for questions about design, process, data, or analysis of experiments and observations.

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1answer
30 views

Where can I find the Auger emission spectra of the most common chemical elements?

I am looking for an online resource where I can find the Auger emission spectra of (most common) chemical elements, i need them for AES (Auger Emission Spectroscopy). Thank you.
0
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1answer
91 views

The confusion of fractional error calculation

I need to find the focal length of a lens by using equation 1/u + 1/v=1/f I have: u= 50+-3 mm v= 200+-5 mm I calculate the value of f as 40mm. Now i need to find the uncertainty in this value. ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Is it possible to make a capacitor of required specifications using aluminium foil? [closed]

I wanted to make a FM radio transmitter but I was not able to get a capacitor with the exact rating of certain micro farad and pF. But I live in a poor country and I can not find them in the local ...
3
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1answer
132 views

Wavelength of electromagnetic waves [closed]

How can you determine experimentally the wave length of an electromagnetic wave having wave length in the visible range and that in the ultra violet range?
0
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1answer
145 views

Fusion, Magnets and Quantum Generators [closed]

I cannot even play like I'm even at this level, but this is the fusion reactor in Germany called the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator. These doughnut-shaped magnets (often seen on Physic Exchange) are ...
1
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1answer
94 views

What is an Unbalanced Interferometer

I have read in some papers about a so-called unbalanced interferometer. This appears particularly in the context of Experimentally verifying the Englert-Greenberger-Yasin Duality Relation. However, I ...
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0answers
14 views

Book Recommendation for relativistic scattering theory [duplicate]

I am looking for books on relativistic scattering theory with particular emphasis on application to experimental high energy physics. Does anyone have excellent recommendation?
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2answers
54 views

Question about Cavendish experiment

I got a question. In Cavendish experiment was used lead in both of spheres. Can we repeat that experiment with balls made from stone or anything else. Because lead could be a byproduct of radioactive ...
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0answers
39 views

Sum rule in X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)

What is the sum rule in X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)? how can I derive it? Can anybody explain the principle of sum rule in XPS or in spectroscopy in general? How can I apply it to a ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Perfect vacuum in experiment [closed]

When conducting experiments to determine the speed of light in a perfect vacuum does that vacuum(?) replicate outer space?
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0answers
24 views

How can one induce rapid temperature changes in a controlled environment?

What kind of processes are there using which it is possible to change the temperature of a material as fast as possible. You are allowed to use any material you want. Constraints - It should ...
1
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0answers
34 views

Single Photon Counting Module [closed]

I have a single photon counting module from Picoquant (tau-SPAD) . When it is powered on, the TTL output has a constant value of around 4 volts (as opposed to occasional TTL spikes indicating photon ...
1
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2answers
43 views

Electropermanent Magnet not working?

I have made an electropermanent magnet based on summary provided on this blog. Here are my details - I have used AlNiCo and Neodymium Magnet together in the core with 10mm diameter and 20mm length. ...
2
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0answers
60 views

What are the reasons for accepting Coulomb's law? [duplicate]

I read the Coulomb's first memoir on Electricity and Magnetism (Louis L. Bucciarelli english translated version), and found it to contain only three trials (as complained by many) to reach the ...
0
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1answer
482 views

comparison between current and voltage sensitivity

Current sensitivity of galvanometer is defined as deflection per unit current. $$\frac{\phi}{I}=\frac{NAB}{k}$$ Here, $\phi$ is the angular deflection,k is the torsional constant of the spring,NAB is ...
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0answers
37 views

Experimental Bases for Schrodinger Equation and Matrix Mechanics

I am curious about the motivation for developing the Schrodinger equation (SE), and its subsequent acceptance. Are the primary experimental findings that led to the development of the SE: 1) the ...
3
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2answers
126 views

How is dark matter detected?

