The motion of fluids (gases, liquids and granular material).

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Why does the vortex form in the von Karman Vortex Street?

Why does the vortex form in the von Karman Vortex Street? So far I have this for the reasoning: 'It occurs when a fluid flows around a cylindrical object. The pressure on a fluid particle rises to ...
2
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2answers
392 views

Dynamic water pressure from flow and diameter

I've to test some fire hydrants and need to get the dynamic pressure. For that I know I can use a Pitot tube but... I don't have. After Googling a lot, I found two formulas allowing to compute the ...
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2answers
25 views

Constant RPM of Gas Compressor

I would like to improve my understanding of gas compressors. If the compressor is moving at constant RPM, does it mean that it can only allow the same volumetric flow rate at all times? So the power ...
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2answers
53 views

Convert cubic feet per sec to feet per sec

Is there a way to convert cubic feet per sec to feet per sec. Or in general volumetric flow to velocity? I want to know the time taken by water to travel from point A to point B. I have the distance ...
3
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1answer
196 views

How does a hollow-point bullet move smoothly through the air, presenting a 'cup-shaped' nose instead of an actual sharp-point to the fluid?

Hollow-point rounds move smoothly through the air when presenting a 'hollow cup-shape' instead of a traditional 'sharp point' to the fluid air. Does this mean the air trapped, and at some assumed ...
3
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1answer
665 views

Torque on a rotational cylinder in viscous fluid

I've been stuck on what I'm pretty sure is a simple part of a larger question. It's a cylinder (radius a) spinning in a viscous fluid. It's rotating at rate $\Omega$ .During this question we get that ...
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1answer
442 views

Why are mass flow rates found using Venturi meter and pitot tube different?

Regarding an experiment to find the mass flow rate of a fluid (air) using a venturi meter and a pitot tube: What could be the cause of a variance in results obtained using the 2 instruments mentioned? ...
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1answer
26 views

In the non-Newtonian flow, what's the difference between Carreau–Bird model and FENE-P model

Can FENE-P model describe the shear-thinning or shear-thickening flow?
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1answer
392 views

Why does the Nusselt Number for a Constant Surface Temperature, Thermally Fully Developed Circular Pipe Converge To a Constant of 3.66?

I have flow in a pipe with a constant surface temperature boundary condition. The velocity profile is fully developed and the temperature profile is also fully developed. In my textbook, it says that ...
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1answer
193 views

Does the termination point(level) influence water flow from a pipe

I get water to my home from a nearby Tank A at a certain height above ground level. I have a 1" pipe through which I get this water to my home.. I leave this water into my well by connecting a 1" tube ...
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1answer
20 views

Find the separation distance for a line of oil being squashed between two flat plates

I was wondering if someone could give me some help on how to start this problem, I'm really struggling to get my head around it. A long line of oil is being squashed between two flat plates of length ...
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1answer
35 views

Equation of a water pump with a nozzle

If I have a small water pump with a flow f (L/s) and maximal pressure p (bar) and attach its output to a small tube having on the other end a nozzle with an area A (m^2). What is the equation that ...
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1answer
30 views

Influence of a defect on the flow field

I have a long microchannel where flows some water. The reynolds number is much smaller than one. Within the structure of this microchannel there is a big defect. It looks like a bump of size ...
3
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0answers
140 views

SU(2) critical point and volume dependence

I am doing multi-dimensional plots of $\beta_j$ for SU(2) for infinite volume to understand the flow behavior and I was wondering, before I go too much further, if anyone knew off the top of their ...
2
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0answers
195 views

Molecular structure correction factor in Mass Flow Controller

This question concerns device called Mass Flow Controller (or Mass Flow Meter). For a video explaining the principle: see https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G62ma2IFh9o These devices are factory ...
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0answers
201 views

Modeling Syringes e.g. with the ideal gas law

Gentlemen I have a similar yet very practical problem that might provide further insight. I'm trying to model a moving plunger in a syringe (something like a piston in a cylinder). At time zero the ...
2
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0answers
76 views

