An event horizon is a type of boundary such that any information past this boundary is inaccessible to the observer it is defined for. Common examples are the Schwarzschild radius of a black hole (which is defined commonly for all observers outside this radius) and the cosmological even horizon ...

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Kerr black hole horizons and infinite redshift surfaces

In the Kerr black holes we have infinite-redshift surfaces (where a infalling body is still according to the asymptotic observer) and event horizons (the escape velocity becomes greater than the speed ...
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Two Black Holes held stationary by EM forces

If two black holes with large enough mass (so that the tidal forces are minimal and the intersection is large) that are held apart by like charges (saddle point stability). Imagine the black holes in ...
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Schwarzschild metric black hole

Schwarzschild metric solution presents two singularities. An apparent one at $r=2GM$ and a real one at $r=0$. It is known that everything freezes at the event horizon from an outside observer point of ...
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Considering dark energy and other factors, what is the most distant object light could reach?

If we send a photon from Earth at this moment, what is the most distant object that it could reach? This question is partly inspired by this video which states we cannot ever travel beyond our local ...
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Can objects exit a black hole?

I read an article claiming that an object had been observed to be ejected from a black hole. This was the newest article I could find published on it but they still seem uncertain what the object was ...
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Event horizon at moments of formation of black hole [duplicate]

As I understand it, the event horizon of a black hole body, has a diameter depending on the mass. So, if an existing black hole grows through infalling matter the event horizon radius increases. I'm ...
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'Hovering' light rays on the edge of a black hole

According to Prof. Hawking, light rays will 'hover' on the edge of a black hole. If this is true, and the light 'stops' on the edge, how can the electric/magnetic fields which, constitute the light, ...
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Is it possible for dark energy density be decreasing? [closed]

I have an equation relating dark energy density and temperature, actually they have a linear relationship, my question is how to choose the temperature? If I choose the temperature of universe, the ...
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Is it possible for a particle to orbit a singularity inside the event horizon [duplicate]

Event horizon just means a distance from singularity, where there is no "going-away" from the black hole. But is it possible, that there are particles with enough momentum to actually orbit the ...
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Does a black hole ever fully form to an outside observer? [duplicate]

According to general relativity, I had understood that time appears to slow down when looking into high gravitational fields from afar, so that as a black hole forms, the light from a collapsing star ...
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Interpretation of black-hole infalling and apparent geometry of the event horizons [closed]

Consider a citizen of the cosmos crosses the event horizons of a black hole. For sake of discussion let's suppose is a Kerr black hole, so that his fate is not sealed the moment he crosses. Does at ...
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What happens if I slowly lower a dangling object into a black hole?

I could've sworn I've seen this question before, but I couldn't find it. Suppose I have an object on the end of a really long string. I can slowly lower it near the event horizon of a black hole, ...
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How are the frequency and wavelength of electromagnetic waves affected within an event horizon?

I apologize if this has been asked previously or if my thinking is way off base, but I am inexperienced with relativity (and this is my first question on the site). I am wondering; as one (not ...
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If Black Holes Consume Space What Is The Space Traversing? [duplicate]

I've heard it stated by physicists that space moves into (Or through/down into if you like) black holes faster than the speed of light and that this is possible because the speed of light is a ...
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If black hole is a “hole”, how can its position be pinpointed from every position in universe? [closed]

Ok, this is going to sound lame but, here goes: When we say that a black hole is situated at a distance of 1 light year(let) FROM EARTH, that means it may situated at a distance of 100 light years ...
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Can electrons escape a black hole?

Assuming that when an electron that changes energy states in an atom, and moves to a different orbit around the nucleus, but does not move through the space between orbits when it changes states, an ...
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Does a singularity appear the instant a black hole is formed? [duplicate]

Imagine a very heavy (tens of solar masses) star in its final moments before collapsing to form a black hole. The gravitational force exerted by the weight of the star overcomes the neutron degeneracy ...
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Is the general definition for black holes wrong? [duplicate]

I often read the definition of event horizon of a black hole as the region where the escape velocity is bigger than the speed of light. However this would imply that if you're inside the event horizon ...
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Can gravitational waves observed far from a black hole tell us anything about the multipole moments of a dynamical horizon?

In a paper by Ashtekar et al in 2013 on the approach to the final state to a stationary black hole they study the evolution of the multipole moments of dynamical horizons, which relax away (except for ...
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Can a rotating black hole have a donut-shaped event horizon? [closed]

It is conjectured that a rotating black hole has at its center a ring-shaped singularity. Thus, at the center of the ring-shaped singularity the gravitational field must be zero (similar to ...
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Can you have black holes in your black holes?

Inspired by Are we inside a black hole?, can you have a black hole such that other black holes are in them? In particular, the event horizon of the larger black hole should completely enclose the ...
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why does apparent horizon coincides with the event horizon in stationary spacetime?

Regarding the statement that the apparent horizon coincides with the event horizon (well, the intersection of the event horizon with the Cauchy surface where the apparent horizon is defined) in ...
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What happened to the black hole firewall theory?

What happened to the black hole firewall theory? Back in 2012, some physicists apparently came up with strong evidence that one of three things must be wrong for black holes to work the way we thought ...
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Are black holes very dense matter or empty?

The popular description of black holes, especially outside the academia, is that they are highly dense objects; so dense that even light (as particle or as waves) cannot escape it once it falls inside ...
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Why does an evaporating black hole always stay a black hole?

Stars can only collaps and form black holes if their masses are above the Chandrasekhar limit, $M>M_{\rm Pl}^3/M_{\rm hydrogen}^2$. When the universe eventually cools down enough, the black holes ...
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If we increase the mass of a black hole by a factor of $k$, by what factor will the surface area of the event horizon change?