What methods do we use to detect Dark Matter? If I understand correctly, due to lack of electromagnetic interaction it should be able to phase through normal matter nearly like through void - since ...
1
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0answers
14 views

Removing conductive silver paste from a stainless steel plate

I've been doing some STM experiments on TMD material held down with silver paste. is there any recommend solvent for removing the paste? I was going to use IPA or ethanol in a sonic bath...any ...
8
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1answer
114 views

Detailed form of light waves in vacuum and how to test it experimentally?

Consider a light wave in vacuum. Do the $\vec{B}$ and $\vec{E}$ fields have to be orthogonal to each other? Since you can add constants to a solution to Maxwell's equation it doesn't seem neccesary ...
1
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1answer
193 views

why shadows become dark when light intensity increases? [closed]

I observed following phenomena today: in my room with some lightings, there is a stuff toy placed in front of a wall. The ambient lighting doesn't cause any shadow on the wall currently. Scene 1: ...
-1
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1answer
77 views

Decide Refractive index of a unknown piece of glass [closed]

Problem: The task is to find $n_2$ by Fresnel's equation from given data. My attempt at solution: I begin from this equation: $$R= \left|\frac{(n_2\cos\theta_i - n_1\cos\theta_t)}{(n_2\cos\theta_i ...
3
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2answers
53 views

What is crater's influence on laser ablation?

In many laser ablation experiments (especially Pulsed Laser Deposition), target is moving to avoid crater formation. But I can't find any source that says why it is needed to avoid it. So why is ...
3
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1answer
54 views

100x magnifying optics system for short laser pulse

I am now designing an experiment that consists of a 400 nm short pulse (~300 fs). In the experiment, we need to magnify the transverse profile of the pulse by 100x. That's the problem. I was ...
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0answers
32 views

Extreme charge density in thin capacitor plates

Suppose we made a 1 square meter parallel plate capacitor from two sheets of graphene separated by a very strong dielectric of arbitrary thickness. Then we charge the capacitor just short of the ...
0
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2answers
52 views

Experimental proof of gravity propagation? [duplicate]

The last research aim to find gravitons which are boson, so if I correctly understand they are virtual particles. Out of theorical assumptions, Is there exist an experimental proof that the ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Does gravity affects on electrons in a noticeable way? [closed]

Is there a way to force a free electron move in a low speed in order to observe it actually hitting 'on the floor'?
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0answers
57 views

How to compare optical fibers of different material, NA and diameter

For an experiment I would like to figure out how different optical fibers behave in terms of losses at both ends and their attenuation for a given wavelength. Let's say, I have three different ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Do liquids creep from cold to hot like gases?

Consider the U-tube water experiment below with the left red block at 10C and the right red block at 90C. I think the right level will become about 3% higher than the left level simply because hotter ...
1
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2answers
75 views

How to measure 8 μm surface bumps?

I want to measure surface bumps which are larger in size than $8\ \mathrm{\mu m}$ on a uncoated plastic mirror. So it can be any number of smaller bumps and that would not effect the application. I ...
0
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2answers
28 views

smallest possible length of copper wire, where I can measure capacitance via multimeter [closed]

I am a new highschool physics instructor and I want to show to my students the basic concept inside the capacitors. i plan on showing them via simple 2 copper wires side by side each other, supplied ...
1
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1answer
71 views

Rate in Fermi's golden rule

There is a very clear derivation of Fermi's golden rule (actually Dirac's) here. Everything runs smoothly until, somehow, the equivalence $$ \Gamma_{a \rightarrow b} = \frac{P_{a \rightarrow b}}{t} ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Is there any evidence of black holes existing? [duplicate]

Yes, I am aware of observations of "massive objects", for example near the center of the galaxy. But is there any evidence that the object in question is a black hole, with all its commonly attributed ...
1
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1answer
64 views

What are some experiments verifying Maxwell's 4th equation?

