for questions about design, process, data, or analysis of experiments and observations.

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1answer
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Ideal gas law in open volumes

I often find in text books that the ideal gas law given by $p\cdot V=m\cdot R\cdot T$ is applicable in a closed system, still, some use it for open systems (like freezing the system at a given ...
6
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0answers
31 views

Experimentally diminishing random errors for low wavelength UV observations

Part of the work that I do involves observations of solar low wavelength UV observations, specifically UV-B and UV-A II (up to 340nm). I have noticed that when I observe responses on a CCD or CMOS ...
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0answers
91 views

Forward's frame-dragging accelerator

On 1962, Robert Forward studied the possibility of using General Relativity Frame-Dragging effects to accelerate probes inertially (that is, without feeling any internal G-forces) One of the ideas is ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Are there any experimental tests of non-locality / Bell inequalities that do not rely on spin?

All the experiments I know, which have been performed to test Bell inequalities, are somehow based on measuring the spin degree-of-freedom of some particle (usually photons, sometimes electrons). I ...
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1answer
26 views

Diffraction and Shape in the grating

Suppose, I use a laser with a known wavelength of 650 nm through a "opaque grating" that has a pattern of holes of same shape and size. We can see the pattern on the screen. We know the distance ...
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0answers
14 views

How big can be gradient of magnetic induction (in lab)

I'm thinking about magnetic levitation and how big force can push a diamagnetic when we put it in inhomogenious magnetic field. As far as I know, force exerted on a diamagnetic is proportionald to ...
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1answer
33 views

Cold welding of a metallic surface

I have heard of cold welding, it's said that it's only possible if the surface is very clean. Can cold welding be accomplished by shearing a metal object and then immediately touching the newly ...
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1answer
38 views

Expansion of the universe [on hold]

If matter cannot be created nor destroyed, I would assume that the universe expands only to the point that energy is expressed from the objects inside it until it collapses onto itself, given as the ...
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4answers
75 views

Will 5 pizzas in the same Hot Bag stay warmer than 5 pizzas in 5 separate Hot Bags?

For example, say I am delivering 5 pepperoni pizzas to 5 different addresses. In one scenario, I Keep all 5 in the same insulated Hot Bag, I carry that bag to the door, and I quickly remove one of the ...
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0answers
31 views

What is the highest frequency directly detected?

The Feynman Lectures of Physics states: In fact, although we mentioned many frequencies, no phenomenon directly involving a frequency has yet been detected above approximately $10^{12}$ cycles per ...
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0answers
15 views

Why is the current measured through a thin film increasing with time? (experimental question)

I'm doing an experiment: I'm thermally evaporating a metal in a vacuum onto a quartz (very insulating) substrate, between two gold contacts that I use to measure the current through the (growing) ...
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0answers
12 views

If a nozzle that converges from an inside diameter of 5cm to 3.5cm carries a gas at a VFR of 0.10 m^3/s, what is the change in average velocity? [closed]

If a circular nozzle that converges from an inside diameter of 5 cm to 3.5 cm carries a gas at a volume flow rate of $0.10 m^3/s$, what is the change in average velocity of the gas? (A nozzle being a ...
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2answers
92 views

Experiment which shows that Newtons third law is not true for magnetic forces

I am just reading David Morins "Introduction to Classical Mechanics". He writes about Newtons third law the following: It holds for forces of the “pushing” and “pulling” type, but it fails for ...
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1answer
12 views

The strength and control over the strength of electromagnets, correlation between the strength and weight of the magnets

I am currently working on a project that aims to use the attraction & repulsion between two electromagnets as an alternative to weights, from a physiotherapy and rehabilitation perspective to help ...
2
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1answer
26 views

Thermal emission cathode electron velocity distribution

I can't find any experimental data (or theoretical expression) on what is the velocity (or energy) distribution of thermal emission cathode electrons emmited from the cathode at approximately 2000 K ...
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0answers
15 views

Ellipsometry measurments

Why it is good to measure on a wavelength range in ellipsometry instead of using a single wavelength. I understand this that the measured data (ψ and ∆ ) plotted against wavelength and if we have ...
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0answers
18 views

Strength of Magnet in Magnetic Bearings

While reading about magnetic bearings, one reads about passive/active magnetic bearings. By passive, one means no electric current is put into the bearing for attaining magnetic levitation/flux. In ...
3
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4answers
109 views

How are theories in physics validated against existing knowledge in practice?

