for questions about design, process, data, or analysis of experiments and observations.

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9
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3answers
177 views

What are the main algorithms the LHC particle detectors use to reconstruct decay pathways?

I am just starting to look into how we understand the data from particle collisions. My question is, what are the algorithms or ways that these detectors interpret the data? Are there standard ...
5
votes
4answers
170 views

Can “vacuum be brought” from outer space?

Instead of creating vacuum in chambers on earth, why can't vacuum be brought from outer space in chambers? Outer space pressure ranges from $10^{-6}$torr to $10^{-17}$torr very very low. Is it ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Is spin an observable quantity for fundamental particles? [duplicate]

How we know that the spin of fundamental particles? For example spin-0, 1/2, 1,2.. What is the experimental facts about spin?
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Dispersing ultrasound in a tube - patters

I am looking for patterns to efficiently disperse reflected ultrasound in the range of wavelengths 1mm to 4mm within the interior of a narrow tube (I do not want wall reflections). For various reasons ...
3
votes
4answers
144 views

What experiment would disprove Friedmann model of cosmology?

What experiment would disprove Friedmann model of cosmology? As a layman, I have read a lot of articles and threads in specialized forums. I am probably wrong, but I developed an impression that that ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Experimental Verification of No Special Frames of Reference

Certainly, there have been numerous tests of both Special Relativity and General Relativity. Given all the phenomena and behavior stipulated by Relativity, one could perhaps divide these phenomena ...
1
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0answers
31 views

About Paschos-Wolfenstein relation (Weinberg angle measuring)

There is Paschos-Wolfenstein relation: $$ \tag 1 \frac{\sigma^{NC}_{\nu_{\mu}} - \sigma^{NC}_{\bar{\nu}_{\mu}}}{\sigma^{CC}_{\nu_{\mu}} - \sigma^{CC}_{\bar{\nu}_{\mu}}} = \frac{1}{2} - ...
5
votes
3answers
153 views

Normal modes of the 2D double pendulum

I'm performing an experiment with a 2D double pendulum, and in part of it I want to investigate the normal modes of the double pendulum, where the pendula are not of equal length or of equal mass. My ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

Airplane on a treadmill [duplicate]

I've heard conflicting answers, and would like to see the record set straight: An jet/propeller airplane is traveling on a giant treadmill at takeoff speed. Will the plane takeoff, or will it remain ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Peak at zero in one device and not the other

I was wondering if anyone could shed some light on this problem. I have placed two accelerometers on an animal one sampling at 50 Hz the other at 100 Hz. They were placed in the same position. I then ...
24
votes
5answers
7k views

Is this kids experiment a legitimate way to show that air has mass?

Consider the experiment in this link. The experiment includes using a ruler as a lever, with an inflated balloon on one side and a balloon which is not inflated on the other. The aim of the ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

Has anyone experimentally shown the quantized thermal hall conductivity in Quantum Hall systems?

For background: In a $D=2+1$ state with edge modes described by a chiral $( c_L \neq c_R )$ CFT there is a predicted thermal Hall conductance associated with the gravitational anomaly at the edge. ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Evidence of why the Standard Model is a successful theory of particle physics

When discussing physics with laypersons, I'm often in the situation where I have to explain what the Standard Model is, and why it's a successful theory of particle physics. To help in such ...
5
votes
2answers
421 views

Why do plastic bags make less noise when immersed in water and crushed?

When a plastic bag is crushed in air it makes noise. But when immersed in water and then crushed we hear very little noise. Why is it so? Even if I go inside water, I do not hear the noise the same ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

What are experimental techniques to probe band structure of solids?

What are experimental techniques to probe band structure of solids? I am not looking for exhaustive list. Few simple to understand techniques will suffice.
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Help to find nature of noise gotten from digital oscilloscope [closed]

I've got strange noise while using digital oscilloscope (Auris B-424). Spectrogram of this signal presented on this image: (X time in seconds, Y frequency in Hertz, in this image case from 0 to 50 ...
5
votes
1answer
22 views

What is the advantage of segmented particle traps?

I'm currently trying to familiarize myself with the physics of ion and particle traps, especially with linear Paul traps. Many scientific experiments I've come across use segmented electrodes (like in ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

What will be the effect of placing a light source very close to a photodiode?

What will be the effect of placing a photodiode really close to a laser source and what should be the appropriate distance between a light source and photodiode to get maximum output current?
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Is this double “double slit experiment” involving entanglement possible?

The experiment goes as follows: Put a particle emitter (photon, electron etc.) between a pair of double slits. The emitter launches pairs of particles that are entangled in such a way that if one ...
2
votes
3answers
60 views

Can we measure rates in real time?

I know what it means to say that my position is "X" at a particular moment in time. I can easily take a picture of my motion and observe my exact location at the instant the picture was taken. That is ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Regarding luminosity monitor of particle collider

I am sorry if my question is completely wrong or foolish I would feel glad to be corrected On the wiki page for Bhabha Scattering, it is mentioned that it is used as luminosity monitor in many ...
3
votes
4answers
359 views

Is the principle of Conservation of Energy empirically verifiable?

Before I am inundated by myriad and vociferous claims that conservation of energy is the single most well-attested and experimentally verified principle in all of science, let me say that I am well ...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

Experiments which show the phenomenon of closed electric field lines

In german physics introductory texts often the following experiment is cited which "shows" that a changing magnetic field can induce an electric field with has closed field lines. Here is a picture of ...
0
votes
2answers
343 views

How could the multiverse theory be disproven?

