for questions about design, process, data, or analysis of experiments and observations.

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3
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1answer
135 views

How would one test the hypothesis of human free will? [closed]

In this context, I define free will to mean that a human's high-level actions (not the quantum states of his particles) are not determined, in the same sense that some quantum effects are not ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

How can scintillation gamma-spectrometers work given that track length is different for different angles?

As far as I understand, the basic principle of gamma spectrometer is simple - gamma ray hits scintillator, it generates number of photons which roughly proportional to gamma ray energy. Then we need ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

experimental verification of theory

Which equation of physics could we call the best verified one experimentally? Let us define "best verified" in the sense of smallest relative error of the predicted variables. Thank you.
1
vote
0answers
66 views

What could be the distribution of an explosion energy of a mining-grade and seismic exploration explosives?

Seismic exploration involves the excitation of seismic waves using the industrially made explosive charges. What could be the distribution of explosion energy of such a charges? My guess is that it ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Experiments looking for monopoles

Background: (skip it if you know it) In the easiest formulation of classical electromagnetism magnetic monopoles do not exist. In fact, the Maxwell's equation $\nabla \cdot \vec{B}=0$ implies (using ...
13
votes
1answer
109 views

Can a discrete dynode mass spec detector get “tired?”

In an electron multiplier (discrete dynode detector), one electron triggers the release of more electrons in a cascade. Is it possible that a "large" number of electrons hitting the detector can ...
-5
votes
1answer
48 views

Temperature limit of the increase in heat

If the sun is the hottest known thing to humans is it possible to have a temperature greater than the sun?
6
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1answer
138 views

How long does it take for a chemostat to reach equilibrium?

A chemostat is a device to grow a cell culture in equilibrium. If we denote by $x$ the cell density and by $s$ the density of nutrients, we can write down the following equations (1): ...
-1
votes
1answer
132 views

Seeing inside an atom

After seeing this photograph and reading this article : The First Image Ever of a Hydrogen Atom's Orbital Structure I was really happy to come to know that orbitals have actually been seen now, but ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Choice of X-ray scatterer in Compton effect

I am going to perform an experiment on Compton Scattering, and I am going to use an X-ray scatterer to scatter the incident X-rays. I have been instructed that Acrylic Glass slab are the best for this ...
2
votes
0answers
240 views

Theoretical or experimental violations of the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics? [closed]

Theoretical challenges to the 2nd Law? What are some the theoretical challenges to the 2nd Law? (cf. Čápek, Vladislav, and Daniel P. Sheehan. Challenges to the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Theory ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

Measurements from inside conductors

We have known for some time now that when electric field is applied across any conducting shell, then electric field inside it would be zero. It also has some fantastic applications such as ...
0
votes
2answers
728 views

Homework Question Transformation Energy [closed]

A $1400kg$ car is approaching the hill shown in the figure at $14.0m/s$ when it suddenly runs out of gas. What is the car's speed after coasting down the other side? I think I have to use this ...
-1
votes
1answer
96 views

How to detect gravitational waves?

Gravitational waves just have a little interaction with other particles. How can we detect such little influence on mass?
0
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2answers
138 views

1/r Counting Rate for Radiation Experiment

In an experiment performed in the lab, I want to justify that, when the width of the Geiger counter window is approximately the same size as the distance between the window and a mildly radioactive ...
0
votes
1answer
300 views

Inverse Square Law in Beta Radiation

Setup: A radioactive source is placed at alternating distances from a Geiger Counter. Counts per second for 10 different distances (each spaced 1 cm apart) were taken for preset times ranging from 200 ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

From which side should I solder electrical feedthroughs into a vacuum flange?

I work on an experiment that requires electrical connections to a vacuum vessel, which is submerged in liquid helium (LHe). For sending the signals into the vessel, we use a feedthrough flange. I am ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Torque of a rotating fluid on a weighing scale

I was trying to do an experiment to measure torque (Moment force) of a rotating fluid. I placed a cylindrical vessel of dia-12cm with 1liter of water on a weighing scale and using a spoon I rotated ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Expression for combining several probabilities in a single discriminator

I'm doing an analysis of some experiment. Details are not very important, but I've stumbled on an expression that I cannot make sense of. I have several simultaneous measurements of a certain ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Has advanced radiation been detected experimentally?

I would like to know whether there has been an experimental detection of advanced radiation. I seem to recall reading about such an experiment but I can't find any reference to it on the interwebs so ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

What are some common errors when it comes to measuring hall voltage of a semiconductor?

What are some common errors when it comes to measuring hall voltage of a semiconductor? I've thought of two errors: Adjusting the potentiometer so that the width of the conductor would start with 0 ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Present experimental status of Moffat's Modified theory of Gravity

Modified theories of Gravity have been discussed before in this 2-year old question, Are modified theories of gravity credible? I was going through Moffat's modified gravity, given in ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Curve Fitting and Multiple Experiments

Say I do an an experiment 5 times, each of which gives you a list of data points. Do I fit a curve to each one separately and then average the parameters and their uncertainties? Or do I take the ...
1
vote
4answers
328 views

Experimental evidence of Pauli's exclusion principle

A fermion is described by a set of quantum numbers, this set of numbers lead us to a unique wave function. If two fermions are described by the same wave function (violating the Pauli's exclusion ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Thermal Conductivity Graph

This is our first time (as an engineer) seeing this type of graph that we can't interpret. This is a rough comparision of thermal conductivity from the Wiki page. ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Testing the speed of gravitational waves in superfluids

Ok. Light can be slowed down in superfluids. I would like to know whether if a Cavendish like experiment could be possible within inside superfluids i.e, to rotate two balls such that to observe their ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

What are the current obstacles to experimentally testing quantum pseudo telepathy?