Often you hear people mention how most attempts at Unified Theories haven't "accounted for all the experimental observations". The question is, how do you know you have accounted for all of the ...
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2answers
23 views

Weight of solid partially immersed in water

Suppose an object(spherical) is kept in water and 9/10 of the object is inside the water 1/10 floats. Find the weight of solid inside liquid. By Archimedes principle, if an object is immersed in a ...
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0answers
34 views

Looking for binning software [closed]

I'm looking for a software which should do the following Take a set of data $X$ and $Y$: Procedure A Finds the max and min in $X$ Divide this interval in a number of bins chosen by me For each bin ...
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2answers
213 views

Has magnetism been experimentally demonstrated at the quantum level?

I've learned that magnetic fields are generated by electric currents, and that electric current is the motion of electrons and stuff like that. Many textbooks also talk about "point charges" and have ...
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1answer
28 views

What is the easiest way to demonstrate low magnetic flux NMR on the bench?

I'm trying to build my own low fux density bench NMR set-up, and am well-versed in electronics. Continuous Wave is supposed to be the easiest. I see commercial instruments that stimulate elements in ...
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6answers
7k views

What technology can result from such expensive experiment as undertaken in CERN?

I wonder what technology can be obtained from such very expensive experiments/institutes as e.g. undertaken in CERN? I understand that e.g. the discovery of the Higgs Boson confirms our understanding ...
2
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1answer
74 views

References on experimental realization of quantum one-dimensional infinite-well model

Can someone point me to the examples, or references, of experimental realization of the quantum one-dimensional infinite-well model? [EDIT] The motivation of this question is the curiosity - though ...
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1answer
48 views

Error calculation for experimental data

I have the list of experimental values: $$\{w_i \pm \Delta w_i\},$$ where $w_j$ is a mean value and $\Delta w_i$ is an error. I want to calculate the second list $\{a_i \pm \Delta a_i\}$ according to ...
2
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2answers
65 views

Where can I find the datasets from LHC?

I know that most of the datasets from ATLAS or other particle physics experiments are terabytes, but I was just curious is there any place where one can find them to download? And one more question, ...
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0answers
49 views

Flow from the bottle

I made some calculations about flow from the bottle, but problems occured when the experimental data came back. Need to refine calculations, but problems occur when trying to link the angle to the ...
28
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6answers
2k views

How to determine your position underground?

Crossed my mind after random rant on wikipedia that lead me to articles about chronometers and measuring position. Let's assume I were trapped in the underground laboratory with lots of equipment ...
1
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1answer
30 views

In real laser applications, how big is the complex parameter (i.e. <n>) of the corresponding coherent state of the field?

In quantum optics, the output from a laser is modelled using a coherent state; what are some orders-of-magnitude for the complex parameter (usually denoted $\alpha$) of the coherent state ...
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2answers
2k views

What exactly do we see on the famous neutrino image of the sun?

An answer to the question If we could build a neutrino telescope, what would we see? contains a link to a neutrino image of the sun by the Super-Kamiokande neutrino detector. There it says that ...
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1answer
55 views

How do you actually cool the atoms to create the Bose-Einstein Condensate?

What is the actual way you cool atoms to a low enough temperature that you can observe their quantum behavior at a macroscopic level, like in the Bose-Einstein Condensate? ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Thought Experiment: Force on magnets in a Stern Gerlach Experiment

Background: In the SG experiment, an inhomogenous magnetic field affects a force on particles passing between two magnets. "Measurement" takes place when a screen is placed on one end, blocking one ...
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1answer
124 views

About the Large Hadron Collider [closed]

I think Physics is fascinating , especially those really clever experiments one can do that demonstrate some important principle and probably don't cost a lot of money to make. Also the Thought ...
7
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1answer
78 views

Why Are Normal Shock Waves Unstable in a Converging Channel?

