3
votes
1answer
136 views

Four-gauge-boson vertex in non-Abelian gauge theories

In Peskin & Schroeder's book page 524, the following diagram is calculated for the gauge boson self-energy in order $g^2$: In dimensional regularization, its contribution is given by ...
6
votes
1answer
308 views

Can a photon see ghosts?

Does it make sense to introduce Faddeev–Popov ghost fields for abelian gauge field theories? Wikipedia says the coupling term in the Lagrangian "doesn't have any effect", but I don't really know ...