for questions about design, process, data, or analysis of experiments and observations.

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Experiment demonstrating interference patterns of neutrons

The question is about experiments (and references) that demonstrate interference patterns of neutral (chargless) particles (fermions), especially neutrons. Like double-slit experiments for neutrons ...
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1answer
184 views

Questions about MTW's “thousand” tests of the Einstein principle

In Misner, Thorne, Wheeler (henceforth written as "MTW"), "Gravitation", Box 16.4, there's an experimental setup construction (or method) presented by which "Each geodesic clock is constructed and ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the speed of push/waves?

When we push something it moves due to the disturbance in it's molecular arrangement causing waves. How do I calculate the speed of push/waves? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dnv-Pm4ehFs The push ...
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0answers
26 views

Reading experimental results [on hold]

I'm an undergrad physics major and I'd like to get a feel for how to write an experimental paper. I'd also like to start reading other people's papers just to see what others are working on. I've ...
3
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1answer
154 views

Electrons skip randomly around their orbits

I read where the electron (as well as a few other particles) skips around in its orbit randomly rather than move around the orbit smoothly. This effect has been repeatedly observed in the laboratory ...
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2answers
87 views

what could generate a high-pitched whine in electronics where the frequency depends on the current?

So I was operating a Laue machine recently which generates x-rays and fires them at a sample, and I noticed that there was a high-pitched whine coming from the instrument (nothing abnormal, just ...
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1answer
182 views

How can one explain the Kelvin Water drop experiment without assuming the container to already possess a positive charge?

Kelvin Water Dropper experiment refers to the electrostatic generator invented by Lord Kelvin, which uses falling water to generate a voltage by electrostatic induction occurring between ...
3
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1answer
359 views

Why is there a hiss sound when water falls on a hot surface?

Why is there a hiss sound when water falls on a hot surface? I have searched a lot, asked my teachers but none of them seem to give me the logical answer to it.
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1answer
69 views

Upper limit to electric charge confinement?

The following questions are not intended for conventional capacitors (which stores excess charge on the outside surface), rather a type of hypothetical capacitor which is designed to confine charge by ...
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0answers
31 views

Circuit breaker Trips during thunderstorm

The circuit breaker at the electrical mains trips at home when there is a thunderstorm outside. Why does this occur?
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1answer
66 views

A way to track a gas's expansion

I was wondering if there is a way to see, empirically, how a gas behaves. Perhaps the most natural way is to use fumes with color, but they quickly disperse, rendering partially useless. Are there ...
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4answers
194 views

Detecting absolute motion inside a box

This is not a contradiction and I know it is impossible but still consider a thought experiment by me and point out if something is wrong. See the following picture and then the explanation follows. ...
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2answers
59 views

How organic impurities in the air affects laser?

We have a Nd YAG laser pumped Optical Parameter Oscillator in our lab. A technician came to our lab (my professor called him for its maintenance) and while he was working on it, he told me that ...
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1answer
54 views

How did Fizeau make his famous speed-of-light experiment?

I heard once in a TED talk how Fizeau measured the speed of light in the 19th century. Here is the link https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F8UFGu2M2gM You can read about it here in Wikipedia: ...
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2answers
67 views

Reference frequency

In my experiment, I have to obtain a relation between magnetic field of a solenoid and the applied Vp-p. The setup is as follows. http://www.teachspin.com/instruments/faraday/ Does my choice of ...
4
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1answer
26 views

What does a MEMS gyro measure during off-axis rotations?

I've been working with MEMS gyroscopes in hobbyist projects for years—but it's recently come to my attention that I don't have any principled understanding of what rotation rate measurements ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Motion in a Paul trap: $2n$th harmonic with larger amplitude than $n$th harmonic

Using a Paul trap, we captured the motion of a light charged particle (based on a rotating potential applied by AC current). Our rotational frequency was 50 Hz, and so when used FFT on the data, we ...
3
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1answer
118 views

Is this the correct way to I combine multiple interdependant pressure readings?

