The quantitative study of how fluids (gases and liquids) move.

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Bubble in a pipeline

I am just thinking about this phenomenon: We have a horizontal pipeline with a flowing liquid, which contains a small bubble of gas. How do the dimensions of this bubble change when it reaches a ...
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53 views

Realistic Ocean Shears

I was wondering if anyone could point me to published data on the vertical structure of strong ocean currents, such as the Gulf Stream. I am primarily interested in the mean current profile as a ...
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5answers
2k views

Why planes have propellers in front but watercraft have them behind?

Why do propeller airplanes mostly have their propellers in front (of the fuselage or wings) while ships and boats mostly have them at the back? I realize that there are aircraft with pusher ...
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1answer
94 views

What happens (in terms of pressure) when there is a leakage in a horizontal pipe? [closed]

Consider a horizontal pipe that has water being pumped continuously through it, with a leak at a given point. What will the leak's effect be on the pressure in the pipe, both above and below it in the ...
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2answers
1k views

What does the Froude number represent?

While reading on Wikipedia, I read the following The Froude number is defined as: $$\mathrm{Fr} = \frac{v}{c}$$ where $v$ is a characteristic velocity, and $c$ is a characteristic water ...
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39 views

Nuclear Weapon Effects: Cloud Rise [closed]

I am interested in modeling the rise of a nuclear cloud to stabilization height post detonation. I am interested in any ideas you may have on the approach. I have collected some research on the topic ...
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1answer
210 views

Are electrodynamics problems in the complex plane relevant to real life?

This is a question I asked in Maths SE, and it was suggested I ask it here. This is a direct copy of that question. I have been reading Tristan Needham's excellent Visual Complex Analysis. The end of ...
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0answers
130 views

Horizontal Capillary Question

I have a fluid mechanics question, that I think is caused by a lack of understanding of some key concepts. Suppose we have a horizontal capillary with a radius of 10um. The fabrication process has led ...
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2answers
341 views

Boundary between supercritical fluid and gaseous phase

As far as I understand, going around the critical point, it is possible to transform a liquid into a gas without seeing a phase transition. Does this also mean that there is no clear separation ...
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1answer
218 views

Blasius boundary layer solutions

I'm trying to understand the Blasius boundary layer solution, but I'm having some difficulties. Using wikipedia, I wonder how they get the first formula: ...
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92 views

Boundary layer equation

I was trying to understand the derivation of the boundary layer equations at p.145 of http://www.unimasr.net/ums/upload/files/2012/Sep/UniMasr.com_919e27ecea47b46d74dd7e268097b653.pdf. : the ...
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1answer
278 views

Question about streamline in boundary layers

I was wondering what the streamlines look like in a boundary layer. I found a picture that shows this: I would like to know if this presentation of the streamline is correct. I don't think that it ...
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1answer
130 views

Can Smoothed-Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) be used to simulate porous media flow and deformation?

I am trying to use Smoothed-Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) to study fluid flow in and around porous media. The aim is to observe how it causes erosion and failure. For this, from my understanding, there ...
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149 views

Efficiency estimation for small-scale (~15cm) propellers

First up, apologies if this isn't quite the place for this; Aerospace is still in Area 51 so there doesn't seem to be a better place for it. If it helps, feel free to give theoretical answers and I'll ...
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1answer
223 views

What is physics of Collision between solid and liquid (or gas)? [closed]

My mind has been busy recently by this question: What is physics of Collision between solid and liquid (or gas)? What is Conservation law's of such Collision? Why, when we drop a solid object in ...
2
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1answer
773 views

Shear stress in directions other than the flow direction

Consider the flow of a newtonian fluid in a rectangular pipe. Consider a 3D coordinate system with the property that.that the flow of the fluid in the pipe is parallel to the x-axis. Let ...
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0answers
169 views

What is the drag coefficient of an open wedge?

