The motion of fluids (gases, liquids and granular material).

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Find the separation distance for a line of oil being squashed between two flat plates [on hold]

I was wondering if someone could give me some help on how to start this problem, I'm really struggling to get my head around it. A long line of oil is being squashed between two flat plates of length ...
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50 views

How to make two equations dimensionless? [on hold]

I recently got set this problem and am having trouble scaling the resulting equations. Any help would be appreciated. An incompressible thermal conducting fluid is contained between two infinite ...
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40 views

Open systems (Conservation of Energy): is a temperature change possible if a tube is thermally isolated?

Full question: consider an perfectly thermally isolated cylinder. Water is flowing through this cylinder from the entry to the exit. Is it possible for the water flowing through the exit to have a ...
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53 views

The pressure in a container of water is based on depth. So what happens if I remove the bottom of the container?

So I understand that if we have a system that involves a container of water the pressure will equal atmospheric pressure at the top and as we go further down the container the pressure will increase ...
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34 views

How can I interpret $P(t) = \frac{1}{Q(t)} \frac{dW(t)}{dt}$ physically?

Generally speaking, one can calculate the work, $W$ (energy) required to compress a volume, $V$ of gas by integrating the pressure-volume 'loop' in a phase-space as $$W=\oint PdV$$ where $P$ is the ...
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34 views

On deriving a fluid flow pressure drop model using either physical theory or empirical methods

I'm trying to derive a model from physical principles of fluid flow, a simple quadratic model that tends to well fit actual pressure-flow data. For (real) subsonic air flow (ideally adiabatic) ...
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19 views

Pressure profile and output of a coil heated burner

In a hot air balloon burner (and probably lots of other burners) liquid gas is passing through a heating coil before it exits at a hose. I realize that the point of having a heating coil is to ...
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23 views

What is the meaning of the point of inflection in this?

Consider the following flow velocity profiles near a boundary, and the boundary profile point of inflection,PI Regarding the effect of pressure gradient on boundary-layer profiles does the point of ...
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63 views

Laminar vs Turbulent flow separataion

(Left is a laminar separation, Right is a turbulent separation) I have been having a bit of trouble understanding this concept. How come the laminar separation involves a much larger wake than the ...
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26 views

Constant RPM of Gas Compressor

I would like to improve my understanding of gas compressors. If the compressor is moving at constant RPM, does it mean that it can only allow the same volumetric flow rate at all times? So the power ...
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42 views

Magnus effect, Coanda effect, and the Bernoulli principle: What is balancing gravity on a spinning sphere vs. a stationary screwdriver?

I've seen videos of golf balls and screwdrivers levitated by a focused air stream. Reading the comments of these videos (and others), I see explanations of the machanics at work and their cause and ...
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60 views

Why does the vortex form in the von Karman Vortex Street?

Why does the vortex form in the von Karman Vortex Street? So far I have this for the reasoning: 'It occurs when a fluid flows around a cylindrical object. The pressure on a fluid particle rises to ...
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35 views

Calculating the drag force provided by a laminar flow [duplicate]

If I drop a ball into viscous fluid (e.g. oil), by calculation I know that the fluid flow is laminar. So which equation do I need to calculate the drag force provided by fluid? The drag equation, ...
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37 views

Connection between gas flow rate and diameter of tubing

First time poster, long time troller and curious student. I have a bit of a conundrum that I would love some input on... Here's the problem. I have an air flow system is under constant pressure of ...
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60 views

Symmetry considerations in Plane Poiseuille Flow

I'm taking a first course on fluid dynamics, and I have this (sort of) conceptual question that's been nagging me for a moment now. I can completely follow the mathematics behind the derivation of the ...
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129 views

Why are vehicles not pitted like golf balls?

I have read that non-laminar flow reduces drag on blunt bodies. Given that, why is pitting not used on motor vehicles?
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50 views

2D aerofoil fluid analysis - find velocity ratio

I just wondered if you could help me out on this fluid mechanics question? I have worked through it myself but am very unsure of my answer (not yet found the pressure difference) the question is ...
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1answer
195 views

Will changing the pipe diameter reduce the pressure head loss?