If we increase the mass of a black hole by a factor of $k$, by what factor will the surface area of the event horizon change? Given any number of identical black holes each with mass = $\mathrm{m_0}$ ...
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A star starts at rest at infinity, how do you calculate the kinetic energy of the star when it crosses the event horizon of a black hole? [duplicate]

A star that begins very, very far away from a black hole (infinity) is brought in by the black hole's gravitational pull. How do you calculate the kinetic energy of the star as it passes the point ...
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Can the mass within the event horizon of a black hole interact gravitationally with the mass outside the event horizon?

If so, gravitons and their fields, unlike photons, must be able to cross the event horizon freely in both directions. If not, the observed mass of a black hole must depend only on the particles ...
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What would you see standing on black hole just above the event horizon ? Will you look through past and future of the universe? [duplicate]

I am trying to imagine view from my house window if it was built on the black hole;) .... Of course I am joking. If time near event horizon slows down with respect to rest of the universe. I could ...
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How do we measure Schwarzschild coordinates?

In special relativity, we make a big fuss about setting up inertial frames of reference, and then constructing coordinate systems using networks of clocks and rulers. This gives an unambiguous ...
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Since the horizon of a Nonstationary isolated black hole is a closed surface, how can gravitational waves be generated?

I understand this is from numerical calculations in GR. I have not seen them. Can anyone elucidate on what generates the GW waves - I know that deformities (anything moments higher than dipole) will ...
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Speed of stuff falling into a black hole, beyond the event horizon [duplicate]

We know the escape velocity from the event horizon (EH) $= c$. Anything that crosses the EH is destined to reach the singularity. Whether the escape velocity (beyond the EH) can be calculated, or not, ...
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Does anything exist between singularity and the event horizon of a black hole

It is said that anything that falls into the event horizon, quickly reaches the singularity. That would imply - there should be nothing between event horizon, and the singularity. Is that true? If ...
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What is an extremal horizon?

In the contest of holography and thermodynamics, what is an extremal horizon? I am going through a paper by Hartnoll, Santos - Disordered Horizons: Holography of randomly disordered fixed points. They ...
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Can we detect gravitational waves generated from inside the event horizon of a black hole? [duplicate]

General relativity prevents light from escaping a black hole, but does it also apply to gravitational waves?
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Can a particle of finite size escape from a black hole if it is overlapped with event horizon but not totally in it?

As we know, particles have finite size, if a particle, a part is inside the event horizon and the remain part is outside the event horizon, is it still considered as "unable to escape from black ...
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How does some of the black hole (BH) mass escape the event horizon (EH) of either BH, or the merged EH of two merged BHs?

BH mass is a conserved quantity and cannot escape the horizon of a BH. Yet in mergers some percent (in GW150914 it was about 5 percent, or 3 solar masses) of the binary's mass escaped either before ...
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Practical time travel: time dilation above the event horizon

Imagine there is a huge black hole with very small gravity gradient so that one doesn't get killed by spaghettification after even nearing the event horizon. Now imagine a very curious creature ...
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What would the Sagittarius A black hole look like if we were in a spaceship just outside its event horizon?

Let's pretend that our spaceship is shielded well enough that being in the presence of the black hole won't kill us with radiation. I have read that the black hole is as large as the space between the ...
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Do black hole merger simulations include regions inside event horizons?

Inspired by this question, I would like to ask the following specific point. In numerical simulations of general relativity that involve black holes, like the ones used to understand the black-hole ...
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How to explain two possible problems with dark matter

Can someone please answer how dark matter theory resolves/eliminates these two possible problems Dark matter, per my understanding, due to gravity, keeps moving, and due to its non-interactive ...
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Did merging Black Holes in GW150914 give up entropy and information to the gravitational waves, since they lost 3 solar masses?

Since the final Black Hole (BH) had 3 solar masses less of mass than the original binary BH, it seems the 2 BHs lost mass, and with it event surface area, entropy, and information. If that came from ...
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The inside of of a black hole

I am looking for a confirmation (or correction) of my thinking about the nature of the black holes. As I am not a physicist and only a physics enthusiast, my understanding is probably very simplified ...
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Binary black hole merger viewed from inside the event horizon

How did the metric evolve inside the event horizons of the black holes whose merger caused the GW150914 signal? In principle the Schwarzchild metric of a non-rotating black hole is known inside the ...
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Does Birkhoff's theorem hold inside the event horizon?

Can Birkhoff's theorem be used to say that the blackhole exterior and interior sections of Kruskal-Szekeres's solution (or coordinate transformations of it like Gullstrand–Painlevé coordinates, etc.) ...
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What is the structure of an event horizon for colliding black holes?

I would suspect that two black holes within close vicinity of one another would warp each other's event horizons such that the Schwarzchild's radius would no longer apply. Do the event horizons ...
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Flirting with a large black hole event horizon

I read with large black holes the tidal forces at the event horizon aren't particularly great, so you may not feel anything particularly special when you cross them. I also understand that if one is ...
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Hawking radiation for an observer at infinity

As an external observer at infinity, I observe a star collapsing. But because the surface of the star will be infinitely redshifted, I will never see the formation of the black hole. For me, there ...
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Conditions at black hole's event horizon

This question had, at least partially, been discussed here before, but I feel that the record has not been set straight. There seem to be lack of agreement regarding conditions (like gravitational ...
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Hawking radiation: why do only negative mass particles fall into black holes? [closed]

So I have read other questions asked about this topic, but they focus more on positive or negative energies of the virtual particles, and I want to ask specifically about the negative mass issue. ...