Contraction and expansion after constricting flow though a pipe

If an orifice is placed inside a pipe with a smaller diameter than the rest of the pipe, fluid will follow a curved path in order to enter the orifice, and then expand. I was wondering at what ...
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0answers
233 views

Centrifugal Compressor Flow Rate

For a centrifugal compressor, as found in most turbochargers on internal combustion engines, is there a noticeable change in flow rate versus a naturally aspirated flow rate? In other words, does the ...
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0answers
33 views

On deriving a fluid flow pressure drop model using either physical theory or empirical methods

I'm trying to derive a model from physical principles of fluid flow, a simple quadratic model that tends to well fit actual pressure-flow data. For (real) subsonic air flow (ideally adiabatic) ...
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0answers
36 views

Connection between gas flow rate and diameter of tubing

First time poster, long time troller and curious student. I have a bit of a conundrum that I would love some input on... Here's the problem. I have an air flow system is under constant pressure of ...
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0answers
65 views

Internal pipe flow - Pressure Drop

Let's say I have internal flow at some flow rate in a pipe that is 10 ft long and there are 2 straight sections and 2 bends. I am trying to determine pressure drop due to friction in the pipe. My ...
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0answers
46 views

Hamiltonian flow?

I was wondering what the Hamiltonian flow actually is? Here is my idea, I just wanted to know if I am correct about this. So let $(x(t),p(t))' = X_{H}(x(t),p(t))$ are the Hamilton's equations and ...
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65 views

Books on experimental methods, fluid mechanics related

I need some good books on experimental methods, requirements are: Fluid mechanics related; Thermal, multi-phase etc. topics should be covered; Traditional methods are good, but it would be greater ...
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0answers
60 views

Home experiment with airfoils and Reynold's number

I want to do an experiment about lowering the Reynolds number of an airfoil moving through air. I want to figure out how to lower the turbulence around an airfoil. So my two hypotheses to lower the ...
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0answers
69 views

For thermal mass flow measurement technologies is it necessary to measure gas pressure to determine volumetric flow rate?

Mass flow readings from thermal mass flow measurement technologies often provide output readings in volumetric units (e.g. standard liters per minute). Mathematically I can derive the volumetric flow ...
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27 views

What is “full clutching flow” in fluid-dynamics with regards venturi design?

As the title says, what is "full clutching flow" in fluid-dynamics with regards venturi design? I came across this reference a few times and can not find any further info on it, I'm currently ...
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0answers
106 views

Static,total and velocity pressure at a point

I have a past exam question that I am stuck on. $200$m$^3/s$ of air is entering a shaft of $5m$ diameter, the density is $1.18$kg/m$^3$, and I have shock loss of factor $X=.5$ I want static, ...
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0answers
25 views

Rapids in a River

Can I expect to have bigger or smaller rapids in a river that has a water level that is higher than average? I am not sure which way this would go. With the lower water, one is closer to the rocks, ...
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0answers
45 views

Speed of Water in a River

Does a river flow faster the higher the water level - or does it go at exactly the same speed? I was recently tubing in a river and the water seemed to be going faster with the water level being ...
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0answers
226 views

An equivalent for the Bernoulli equation for viscous liquids

I was wondering whether there is any equation for viscous liquids (probably derived from energy and mass conservation principles) relating the pressure, rate of volume flow, area of cross section and ...
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0answers
214 views

Formula for residence time/turnover rate with unsteady state

I'm not sure this is the correct place to ask my question... but maybe someone could still help me. I'm looking for a way to calculate the residence time/turnover rate. I have the production and ...
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0answers
254 views

Time required to fill a pipe line

This is quite embarrassing to ask, but I haven't done a fluid flow calculation in a very long time and when you don't use it, you lose it! I have a natural gas pipeline that I want to purge of air ...
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0answers
81 views

Discharge of a propeller in a yield-stress liquid

What form does the discharge stream of a propeller take in a Herschel-Bulkley fluid, chracterised by having a certain yield stress, shear between layers only occurs beyond that stress. This situation ...
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19 views

Pressure profile and output of a coil heated burner

In a hot air balloon burner (and probably lots of other burners) liquid gas is passing through a heating coil before it exits at a hose. I realize that the point of having a heating coil is to ...
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22 views

What is the meaning of the point of inflection in this?