I have this system installed in my house (fig 1), and I'm having problems with the shower. I want to know whether, if I change the PEX tubes shown in red from 1/2" to 1" as shown in fig 2, I will have ...
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68 views

Raychauduri equation for Milne universe

I am trying to solve this kind of problem: Consider the Milne model, i.e., the empty $ \kappa = −1 $ Friedmann model. Verify by a direct calculation that the expansion $ \Theta $ of the unit ...
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25 views

Flow Rate Calculation from a drain tank through a pipe [duplicate]

I want to know how to calculate the flowrate (Q) of a drain tank flowing through a pipe (see the figure below) All I know is that Q=Velocity(V) x Area (A) V= sqrt(2*g*H)=sqrt(2*9.81*10)=14m/s. I ...
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36 views

What happens when water added to the ash?

I am pouring some water (using falling by gravity) from my water bottle into the ash. The ash is not in heat conditions. Now the small particles from the ash come out proportional to the water flow. ...
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26 views

In the non-Newtonian flow, what's the difference between Carreau–Bird model and FENE-P model

Can FENE-P model describe the shear-thinning or shear-thickening flow?
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35 views

Equation of a water pump with a nozzle

If I have a small water pump with a flow f (L/s) and maximal pressure p (bar) and attach its output to a small tube having on the other end a nozzle with an area A (m^2). What is the equation that ...
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160 views

Is Torricelli's law “wrong” for big holes? - Tank draining problem

Consider a tank full of water with a constant cross-sectional area A1 placed vertically on the ground. Now someone drills a hole of an area A2 in the bottom of the tank, and the liquid starts escaping ...
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66 views

Internal pipe flow - Pressure Drop

Let's say I have internal flow at some flow rate in a pipe that is 10 ft long and there are 2 straight sections and 2 bends. I am trying to determine pressure drop due to friction in the pipe. My ...
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23 views

Does the length of a pipe influences the flow?

if I have a closed system of horizontal pipes, filled with water, where I want to create a flow at some rate by using a pump. Does the length of the system influences the flow ? (in real world not in ...
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46 views

Hamiltonian flow?

I was wondering what the Hamiltonian flow actually is? Here is my idea, I just wanted to know if I am correct about this. So let $(x(t),p(t))' = X_{H}(x(t),p(t))$ are the Hamilton's equations and ...
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22 views

Hot air particles

I have a question- albeit random one!. I recently visited a friends place who used a standard shovel from the shed as a tool for moving hot charcoals around a pizza oven. Unfortunately the shovel was ...
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47 views

Expected value, Fluid Mechanics and Momentum balance

I've been doing some problems on Fluid Mechanics involving the balance of Matter and Momentum and I have a question I've been wondering about. Suppose the following: We have a (viscous and ...
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98 views

Self-made air pump - What does it take to pump up a balloon?

We are building a simple altitude-controlled balloon (idea borrowed from Google Loons). As part of that, we need an air pump to inflate a balloon acting as ballast (which is called a Ballonet in ...
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88 views

Air nozzle outlet profile efficiency, concave/convex

I need to design a contracting nozzle for air. The application is quite simple, consider it like an hair dryer but the flow speed is even lower. So the Mach number is very low and the flow laminar. If ...
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202 views

Molecular structure correction factor in Mass Flow Controller

This question concerns device called Mass Flow Controller (or Mass Flow Meter). For a video explaining the principle: see https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G62ma2IFh9o These devices are factory ...
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54 views

Convert cubic feet per sec to feet per sec

Is there a way to convert cubic feet per sec to feet per sec. Or in general volumetric flow to velocity? I want to know the time taken by water to travel from point A to point B. I have the distance ...
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30 views

Influence of a defect on the flow field

I have a long microchannel where flows some water. The reynolds number is much smaller than one. Within the structure of this microchannel there is a big defect. It looks like a bump of size ...
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35 views

Homogeneous turbulence [closed]

I'm trying to demonstrate the Karman-Howarth expression of isotropic turbulence for the velocity correlation functions: $R_{ij}(r)=A(r)r_ir_j + B(r)\delta_{ij}$ since: \begin{align} A(r) r^2 + ...
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338 views

How to calculate the increased pressure drop due to a restriction?

