for questions about design, process, data, or analysis of experiments and observations.

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57 views

Present experimental status of Moffat's Modified theory of Gravity

Modified theories of Gravity have been discussed before in this 2-year old question, Are modified theories of gravity credible? I was going through Moffat's modified gravity, given in ...
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1answer
75 views

Curve Fitting and Multiple Experiments

Say I do an an experiment 5 times, each of which gives you a list of data points. Do I fit a curve to each one separately and then average the parameters and their uncertainties? Or do I take the ...
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4answers
404 views

Experimental evidence of Pauli's exclusion principle

A fermion is described by a set of quantum numbers, this set of numbers lead us to a unique wave function. If two fermions are described by the same wave function (violating the Pauli's exclusion ...
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0answers
115 views

Thermal Conductivity Graph

This is our first time (as an engineer) seeing this type of graph that we can't interpret. This is a rough comparision of thermal conductivity from the Wiki page. ...
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1answer
61 views

Testing the speed of gravitational waves in superfluids

Ok. Light can be slowed down in superfluids. I would like to know whether if a Cavendish like experiment could be possible within inside superfluids i.e, to rotate two balls such that to observe their ...
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0answers
52 views

What are the current obstacles to experimentally testing quantum pseudo telepathy?

Quantum pseudo-telepathy refers to how, in some specific coordination games, isolated players can do better when they have pre-shared some entangled qubits. I understand how it works in theory and ...
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3answers
1k views

Moment of inertia of a planet

Is there a good way to directly measure a moment of inertia of the Earth, or say, other planet?
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2answers
223 views

Impossible microwave interference?

I was doing a microwave experiment with the following set up: there is a Gunn diode which emmits microwave radiation and a receiver (both work with polarised light). The strange thing is that when ...
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0answers
143 views

Modeling Syringes e.g. with the ideal gas law

Gentlemen I have a similar yet very practical problem that might provide further insight. I'm trying to model a moving plunger in a syringe (something like a piston in a cylinder). At time zero the ...
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0answers
26 views

Suppose we fill a membrane with ferro fluid, and alter the magnetic field around it in specific ways, what dynamics can come into play?

im trying to develop a flexible robotic arm filled with ferro fluid. Different flexible motions can be performed using this concept.
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1answer
633 views

Calculating Expected Systematic Error in a Pendulum Experiment

I am a little confused by part c of problem 4.28 of Taylor's Introduction to Error Analysis book. A student measures the acceleration due to gravity by using a steel ball suspended by a light string. ...
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1answer
171 views

Why is it easier to measure the specific charge of an electron over the charge?

The electron was discovered in 1897 and the $e/m$ ratio was measured at that time ,but the charge $e$ itself was measured in 1911. Why was it not possible to measure it earlier?
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1answer
185 views

Coffee filter experiment: time as a function of mass

In an experiment I performed, I dropped $n$ amount of coffee filters from a constant height and recorded the time $t$ taken for the $n$ coffee filters to reach the ground. In the experiment, the value ...
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0answers
98 views

Where to find information about rocket launches (speed, height, trajectory)?

I want to find experimental data from real launches, with some description of a rocket like full mass, fuel mass, thrust and so on. Just trying to model it. Where to read about precise methods of ...
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2answers
133 views

Questions about gravitational and inertial mass [duplicate]

What differences between gravitational mass and inertial mass? I cannot tell the differences between them. In history, which concept was put forward firstly? Are there some experiments to prove ...
2
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1answer
238 views

What is the speed of a neutral pion and how is it measured?

Alvager et al 1964 purportedly disproved Ritz's emitter theory in an experiment that generated neutral pions with a vellocity of $v =B.c$ where B is slightly smaller than one. How is the velocity of ...
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1answer
164 views

Is there valid physics behind the bodybugg?

The bodybugg is a faddish gadget whose marketers claim it can measure your body's daily energy expenditure. Their sales literature says: As reported in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2008 ...
2
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1answer
181 views

The Higgs explains how particles acquire mass. Could it explain how much?

It's my understanding that nothing in the Standard Model predicts the mass values of the fundamental particles, so I guess that means we don't currently know how to make models of Higgs interactions ...
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0answers
130 views

Irradiation of electronic memory circuits

I am investigating the radiation hardness of electronic memory circuits (EEPROM). The following measurement has been performed: Beam set-up: Irradiation occurred perpendicular to the DUT (device ...
2
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1answer
66 views

A way to track a gas's expansion

I was wondering if there is a way to see, empirically, how a gas behaves. Perhaps the most natural way is to use fumes with color, but they quickly disperse, rendering partially useless. Are there ...
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4answers
520 views

Final theory in Physics: a mathematical existence proof?

Some time ago, I read something like this about the issue of "a final theory" in Physics: "Concerning the physical laws, we have several positions as scientists There are no fundamental physical ...
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1answer
100 views

A table of Particles and Energies In different satellite orbites(GEO MEO LEO)

I have done a bunch of search for information about: which particles with how much energy exist in near space environment of earth in inner and outer Van Allen Belt or satellite orbits like GEO MEO ...
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2answers
131 views

Is there a fundamental limit to the temporal resolution of signals from space?

In Earth-based experiments, we can measure phenomenon very rapidly in an experiment given appropriate equipment. Clearly if something takes a long exposure to see (due to a weak signal), then the ...
2
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0answers
215 views

How can systematic errors be calculated?

Usually, it is said that systematic errors can not be handled in a well-defined way, unlike statistical errors. My question(s): A) How can systematical errors be calculated for any experimental ...
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2answers
156 views

What is the experimental reason to believe in a Unified Theory?