Theorists (physicists) suggest that there is the term/entity, the Multiverse that contains a huge number of universes not necessarily like our own. I personally find this theory very elegant because ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

mathematician or physicists [closed]

Mathematicians consider physicists as people who simply use mathematics as a tool but are in a way, let's say, inaccurate, as physicists tend to make assumptions a lot in their mathematics and ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Neutron Diffraction Device

I was just wondering if we have a beam of neutrons, lets say of various energies meeting or colliding with a powder of monoatomic crystallites, what would happen to the neutron beam and the energies ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

About $\chi^2_\text{adjusted}$ [closed]

I am reading "An Introduction to Error Analysis: The Study of Uncertainties in Physical Measurements by J. R.Taylor", and I read the following formula in an exercise: ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Spatial Resolution in Magnetocardiography

In the science paper called Development of an optical cardio-magnetometer by George Bison, it is mentioned that spatial resolution of 10-20mm is required for mapping MCG signal(page 52). What does the ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

How stellar aberration is measured?

A simple calculation shows that stellar aberration due orbital motion of earth is roughly 20 arcseconds. My questions are: Practically how this small value is measured? Does this value is in the ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

What are some publications which continue Schrödinger's “What is life?” discussion?

I'm looking for modern publications on the physical nature of life in which the primary reference is to the discussion started by Schrödinger in 1944 in his book "What is life". For example, ...
15
votes
0answers
262 views

Are the fast axes on Thorlabs quarter-waveplates mislabeled?

Some members of my lab are performing a polarization-sensitive experiment where they need to use a quarter-waveplate (QWP) with the fast axis in a specific direction. In the process of carefully ...
4
votes
2answers
270 views

What's wrong with this experiment showing that either FTL communication is possible or complementarity doesn't hold?

The assumptions are: Alice and Bob have perfectly synchronized clocks Alice and Bob have successfully exchanged a pair of entangled photons The idea is simply to have Alice and Bob perform the ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

30kHz solenoid and power amplifier design

I have some difficulties designing my experimental apparatus: The goal is creating a Solenoid in air (or iron powdered core) able to produce at least 50G of peak B field on his axis at a distance of ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Is there a cheap way I can do a Bell inequality experiment?

My work is almost completely theoretical/computational. But I'd really like to do a Bell inequality experiment just so I can personally see this (the best way to learn something is hands-on, right?) ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Is this a photograph of Surface Plasmon Resonance?

Does this photograph depict surface plasmon resonance? PHOTO 1 - Ellipsometric style photograph produces blue-green and purple resonance waves from nanogold-like tubule. PHOTO 1 was cropped from ...
6
votes
0answers
80 views

Current known *lower* bounds to the neutrino masses?

I started a little bit of Googling around the topic, and found very few information. There are mainly upper limits. I found lower limits only to the rest mass differences of the different neutrino ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

EXAFS (Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure) question?

EXAFS (Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure), core electron is excited to the conduction band. The oscillations in the absorption coefficient persist for 100s of eV after the edge. Taking ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

What to work on? [closed]

(I am not exactly sure if this question is supposed to go here, but it seems like the appropriate place for it.) Hello Scientific Community, I am soon graduating from high school and, as everyone ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

How to isolate and verify the source of optical absorption/effects?

This is similar to my other question, but not the same -- that one was about the energy ranges of various absorption mechanisms, and this one is more about experimental techniques to find them. Let's ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

What is the most effective dielectric material known to man?

What is the most effective dielectric medium/material (highest breakdown voltage) known to man? Is it the vacuum? or are there any materials which could be more effective than the vacuum?
0
votes
4answers
123 views

Equations of graphs

I am doing a practical write up of an experiment I did. Here is a graph using the raw data I got. What is the general formula of this graph, and what do I need to do in order to make that into a ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Upper limit to electric charge confinement?

The following questions are not intended for conventional capacitors (which stores excess charge on the outside surface), rather a type of hypothetical capacitor which is designed to confine charge by ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

Is this a photograph of an electron-positron annihilation? [closed]

With degrees in Mechanical and Electrical engineering but no advanced education in physics, I submit a query based on ellipsometric macro photography of TEMS supplied by FDA/NIH. In one TEM a ...
3
votes
1answer
312 views

Why my simple electromagnetic experiment does not work?

I make a setup (see attached picture). ONE coil (1" diameter x ~120 turns), which is separated with a gap, is mount on two sides. Each side has an iron rod (1" diameter x 6" long) to increase the ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Interpretation of the WIMP annihilation cross section graph

I have some trouble in the interpretation of the WIMP cross-section annihilation versus their mass. I understand that the lines represent a upper bound on the cross section from the observation. ...
0
votes
3answers
138 views

What will happen after escaping earth's gravitational field?

Suppose that I escaped the gravitational field of earth. Then: am I going to be pulled by Sun's gravity?
8
votes
2answers
289 views

How do we measure meson decay constants?

I'm trying to understand how people actually measure decay constants that are discussed in meson decays. As a concrete example lets consider the pion decay constant. The amplitude for $\pi ^-$ decay ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Resolution in a Fourier transform spectroscopy setup

I am a bachelor physics student and as an assignment we had to perform measurements on an FT spectroscopy setup. Context. Our setup consisted of a Michelson interferometer through which the light ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Apparatus for recieving Radiant Energy by Nikola Tesla

http://www.keelynet.com/tesla/00685958.pdf An elevated, insulated copper plate, a patented Tesla Condenser, and a voltage inverter, we've got free electricity right? admittedly small, but as a ...
6
votes
4answers
339 views

Power fit to some experimental data

I have to fit some data to a power law $$ F=\alpha q^{\beta}$$ being $q$ and $F$ the experimental data points. What I usually do is taking logs so that $$ \ln(F) = \beta \ln(q)+\ln(\alpha)$$ and ...