An event horizon is a type of boundary such that any information past this boundary is inaccessible to the observer it is defined for. Common examples are the Schwarzschild radius of a black hole (which is defined commonly for all observers outside this radius) and the cosmological even horizon ...

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Is this what causes a black hole “event horizion” [on hold]

OK I read material on what the event horizon is. In effect it is a closed system by which any event that occurs inside the system cannot be the cause of any event outside the system. The closed ...
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What is the status of the area theorem in AdS?

The area theorem, by Hawking (in "Gravitational Radiation from Colliding Black Holes", also found in Wald), states that the area of an event horizon cannot decrease with time. As I understand, there ...
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Definition of event horizon - Gravity around blackholes [closed]

Put simpler: A black hole is surrounded by a 'sphere' where, to an outside observer. the speed of light is (near) zero. What is the radius of that 'sphere' (for a non-rotating black hole) and how ...
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Is the event horizon of black holes visibly sharp, or blurry?

As you come in closer to a black hole, how do you see the event horizon? Is it always like a clear-cut surface? Or it only looks clear-cut from a distance, but as you come closer to the black hole, ...
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How long can a particle survive inside of the horizon of a black hole?

By examining the causal structure of a Schwarzschild black hole, one can see that a particle in region II is unable to escape to $r=\infty$. Such diagrams do not show, however, how long a particle ...
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Hawking Temperature of the BTZ Black Hole

The metric of the BTZ Black Hole is given by $$ ds^2 = - N^2 dt^2 + N^{-2} dr^2 +r^2(d\phi + N^\phi dt)^2 $$ with $$ N^2 = -M+ \frac{r^2}{l^2} + \frac{J^2}{4 r^2}, \ \ \ \ \ \ N^\phi = ...
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Black Hole Growth

When a black hole increases in size by engulfing matter, does this matter fall into the event horizon or does it just rotate around the accretion disk? EDIT: Clarified the beginning of the question. ...
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Doesn't the Schwarzschild metric combined with Hawking radiation imply that nothing ever gets past the event horizon of a black hole?

According to the General Theory of Relativity, the coordinate time distance per spacetime distance traveled by a particle freely falling into a black hole gets closer and closer to $0$ as the particle ...
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Size of black hole so large that I could pass event horizon without dying from tidal forces?

Were I to fall towards a typical black hole, the tidal forces would rip me apart well before I got to the event horizon. However, if a black hole were big enough, I could enter the event horizon ...
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Radius of apparent event horizon for accelerating observer

This question is related to my last question on the Unruh effect, which can be found here. First, recall the quote from the Wikipedia article on the Unruh effect: An accelerating observer will ...
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Does gravity affect quantum fluctuations? [closed]

Empty space is filled with quantum fluctuations. My question is, since space is affected by the amount of matter contained in it (based on General Relativity), does gravity affect quantum ...
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Does the uncertainty principle affect event horizons? [duplicate]

I was thinking about black holes. For a simple black hole the event horizon is given by a distance of 2 times mass (energy) of the black hole. (2m). But according to quantum mechanics, if you try to ...
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What is the radius of the event horizon?

I know that the Schwarzschild radius is given by $$r~=~\frac{2GM}{c^{2}}.\tag{1}$$ However, If we had the metric $$ds^2~=~−A(r,t)dt^2+\frac{dr^2}{B(r,t)}+r^2(dθ^2+\sin^2{θ}dϕ^2),\tag{2}$$ where ...
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How to derive the Schwarzschild radius? [duplicate]

I know that the Schwarzschild radius is given by $$r=\frac{2GM}{c^{2}}.$$ but I never seen a derivation for this equation. 1- Does anyone know how to derive this equation from general relativity? ...
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Taking selfies while falling, would you be able to notice a horizon before hitting a singularity?

I am generally interested in the role of "pings"(0a) between participants (a.k.a. "signal roundtrips"(0b), as familiar for instance from Synge's "five point curvature detector") in the determination ...
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Falling into a black hole

I've heard it mentioned many times that "nothing special" happens for an infalling observer who crosses the event horizon of a black hole, but I've never been completely satisfied with that statement. ...
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How can light enter a black hole if it cannot get out?

I have known for a very long time that light cannot exit a black hole. I can even understand some of the simpler reasonning about it, such as escape velocity, or space geometry inside the black hole. ...
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Closed timelike curves in the region beyond the ring singularity in the maximal Kerr spacetime

The region beyond the ring singularity in the maximal Kerr spacetime is described as having closed timeline curves. Why and/or how is the question. Now if you look a Kruskal-Szkeres Diagram (or a ...
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Is an event horizon absolute to all observers?

Recently I had discussion whether the event horizon of a black hole is absolute or relative to different (outside) observers. Does someone just 1m above the horizon (disregarding effects of tidal ...
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Thought experiment - would you notice if you fell into a black hole?

I've heard many scientists, when giving interviews and the like, state that if one were falling into a black hole massive enough that the tidal forces at the event horizon weren't too extreme, that ...
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Do all paths leading into a black hole lead directly at the exact center of the singularity? Or could they go very near it and curve back?

I only have a very basic understanding of general relativity, so this might sound stupid. But as I see that gravitational objects orbiting each other, even if one of them is massive, as long as their ...
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Photons at Event Horizon

The escape velocity at event horizon of a black hole is same as speed of light, So this questions is not about all photons travelling into a black hole, but for those which are tangential to the event ...
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Gravitational waves as information carriers

Is it possible to utilize gravitational waves as a delivery system for information between two observers straddling the event horizon of a black hole? And why ?
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What happens when an object passes through the event horizon of a black hole in GR?