I want to measure the density in different layers of a suspension. To do this I want to place pressure sensors at different heights. Let's assume that the sensors are not by orders of magnitude more ...
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2answers
109 views

What are the main algorithms the LHC particle detectors use to reconstruct decay pathways?

I am just starting to look into how we understand the data from particle collisions. My question is, what are the algorithms or ways that these detectors interpret the data? Are there standard ...
21
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3answers
3k views

Has gravity ever been experimentally measured between two atoms?

Has there been any experiments, or are there any references, demonstrating gravity between atoms? If so, what are the key experiments/papers? Or if not, what is the smallest thing that has actually ...
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3answers
165 views

Hollow gold bar

A scammer got a hollow gold bar and fills it with a combination of lead and air, with the same average density as gold. What's the simplest way of discovering the fraud? I know that x-rays will see ...
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0answers
16 views

How to check the ohmic contact to the film?

I have a thin semiconductor film deposited on an isolating substrate. I would like to check different metals to find out do they form the ohmic contact or Schottky barrier. What is the best way to do ...
2
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1answer
159 views

Rutherford Experiment - practical and theoretical questions

I performed the Rutherford experiment the other day, using Au thin foil of $2\,\mathrm{\mu{}m}$, a source/gun of α particles (241Am) and a detector/counter. α particles were shot from the source ...
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2answers
119 views

What's wrong with this experiment showing that either FTL communication is possible or complementarity doesn't hold?

The assumptions are: Alice and Bob have perfectly synchronized clocks Alice and Bob have successfully exchanged a pair of entangled photons The idea is simply to have Alice and Bob perform the ...
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1answer
55 views

Can you get Born probabilities that are irrational from an experiment?

Is it possible to design an experiment getting irrational number predictions (in practice, you can't actually measure infinite numbers of decimal points, obviously) for Born probabilities? If you ...
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4answers
122 views

Can “vacuum be brought” from outer space?

Instead of creating vacuum in chambers on earth, why can't vacuum be brought from outer space in chambers? Outer space pressure ranges from $10^{-6}$torr to $10^{-17}$torr very very low. Is it ...
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0answers
35 views

Is spin an observable quantity for fundamental particles? [duplicate]

How we know that the spin of fundamental particles? For example spin-0, 1/2, 1,2.. What is the experimental facts about spin?
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4answers
113 views

What experiment would disprove Friedmann model of cosmology?

What experiment would disprove Friedmann model of cosmology? As a layman, I have read a lot of articles and threads in specialized forums. I am probably wrong, but I developed an impression that that ...
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2answers
353 views

Gravitational waves detection, any news? [duplicate]

Is the detection of gravitational waves a reality with nowadays technology? Are there recent news?
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0answers
15 views

Dispersing ultrasound in a tube - patters

I am looking for patterns to efficiently disperse reflected ultrasound in the range of wavelengths 1mm to 4mm within the interior of a narrow tube (I do not want wall reflections). For various reasons ...
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2answers
304 views

Is there a good chance that gravitational waves will be detected in the next years?

Is there a good chance that gravitational waves will be detected in the next years? Theoretical estimates on the size of the effect and the sensitivity of the newest detectors should permit a ...
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2answers
68 views

Experimental Verification of No Special Frames of Reference

Certainly, there have been numerous tests of both Special Relativity and General Relativity. Given all the phenomena and behavior stipulated by Relativity, one could perhaps divide these phenomena ...
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1answer
32 views

Plasma Treatment of LaAlO3: Surface Roughening

I'm trying to understand something I've observed in exposing LaAlO3 substrates to an oxygen plasma (yielding atomic oxygen). In literature, these substrates are frequently "cleaned" in a oxygen rich ...
1
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0answers
28 views

About Paschos-Wolfenstein relation (Weinberg angle measuring)

There is Paschos-Wolfenstein relation: $$ \tag 1 \frac{\sigma^{NC}_{\nu_{\mu}} - \sigma^{NC}_{\bar{\nu}_{\mu}}}{\sigma^{CC}_{\nu_{\mu}} - \sigma^{CC}_{\bar{\nu}_{\mu}}} = \frac{1}{2} - ...
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1answer
91 views

Scanning electron microscope imaging

In a scanning electron microscopy, secondary electrons are defined as the electrons which obey inelastic scattering whereas backscattering electron follow elastic scattering. Now my question ...
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7answers
2k views

Experimental evidence of a fourth spatial dimension?

