The process of a liquid changing to a gaseous state

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Which requires less energy, complete mechanical breaking or vaporization of matter?

Let's say we have a one kilogram piece of rock. Now if we want to separate each molecule from the other molecules making this piece of rock, which method requires the least energy while neglecting ...
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28 views

Methods to solve a vapor pressure equilibrium question with water on the moon? [closed]

"Imagine a tall column of water on the Moon, maintained at a temperature of 50°C and left to the open vacuum at the top. Up to what depth will the water continue to boil? The Moon's radius is 0.273 ...
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40 views

Understanding the relation between pressure, ideal gas and, volume

I was given the following formula which is used for ideal gasses: $$pV = nRT$$ where: p:pressure V: volume n: number of moles R: gasconstant T: temperature now when speaking about vaporpressure ...
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30 views

How can condensation be aided?

I was wondering if certain factors of water vapor condensation can be aided? For example, being able to increase the saturation of water vapor via a certain method, or another example would be having ...
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53 views

What temperature is an evaporating cup of water at “room temperature”?

If I put 100 g of water in a cylindrical cup and I know it takes 2 weeks (lets say 1.2 × 106 seconds) at some RH/temp to completely evaporate in my room with a constant temperature, can I ...
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54 views

Heat Losses from water pan due to vaporisation before boiling

I'm studying heat transfer from an electric heater to a cooking pan (Stainless steel) filled with water; specifically, my problem is related to water vaporisation, as I've already found good models to ...
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75 views

Are particles that locally evaporate off water's surface at T = 100?

Water molecules can evaporate off a surface without needing to boil (How does water evaporate if it doesn't boil?). This is because surface particles are sometimes energetic enough to overcome ...
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22 views

Superheating Water Demonstration with a Vacuum

There are many Youtube videos which place a cup of water into a vacuum chamber and cause boiling around 0.020 atm, but I can't find any which show a vacuum-only "superheating" effect (to be clear, I ...
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68 views

Pressure inside tank while discharging water

I have two tanks, one initially fully filled with water (large tank) and the other one (smaller) is empty and has low pressure (say 0.5 bar) and the two tanks are connected from the bottom with pipe ...
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49 views

Bottle cap burst phenomenon [closed]

There is a trick you can do with a simple plastic water bottle: After putting the cap on as tight as you can, you twist the body of the bottle a few times so that it compresses the air in the bottle. ...
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23 views

Can there be net condensation into a pool of water?

I'm curious about the equilibrium of evaporation and condensation. Given that the surface area of a dehumidifier's evaporation coil at 4C is proportional to the rate of condensation, how would the ...
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Why doesn't water turn into liquid after boiling it? [duplicate]

Water's boiling point is 100 degree Celsius. So water shouldn't remain vapour under 100 degree Celsius. But water remains vapour even in the environment temperature. Why does that happen?
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Boilling a liquid in a closed container, less heat required?

If you boil a liquid with latent heat $L$ in a container of infinite volume (i.e. open to the universe) the heat required is: $$Q=Lm$$ Where $m$ is the mass of the liquid boiled. If however you boil ...
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172 views

Can evaporation occur in an air-tight container?

As the title states, can evaporation occur in an air-tight container? Could the liquid water turn into gas and just stay inside the container until it's opened? Would there be a limit to how much ...
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147 views

What is the equation that determines evaporation rate for water?

So I'm guessing it has to do with temperature of surface water, temperature of surrounding, surface area, humidity,... I always wondered if there was an equation to describe evaporation, never learned ...
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349 views

Water evaporation problem. Exercise from Feynman's lectures

I read lectures of Richard Feynman and try to solve problems and I have some trouble with a problem on water evaporation. A glass full of water is left standing on an average outdoor window in ...
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156 views

Calculating Evaporation Rate for Milk

So, I am kind of physics dumb. I have found the equation for water evaporation from a pool and I have been attempting to make work and make sense for creating a spreadsheet that will help me predict ...
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48 views

When drying paint brushes washed with water, which way is the best to orient them?

After washing my paint brushes with soap and water and rinsing them, in order to avoid damage to the bristles and the ferrules and the wooden handle, is it best to hang them bristles down and let ...
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114 views

Is water steam in air a case of liquid in gas solution?

Thinking of this question, I thought that the phenomenon of water evaporation into the air is totally analogous to the solid (say, salt) that is dissolved into a liquid (water). Indeed, in this ...
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62 views

If you charge water will the evaporation rate change?

If you take away electrons or add electrons to a body of water will the evaporation rate be changed? (Even if it's brief or the effect is small)
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58 views

Confusion understanding relative humidity levels

I have difficulty in understanding how can the relative humidity of a mixture of air and water can be 100%. I understand that places like where i live have high relative humidity, so the place is more ...
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56 views

Where are real limits of evaporative cooling?

There are many projects focused on utilising evaporative cooling for food preservation or computer cooling purposes. I have other thing in mind, however and that's cooling beer. Once you're outside, ...
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96 views

How long does a black hole last after it becomes white hole?

According to Stephen Hawking's theory of black holes, once a sufficient mass has been lost through evaporation, the escape velocity $3 \times 10^8$ meters per second so light is able to escape from ...
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Can I always assume that a vapour pressure over a liquid is ideal?

