# Tagged Questions

"Faster-than-light", also known as superluminal velocities, refers to any sort of travel at a speed greater than the speed of light. Prohibited in mainstream physics due to the Special theory of relativity.

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### Speed of light and relativity [duplicate]

Suppose there are two observers $A$ & $B$ both are in motion, now $A$ sees $B$ is moving with speed $'u'$. A says that another object $'d'$ is moving with speed $c+u$ w.r.t. A in the same ...
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### Faster than light possibility? [duplicate]

According to general relativity, speed is relative, so for example if you are running at 20 km/h and a car passes you at 30 km/h, the runner is actually moving at 50 km/h relative to the car. Now ...
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### How can I explain this fallacy of conveying information faster than Light?

First statement of this question: In superluminal phase velocities, what is it that is traveling faster than light? says that information cannot be transmitted at a velocity greater than speed ...
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### Variance in speed of light

While discussing this question (Does light have an unending journey?) I stumbled on the fact that light's speed is constant only in inertial frame. What I happened to do was add up the expansion of ...
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### Length contraction as $v>c$

What would theoretically happen to an observed object's length (let it be a 5 meter line) moving at some speed greater than that of light in a straight path?
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### Speed of approach between image and object

A plane mirror image approaches the object at the same rate the object approaches the mirror. So the speed of approach is twice the speed at which the object approaches the mirror. If the object ...
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### Why does the Dopfer EPR experiment require coincidence counting?

Dopfer Momentum-EPR experiment (1998) seems to provide a interesting tweak in the EPR experiment. To read more details on this experiment, see: Page 3 (labelled S290) of 'Experiment and the ...
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### If I am travelling on a car at around 60 km/h, and I shine a light, does that mean that the light is travelling faster than the speed of light?

The title says it all. If I was on a bus at 60 km/h, and I started walking on the bus at a steady pace of 5 km/h, then I'd technically be moving at 65 km/h, right? So my son posed me an interesting ...
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### Faster than light messages (paradox resolution)

I have a thought experiment which in my understanding leads to faster than light messaging, and I had hoped the physics.SE community could help me resolve it. I should say that most of my ...
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### Quantum entanglement as practical method of superluminal communication

As I understand it (from a lay physics perspective), quantum entanglement has been experimentally demonstrated - it is a reality. As I understand it, you can measure something like the spin of an ...
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### Isn't the front edge of a wave, kind of “information” which travels faster than light?

Considering the definition of phase and group velocities, We know group velocity can't exceed C but phase velocity can be infinitely high. Assume a monochromatic electromagnetic wave traveling with a ...
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### Please explain me this relativistic occurrence [duplicate]

So, for example, we have the planet, a spaceship (cylinder shaped) and a ball in it (spaceship is like transparent so we can see the ball). We are on the planet looking at the ship. The spaceship ...
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### Energy transfer using quantum entanglement

Can we transfer energy from one place to another separated by arbitrarily large distances without any time lag? For instance, if Alice and Bob are two observers making measurements having a singlet ...
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### Quantum Entanglement and Causality [duplicate]

How does Quantum Entanglement not violate the principle of relativity? Alice and Bob are working on an entangled system of electrons which is spaced long apart. Now if Alice measures one electron to ...
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### Faster than light in plasma

Some plasmas have a refraction index of less than 1. In these plasmas the phase velocity of light can be faster than light-speed. But the phase itself won't transfer information, so no paradox occurs ...
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### Does FTL signaling allow signaling in the past at the cost of arbitrary precision?

In a recent paper (http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-30870-3_53#page-1), G. Szekely and P.Nemeti wrote the following. Let us consider two reference frames A and B initially, at event ...
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### Why does nonlinearity in quantum mechanics lead to superluminal signaling?

I recently came across two nice papers on the foundations of quantum mechancis, Aaronson 2004 and Hardy 2001. Aaronson makes the statement, which was new to me, that nonlinearity in QM leads to ...
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### Einstein's Cosmic Speed Limit $c$ challenged by Black Holes/Massive Objects [duplicate]

To even suggest the great Einstein is incorrect on anything he has written is inconceivably absurd. Being fully aware of this I do indeed dare to not only suggest he is wrong but I cannot believe ...
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### Can entanglement be explained as a consequence of conservation laws?

This article at NewScientist magazine (subscription required) describes entangling photons by passing them through a half silvered mirror. http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21929282.100-quantum-...
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### What's going on along the “sides” of an Alcubierre warp bubble?

The models/depictions I've seen of warp bubbles show space compressed ahead of the bubble and expanded behind, so that the space inside the bubble moves with respect to the space outside. If that is ...
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### Interaction of external light or matter and an Alcubierre warp bubble

For a hypothetical vehicle traveling in an Alcubierre bubble at faster-than-light (FTL) velocities, what would happen when the leading edge of the bubble encounters incident particles or photons? Let'...
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### Gravitational slingshot of light using a black hole/massive object

Wikipedia has this page on gravity assists using planets. In some cases this effect was used to accelerate the spacecraft to a higher velocity. This diagram shows this in a very oversimplified manner. ...
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### What would be the effect on gravity if space expanded at > $c$?

