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3
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1answer
79 views

Fluctuation-dissipation theorem in QFT

If I understand correctly, the fluctuation-dissipation theorem (fdt) in QFT technically arises because of $\pm i\epsilon$ - infinitesimally small summand in the denominator of spectral representation ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Fluctuation theorem - Tasaki Crooks

The Tasaki Crooks relation connects forward and backward evolution of a system which is initially in equlibrium: $$ \frac{P_F(W)}{P_B(-W)}=\mathrm{e}^{\beta(W-\Delta F)} $$ If the system would ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Power scaling behavior in Detrended Fluctuation Analysis

I am trying to apply DFA in my time-series, however, remain the the determination linear relationship of the log fluctuation vs. log scale plot i.e. slope which indicates to the power scaling behavior ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Heat capacity and fluctuation-dissipation theorem, meaning of energy fluctuations?

I have read that from the fluctuation-dissipation theorem that the heat capacity is proportional to energy fluctuations (or populations fluctuations). In this context what is the meaning of 'energy ...
2
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0answers
63 views

Second law of thermodynamics in linear response theory

I am wondering about the appearance of irreversibility in the response functions or equivalently the correlation functions in a statistical mechanics system. The main principle that I have seen where ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Massless brownian particle Langevin equation and FDT

Given the Langevin equation of a massless brownian particle: $$ \gamma \dot{x}=\eta, $$ where $\gamma$ is the friction coefficent and $\eta$ the noise ($\langle\eta \rangle =0$ and $\langle\eta(t)\...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

how to simulate a steep potential barrier in langevin equation

When simulating a Langevin equation, how is a vertical potential barrier handled? I have the time overdamped evolution of the position $x$, described by $\gamma\frac{dx}{dt}=-V'(x)+\eta(t)$ where $...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

alternative derivation of Einstein relation

Is there a derivation of the Einstein–Smoluchowski relation without the assumption of the Boltzmann distribution? Every time I see a derivation, it always assumes the Boltzmann distribution, such as ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Confused by Langevin Equation

Trying to understand the Langevin Equation. In particular, this passage from a Wikipedia article has me confused (section: "Thermal Noise in an Electrical Resistor"): $\frac{dU}{dt} =-\frac{U}{RC}...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Is it possible to eliminate Van der Waals interactions?

I came to know that the friction force actually depends on the surface contact area due to weak interactions (adhesion due to Van der Waals forces) between the atoms of both materials increasing in ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Drag force acting on a disk in a 2D system

I have a 2-dimensional system with behavior governed by Langevin dynamics in which disks (circles) move through a fluid. In the Langevin equation, there is a velocity-dependent term that accounts for ...
5
votes
1answer
166 views

Does the skin effect, eddy current / hysteresis losses contribute to Johnson noise in an inductor?

Based on my very basic understanding of the Johnson noise, it's not just a DC phenomena, but should change with frequency in a system, where there is a frequency dependent, real component to the ...
7
votes
3answers
920 views

What information is contained in the quantum spectral density?

Consider a harmonic oscillator system with Hamiltonian $$\hat{H} = \frac{1}{2} A \hat{u}^2 + \frac{1}{2} B \hat{v}^2 \qquad [\hat{u}, \hat{v}]=i \gamma $$ where $A$, $B$, and $\gamma$ are all real. ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Why should $\langle xf_r\rangle=0$ but $\langle\dot{x}f_r\rangle\ne 0$?

All the $\langle\rangle$ in this question is the mean value theorem over a large number of experiments. Consider a Brownian particle moving in a liquid with the viscosity $\mu$. The equation of ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Fluctuation-dissipation in a quantum Ising Model

For the classical Ising model, the fluctuation-dissipation theorem tells us that the Magnetic susceptibility is proportional to the variance of the magnetization. Is there an equivalent relation for ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

Fluctuation Dissipation Theorem [closed]

I take this course at university called Waves and Optics, and a few lectures ago our teacher talked about the Fluctuation Dissipation theorem but I didn't really understand it. The math behind it is a ...
10
votes
2answers
346 views

Nonequilibrium thermodynamics in a Boltzmann picture

The Boltzman approach to statistical mechanics explains the fact that systems equilibriate by the idea that the equillibrium macrostate is associated with an overwhelming number of microstates, so ...
5
votes
2answers
458 views

Question about thermodynamic conjugate quantities

I've come across the Onsager reciprocal principle. It's almost clear, except for thermodynamic conjugate quantities - what's that, physical meaning (except the formal definitions: $X_i = -\frac{1}{k}\...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

Quantum fluctuations in a classical domain?

"In the presence of chaos, even small fluctuations (including quantum fluctuations) can be amplified to produce large uncertainties in later behavior"(http://arxiv.org/pdf/gr-qc/9210010v2.pdf) Is there ...
1
vote
1answer
219 views

Stokes-Einstein's formula results in incorrect units for rotational drag coefficient

The Stokes-Einstein-Sutherland relationship, $$D = \frac{kT}{ 6 \pi \eta a}$$ where $D$ is the translational diffusivity is well known. A similar relationship is used to calculate the rotational ...
1
vote
2answers
301 views

Behaviour of individual terms in Einstein-Smoluchowski fluctuation-dissipation relation

Consider a bath of Brownian particles at temperature $T$. If we sprinkle some larger particles in this (eg: pollen grains in water or dust motes in air), they'll diffuse with diffusion constant $D$ ...
2
votes
2answers
289 views

Error in variance

I've been exploring techniques in statistical physics, specifically applying them to spin ices. I'm in the canonical ensemble. By using the fluctuation dissipation theorem you can extract useful ...
4
votes
4answers
478 views

Friction at zero temperature?

By the fluctuation-dissipation theorem (detailed-balance for Langevin equation), $$\sigma^2 = 2 \gamma k_B T$$ where $\sigma$ is the variance of noise, $\gamma$ is a friction coefficient, $k_B$ is ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Quantum shot-noise and the fluctuation dissipation theorem

Classically, shot noise observed in the signal generated by a laser incident on a photodiode is explained as being due to the quantization of light into photons, giving rise to a Poisson process. In ...
6
votes
3answers
582 views

How to include random force in the simulation (Classical Molecular Dynamics)

I need to implement a random force in my code according to the fluctuation dissipation theorem. I have a Gaussian distribution function ready width average 0 and distribution 1 and I know I need to ...
5
votes
2answers
993 views

What happens if you connect a hot resistor to a cold resistor?

Kind of an extension to this question: If you heat up an object, and put it in contact with a colder object, in an ideal insulated box, the heat from one will transfer to the other through thermal ...