Consider the following flow velocity profiles near a boundary, and the boundary profile point of inflection,PI Regarding the effect of pressure gradient on boundary-layer profiles does the point of ...
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41 views

Magnus effect, Coanda effect, and the Bernoulli principle: What is balancing gravity on a spinning sphere vs. a stationary screwdriver?

I've seen videos of golf balls and screwdrivers levitated by a focused air stream. Reading the comments of these videos (and others), I see explanations of the machanics at work and their cause and ...
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0answers
59 views

Symmetry considerations in Plane Poiseuille Flow

I'm taking a first course on fluid dynamics, and I have this (sort of) conceptual question that's been nagging me for a moment now. I can completely follow the mathematics behind the derivation of the ...
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22 views

Hot air particles

I have a question- albeit random one!. I recently visited a friends place who used a standard shovel from the shed as a tool for moving hot charcoals around a pizza oven. Unfortunately the shovel was ...
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0answers
47 views

Expected value, Fluid Mechanics and Momentum balance

I've been doing some problems on Fluid Mechanics involving the balance of Matter and Momentum and I have a question I've been wondering about. Suppose the following: We have a (viscous and ...
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98 views

Self-made air pump - What does it take to pump up a balloon?

We are building a simple altitude-controlled balloon (idea borrowed from Google Loons). As part of that, we need an air pump to inflate a balloon acting as ballast (which is called a Ballonet in ...
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80 views

How does a heated constant volume flow behave, for an expanding flow tube leading into the free atmosphere

I have a helium gas flow with a flow rate that has been set to a constant value ($0.3\,m^3/h$). It's streaming upwards in the picture, and beyond the upper big red dot position, it meets the ...
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23 views

Calculate the distance travelled by hot air before it looses its momentum

Hot air is released from a nozzle with certain velocity into the atmosphere. As the stream travels, it looses momentum and after some time mixes with air.How can we calculate the distance the stream ...
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0answers
27 views

Hot wire anemometry and gas species

Hot wire anemometry is a technology that measures mass flow of a gas stream in the neighborhood of a heated wire. The sensitivity of a flow sensor using this technology is usually specified for a ...
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0answers
393 views

Shape of the “flow head” in Laminar flow in pipe

Laminar flow is a streamlined steady flow with a uniform gradient of velocity across the diameter of the pipe. I am familiar with the elementary treatment of laminar flow, like basic velocity ...
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0answers
106 views

Finding the appropriate source term for 2D Pressure Driven Flow in a Square Channel

I'm trying to solve the equation: $$ \frac{\partial^2 v_z(x,y)}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial^2 v_z(x,y)}{\partial y^2} = \frac{\Delta P}{\mu \Delta X} $$ This flow is supposed to be flowing in a ...
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0answers
180 views

How can I model computationally or experimentally the flow in my aquarium tank?

I have a 60-gallon aquarium tank and I have always wondered about the flow of water in the tank. Let's represent the flow of water in terms of a direction field representing velocity, so if we see the ...
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0answers
139 views

Collision of two deformable bodies - limitation of work-energy theorem

I am attempting to model the impact of a deformable body (clean, dry sand characterized as a continuous fluid) with flexible diaphragm (in this case a sheet of rubber). Assuming that this is a closed ...
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77 views

Experimental data for gas flow through pipelines

Maybe some of you could point a good source of experimental data of gas flow through pipelines? What I need is a very simple flow of some gases through some diameter simple linear pipeline. A graph of ...
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329 views

Reduction in velocity in pipe

I have two pipes divided from main pipe. If I add one more pipe, what would be the amount of velocity in each pipes. I know the velocity of main pipe, then diameter and radius of each pipe. Edit: 1) ...