I've heard/read many times that in the general relativistic description of a black hole an object would pass through the event horizon unharmed (ignoring tidal forces) while quantum mechanics predicts ...
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Does any particle ever reach any singularity inside the black hole?

I am not a professional physicist, so I may say something rubbish in here, but this question has always popped in my mind every time I read or hear anyone speak of particles hitting singularities and ...
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Two spherically symmetric shells of matter collapsing into a black hole

Suppose I have a thin spherically symmetric shell of matter of (rest) mass $M$ that collapses to form a black hole, and later a second thin spherical shell of mass (rest) $M'$, concentric to the ...
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Colliding black holes to an outside observer

We know that a particle approaching an event horizon will appear to an outside observer to slow down and never cross the horizon. What is observed by an outside observer when a singularity ...
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Is there a way to photograph the very edge of black hole?

According to Professor Stephen Hawking, black holes emit radiation, Hawking radiation. The bigger the black hole, the fainter the radiation. That means, I personally believe, if we built large enough ...
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Event Horizon of Black Hole

What actually does happen to an object after it crosses the Event Horizon of a BH? Does it- lose the properties of matter and become a new, undiscovered type of matter? does it become negative ...
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Is a black hole a 3D hole? And doesn't it pull into the 4th dimension?

Hear me out here please: A body on a line (a 1-D world) causes a warp in the line, i.e. a curve (2-D) A body on a plane (a 2-D world) "sinks", causing a warp in the plane, i.e. a pit (3-D) Then does ...
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Gravity on supermassive black hole's event horizon

M = black hole mass Gravitation is about 1/r^2 Schwarzschild radius r is ~ to M Greater BH -> weaker gravitation on its horizon. Lets take black hole so enormous that the gravitation on its ...
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Electrodynamic near fields around black holes

For the standard Schwarzschild black hole, the temperature of Hawking radiation is simply related to the Schwarzschild radius as $kT = \hbar c/(4\pi r_S)$, meaning that the typical wavelength of ...
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If nothing ever falls into a black hole, why is there a puzzle about information?

From an outside perspective, nothing can ever pass the event horizon. It just scooches asymptotically close to the event horizon. So (from our perspective on earth), when a black hole reduces in ...
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Who can see the event/apparent horizon and Hawking effect?

As I understand, the Hawking effect is related with the presence both event and apparent horizon, i.e. if some kind of horizon exist, a loss/gain of information (unformally speaking) exists. My ...
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Is there a horizontal event horizon on a spinning black hole?

It seems that most of the information one reads about black holes theorises that they are not spinning. The theories then describe all matter approaching a black hole as being absorbed by it. Wouldn't ...
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Is the difference between an event horizon and a singularity merely perspective?

I know the question has been asked about how an event horizon is distinguishable from a singularity given that time must come to a stop at the event horizon, but I haven't been fully satisfied by the ...
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Why is it hard to detect a black hole

I've read in some texts that we can't directly observe a black hole in space because not even light can escape from its gravity. Some of the indirect observational methods mentioned are, gravitational ...
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Formation of the event horizon seems impossible with singularity inside seems impossible [duplicate]

According to what I was reading, the formation of an event horizon appears if the mass becomes compact enough. Unfortunately, due to time dilation the time for mass to fall into the event horizon ...
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Why does Stephen Hawking say black holes don't exist?

Recently, I read in the journal Nature that Stephen Hawking wrote a paper claiming that black holes do not exist. How is this possible? Please explain it to me because I didn't understand what he ...
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Location of singularity in moving black hole

Say a black hole is travelling at $c/2$, does the shape of the event horizon change? What about the location of the event horizon? If it is travelling at a hypothetical $c$, does the event horizon ...
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Why is the universe 3D if the holographic principle says it's encoded in a its surface?

The way I understand the holographic principle is that everything in a 3D space can be thought of as living on the 2D boundary of that space. If that is the case, why does everything in the universe ...
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If we're holding hands, and you're inside the event horizon of a black hole, do we both fall in?

Imagine some science fiction scenario where two people are floating through space holding hands orbiting a black hole. If one person falls close enough to the black hole that they're within the event ...
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Schwarzschild radius after inflation [duplicate]

Update and refinement of previous question. At the beginning (Big Bang) if there was parhaps a singlarity as such GR, Quantum theory breaks down and we do not really know what happens. that's why I ...
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Can gravitational waves escape from inside of black holes? [duplicate]

I understand that light cannot escape from inside of an event horizon because the spacetime curvature is too warped for photons to escape. On the other hand, gravitational waves are ripples of ...
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Event horizons without singularities

Someone answered this question by saying that black hole entropy conditions and no-hair theorems are asymptotic in nature -- the equations give an ideal solution which is approached quickly but never ...
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Why aren't all black holes the same “size”?

The center of a black hole is a singularity. By definition, a singularity has infinite density. So how can a black hole with a different mass or density be described?
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Topology of a black hole

How many dimensions are theorized for a black hole, in view of the fact that black holes are not observed directly.
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What does this depiction of a black hole in the movie Interstellar mean?

I was expecting a whirlpool in 3D and the matter glowing from friction as it nears the center, as I expected a event horizon to be negligible visually. How does this depiction work? How big is the ...
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How close can an observer approach the black hole in an unpowered flyby without falling into it?

In classical mechanics by choosing the right trajectory you can approach a planet arbitrarily closely, if there is no atmosphere or anything to slow you down, you can approach the surface then fly ...
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Binary Singularity?

When two black holes collide, if the singularities were very small they would never merge together. they would rotate very fast as something other than a disk. The event horizon would oscillate very ...