While learning about shock waves in an introductory Gas Dynamics course, it was revealed that normal shocks are unstable if formed in a converging channel. Even if the local conditions ostensibly ...
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0answers
25 views

Inclusive and exclusive searches [duplicate]

Please, I would like to know what means inclusive and exclusive searches in High Energy Physics. Thanks in advance. Fábio.
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1answer
57 views

How to measure the pressure on the walls of a potential box by a particle inside?

Consider a quantum particle inside a 3D potential box. One can compute the pressure that it exerts on the walls, it's OK. But what puzzles me is how do we actually measure such a pressure? If we take ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Data/signal from a black hole to observe a singularity

I wonder if a situation is possible where, we measure some signal/property concerning a black hole. Supposing the measurement we make with some telescope, gets us the Fourier transform coefficients of ...
4
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3answers
215 views

What factors determine whether wind resistance will have an important effect?

What factors determine whether or not wind resistance will have an important effect on the trajectory of a projectile?
2
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2answers
64 views

How do we observe the expansion of the universe?

This is my first question. So I was reading about expansion of the universe and from what I've seen, the only way that we know that universe is expanding is by measuring redshift. Also, here it says ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Magnet spinning between two other magnets

Suppose, we have two magnets, MA, MB, and we have a third magnet MC in between the two magnets. Each magnets' north pole faces the other magnets south pole, and the magnets are placed horizontally ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Can Allan variance be generalized such that the “Oscillator model” is not presumed?

The definition of Allan variance, $\sigma^2[ \tau ]$, which relates to "stability of clocks" is described on the Wikipedia page as being derived in terms of an "Oscillator model": "The oscillator ...
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0answers
23 views

Nonlocal interaction effects on bose-einstein condensates

I'm studying an interacting bose-einstein condensate using the energy functional proposed in this paper K. Huang, C.N. Yang, Phys. Rev. 105 $$ E\left[\phi\right] = \int d^3\vec{r} ...
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0answers
13 views

How to express Allan variance without neglecting clock drift

Allan variance, $\sigma^2[ \tau ]$, or its square root (Allan deviation, $\sigma[ \tau ]$) is a quantity (as function of parameter $\tau$) which is said to be a measure of (or related to) "stability ...
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0answers
28 views

Bell State Measurement From Parametric Down Conversion Source

My question is about whether or not there exists any scheme to distinguish between symmetric and antisymmetric Bell states from entangled pair of down converted photons. State of Down Converted ...
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0answers
32 views

How many measurements of a physical quantity should you do to get a representative value / distribution? [closed]

When we measure a physical quantity multiple times, we can calculate several values which should help us understand the whole measurement better: Standard deviation, variance, median, average, and so ...
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2answers
39 views

Inductor Charging and Discharging

Why does the inductor discharges in the same path ( same direction of current ) as that of its charging unlike a capacitor which discharges in the direction opposite to its charging(current direction ...
0
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2answers
45 views

What is the relationship between radation intensity and count rate?

If you know that the radioactive source is, for example, Cesium-137, is it possible to extrapolate a relationship between the count rate and radiation intensity? If it is not possible, what is the ...
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6answers
2k views

Why should any physicist know, to some degree, experimental physics?

I've been trying to design a list with reasons why a proper theoretical physicist should understand the methods and the difficulty of doing experimental physics. So far I've only thought of two ...
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0answers
18 views

QED Laser Reflection Mirror Expirment

Feynman in his famous lectures in NZ, talked about an experiment with a reflection of a light from a "back" mirror with stripes on it I tried to find a video of such an experiment, but with no ...
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3answers
59 views

Experiment demonstrating interference patterns of neutrons

The question is about experiments (and references) that demonstrate interference patterns of neutral (chargless) particles (fermions), especially neutrons. Like double-slit experiments for neutrons ...