If space were to expand at > $c$ (as in inflation) would that mean gravity would no longer have any effect on the curvature of space, since gravity can only propagate at $c$?
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### Is it possible to defy time using speed? [closed]

I have always wondered if we were to travel at past the speed of light (even beyond the current capability) would we be able to slow down time around us? I have asked my teacher at school and he has ...
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### Alcubierre Drive

I am a layman. I am aware that the Alcubierre Drive has not yet been proven to be possible, but there is something about the concept itself that I am confused about. If there is no movement within the ...
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### Are Electromagnetic Waves The Only Means of Transmitting Information?

We've been using EMF to transmit energy (information) for over a century. I was wondering is there any other way to send a message on long distances, even faster than EMF waves can travel? For example ...
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### can we break the speed of light [duplicate]

I know this is impossible but I just want to know where I went wrong. here's my proposal: Let us imagine that we have a source of light and a switch that are far one light year from us. so it would ...
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### Do radio waves go faster than the speed of light? [closed]

My science teacher used to say a lot of weird stuff, but I'm just making sure on this one.
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### Why can't some light ever reach earth? [duplicate]

Note: I'm a layman in physics. Excuse me if this question is a duplicate, I lack the knowledge in technical terms to find the answer to this by research (I've tried). Let's suppose there's a star ...
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### What's wrong with this QFT thought experiment?

In quantum field theory, the propagator $D(x-y)$ doesn't vanish for space-like separation. In Zee's book, he claims that this means a particle can leak out of the light-cone. Feynman also gives this ...
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### Can a pushed plank beat light and break the laws of physics? [duplicate]

Imagine you are one lightyear away from a photon sensitive (light sensitive) switch. So it is obvious that light would take one year to reach to the switch. Now I have a one lightyear long plank. I ...
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### Diameter of the universe [duplicate]

Should the diameter of our universe always be more than its age in light years? As if the distance between any two points in the universe is equal to 13.5 billion light years then the light from the ...
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### Superluminal particles with causality

What kind of CLASSICAL theories would allow to true (non-apparent) superluminal particles (beyond speed of light, BSOL) agreeing with causality to exist? I mean, are causal superluminal classical ...
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### Mass in special relativity

I have just got a query about how this equation works if its right. We have Newtonian Physics saying $F=ma$, According to the 'Mass in special relativity' the mass changes according to m= \dfrac{...
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### Why is this thought experiment flawed: A vast lever rotating faster than the speed of light [duplicate]

If there were a vast lever floating in free space, a rigid body with length greater than the width of a galaxy, made of a hypothetical material that could endure unlimited internal stress, and this ...
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### Could the shadow move with faster-than-light speed? [duplicate]

If I make a huge laser with a figure for shadow in front of the laser, and I shine it on to the moon, will I see the light from the laser AND the shadow moving the same speed? (I read somewhere the ...
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### Status of experimental searches for tachyons?

Now that the dust has settled on the 2011 superluminal neutrino debacle at OPERA, I'm interested in understanding the current status of experimental searches for neutrinos. Although the OPERA claim ...
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### Neutrinos vs. Photons: Who wins the race across the galaxy?

Inspired by the wording of this answer, a thought occurred to me. If a photon and a neutrino were to race along a significant stretch of our actual galaxy, which would win the race? Now, neutrinos ...
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### How can neutrinos “beat light”?

Article in the CERN newsletter "symmetry breaking" has the following statement: "Neutrinos are often the first particles to bring news of events in space to Earth, beating even light.". What does this ...
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### Stuff can't go at the speed of light - in relation to what? [duplicate]

We all know that stuff can't go faster than the speed of light - it's length becomes negative and all kinds of weird stuff happens. However, this is in relation to what? If two objects, each moving ...
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### Quantum tunneling is faster than light travel?

Quantum tunneling is faster than light travel ? My reasoning is that the particle cannot be detected inside the tunnel so if it travels from A to B it must be instantly going from A to B , hence ...
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### Is there absolute proof that an object cannot exceed the speed of light?

Have any known experiments ruled out travelling faster than the speed of light? Or is this just a widely accepted theory?
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### Does entanglement not immediately contradict the theory of special relativity?

Does entanglement not immediately contradict the theory of special relativity? Why are people still so convinced nothing can travel faster than light when we are perfectly aware of something that does?...
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### Can a dot of light travel faster than the speed of light? [duplicate]

Say I have a laser. If I spin the laser so that the beam sweeps in an arc along a very distant object, could that dot travel faster than the speed of light? In Diagram form:
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### Has anyone ever measured the one way speed of light perpendicular to the Earth at the Earth's surface?

1 - Has anyone ever measured the one way speed of photons traveling perpendicular to the Earth at the Earth's surface? 2 - Given our current understanding of Physics is there any way both the upward ...
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### Can space expand with unlimited speed?

According to this article on the European Space Agency web site just after the Big Bang and before inflation the currently observable universe was the size of a coin. One millionth of a second later ...
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### Exploiting the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle as a means to communicate

It seems as though I've come across a rather unusual conclusion that could either simply be a misinterpretation or a contradictory discovery. I seem to have found a way to utilize the Heisenberg ...
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### What if a faster-than-light particle is found?

What will be the consequence (severe ones) on laws of physics if a particle that travels faster than light is discovered? I am looking for a more general answer so that a high school student would be ...