# Tagged Questions

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### Max weight the lid of a vacuum can hold [on hold]

I have a box with a lid that has a mass object inside of it. I will be creating a vacuum inside of it with a $4~\mathrm{HP}$ Shop Vac that has a sealed pressure of $59~\mathrm{psi}$ and an airflow of ...
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### Extinction level meteor effects on Earth's crust pending on the surface area upon impact

Would it be possible to have a extinction level meteor hit Earth depending on shape to actually create minimal damage if turned on its thinnest area rather than hitting flat? The meteor would enter ...
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### What is the longest distance that can be jumped after swinging from a rope?

In the movie Mission Impossible 3, the main character Ethan Hunt tries to enter a building in Shanghai by swing through the sky, as shown below: The jump consists of 2 sections, the red part, which ...
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### How much additional light does Earth receive from the Sun due to Earth's gravitational field?

I was reading about how gravity affects light, and that got me wondering how much additional light is collected by the Sun due to the Earth's gravitational field. Is it a significant amount of light (...
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### How much extra CO2 is produced (in the EU) each year due to the introduction of manatory car headlights during daylight hours? [closed]

Forcing drivers to keep their lights on during daylight hours may increase road safety, but there must be an environmental impact (not to mention a financial benefit to certain organisations). I am ...
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### Satellite collides with earth [duplicate]

Suppose we have a satellite in a circular orbit around the earth. We know that the velocity is given by $$v = \sqrt{\frac{GM}{r}}$$ I'm curious as to what conditions on a velocity change would require ...
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### How long does it take to travel 36 light years with tolerable acceleration and deceleration?

The recent discovery of HD85512b only 36 light years from Earth has promising attributes to harbor life. Assuming we want to travel there, we cannot instantaneously jump to light speed, (StarTrek ...
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### Change in gravitational effect between Earth and the Sun

SPOILERS FOR "INDEPENDENCE DAY: RESURGENCE" ABOUND. I just watch ID:R and had a question about a plot point. In the movie, a large alien ship, which looked to be about 10-20 percent the size of Earth ...
320 views

### Maximum angle for highway lane change

I am preparing to fight a traffic ticket from a speed camera. There is a lot more to that story, but the info I need right now involves the angle at which a car can change lanes, in terms of vehicle ...
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### How noticeable is the gravitational pull of a mountain range?

A massive object like a planet exerts a great gravitational pull on nearby objects. This will cause them to accelerate towards the center of the planet with the same acceleration regardless of their ...
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### Assuming everything else is equal, which will stop first: a heavier car or a lighter car?

If the friction from brakes, wind resistance and all such factors remain constant, which will stop first? A heavier car or a lighter car? How will the momentum of the car and gravitational pull on a ...
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### Why do planets not radiate EM waves in their orbits?

Despite being overall near-netural, I would expect the individual electrons and proton to radiate long EM waves as we accelerate around the Sun or rotate around our poles. Is the acceleration so small ...
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### Is there anyway formula to calculate the heat produced by the burning glass and lenses?

Am just doing a simple project with burning glass. Is there any formula to find heat produced by it relating with the focal length or magnification of lens as well as mirror too?
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### Energy needed for Superman to take off and fly at the speed of sound

I just watched "Man of Steel", and I'm wondering if my logic is correct. Let's assume Superman is 80 kg. The energy required to take off from the rest to reach the speed of sound in air (if I neglect ...
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### How much mass must Earth lose to lose its Moon?

Maybe I am wrong about the basic concept here, but for my curiosity: how much mass would need to leave the Earth (like satellites and rockets) to create an imbalance between the Earth and Moon so that ...
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### Who will feel more pain when jumping from a height, a tall man or a short man? [closed]

Whether the impact on a tall man is greater than a short man when he jumps from a height?
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### What is the time required for water at 10 deg C to reach room temperature?

I have a small container (100mm X 80mm X 60mm) filled with water at 10Â° C. The container is made out of Aluminum and is not insulated, and is resting on a wooden table. Room temperature is about 27Â° C....
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### By how much does the temperature of a cool Cola can increase by condensation of the ambient moisture on its surface?

Assuming standard ambient temperature and pressure, how can we estimate the increase in the temperature of a typical, cool beverage can produced by the condensation of ambient moisture on its surface? ...
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### Force exerted on carseats?

Can anyone explain how force is exerted on car seats during a crash? I am being told in car seat safety forums that $force=mass \times acceleration$. So if a $2000 \;\text{lb}$ vehicle bumps you at ...
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### Weight Distribution of granular piles

I was recently at a farm watching piles of grain being formed in the shape of enormous cones. Each of these grain stacks weighs in excess of 50 tonnes. I am not a physicist but I am very curious as to ...
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### If I throw or kick a ball, how much will the Earth move in the opposite direction?

I understand that for momentum to be conserved, if I throw a tennis ball (or kick a football) the Earth must move in the opposite direction to the ball. Obviously this is an infinitesimally small ...
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### How to estimate a drag of flow reversing cylinder?