Assume I have a straight pipe with diameter D1 and a volumetric flow, Q flowing through it. The inlet pressure is P1 and the outlet pressure is P2. Now, assume I've added a restriction in the middle ...
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81 views

How does a heated constant volume flow behave, for an expanding flow tube leading into the free atmosphere

I have a helium gas flow with a flow rate that has been set to a constant value ($0.3\,m^3/h$). It's streaming upwards in the picture, and beyond the upper big red dot position, it meets the ...
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185 views

Dependence of streamlined flow on viscosity

My teacher told true class the following statement:- Streamlined flow is more likely for liquid with more viscosity as sturdy flow can only be achieved with slow speed. It's true that viscosity ...
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28 views

Lovely flow rate [duplicate]

How can we calculate the measure of the air flow rate when it is coming out of the balloon? (I mean that which parameter affects that? For example, the measure of balloons neck or the ratios or ...
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18 views

How do I calculate the speed of the air particles flowing out of a balloon? [duplicate]

I am trying to find out what kind of force would a leakage in a balloon cause. What i used is F = (mass flow)speed = (air density)(surface of leakage hole)*speed. I don't know how I could calculate ...
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198 views

How does a hollow-point bullet move smoothly through the air, presenting a 'cup-shaped' nose instead of an actual sharp-point to the fluid?

Hollow-point rounds move smoothly through the air when presenting a 'hollow cup-shape' instead of a traditional 'sharp point' to the fluid air. Does this mean the air trapped, and at some assumed ...
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1answer
201 views

Compute pipe restriction from water flow and static pressure

How can I determine if residential water pipes have a restriction given, for example, flow rate and static pressure? Details: (1) You hook up a static pressure gage to a faucet which is in the ...
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1answer
374 views

What is the differential equation for pressure in a container with an orifice?

I've seen similar problems all over physics.SE and other sites. Most of the time it is about non-compressible fluids, or not about the differential equations. The physical system of interest is ...
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1answer
445 views

Why are mass flow rates found using Venturi meter and pitot tube different?

Regarding an experiment to find the mass flow rate of a fluid (air) using a venturi meter and a pitot tube: What could be the cause of a variance in results obtained using the 2 instruments mentioned? ...
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1answer
117 views

Predicting balls's movement in well due to fluid flow

I am a total newbie in fluid dynamics. In one of my experiments/open project, my experiment setup is as below: a small ball sits in a circular well (has mass density a bit heavier than water), with ...
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1answer
270 views

Non-Darcy Flow : Forchheimer plotting method

Recalling Darcy's equation for gas flow, assuming ($z\mu_g$) = Constant $$\tag{1} q_{g,sc}=\frac{kA}{L}\left(\frac{T_{sc}}{Tp_{sc}}\right)\left(\frac{1}{2z\mu_g}\right)(p_1^2-p_2^2)$$ For ...
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Books on experimental methods, fluid mechanics related

I need some good books on experimental methods, requirements are: Fluid mechanics related; Thermal, multi-phase etc. topics should be covered; Traditional methods are good, but it would be greater ...
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Do de Laval nozzles have to be asymmetric?

All pictures of de Laval nozzles I've seen have an hourglass shape where the convergent section is shorter than the divergent section. Is this necessary to attain supersonic exhaust velocities, or ...
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44 views

Sum of velocity fields

In hydrodynamics the for a non-viscous flow the velocity (and density) fields are given by the continuity and Euler equations: $$\rho\frac{\partial \vec{v}}{\partial ...
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1answer
71 views

Must flow be supersonic for disturbances not to affect upstream?

I'm studying oil production and found a fact that puzzled me. It states that fluid flow downstream of the wellhead must be supercritical in order not to disturb the flow upstream of it. From ...