Fiber optics is the study of optical fibers, which are thin pieces of high quality optical materials which are able to act as a waveguide for some frequencies of light. This waveguide or 'light pipe' feature of optical fibers allows them to transmit light with very low loss from one end of the ...

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Wave vector relation in nonlinear material

A light wave ($k_1,\omega_1$) travels in a medium of refractive index $n_1$ and then encounters a nonlinear medium ($n_2$) under the angle $\theta_1$. Snell's law tells us the wave's direction in the ...
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20 views

Coupling into FC/APC fiber

I am currently attempting to couple a 405nm laser diode into FC/APC fibre. The fibre is mounted on a flexure stage approximately 15.3mm from an f=15.29mm lens. I have managed to couple into the core ...
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25 views

Can you pass 400mJ laser light through a fiber?

What is the energy limit for fibre optics? For a dual-pulsed nd:yag laser firing at 10Hz with energy roughly 2x 400mJ, and pulse width ~5-10ns. My gut says that this is far too high to pass through ...
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35 views

Why is fiber coupling efficiency dependent on core diameter?

I read on Thorlabs' website that the coupling efficiency of a fiber is primarily dependent on the core diameter and numerical aperture of the fiber. It makes sense to me that if the beam of light ...
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27 views

Polarized light in single mode fiber

In single mode fiber the light propagates in two orthogonal planes. Input will be linearly polarized light, which state of polarization will be on output and why? And if there will be some different ...
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48 views

How to compare optical fibers of different material, NA and diameter

For an experiment I would like to figure out how different optical fibers behave in terms of losses at both ends and their attenuation for a given wavelength. Let's say, I have three different ...
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17 views

Ray transfer matrix analysis (Fiber)

I'm currently trying to read into ray transfer matrix analysis and am fiddling around with some of the exercises in the workbook. This one is especially annoying, since I don't know if my approach was ...
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18 views

Fiber holder with 'vacuum' holes.

I'm a student in my third semester and am currently working with workgroup in our physics department. Last week our lab got access to liquid nitrogen and we are fiddling around with fibers in ...
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16 views

Hollow metallic waveguides versus optical waveguides versus cables

In almost every physics program, you learn about electricity, electromagnetism, photonics, ... Within the electricity course, you learn about transporting electric energy as electrons through cables. ...
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1answer
23 views

Understanding hollow waveguides. What is $\lambda_g$ on the figure?

I am trying to understand the field distribution in waveguides. On the figure is $HE_{12}$ mode of hollow fiber. What is the $\lambda_g$ ? Is it $\lambda_g$ = $\lambda_0$ / $n_{eff}$. Does the z ...
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1answer
41 views

Which waveguide mode will be excited by circularly polarized laser mode $\mathrm{TEM}_{00}$ entering hollow fiber?

Linearly polarized Gaussian mode $\mathrm{TEM}_{00}$ mode, would couple into HE modes of circular hollow fiber. Which modes would circular polarized beam excite entering hollow circular fiber ?
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44 views

Attenuation and Amplification - Transatlantic telecommunications cable system

It's a german book so I don't know if I'm translating this properly into english, so bear with me: The TAT-14 connects the cities Norden and Tuckerton with glass fibers (~7500 km). The cable has ...
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1answer
46 views

Is there a beam splitter in time?

I have a train of pulses (with some known time separation between them) and I want to mix two of these (perform an XOR - beam splitter transformation - between them), leaving the rest alone. How do I ...
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18 views

Shaving down length of a GRIN lens to a desired wavelength

I have a GRIN lens that collimates light from a point source at 670nm. I want to shave the thickness of the lens down to use for 530 nm. I can't find anything useful for equations online. None seem to ...
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49 views

Total internal reflection in single mode fiber

As only one mode (parallel to the fiber axis) propagates through a single mode fiber, so does total internal reflection occur inside a single mode fiber and how? And how the light is guided in single ...
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1answer
60 views

Collimated light directly into a multi-mode fiber

This is my question - Will a collimated, incoherent light, consists of a limited angle, that "hits" a multi-mode fiber facet exit the fiber as collimated? (just to be clear, no lens is involved. I ...
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1answer
31 views

Using fiber optics to focus quartz tungsten halogen light

Our purpose is to make 1 mm spot size of quartz tungsten halogen light with 100 mm working distance for spectral imaging of wavelengths of 350-2000 nm. With some QTH light source and adapter on the ...
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1answer
142 views

Spectral Line- Width

How does the spectral line-width of light source (let that be ordinary light, LED, LASER etc.) decides for which communication purpose it will be used for ? Is it like spectral line-width effects the ...
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1answer
11 views

What is “Data point spacing” in fiber optics?