Is there any experimental findings on behalf of the belief that all forces can be unified to a single force? Or the idea has it's inspiration from kind of thought experiment or philosophical belief.
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9answers
2k views

What is the difference between translation and rotation?

What is the difference between translation and rotation ? If this were a mathematics site, the question would be at best naive. But this is physics site, and the question must be interpreted as a ...
2
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0answers
85 views

What's the most precise test of electroweak unification in the standard model?

As I understood, there is a coincidence of the weak coupling constant $g$ calculated in two different ways: 1) The muon lifetime $\tau_{\mu}$ is related to $g$ by the formula $(m_{\mu} c^2)^5 ...
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3answers
638 views

Accidental, unplanned breakthroughs in physics [closed]

There is possibly some idioms or saying like this, ``If you try too hard for something, you will never get it. If you do not aim for something, it may fall on you accidentally, not as you originally ...
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5answers
446 views

Why mathematical equations can describe this world? [closed]

Since I want to understand the world, I learn physics from textbooks. But I feel there is a gap between the textbook and the world. I do not know why the equations in the textbook can control the ...
2
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2answers
345 views

What does one need to learn to become a experimental particles physicist? [closed]

I know one needs E&M, classical, quantum, statmech at the graduate level. But what more does one need? Are quantum field theory, relativistic QM, advanced math needed? or just an advanced course ...
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1answer
153 views

Need to weigh a sack of kittens

Hypothetical brain teaser here, no real kittens involved! - For some bizarre reason I have a sack of kittens, I need to find the total weight of the kittens and the sack but I'm only allowed to use ...
4
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2answers
174 views

Energy measurement of W- and Z- bosons

W bosons decay into an electron and electron-neutrino or into a muon and muon-neutrino. The W lifetime is about $3 \cdot 10^{-25} s$, that means the decay occurs close to the collision point, not in ...
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1answer
2k views

Radius of curvature of lens: Newtons Ring method vs spherometer

I have to do an experiment to find out the radius of curvature of a lens using the Newtons ring method given that you know the wavelength of the monochromatic light used in the experiment. What the ...
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3answers
94 views

Predicting the mass of the Higgs particle

Physicists in Europe said that only after combining data collected at a laboratory in Switzerland with data collected at a laboratory in the U.S, were they finally able to announce the discovery of a ...
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5answers
914 views

Does a magnetically suspended frog feel weightless?

Magnetic levitation has been used to suspend frogs in midair. I was wondering: Does the animal still feel gravitational pull? I mean: Does the frog feel like an astronaut on the ISS, or does he feel ...
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0answers
133 views

Measuring a quantity using two measuring devices

I would like to ask how I can reduce uncertainty by designing an experiment. I need to measure a quantity( say speed, in m/s). I have to calibrate the device and then move the device to measure ...
5
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2answers
174 views

Celestial Time-Keeping and Navigation

Say, for sake of argument, someone was randomly transported in time and space. Would it be possible for them to determine their location on Earth and the current time using just observations of the ...
1
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1answer
568 views

Is the total angular momentum of the universe zero? [duplicate]

I know that having a net angular momentum will contradict isotropy of the universe by preferring a specific direction. But is there any experimental data on the total angular momentum of the universe ...
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0answers
116 views

Determing aperture size for space-based-solar-power laser transmitter

I have hit a bit of a roadblock in my simulation. In the equation I require the aperture size for the laser source. $$I_a ≈ \frac{\lambda d}{A}$$ $I_a$ = aperture atop the atmosphere ($m$) ...
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0answers
36 views

Walking problem physics

How could you measure someone's walking speed at a constant rate? What types of errors could you potentially come across? And what are some different ways of modelling walking motion?
5
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1answer
443 views

Atoms' excitation energies as derived from Frank-Hertz experiment data

I'm analyzing the experimental data obtained during Frank-Hertz experiment (conducted with Hg atoms): Accelerating voltage values were multiplied by 0.1 during measurement (i.e. the mean value of ...
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0answers
131 views

Quantum physics and separation fallacy

I'm deeply interested in understanding delayed choice eraser experiment. Although I understand the experimental results, the retro causality is causing a big headache. From what I understand, the ...
2
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1answer
235 views

Diffraction Gratings

Is it possible to use the sawtooth shape diffraction grating instead of rectangular grating if yes then which parameters will affect at the output ? Secondly, what is special in blaze grating ...
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2answers
68 views

Ultrafast Lasers

The main idea of femtosecond or Attosecond lasers is to achive the high energy or do we have any other parameters achieved by ultra-fast lasers ?
5
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5answers
496 views

How to prove that we are living in a 3D world?

Is there any scientific experiment that can lead us to conclude we live in 3 dimensions without the premise of the conception of limited dimensions? Thank you all who helped in the improvement of ...
2
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0answers
209 views

Mechanics of Materials (pressure and temperature)

A solid right cylinder of rock core is surrounded by four rods made of mild steel (all-thread rods). The rods are placed equidistantly around the core in a square formation. The tops and bottoms of ...
5
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0answers
120 views

Statistical analysis of data in Physics

Analysis of data is integral in bridging the gap between theory and experiment. My question is about the two major methods of approaching the analysis - Bayesian and Frequentist. How much do the ...
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1answer
208 views

Isentropic vs Total pressure

I am confused between these two quantities: Isentropic pressure and Total pressure. Are they the same?
3
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2answers
349 views

Electromagnetic Momentum

My book says : The fact that electromagnetic radiation of energy carried momentum was known from classical theory and from the experiments of Nichols and Hull in 1903. This relation is also consistent ...
3
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0answers
198 views

Pockels effect/Kerr effect

In Pockels electro-optic effect, change in Electric field produces change in refractive index/ birefringence. Moreover this effect becomes electric field squared in the case of Kerr effect. If we ...