To check my two dimensional CFD calculation I am looking for reference data on the drag coefficient of an open wedge. The geometry is shown below, together with the flow direction. I have found ...
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1answer
423 views

Question about the Bernouilli equation

There are some things I encountered, studying the Bernouilly equation, that I don't understand. I was studying in the following book: ...
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0answers
920 views

From Navier–Stokes equations to Euler, Bernoulli, etc [closed]

How can one go from the 3D compressible Navier-Stokes equations to the simpler Euler equations, Bernoulli's equation and other fluid dynamic equations?
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1answer
393 views

Is there a way to let water pour out of bottle without letting air inside? [closed]

Is there a way to let water pour out of bottle without letting air inside? i understand that air needs to enter the bottle to ensure water flow, but i do not want to the water to be exposed to air. ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Why do ice cubes stick together or to the edges of a drinking glass?

I was drinking iced-water from a drinking glass (made of glass) at a restaurant yesterday when I was taking a drink, I noticed that there is very little ice water coming out and then suddenly, the ice ...
42
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7answers
3k views

Explaining to a five year old - why don't bubbles run like water

My five-year old daughter was asking about astronauts the other day and why they float in space. After me showing her a few bits on the kids section on the NASA web site I started explaining about the ...
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1answer
1k views

Finding the Center of pressure of a body immersed in liquid

I came across some problems related to finding the center of pressure. Please guide me how to go about them. Posting them all so that I can find out the intricacies involved when there are so many ...
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2answers
4k views

About an upside down cup of water against atmosphere pressure

There is an experiment we learned from high school that demonstrated how atmosphere pressure worked. Fill a cup of water and put a cardboard on top of it, then turn it upside-down, the water will not ...
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127 views

seemingly impossible query

While on an expedition to a lake, it was noticed that the wind speeds gusted violently in seemingly periodic wakes and the proposed explanation was Von Karman vortex shedding off of nearby mountains ...
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1answer
293 views

Is the convective heat coefficient always dependent on heat flux and delta T?

I'm having a difficult discussion with a colleague because I'm running heat flow simulations for a small heater (5 mm^2 area), and I insist that if we're going to run more electrical power through the ...
3
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1answer
539 views

Equation to estimate droplet volume falling from a needle of a known orifice diameter at a given flow rate

I am doing some research to see if there is a simple equation (or an equation that can be simplified) to estimate the volume of a drop of liquid falling due to gravity based upon the approximate flow ...
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1answer
644 views

How to calculate air velocity in a fan?

How to calculate air velocity in a fan and what data should I know ? So if I have a fan motor, fan blade and a battery, what data should I get from these items ? I think I will need to know the ...
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1answer
202 views

Isentropic vs Total pressure

I am confused between these two quantities: Isentropic pressure and Total pressure. Are they the same?
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1answer
45 views

Mass, momentum and energy…How many equations for more then one elements? [closed]

Basically, for solving 1D flow equations, one uses the mass, momentum and energy equations (Also known as Euler equations). Say now I have $N$ elements in series, will I be using $3N$ equations?
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4answers
1k views

How do I calculate the distance a ship will take to stop?

I am a River Pilot and drive ships for a living. These ships are very large and range up to 160,000 Metric Tons. I am trying to figure out how to calculate the distance to stopping. I have a basic ...
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0answers
62 views

Contraction and expansion after constricting flow though a pipe

If an orifice is placed inside a pipe with a smaller diameter than the rest of the pipe, fluid will follow a curved path in order to enter the orifice, and then expand. I was wondering at what ...
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0answers
77 views

What causes a whirlpool to form in a bathtub? [duplicate]

I mean, when you have a full bathtub and then let it empty, under what conditions does a whirlpool form? Could we devise an experiment and measure this effect? When it comes to fluids, I don't know ...
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1answer
428 views

Gas mixture flow rate equation [closed]

2 gas flows connect and mix in a pipe. The following is known: $\dot{m_1}$; $\dot{m_2}$ - mass flow rate of the inlet gases $(\frac{kg}{s})$ $A_1$; $A_2$; $A_{mix}$ - the cross section of the pipes ...
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Where else in physics does one encounter Reynolds averaging?

Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations (RANS) is one of the approaches to turbulence description. Physical quantities, like for example velocity $u_i$, are represented as a sum of a mean and a ...
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0answers
22 views

Windflow in a car [duplicate]

When driving on a highway, if the front two windows of a car are open , how does the air flow in and out of the windows? Clearly, air cannot keep accumulating inside the car, so how/where does the air ...
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0answers
113 views

Leakage rate Calculation

I have to calculate leak rate for helium/air from an enclosure which is made of fabric. This is similar to helium balloons. There are small holes in the fabric. How should i proceed ?
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3answers
181 views

Why does an ice cube not twirl along when twirling a drink glass?

When you have a drink with an ice cube and twirl the glass, the liquid itself seems to twirl but the ice cube stays roughly in the same place. Why is this?
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1answer
672 views

Does something like Pascal's Law apply in a Swimming Pool? If not, how does pressure spread?

I've been trying to wrap my head what happens when a force is exerted on the surface of a swimming pool / pond, or underneath it. Examples include a small boy cannon-balling into the deep end, or a ...
3
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1answer
191 views

Conditions of applicability of potential flow about an airfoil

In many cases the flow about an airfoil is calculated by solving the Laplace equation, (for example in the Hess-Smith panel method). If the velocity field is irrotational and its divergence its zero, ...
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1answer
1k views

Definition of Buoyancy Flux

I've seen in some papers the definition of buoyancy flux as follows $$B = g \frac{\rho_a-\rho_0}{\rho_0}Q$$ where $g$ is the gravity acceleration, $\rho_a$ is the density of the ambient fluid, ...
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1answer
124 views

decay time for a blast wave

The blast wave that is formed as a result of an explosion has some import parameters. One of them is the peak pressure which is basically the pressure measured when the blast wave arrives at a given ...
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3answers
289 views

What keeps a gas giant from falling in on itself?

There is not enough gravity at the center to start nuclear fusion, but it seems that there would be plenty enough to collapse the planet.
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1answer
119 views

Are third derivatives of metric perturbations zero?

I'm working on a problem related to fluid perturbations of stars. I'm following this paper. They start with the Einstein equation: $$G_{\alpha \beta} = 8 \pi G T_{\alpha \beta}$$ and then perturb the ...
5
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3answers
426 views

A book sits on a table. What is the net force of air pressure?

An elementary problem asks, A book is at rest on a table top. In what direction is the net force of air pressure on the book? Is this a meaningful question, and if so, what's the answer? If ...
6
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1answer
252 views

How to calculate strength of wind speed in a von Karman vortex?

I am working on a project involving Von Karman vortices coming off of a mountain. I was able to calculate the shedding frequency (thanks to tpg2114 in a prior question), but now find it necessary to ...
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2answers
79 views

What is the reason (quantum mechanical) behind Laminar Flow and the ability to return to near-original state in Laminar fluids?

Laminar flow here refers to the smooth disruption of fluid in layers, in a medium. A peculiar trait in a few examples of laminar flow is the ability to return to near-original state, as demonstrated ...
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1answer
470 views

Book recommendations for fluid dynamics self study [closed]

I have my bachelors degree in engineering science: computer science, option electrotechnic. I have a good understanding of basic mechanics and dynamics, calculus (differential equations). The books ...
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1answer
154 views

What is physics behind of explosion under Atmospheric pressure?

An explosion is a rapid increase in volume and release of energy in an extreme manner. A blast wave in fluid dynamics is the pressure and flow resulting from the deposition of a large amount of energy ...
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1answer
219 views

How to derive a physical model of temperature above the earth surface?

At a point on the surface of the Earth, if I go straight "up" a distance $z$ (radially outward from the Earth), I'd observe a temperature profile $T(z)$. The conventional wisdom from the meteorology ...