I was going through documents related to Optical Fiber communication. There to define optical fiber, parameter "data point spacing" is used. I tried googling, but there is no proper explanation any ...
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2answers
24 views

Principle of fibre optic cable coating

I was reading about fibre optic cables and it was mentioned that ,the individual "light pipes" are coated with a material whose refractive index is less than that of that of the glass. My question is ...
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0answers
23 views

Why would longer distance between collimated lenses improve coupling efficiency?

Im coupling 1550nm output from a single-mode lensed optical fiber to a standard SMF using a pair of collimating lenses, matched to the NA of the respective fibers. However, I find that by increasing ...
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28 views

Why does not the optical fiber break? [duplicate]

Glass is a very fragile object. So why does not the optical fiber break? Everytime I take them, I am worried about this problem.
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1answer
54 views

Why does some light escape when in a fiber taper?

I am working with fiber tapers and i noticed that some light escapes from the tapering region and i am quite curious. I am using a 500 micron plastic optical fiber and i managed to stretch the ...
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1answer
48 views

Why do higher modes propagate more in the cladding of an optical fiber than lower modes?

I am trying to understand the theory of inter-modal dispersion in optical fibers. It seems quite obvious that if higher modes have a greater angle of incidence in the fiber than lower modes, the path ...
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43 views

473 nm light through a single mode fiber designed to operate between 1500 and 1600 nm

Can we send light with 473 nm through a single mode fiber designed to operate between 1500 to 1600 nm spectrum? The radius of the fiber core is 4.25 micrometer, NA=0.12 and the single-mode cut-off is ...
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1answer
347 views

How I can launch light into PM fiber

A polarization maintaining fiber preserves the linear polarization of the light at the output, the light at the input must be linear polarized to see signal at the photodetector... However I can't see ...
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19 views

Why is forward brillouin scattering difficult to observe?

Generally we talk of only the backward Brillouin scattering. And I just know forward scattering is difficult to observe? Why is it so? Does it have something to do with phonon life time? Is it ...
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1answer
199 views

Calculating the beating length of the directional coupler

I want to determine the coupling length needed to achieve a certain power coupling coefficient of a directional coupler. Recently, I read a paper titled "Ultra-compact high order ring resonator ...
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1answer
716 views

What will happen if I transmit 850nm signal through a 1300nm optical fiber? [closed]

We prefer 1300nm optical fiber over 850nm optical fiber because later one is more efficient. So am selecting 1300nm optical fiber. But I want to know the possibility of using same cable to transmit ...
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1answer
50 views

How can I make an optical circulator?

I need to a single mode 1550 optical circulator at my lab. I have a varied supply of components, but no circulator. Any idea how I can make one myself? Perhaps using coupler and isolator? Thanks. -D ...
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1answer
174 views

Snell's law demonstration

I'm a bit confused about a Snell's law demonstration. I'm reading Communication Systems from W. Tomasi. In the chapter 11, the author applies the Snell's law to θent, and -here comes my problem- he ...
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2answers
277 views

Will microwaves interfere with data transfered through fiber optics?

Do fiber optical cables used for broadband signals of Internet get any interference due to any nearby microwaves generated in mobile phones? I learned that fiber optics are used to transmit data in ...
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0answers
132 views

How to calculate the Gain of EDFA amplifier? [closed]

I have co-propagating pump laser and tunable optical signal and I want to measure the Gain of EDFA Amplifier from the Optical Spectrum Analyser (OSA). I have measured first the signal power without ...
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1answer
68 views

Will light leak into a side glow optical fiber?

