An event horizon is a type of boundary such that any information past this boundary is inaccessible to the observer it is defined for. Common examples are the Schwarzschild radius of a black hole (which is defined commonly for all observers outside this radius) and the cosmological even horizon ...

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Hawking radiation for an observer at infinity

As an external observer at infinity, I observe a star collapsing. But because the surface of the star will be infinitely redshifted, I will never see the formation of the black hole. For me, there ...
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Conditions at black hole's event horizon

This question had, at least partially, been discussed here before, but I feel that the record has not been set straight. There seem to be lack of agreement regarding conditions (like gravitational ...
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Hawking radiation: why do only negative mass particles fall into black holes? [closed]

So I have read other questions asked about this topic, but they focus more on positive or negative energies of the virtual particles, and I want to ask specifically about the negative mass issue. ...
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Considering Hawking radiation, can an object ever actually cross event horizon of a black hole? [duplicate]

The Schwarzschild solution of Einstein's field equations clearly shows that a far away observer sees time slow down for an in-falling object. Relative to him, it takes an infinite amount of time for ...
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What is really going on in the ergosphere of a Kerr black hole?

Considering the Kerr metric with $GM>a$, we can compute 2 event horizons: $r_\pm=GM\pm \sqrt{G^2M^2-a^2}$ These event horizons are null surfaces, and trajectories are timelike between $r_+$ and ...
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When is the event horizon a Killing horizon?

I know the definition of both (event horizon is closure of causal past of future null infinity whilst Killing horizon is a null surface where some Killing vector becomes null e.g. the surface where it ...
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Black Hole Matter to Subatomic Exchange

When matter enters a black hole with a singularity the particles smaller than photons released come from within the black hole or do subatomic particles shed from matter just before matter passes the ...
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Apparent Horizon vs. Event Horizon

I understand that an apparent horizon is the boundary of trapped codimension-2 surfaces in the spacetime (surfaces from which both ingoing and outgoing light rays must be converging). Meanwhile, an ...
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Can a solid object inside the black hole event horizon avoid the singularity? [duplicate]

I will ask this as a simple lay man. Let's consider an astronomical black hole that was creating by in falling matter on a neutron star. As neutron star get heavier it gets smaller and a Schwarzschild ...
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Does the maximally-extended Schwarzschild horizon see the entire past of the parallel universe?

I've seen similar discussions for the inner horizons of Kerr and Reissner-Nordstöm metrics, but I've never seen mention for the simple maximally extended Schwarzschild geometry: As an infalling ...
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Schwarzschild equation physical meaning

When you pass an event horizon of a black hole according to the Schwarzschild equation time and space swap the physical meaning. So you can no longer move away from a black hole, in similar way as you ...
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What is the temperature of the event horizon?

In a discussion with my son about absolute zero, we arrived at the conclusion that the event horizon might be the place to look, as it "absorbs?" all energy, including light. Found this in the ...
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Event-horizon black hole

A object which passes the event horizon need a finite proper time for this. But a infinite far observer wouldn't see that the object passes the event horizon. But if the observer doesn't see this, ...
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Acceleration in AdS

I've been reading some notes ("Anti-de Sitter space" by Bengtsson) on anti-de Sitter space. It is shown in equation 152 that timelike observers at fixed radial distance from the origin experience a ...
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If photons do not have mass, why does light get attracted such that it cannot escape a black hole? [duplicate]

Does gravitational force of black hole attract the light? Or is it something else?
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Are black holes naked singularities for an observer within the event horizon?

A naked singularity means that you can see an infinitely dense thing. Black holes don't count because it sucks up all the light, so you won't see or otherwise detect it. But wait, if you are within ...
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Higher dimensional trapped surface and its condition?

In higher D-dimensional spacetime, a marginally trapped surface is a closed spacelike (D-2)-surface whose outer null normals have zero convergence. It is very like a marginally trapped surface in the ...
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Why does a black hole grow when it consumes matter? Isn't this a contradiction?

I've been thinking about this for a while but can't get my head around it. A black hole's mass is such that its gravity can overcome light. Its event horizon, as I see it, is the boundary up to which ...
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Event horizon temperature

If the acceleration of a particle at the event horizon is "infinite", then its Unruh radiation must be infinite. Yet the Hawking radiation of a black hole is finite.. how comes the difference?
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Black hole surrounding an object?

When a particle crosses the event horizon of a black hole, at one short moment in time would it appear for that particle as if it was surrounded by a black hole? Regardless of which direction you ...
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Would a tachyon be able to escape a black hole?

Or at least escape from a portion of the hole inside the photon horizon?
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What happens within the convergence of two event horizons? [closed]

What would happen if someone stood between two equally massive black holes, so that every particle of their body was contained in the region of both event horizons? Would they be: a) Totally ...
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Do particles in a black hole stay in constant orbit?

Would particles behave the same way as a satellite orbiting earth, only far more compact and rapid correlating to the gravitational force of the black hole?
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If nothing can escape a black hole, where does Hawking radiation come from? [duplicate]

Hawking radiation is a form of electromagnetic wave travelling at the speed of light. Hawking radiation is radiated from a black hole. If nothing can escape the gravitational pull of a black hole, how ...
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Where is the event horizon in a black hole?

