for questions about design, process, data, or analysis of experiments and observations.

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2
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2answers
456 views

What are the “loopholes” in past Bell's theorem experiments?

I am intrigued by the following Phys.org article: Researchers began using photons in 1980s to test Bell's theory and determine if Einstein's reasoning is right or wrong. Since then, researchers ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Improvements on a makeshift dessicator

I am a first year undergrad working in a lab, and I have these Plexiglass containers that I tried to convert to dessicators, since the commercial bell jars are really expensive. I used these weather ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

The Value of Newton's Gravitational Constant $G$ within an Atom

Can the value of Newton's Gravitational Constant $G$ be measured within a stably bound atom? PLEASE NOTE: Since scattering experiments do not involve stably bound systems, their results are not ...
1
vote
1answer
815 views

Photometer: measured Irradiance L converted to photon rate

I am conducting an experiment in which the power meter reading of $410\,nm$ narrow bandpass stimulus is noted to be 30 $\frac{\mu W}{cm^2}$ at a distance of 1 inch away from the light source. I wish ...
1
vote
1answer
382 views

Why can I add the Atomic form factors in the calculation of the Diamond Structure factor

When trying to calculate the structur factor for diamond I came across the calculation on the wikipedia. In the calculation they just add up the atomic form factors of alle the atoms in the unit cell ...
6
votes
5answers
5k views

Have we managed to make a perfect vacuum?

Have we managed to make a device without any atom inside it on earth? I was reading about vacuum here, and I found in the examples part here that even on the best man made vacuum devices, there are ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How do you calculate the equivalent absorbed radiation dose from activity, type of emission, and the energy of the emission?

I have a sample of U-238 of which my Geiger counter detects beta activity at 700 events per second. Based on the counter's efficiency of 98.6% for U-238, the activity would be about 710 becquerels, I ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Single electron non-perturbing detector

I am designing an experiment where I need to trigger the release of an electron by a radioactive source (Sr-90). The easy way to do it is to use a thin scintillator right after the source collimator. ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

What is meant by the quantum integrity in a superconducting loop

I encountered this in the context of using squid microscopy to test for d-wave pairing in an iron arsenide superconductor where the goal of the experiment was to detect half integer flux quantum ...
9
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4answers
940 views

How much effect does the Bernoulli effect have on lift?

I understand that the Bernoulli effect is a flawed explanation for the cause of lift, and does not cause much at all, but how much? Is there any experimental data on the force caused by the ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

What geological properties of the earth could we deduce by measuring magnetic field strength and direction?

I wonder if it is of any use for a geophysicist, if we measure the magnetic field strength and direction of the earth. Could we make valid statements about the composition of the the earth, earth ...
6
votes
2answers
474 views

What is the “foamy space” hypothesis that has been debunked recently?

In "Space-Time Is Smooth, Not Foamy", a Space.com article, it is stated: In his general theory of relativity, Einstein described space-time as fundamentally smooth, warping only under the strain ...
7
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1answer
741 views

Can you tell just from its gravity whether the Moon is above or below you?

If you are on a place of Earth where the Moon is currently directly above or directly below you, you experience a slightly reduced gravitational acceleration because of Moon's gravity. This is what ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

First experiment which was used to prove existence of Electromagnetic waves

When I was in high school I heard from my physics teacher in the last year of high school when he was starting the chapter of electromagnetic waves that the first person who proved existence of ...
2
votes
1answer
194 views

Radioactivity and quantum superpositions

In the Schrödinger's cat experiment 'there is a tiny bit of radioactive substance, so small that perhaps in the course of the hour, one of the atoms decays'. The rest of the experiment magnifies this ...
4
votes
2answers
312 views

Why is a washing machine unable to spin-dry a duvet?

Background story: I put my duvet (synthetic filling) into a washing machine, and the machine was unable to spin-dry it. My mom told me: "It's because it is full of air". I was not satisfied with the ...
1
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1answer
409 views

What are “hidden valley sectors”?