I am looking into some possible applications of side glow optical fibers (plastic). Will side glow fibers "drive" adjacent fibers? That effect is undesired.
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3answers
354 views

How noisy are photon detectors?

I have a single photon detector and $N$ photons per second arrive at the detector. Then something happens and the number of incoming photons per second changes by the factor of $\alpha$. So now ...
2
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0answers
87 views

How does the Darma - Smart Cushion work? Explanation of the new fiber loop ring-down spectroscopy

How does the Darma - Smart cushion monitor your sitting position and obtain the breathing rate, body movements, and BCG (Ballistocardiography) signals? The creators say that they accomplish this by ...
2
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0answers
106 views

Why the Caustic of a circle is the most bright curve in the circle?

Caustic of a cirle is the envelope of light rays reflected by a circle, which is the most bright curve in the circle. But why? Here is the picture shows the Caustic of a circle.
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1answer
143 views

What is the ratio power in core/ total power in an optical fiber?

I need to plot a graph of power_core/total power in optical fiber with respect to $V$ Number: searching on the internet I got this formula: ...
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0answers
1k views

Effective refractive index calculation of fiber core

Can someone pls explain what is effective refractive index of fiber core and how to calculate it theoretically? Suppose the fiber core refractive index=1.4446 and cladding refractive index is= ...
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2answers
138 views

Phase shift in back-reflection generated at the mating point of two fibers

If you have light traveling from glass to air at normal incidence, e.g., in an optical fiber with the endface open, the Fresnel reflection coefficient would roughly be $R = |(1.5-1)/(1.5+1)|^2 = 0.04$ ...
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2answers
126 views

Increase path length for a photon with two mirrors vs optical fiber

Is it possible to build two mirrors in vacuum such that a light pulse (single photon) gets refleted many times in order to increase the distance it travels? For example like that? Say I want the ...
2
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1answer
83 views

Optical fibre modes and intensity pattern

I shine laser line in front of one side of multimode optical fibre.Light coming out of other side is projected into wall.Whether the intensity pattern seen on wall is same as the mode of propagation ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

What happens if we use an optical fibre for light at a different wavelength than the one specified on the fibre?

Say the fibre is for 700 nm, and we shine light at 1064 nm into it. Would it change the mode? The polarisation? The beam shape (i.e. introducing ellipticity in the beam)?
3
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3answers
240 views

Proper and rigourous derivation of Gaussian beam?

Gaussian beams are known solutions to the Paraxial Wave Equation: $$ \frac{\partial^2 \Psi(x,y,t)}{\partial^2 x} + \frac{\partial^2 \Psi(x,y,t)}{\partial^2 y} = 2ik\frac{\partial ...
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2answers
479 views

Why does a single mode fibre have a cutoff wavelength?

I earlier had a doubt based on ray theory that light must reflect and so all wavelengths should propagate through SMF. This Q/A Single-mode fibers and ray-theory of light does specify that we have to ...
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2answers
100 views

Difference between single mode and multi mode optical fibres?

What is the difference between single mode and multi mode optical fibres? First off, I guess that by modes we mean the spatial modes of the electric (or magnetic?) field right? Now: what makes a ...
0
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1answer
17 views

Light Focus Guider [closed]

How can I easily guide a focused light source to a different location without losing focused light intensity? If there is an item, where can I buy this? I heard about fiber cable, but I do not know ...
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1answer
92 views

How to calculate transmission of photonic band gap fiber?

How to calculate transmission of hollow core photonic fibers (multilayer fiber and 2D band gap fiber)? Which books/article you can recommend ? I see that comsol can do it, but is there a model that ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Optical devices for micro meter photons?

Are there all the common optical devices like beam splitters, mirrors, polarizers, fibers, etc for photons with a wavelenght in the range of micro meters? If so, how broad can the bandwidth be for ...
6
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2answers
408 views

Single-mode fibers and ray-theory of light

I have read ray-theory cannot be applied to single-mode fibers. Why? I know rays are kind of an approximation to describe the real behavior of light, and electromagnetic theory and photonics are ...