Please give me the link to some paper, website or book that you know about which discusses in detail some experiments which quantitatively verify Maxwell's 4th equation, which is $$\quad ...
4
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0answers
63 views

Measuring the Dirac field

If the Dirac field $\psi(x)$ is to the electron as the Electromagnetic field is to the photon, why is it that we can measure the Electromagnetic field, whereas the Dirac field we cannot?
3
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1answer
35 views

Machine readable database of gamma lines

Friends of mine did a lab experiment where they recorded $\gamma$-spectra in the range from 0 to 1500 keV with a soil sample. The data contains some background and a couple sharp peaks at different ...
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0answers
46 views

Measuring expectation value in quantum field theory and in quantum mechanics

There is a way of calculating the vacuum expectation value $\langle 0|\hat\phi|0\rangle$ theoretically in a quantum field theory like there is a rule to compute expectation value of any operator A ...
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0answers
54 views

Beta decay - Relative probability of electronic conversion for different disexcitations energies

I'm studying, experimentally, beta decay phenomena. Internal conversion of electrons happens when we have a sobreposition between a excited nucleus with it's electronic cloud. The colision between the ...
13
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4answers
964 views

The maximum distance for which Coulomb's law has been verified?

We know that Coulomb's law, $F_{12} = \frac{kq_1q_2}{r^2}$, was experimentally verified for small distances by Coulomb himself at the and of the XVIII century. The question is what is the maximum ...
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0answers
62 views

How to measure $\mathbb{L}^2$ and $L_z $ simultaneously

What does an experiment look like, in which both quantities are measured simultanously?
1
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1answer
101 views

Measure ball's acceleration down inclined plane

If I am asked to devise an experiment to find an expression for the acceleration of a uniform sphere (ball bearing) rolling down an inclined plane, as a function of the angle of incline. Hence deduce ...
1
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1answer
27 views

How does one build a framework of sensors from nothing? [closed]

I would like to understand how you can go from nothing to a framework of sensors you can use to try out things in physics/thermodynamics. That is, everything has to be bottoms up, nothing premade ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Simple Stern-Gerlach Apparatus Orientation

I have been reading Townsend(2012)A Modern Approach to Quantum Mechanics. In the first chapter, he introduces the idea of intrinsic spin angular momentum, and some of its strange quantum properties ...
0
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1answer
179 views

How do you calculate theoretical ratios of angular velocity final and angular velocity initial? [closed]

I'm asked to calculate the "Theoretical Ratio". ($\omega_f/\omega_i$) I have Inertia of the Disk = $I_{DISK} = .0094115713$, I have Hoop Inner Radius = $I_R = 55.725$ So I am supposed to use the ...
3
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1answer
33 views

Search for unpublished note on Magnetic Monopole Detection

Design of an electromagnetic detector for Dirac monopoles by Luis Alvarez This is an unpublished 1963 note from Lawrence Radiation Laboratory (Physics Note 470), and is heavily cited in all papers on ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Wu experiment beta decay

maybe it's a stupid question. But in Wu experiment she showed that parity in not conserved in beta decay. So how to say on general that this is true for any weak force interaction?
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0answers
23 views

Fiber holder with 'vacuum' holes.

I'm a student in my third semester and am currently working with workgroup in our physics department. Last week our lab got access to liquid nitrogen and we are fiddling around with fibers in ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Help me understand Pound and Rebka's experiment

I am a second year undergrad physics student and up until now have done some classical mechanics and some electrodynamics. For some reason I have always been really interested in light. A couple of ...
2
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1answer
39 views

How deep within the sample can the DOS(density of states) be detected by STM(scanning tunnel microscope)?

Using STM equipment, we can get the LDOS(local density of states) on the surface of a sample. I want to know whether the LDOS within the sample(not surface) can be detected by STM. what is the ...
0
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3answers
377 views

How do we know which direction heat flows? From cold to hot, or from hot to cold?

I'm trying to figure out which direction the heat flows. After many google searches I've determined it flows from hot (higher energy) to cold (lower energy). My question tho is, how do we ...
0
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1answer
13 views

Detection of the He-nuclei in the historical Rutherford scattering experiment

Which method did Rutherford use to detect the Helium nuclei in his scattering experiment?