In this end of the year article, Prof. Strassler mentioned that hidden valley sectors could lead to some still open loopholes concerning the experimental discovery of supersymmetry and other BSM ...
1
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1answer
262 views

Are the sound waves from fundamental strings impossible to interact with?

Edited the question thanks to some helpful commenters. Are the sound waves emitted by fundamental strings so small as to be impossible to interact with the world? In other words, do they disappear, ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Magnetic fields and gravitational waves. How far do they reach?

I read that magnetic fields perpendicular to a current shoot out and expand all the way to infinity. Additionally a gravitational wave, no matter how small will also expand to infinity at the velocity ...
5
votes
3answers
398 views

experimental technique for measuring temperature of an ant

I am taking a course on thermodynamics. I have a question from my text(halliday & resnick,physics-1). They asked me to measure temperature of an ant or an insect or a small body,like a small ...
4
votes
3answers
820 views

What is the experiment where subatomic particles appear to foresee the future?

I've seen a documentary, whose name I don't remember but I'm curious because it suggests that subatomic particles are able to "foresee the future". I'll try to describe it here: Some particles are ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Basic question about probability and measurements

Say I have a Galton box, i.e. a ball dropping on a row of solid bodies. Now I want to calculate the probability distribution of the movement of the ball based on the properties of the body (case A). ...
8
votes
1answer
313 views

Strange light polarization effect?

I spent a while working with MgF2-windowed xenon flash / discharge lamps. Primarily, I characterized their spectra with two normal-incidence spectrometers against a calibrated Deuterium lamp. In this ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

How do I correctly scale down a space capsule for testing its physical behaviour on splashdown?

Kristian von Bengtson (on twitter, on Wikipedia) of Copenhagen Suborbitals is building a downscaled test item to test the design for their space capsule. He notes that as volume and area scale down ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Question on “new CNGS/OPERA measurement of neutrino velocity” (hep-ex/1212.1276)

A "new measurement of the limit on muon neutrino velocity with respect to the speed of light " by the OPERA neutrino experiment in collaboration with CERN has become public recently, as preprint ...
5
votes
1answer
169 views

Data requirement to determine proportionality

A common result of theoretical analysis in physics is some sort of relation derived from physical parameters and typically expressed in the form of a non-dimensional parameter. These scale relations ...
0
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1answer
203 views

Ways to experimentally control the chemical potential of a solid state system

When working in the grand canonical ensemble we write the grand potential as $\Omega = \Omega (T,V,\mu)$. In this case we are taking the chemical potential $\mu$ to be an independent variable. This ...
3
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2answers
207 views

Identification of extended quantum objects?

In some physics theories like string theory we have notion of spatially extended quantum objects - strings, membranes etc. Assuming that such objects exist, how would they appear in experiments ? More ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Where can you get a photon detector?

Say I'm doing the double-slit experiment with photons as the particle and want to add a detector just behind each slit to eliminate the interference pattern. Where would I get a detector like that?
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Metal rod between a capacitor

In my experiment, I am filling liquid crystal between two glass plates. Nn AC voltage is applied on them. The thickness of the liquid crystal cell is around $200 \mu m$. One glass plate is with +V and ...
0
votes
3answers
125 views

How to find exponential values

I have a power equation for flow between two circular disks on a common axis as stator and rotor, which follows, $$P = \frac{n^a}{G}\tag{1}$$ Where: $P$ = power, $n$ = revolution (1200 rev/min), ...
10
votes
2answers
940 views

How was the Oh-My-God particle observed?

How exactly was the Oh-My-God particle (ultra-high energy cosmic ray) observed and its energy measured?
1
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1answer
106 views

Mass diffusion: is $D_{AB} \neq D_{BA}$ at high pressures? If so, why?

From [Takahashi][2], I validated some models I have for estimating diffusion coefficients (methods of Fuller modified by Riazi for high-pressures, all pulled from [Poling][3]). Here is the figure ...
2
votes
2answers
365 views

Computational Science involve programming? [closed]

I read what is computational science in Wikipedia but the explanation and understanding are not very clear. So, I could you please give a simple example computational science project and what all ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

The synthesis of $^{254}\text{No}$

How is $^{254}\text{No}$ synthesised? Could you explain the reaction where it is preceded by $^{208}\text{Pb}(^{48}\text{Ca}, 2\text{n})$? References to articles are well enough—I was somehow unable ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

What is the weakest magnetic field that can practically be measured?