I am assuming a turbulent flow and a full reversal of the flow (in the picture the arrows are at non-straight angle but please consider the skew as negligible). Assuming we are talking about regular ...
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### Effect of a nuclear weapon on the Moon

In some science fiction novel, there is the scenario of using nuclear weapons to deflect an Earth-approaching asteroid. But the question is, is a nuclear weapon really as useful on the moon or an ...
1k views

### How far can we separate two bound quarks?

If we try to separate two quarks bound into a meson or a hadron, the energy in the gluon field eventually will be large enough to spawn a quark-antiquark pair. How far can we stretch that gluon ...
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### How can you find the impact necessary to change the direction of Earth's spin?

If an object the mass of the moon was to hit earth's surface at an angle that would be in the opposite direction of earth's spin, how can you find how much momentum the object needs to cause earth to ...
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### If we had a “perfectly efficient” computer and all the energy in the Milky-way available, what number could it count to?

The idea for this question comes from an example in cryptography, where supposedly 256-bit symmetric keys will be enough for all time to come (brute-forcing a 256-bit key is sort-of equivalent to ...
448 views

### What is the safe distance to a supernova explosion?

In other words, what stars near the Sun may have an impact on the Solar system equilibrium or the Earth life if they become supernova ? Is SN 1987 A too far ?
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### How much money can I save on gas by losing weight?

I read somewhere that if you carried around a penny in your car, over the lifetime of the car, you would end up paying an extra penny in gas than if you weren't carrying that penny. I was wondering ...
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### If an astronaut had stationed in International Space Station for the duration of mission, 17 years, would he be older?

Today the NASA International Space Station started the 100000 orbit after 17 years in the space. I just wonder if there were a team of astronauts which were in the Lab for all the duration of last 17 ...
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### How much energy can be extracted by lowering something into a black hole? [duplicate]

If an object is in orbit around a star, the object has gravitational potential energy that could possibly be extracted. For example, when we perform gravitational slingshots around Jupiter, our ...
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### What is the best way to calculate impact time with collisions?

I've been teaching myself physics and I've been wondering about the impact time in collision calculations. The scenario I've been using to learn is an object with a mass of 4000 kilograms colliding ...
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### Could a black hole maintain a stable orbit around the Earth?

Could a rotating Black Hole of mass $1.24\times 10^{10}$ kg maintain a stable orbit around Earth, without significantly altering the path of the Earth or Moon? In addition to this, would the presence ...
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### How far has Earth moved from its birth orbit?

It says earth is almost as old as 1/3 of the universe's age which would mean 4.5 billion years . So how far has earth moved towards or away from the sun in these 4.5 billion years? Now perfect ...
163 views

### Rotational Torque Versus Thrust on a Screw

We all used screws and tightening them before, but here is my question. If a Thrust-like load behind the other side of the screw can move the screw out (example pushing), then how much force is it ...
136 views

### Can the Arcaboard fly?

Recently, BBC news had a video that claimed to show a "real" hoverboard: As far as I can tell, there are 36 small fans on this device, and it seems to be flying just a few inches off the ground. ...
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### How long time before all the water in a lake has been replaced? [closed]

Studying hydrology, and in that context we've seen some information about lakes and the times it takes for the water to renew completely in them. This got me interested in finding out how this is ...
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### How much salt to dissolve in water for a noticeable change in volume?

I am reading through this High School science lab about how dissolving salt changes the volume of water: Place 300 to 400 g of salt in the flask (1L) Pour in enough water to cover the dry salt, and ...
262 views

### Simple estimation of the critical temperature of water

I'm trying to develop fermi estimation skills and I came up with a question for which I don't even know where to start from. Here goes: Is it possible to estimate the critical temperature (say in ...
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### Grand Canyon Sound Problem Troubles

Yesterday, I got a question in class, this is the question: If you shout into the Grand Canyon, your voice travels at the speed of sound (340m/s) to the bottom of the canyon and back, and you hear an ...
7k views

### Can lasers lift objects?

I have been fascinated by a very intriguing question - Can lasers push objects up? I have done the below math to find out Lets say we have a $1000~\text{mW}$ laser and we would like to lift an ...
6k views

### How many atoms are there in our solar system?

Including all objects gravitationally bound to the Sun, how many atoms are there in our solar system?
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### Electro magnet strength to weight ratio

I was wondering. How would I work out how strong a magnet would have to be to support my weight.
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### Why do flat sheets of paper twist more than paper cones as they fall?

If I cut a 10cm circle out of a piece of paper and drop it, it will twist as it falls, even if it's rigid. If I then cut out a one-quarter wedge of the circle and tape the remaining three-quarters ...
147 views

### Why can't space become fuel for spaceships? [closed]

I read somewhere that space is constitued mostly of hydrogen. So why can't space and its constituants (not only hydrogen) serve as fuel for future spaceships? The dreamer I am simply imagine a ...
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### When did the universe become lighter than water at 1 g/cm3 [closed]

Did the universe become lighter than water before light could travel through it? What temperature was it at the time where matter was roughly 1g/cm3?
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### If we increase the mass of a black hole by a factor of $k$, by what factor will the surface area of the event horizon change?

If we increase the mass of a black hole by a factor of $k$, by what factor will the surface area of the event horizon change? Given any number of identical black holes each with mass = $\mathrm{m_0}$ ...
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### Small enough planet to notice rounding

This is my first question on Physics StackExchange, so bear with me. I am wondering. How dense would a planet need to be for a human to notice the fact that the planet is not flat, but round, by ...