the speed of an air bubble rising in water?

We all know that an gas bubble expands as it rises through a liquid due to decreasing pressure.But at what speed does it rise? if we make a bubble of unit volume filled with a gas of given density at ...
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269 views

Dynamic simulation of surface tension [closed]

Is there any substantial body of work in physics on dynamically simulating effects of surface tension on liquids? The texts i found so far on fluid dynamics all seem to ignore surface tension, ...
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82 views

What is the domain of validity of the Omega equation?

The Omega eqation is used in meteorology for estimate the value of the vertical velocity. Considering that the horizontal velocity field and density is given by observation. Under which condition ...
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2k views

How to calculate the velocity of fluid at the outlet when density and the pressure drop are known?

I have a U- like pipe. Its inlet has atmospheric pressure $p_o=10^{5} \, Pa$. Vacuum is applied to the other end with a pressure gradient $\nabla p_v=-30 \cdot 10^{3} \, kPa/s$. The total time of the ...
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1answer
106 views

Object submerged in a fluid

1)A sphere of a given mass is put in a non viscous liquid. The sphere is released, and it moves down in the liquid. My doubt is, is the mechanical energy of the system decreasing? The answer given in ...
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1answer
96 views

Integral related to particle diffusion

In the context of particle diffusion, I am trying to understand the equations that describe Brownian motion as a macroscopic process. Assume $N(x,t)$ is a number concentration and $D$ is a diffusion ...
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2answers
114 views

In turbulence theory, what happens if i take space average of fluctuating part?

According to Reynolds decomposition, velocity field is split into two time average and fluctuating parts: $$u_{({\bf x},t)}=\overline u_{(\bf x)}+u'_{({\bf x},t)}$$ we know that time average of ...
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228 views

Ball jumping from water

Few days ago I played with ball(filled with air) in swimming pool. I observed interesting phenomenon. When I released a ball from 3 meters depth the ball barely jumped above the water surface but ...
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1answer
142 views

Fluids in thermodynamic equlibrium

I am reading about the Euler Equations of Fluid dynamics from Leveque's numerical methods for conservation laws. After introducing the mass, momentum and energy equations, some thermodynamic ...
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62 views

Outflow for fluid simulation based on “Stable Fluids”

I've implemented a fluid simulation based on the paper Stable Fluids. It works quite well, except I would like to have the velocity at the "upper" edge just to outflow and not to re-enter on the ...
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1answer
647 views

Pressure in Bernoulli's equation

! I've been reading an introductory physics textbook. It has a chapter on fluids which I'm finding quite confusing. Specifically, I don't understand the meaning of the pressure terms $P_0$ and $P_1$ ...
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313 views

How would you swim in inviscid water?

The viscosity of water creates drag on swimmer's body so its effect is to slow down the swimmer. However the viscosity seems to be essential for pushing the water backwards by the swimmer's arms and ...
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101 views

virtual air-surface temperature difference above a water body

I'm trying to work through the equations for the following paper: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2009JD012839/abstract and am trying to understand the concept of virtual air temperature, ...
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1answer
87 views

Is this the reason solids suspended in turbulent fluids don't settle?

While I know (and can observe) that solids don't settle easily in a turbulent flow, I struggle with understanding why exactly this is the case. Here' my problem: Conceptually, turbulence means high ...
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1answer
174 views

Navier-Stokes - Complete set under turbulent eddy viscosity hypothesis

I'm looking for the complete set (x,y,z component) of the Navier-Stoke equations under the Eddy Viscosity hypothesis to model turbulent fluid flow. I found the following, but I have a really hard ...
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80 views

How do we measure mean part or time average of velocity field?

How do we measure mean part or time average of a (known) velocity field? In other words, if I know velocity field how can I measure its time average or mean part? What is time average in general?
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877 views

Why is pressure gradient assumed to be constant with respect to radius in the derivation of Poiseuille's Law?

Poiseuille's Law relies on the fact that velocity is not constant throughout a cross-section of the pipe (it is zero at the boundary due to the no-slip condition and maximum in the center). By ...