As human beings, we observe the world in which we live in three dimensions. However, it is certainly theoretically possible that more dimensions exist. Is there any direct or indirect evidence ...
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1answer
65 views

Resolution in a Fourier transform spectroscopy setup

I am a bachelor physics student and as an assignment we had to perform measurements on an FT spectroscopy setup. Context. Our setup consisted of a Michelson interferometer through which the light ...
1
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1answer
140 views

Fiber optics with broadband, incoherent light

I wonder if someone could help clarify waveguiding with broadband, incoherent light please. If we take a telecomms fiber, which is single-moded above ~1.4 μm and couple a laser beam in, we assume ...
8
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2answers
191 views

How do we measure meson decay constants?

I'm trying to understand how people actually measure decay constants that are discussed in meson decays. As a concrete example lets consider the pion decay constant. The amplitude for $\pi ^-$ decay ...
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3answers
92 views

Predicting the mass of the Higgs particle

Physicists in Europe said that only after combining data collected at a laboratory in Switzerland with data collected at a laboratory in the U.S, were they finally able to announce the discovery of a ...
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2answers
1k views

Evidence of why the Standard Model is a successful theory of particle physics

When discussing physics with laypersons, I'm often in the situation where I have to explain what the Standard Model is, and why it's a successful theory of particle physics. To help in such ...
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1answer
44 views

Has anyone experimentally shown the quantized thermal hall conductivity in Quantum Hall systems?

For background: In a $D=2+1$ state with edge modes described by a chiral $( c_L \neq c_R )$ CFT there is a predicted thermal Hall conductance associated with the gravitational anomaly at the edge. ...
3
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2answers
68 views

Normal modes of the 2D double pendulum

I'm performing an experiment with a 2D double pendulum, and in part of it I want to investigate the normal modes of the double pendulum, where the pendula are not of equal length or of equal mass. My ...
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5answers
501 views

Neutrino versus Anti-neutrino Detection

Is there a that detection method in use that can distinguish between a neutrino from its anti-neutrino?
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2answers
467 views

Mechanical Equivalent of Heat

Recently I have been looking up James Joule's experiment regarding the mechanical equivalent of heat. After viewing some drawings of the apparatus, I assumed that the lines holding the weights would ...
11
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4answers
465 views

How do we know that the nucleus isn't a quark-gluon plasma?

The standard picture of the nucleus of atom is that is several distinct nucleons, which themselves are composed of quarks. However, it seems to me like a much simpler picture is that the nucleus is ...
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2answers
74 views

Airplane on a treadmill [duplicate]

I've heard conflicting answers, and would like to see the record set straight: An jet/propeller airplane is traveling on a giant treadmill at takeoff speed. Will the plane takeoff, or will it remain ...
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5answers
6k views

Is this kids experiment a legitimate way to show that air has mass?

Consider the experiment in this link. The experiment includes using a ruler as a lever, with an inflated balloon on one side and a balloon which is not inflated on the other. The aim of the ...
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2answers
218 views

Impossible microwave interference?

I was doing a microwave experiment with the following set up: there is a Gunn diode which emmits microwave radiation and a receiver (both work with polarised light). The strange thing is that when ...
3
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1answer
123 views

How to determine the order of indications of a clock?

Given the description of a clock $\mathcal A$, as (1) a set $A$ of all (more than 2) distinct indications of this clock, in no particular order (where the individual indications contained in set ...