Quantum pseudo-telepathy refers to how, in some specific coordination games, isolated players can do better when they have pre-shared some entangled qubits. I understand how it works in theory and ...
2
votes
3answers
748 views

Moment of inertia of a planet

Is there a good way to directly measure a moment of inertia of the Earth, or say, other planet?
3
votes
2answers
162 views

Impossible microwave interference?

I was doing a microwave experiment with the following set up: there is a Gunn diode which emmits microwave radiation and a receiver (both work with polarised light). The strange thing is that when ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Modeling Syringes e.g. with the ideal gas law

Gentlemen I have a similar yet very practical problem that might provide further insight. I'm trying to model a moving plunger in a syringe (something like a piston in a cylinder). At time zero the ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Suppose we fill a membrane with ferro fluid, and alter the magnetic field around it in specific ways, what dynamics can come into play?

im trying to develop a flexible robotic arm filled with ferro fluid. Different flexible motions can be performed using this concept.
2
votes
1answer
557 views

Calculating Expected Systematic Error in a Pendulum Experiment

I am a little confused by part c of problem 4.28 of Taylor's Introduction to Error Analysis book. A student measures the acceleration due to gravity by using a steel ball suspended by a light string. ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Why is it easier to measure the specific charge of an electron over the charge?

The electron was discovered in 1897 and the $e/m$ ratio was measured at that time ,but the charge $e$ itself was measured in 1911. Why was it not possible to measure it earlier?
0
votes
1answer
163 views

Coffee filter experiment: time as a function of mass

In an experiment I performed, I dropped $n$ amount of coffee filters from a constant height and recorded the time $t$ taken for the $n$ coffee filters to reach the ground. In the experiment, the value ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Where to find information about rocket launches (speed, height, trajectory)?

I want to find experimental data from real launches, with some description of a rocket like full mass, fuel mass, thrust and so on. Just trying to model it. Where to read about precise methods of ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

Questions about gravitational and inertial mass [duplicate]

What differences between gravitational mass and inertial mass? I cannot tell the differences between them. In history, which concept was put forward firstly? Are there some experiments to prove ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

What is the speed of a neutral pion and how is it measured?

Alvager et al 1964 purportedly disproved Ritz's emitter theory in an experiment that generated neutral pions with a vellocity of $v =B.c$ where B is slightly smaller than one. How is the velocity of ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Is there valid physics behind the bodybugg?

The bodybugg is a faddish gadget whose marketers claim it can measure your body's daily energy expenditure. Their sales literature says: As reported in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2008 ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

The Higgs explains how particles acquire mass. Could it explain how much?

It's my understanding that nothing in the Standard Model predicts the mass values of the fundamental particles, so I guess that means we don't currently know how to make models of Higgs interactions ...
3
votes
0answers
129 views

Irradiation of electronic memory circuits

I am investigating the radiation hardness of electronic memory circuits (EEPROM). The following measurement has been performed: Beam set-up: Irradiation occurred perpendicular to the DUT (device ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

A way to track a gas's expansion

I was wondering if there is a way to see, empirically, how a gas behaves. Perhaps the most natural way is to use fumes with color, but they quickly disperse, rendering partially useless. Are there ...
5
votes
4answers
405 views

Final theory in Physics: a mathematical existence proof?

Some time ago, I read something like this about the issue of "a final theory" in Physics: "Concerning the physical laws, we have several positions as scientists There are no fundamental physical ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

A table of Particles and Energies In different satellite orbites(GEO MEO LEO)

I have done a bunch of search for information about: which particles with how much energy exist in near space environment of earth in inner and outer Van Allen Belt or satellite orbits like GEO MEO ...
12
votes
2answers
126 views

Is there a fundamental limit to the temporal resolution of signals from space?

In Earth-based experiments, we can measure phenomenon very rapidly in an experiment given appropriate equipment. Clearly if something takes a long exposure to see (due to a weak signal), then the ...
2
votes
0answers
126 views

How can systematic errors be calculated?

Usually, it is said that systematic errors can not be handled in a well-defined way, unlike statistical errors. My question(s): A) How can systematical errors be calculated for any experimental ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

Problems at arriving on the fresnel drag coefficient $k=1-{1 \over n^2}$

I was studying about the Fizeau Water Experiment of 1851(I know the aether drag hypothesis has been replaced by Relativity, but I still wish to know the mathematical thinking about aether). So at one ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

What is the experimental reason to believe in a Unified Theory?

Is there any experimental findings on behalf of the belief that all forces can be unified to a single force? Or the idea has it's inspiration from kind of thought experiment or philosophical belief.
10
votes
9answers
2k views

What is the difference between translation and rotation?

What is the difference between translation and rotation ? If this were a mathematics site, the question would be at best naive. But this is physics site, and the question must be interpreted as a ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

What's the most precise test of electroweak unification in the standard model?

As I understood, there is a coincidence of the weak coupling constant $g$ calculated in two different ways: 1) The muon lifetime $\tau_{\mu}$ is related to $g$ by the formula $(m_{\mu} c^2)^5 ...
13
votes
3answers
572 views

Accidental, unplanned breakthroughs in physics [closed]

There is possibly some idioms or saying like this, ``If you try too hard for something, you will never get it. If you do not aim for something, it may fall on you accidentally, not as you originally ...