I would like to be able to measure magnetic fields that are generated by nerve impulses in extremities like in fingers. I know that they are very weak: about 100 mV electric potential would give us ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Practical meaning of making a measurement/observation in QM?

When an argument like 'measure the spin along the $x$ axis', 'observe the position of a particle' and so on is made, what is the implied experimental procedure? Since laboratory equipment is ...
6
votes
7answers
2k views

Is there any reproducible tested evidence for Ni-H cold fusion?

The main replications of cold fusion, the ones that are beyond reproach, used Pd/d as the system. But commercial developers have often claim to use Ni-H to achieve similar effects. The claims include ...
3
votes
2answers
439 views

Most sophisticated experiment you could perform in your garage? [closed]

What are some of the most elegant/complex/sophisticated physics experiments one could perform in his garage, if he has enough spare time and technical/theoretical know-how, but a relatively limited ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Wheatstone bridge galvanometer error

We had to measure the resistance of $R_x$, we balanced the Wheatstone bridge and did calculations. My question is: we didn't include galvanometer error into calculations. Why is that? I read that it's ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

What does a positive gradient on a graph of V plotted against I mean in terms of EMF and internal resistance?

According to the equation $V = E-Ir$, the gradient of a graph of $V$ against $I$ should be $-r$ (internal resistance) and the Y intercept should be the EMF. Am I right? In an experiment I used a ...
0
votes
2answers
245 views

How to choose a $\alpha$, $\beta$, $\gamma$ measurement detector?

There are many different detectors for different radiation,such as NaI,HpGe,CsI for $\gamma$ detection,and ionization chamber,proportional counter,Geiger counter for $\alpha$, $\beta$ detection,but ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

limits of diamond anvils for high pressure research

in this wikipedia article regarding diamond anvils, it mentions that the pressure peaks roughly at 300 GPa. My question is why is this so? is the diamond crystal structure collapsing if higher ...
6
votes
2answers
539 views

Basic question on experimental plots

On the following Higgs $\rightarrow$ Tau Tau plot, since we are plotting the ratio of $\frac{\sigma}{\sigma_{SM}}$ on the y axis, shouldn't the expected for this be 1? i.e., shouldn't the expected 68% ...
8
votes
1answer
664 views

Weinberg angle measurement methods

I was reading up on the history of $W/Z$ bosons today and I got a little puzzled. I always assumed that people measured $M_Z$ and $M_W$ and then derived the Weinberg angle. But it appears that they ...
3
votes
2answers
604 views

How is it possible to come to a conclusion that Universe is a result of the Big Bang while we aren't able to observe the entire Universe?

-I'm not a religious person so this is not a denial. I'm just trying to understand the most fundamental topic about Universe. -I know the Big Bang cosmological model is not a law but it's a theory. ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

Compactness of spacetime: experiment and math

It is common to find models built on a compact spacetime. In mathematics, compactness is a very nice property $-$ and lot of powerful results depend on it. But how safe is assuming compactness of ...
3
votes
1answer
12k views

Abiotic oil vs the traditional theory of oil deposit formation [closed]

I am curious to see what people think of the abiotic theory of oil deposit formation versus the traditional theory. I have long wondered how enough organic material became trapped underground to ...
4
votes
1answer
276 views

How does Aquarium Aeration work on the Aquatic Habitat aboard the International Space Station?

The most recent set of experiments sent to the ISS included 32 fish which are going to be studied in a space aquarium called the Aquatic Habitat. On Earth, an air pump pushes air which flows out of ...
3
votes
2answers
766 views

Missing transverse energy, exact definition

This might seem basic, but it is a bit confusing. You hear about missing transverse energy a lot in SUSY searches due to the LSP which cannot be detected. Let's say I have the 4-vector for the LSP. ...