At the beginning I thought that the event horizon coincides with the surfaces, but then making a new name when you could just call it surface would seem a bit pointless. Then where is the event ...
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Problem imagining how does a black hole merger look like from far away

Suppose we have two black holes moving on a path of direct frontal collision. Is it correct that from far away, due to time dilation, we can never "detect" that the two black holes merging or ...
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Can a particle tunnel from inside a black hole?

Event horizon isn’t special from GTR standpoint, and at least in AdS/CFT correspondence gravity can be “removed” from consideration entirely. So can a particle whose wave function is completely inside ...
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When a neutron star accumulates enough mass, does a black hole start at its center?

With less dense bodies, such as the earth and the sun, the center has less gravity/density (since there's an equal amount of mass surrounding the center, pulling out on it from all directions). Does ...
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Falling into a black hole doesn't reveal the future, but does that mean it's not happening?

In a previous answer it was said that you wouldn't see the universe speed up as you fell into a black hole, which I accept as true. However, is being unable to see or interact with the outside ...
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Can something (again) ever fall through the event horizon?

Since I am more confused by the answers given in this site to the many variants and duplicates of this question, with some arguing that from the point of view of the falling observer, it happens in ...
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Does a wormhole on the event horizon keep working?

Recently the discovery of how to build a magnetic wormhole has been all over the news. These wormholes tunnel magnetic fields instantly from one point to another point. (Although the current model is ...
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What is the meaning of t=infinity at the black hole horizon?

Looking at the Kruskal diagram for black holes, it seems to me that at the horizon, all free falling objects cross the horizon at the same coordinate radius and time. Does this not mean that all ...
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If black holes almost or barely collide

Consider black holes approaching each other at some relative velocity and varying impact parameters. For impact parameters above some value they will sail past each other. For impact parameters below ...
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If spacetime is folded upon itself [closed]

Say there are two black holes about a parsec apart. You theoretically fold spacetime upon itself so that the singularities of the black holes are "touching". So the picture link I left above shows ...
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Question about Black Holes

I'm not a physicist so I'm sorry if this question is stupid from your point of view, but I believe it's not. Let us make this thought experiment: Take a black hole and put near it (but at a safety ...
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Probing beyond the black hole event horizon

Black holes are interpreted to have a "break down" of general relativity at their point of singularity. The region near the singularity is expected to be described by some theory of quantum gravity. ...
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Event horizon from the metric

Let us suppose we have a metric of this form $$ds^2=-A(r)dt^2+\frac{dr^2}{B(r)}+r^2d\Omega^2$$ In all documents I can read, I've seen that the event horizon is defined by considering $A(r)=0$ But I ...
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Interpretation of black hole area

I'm studying properties of Kerr spacetimes and a lot of fuss is made about area of BH. It is defined to be integral of area element on event horizon $r=r_+$, $t=const.$ where $r_+$ is radial ...
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Misconceptions about the universe - Hubble Sphere

I recently watched Veritasium's (excellent) video "Misconceptions about the Universe". However, he said something (at 2min 25s) which I think is wrong. Can somebody please clarify this one way or the ...
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Mass and Schwarzschild Radius [duplicate]

Do free massless particles have a Schwarzschild radius? I'm curious about the mass in the equation for the Schwarzschild radius. I know that you can calculate a Schwarzschild radius for any massive ...
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Is a black hole's mass uniformly distributed?

If you were to fly around a black hole, would the gravitational pull be uniform and centered on the singularity, regardless of your relative location? If yes, how can this be consistent with models ...
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What is the status of the area theorem in AdS?

The area theorem, by Hawking (in "Gravitational Radiation from Colliding Black Holes", also found in Wald), states that the area of an event horizon cannot decrease with time. As I understand, there ...
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Is the event horizon of black holes visibly sharp, or blurry?

As you come in closer to a black hole, how do you see the event horizon? Is it always like a clear-cut surface? Or it only looks clear-cut from a distance, but as you come closer to the black hole, ...
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Definition of event horizon - Gravity around blackholes [closed]

Put simpler: A black hole is surrounded by a 'sphere' where, to an outside observer. the speed of light is (near) zero. What is the radius of that 'sphere' (for a non-rotating black hole) and how ...
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How long can a particle survive inside of the horizon of a black hole?

By examining the causal structure of a Schwarzschild black hole, one can see that a particle in region II is unable to escape to $r=\infty$. Such diagrams do not show, however, how long a particle ...
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Black Hole Growth

When a black hole increases in size by engulfing matter, does this matter fall into the event horizon or does it just rotate around the accretion disk? EDIT: Clarified the beginning of the question. ...
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Size of black hole so large that I could pass event horizon without dying from tidal forces?

Were I to fall towards a typical black hole, the tidal forces would rip me apart well before I got to the event horizon. However, if a black hole were big enough, I could enter the event horizon ...
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Radius of apparent event horizon for accelerating observer

This question is related to my last question on the Unruh effect, which can be found here. First, recall the quote from the Wikipedia article on the Unruh effect: An accelerating observer will ...
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Does gravity affect quantum fluctuations? [closed]

Empty space is filled with quantum fluctuations. My question is, since space is affected by the amount of matter contained in it (based on General Relativity), does gravity affect quantum ...
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Does the uncertainty principle affect event horizons? [duplicate]

I was thinking about black holes. For a simple black hole the event horizon is given by a distance of 2 times mass (energy) of the black hole. (2m). But according to quantum mechanics, if you try to ...