Can I assume that the vapour of a subject over its liquid is ideal-ish? I'm thinking that if the vapour pressure is low the subject in question wont interact with itself, but it doesn't necessarily ...
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585 views

Why is there steam in a hot shower even though the water is not boiling? [duplicate]

When I take a hot shower, there is normally a fair amount of steam. However, I don't think the water coming out of the shower-head is actually boiling (unless I am mistaken). Why is there water ...
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208 views

Evaporate water using compressed air [closed]

I want to evaporate water by forming air bubbles which are formed by flow of compresses air through perforations. What is the energy (in KWh) input to compress 1 cubic meter volume of atmospheric ...
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89 views

How can i turn home gas from liquid to gas [closed]

I hope i am not too off topic, couldn't find a more suitable stack-exchange forum for this, if there is a better one, please point me to it, Well my question is the following, I am working on a ...
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35 views

Vacuum Systems, Vapor Pressure, and Machine Damage

When operating a vacuum pump, after we have pumped it to its (almost) limit, and want to pump it back down, we normally Turn off the Turbomolecular Pump first Turn off the rotary vane pump next ...
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Does placing a lid on a pot affect the rate of boiling?

On the subject of cooking, someone once told me "If you have too much water in your pot after cooking a dish, just turn up the heat and let it boil without a lid for a few minutes". Now I've thought ...
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92 views

How to heat water at very high temepratures?

I am working on a project and recently came through a situation where I'll be working with water evaporation. On searching the internet I found that water heated at 350Celsius would generate almost ...
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120 views

Bowl of water to humidify

I kept a bowl of water in my room last night, thinking I need to improve the humidity as I had a sore throat. On waking up, I find that the bowl is still filled with water. Why didn't the water ...
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1answer
44 views

Pressure and Phase Experiment Questions

Consider the experiment where a test tube filled with water is inverted in a beaker of water . (The following figures are not to scale of actual apparatus.) At time t=0, the instantaneous snapshot is ...
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58 views

I need to remove water from a system [closed]

I work in an industry and I need to remove water from a system. The scenario: There is a washer and a blower on a conveyor belt. The item being washed is plastic (not sure what type) and can't be ...
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473 views

Temperature to make oceans evaporate [closed]

The Boiling point of the water is 100 C after that water evaporates. If we are to heat the water of all the oceans combined, what should the temperature be set at, so that all the water gets ...
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2k views

Calculating rate of vaporization of water

Let there be a cylindrical vessel with diameter D that only has liquid water and water vapor as the picture below shows (The water vapor is the grey portion and the liquid water is the blue portion). ...
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147 views

Smell the Coffee [closed]

Do non-water particles of coffee evaporate or leave the surface of hot coffee over time? Are they some sort of carbon-based molecules? Are they carried into the air by the evaporating water molecules? ...
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40 views

Difference between smoke and vapor in sealed space

I got a questions. I've got a sphere that has only one hole on the bottom. I tried it out and inside of the sphere, fire is extinguished instantly (it does not even enter the sphere through the hole). ...
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67 views

Boiling is not well described? [duplicate]

It is said that boiling occurs only when the vapour pressure becomes equal to the pressure surrounding the vapour (say atmospheric pressure). Why does it take place only satisfying these conditions ...
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69 views

Why is it valid to assume that the liquid-vapour interface is always saturated during evaporation?

For steady state evaporation, I read from two textbooks which simply states that the partial pressure of vapour of interest (say water) at the liquid-vapour interface is equal to the saturation ...
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442 views

What keeps water molecules in air from falling down?

I was thinking about evaporative cooling, how the particles in water with the most velocity fly out of the water, leaving it colder. But then I thought, how come these water molecules stay in the air ...
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2k views

On boiling, does 1 kg of water give rise to 1 kg of steam?

I understand that by conservation of mass, it implies that 1 kg of water will give rise to 1 kg of steam. But when I consider the fact that there is phase change which is an abrupt and discontinuous ...
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686 views

Why can I see my breath after I pop my ears?

I have this weird but reproducible thing that I can see my breath for less than a second even in hot/humid weather. The key to do that is to pop my ears - I have to do that often, it's like I'm on a ...
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207 views

If water evaporates at below 100 degrees then why not stone?

I have asked this question recently: Why does evaporation take place? and I got a satisfactory answer, that temperature is macroscopic and is the average temperature of the object. That said, why ...
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58 views

Solar stills with Wine [closed]

Is it possible to obtain more concentrated alcohol by using wine in a solar still instead of seawater? If yes, as I suspected, how does the concentration (of alcohol) of the distillate vary with ...
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2answers
5k views

Why do liquids boil when their vapor pressure equals the ambient pressure?

Given that the boiling point of a liquid is the temperature at which the vapor pressure is equal to the ambient (surrounding) pressure, what significance does a liquid's vapor pressure have in the ...
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102 views

Is this air cooling idea feasible?

Massive heat wave here and I don't have an air conditioner. I was investigating how commercial air conditioners work and to my surprise found that they use merely evaporation rather than a ...
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258 views

Why do some hand dryers blow hot air?

I am not sure why some hand dryers are blowing hot air and not just air at room temperature. To me, hair dryers are just a way to dry one's hands using the same principle as when we shake our hands ...
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1answer
200 views

Salt water evaporation

Pardon my no-knowledge of the topic but I am curious about following characteristics of sea water evaporation: is it more efficient to have thinner ponds to which water is re-added or deeper ponds? ...
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261 views

Does stew lose more liquid if stirred as it cools?

Suppose I cook a stew or soup and then take it off of the stove and leave it uncovered to cool. Of course, it will cool faster if I stir it (more surface area), but it will, eventually, cool to room ...
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778 views

Why does water not evaporate in below 0 degrees?

I have learnt that, most objects still have energy in their atoms until the temperature reaches absolute zero. In other words, everything has energy around us. Now, that in mind if I go to antartica, ...