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11
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3answers
178 views

How quickly should a fluid come to hydrostatic equilibrium?

Let's say I'm holding a one-liter water bottle, full of water, which I then drop. Before dropping the water bottle, the equilibrium is for there to be a pressure gradient in the water canceling the ...
1
vote
3answers
360 views

Equilibrium using Center of Buoyancy and Gravity (Problem)

I don't understand a solution to a homework question. Specifically, I don't understand the logical sequence of each bolded statement in the answer. (b) To ensure that a ship is in stable ...
0
votes
2answers
509 views

Understanding mechanical equilibrium

In this site, mechanical equilibrium is defined as when there is no net force between the system and the boundary, it is in mechanical equilibrium. Now, what does it mean by net force? What would ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

H-theorem and Boltzmann equation applied to Boltzmann distribution

Using the Boltzmann equation: $$ \frac{dH}{dt} = \int_0^{\infty} dr \int_0^{\infty} ds W(r,s)[p_r - p_s][\ln{p_r} - \ln{p_s}],$$ and assuming $p_r = e^{-\beta r}$, the equation looks like $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Why can't charge be in a stable equilibrium in electrostatic field?

I am reading Feynman's Lectures volume_II where he discussed the impossibility of the presence of stable equilibrium in an electrostatic field. There are no points of stable equilibrium in any ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

What is the cause for mechanical equilibrium in statistical mechanics?

In classical thermodynamics, mechanical equilibrium is defined as the state of a system in which there is no net flow of volume as there should be no net pressure within the system. Ok. ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Is equilibrum condition consequence of second law of thermodynamics?

Equilibrum state is generally stated to be most stable state. Is equilibrium state consequence of second law of thermodynamics at microscopic level. i.e a system tends to reach the equilibrium state ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

simple physical system involving convergence to equilibrium at decreasing speed

I want to make an analogy of an economic model (Solow 1956) with a simple physical system that exists in reality. I am not looking for a mathematical formula to describe the system (I have that ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Why do forces/pressures/electrons/temperatures/etc equalize

What causes various forces/etc. like to equalize? I can understand water in a tank being affected by gravity but why do high pressure systems want to move to low pressure systems (vaccuums), electrons ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Electrical charge equilibrium and the piezoelectric effect

About the piezoelectric effect: if I press a crystal the electrical charges segregate and an electrical voltage appears on the other two faces of the crystal. See this link for example: ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

What happens to matter when in a thermodynamic equilibrium?

I am trying to gain a better understanding of thermodynamic equilibrium. Here's what (I think) I know: If a system is in Thermal, Radiative, Chemical, and Mechanical Equilibrium, then it is in ...
3
votes
0answers
37 views

Is it possible to have a line rather than a point where the three states of a substance can exist?

Most of us are familiar with state diagrams that define which of the three states a substance will take given the pressure and temperature. And that some substances, such as water for example, exhibit ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Local and global detailed balance

I'm taking a course on nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and I encountered the terms local and global detailed balance. I'm a bit confused about what is their exact definition and what is the ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Detailed Balance for Quantum Master Equations from System Hamiltonians with Degenerate Spectrum

Kossakowski, Andrzej, et al. ("Quantum detailed balance and KMS condition." Communications in Mathematical Physics 57.2 (1977): 97-110) gave a proof that the stationary state of a quantum dynamical ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Is the system in equilibrium?

If the time derivative of the Liapunov functional related to free energy of my system is zero, can I say my system is in chemical equilibrium?
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Equilibrium Points in Lagrangian Mechanics

Suppose we have a one particle system with generalized coordinates $q_i$. In classical mechanics, the corresponding Lagrangian is $L = T - V$. Assume $V(q)$ is time-independent. What additional ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

problem about heat in thermodynamics

$$\nabla G=-T\nabla S-T\nabla S_{sur}=-Q+q $$ $$\nabla G=-T\nabla S-T\nabla S_{sur}=-(U-W_{rew})+q $$ $$\nabla G=-T\nabla S-T\nabla S_{sur}=-(q+W-W_{rew})+q $$ $$\nabla G=-T\nabla S-T\nabla ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Why is it valid to assume that the liquid-vapour interface is always saturated during evaporation?

For steady state evaporation, I read from two textbooks which simply states that the partial pressure of vapour of interest (say water) at the liquid-vapour interface is equal to the saturation ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Vacancy Generation / Annihilation Time (Relaxation Time)

Vacancy Generation/Annihilation Time, Recombination Time and Relaxation Time ($\tau$) are all synonymously used in atomic physics literatures. They're defined as the time that it takes for vacancies ...
1
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0answers
56 views

Reconciling Different Vapor Pressure Definitions

In describing vapor pressure, I have often heard the following intuition: Assume a closed container that is partially filled with water. Above the water lies a vacuum. The water will vaporize until ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

Definitions in thermodynamics: temperature, thermal equilibrium, heat

I'm currently reading Fermi's "Thermodynamics" and I'm trying to grasp the (possibly different) right definitions for temperature, thermal equilibrium, heat. To clarify, I'm looking for definitions ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

Biological Themodynamics - What does an endpoint saturated signal mean. How does it relate to equillibrium constant

I have had a question that has been bugging me for a couple of years in my graduate school career, and I was wondering if perhaps some physicist could help explain it to me. Given an endpoint assay ...
1
vote
0answers
388 views

What is the angle of the string with the vertical?

A heavy uniform sphere of radius $a$ has a light inextensible string attached to a point on its surface. The other end of the string is fixed to a point on a rough vertical wall. The sphere ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Deriving the Force on an ion in the Classical Harmonic Crystal

I was following Solid State Physics by Ashcroft and Memrmin and their introduction to the Classical Theory of the Harmonic Crystal. (Chapter 22) If there are a large number of ions in a straight ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Number of particles in a box at thermal equalibrium

Consider a cube box of volume $V$ in thermal equilibrium at temperature $T$. We have 3 pieces of information: The probability of finding a particle of mass $m$ in the box having momentum in ...
0
votes
0answers
158 views

Coefficients of Friction in Equilibrium Ladder Problems

A problem asked me to find the the minimum angle the ladder system could have while still remaining in equilibrium: If you want to examine my reasoning: Let's take the lower end of the ladder to ...
0
votes
0answers
222 views

Ladder equilibrium problem - Where do the hinge forces go?

In my physics homework there is a problem about a hinged ladder like this and a man is standing on one of its halves. The two parts of the ladder are hinged together at the top. My question is, ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

How to calculate the partial entropy in a fully connected ising system

I'm trying to reproduce a calculation that should lead to the partial entropy in a fully connected ising model for the high-temperature range ($\beta < 2$) in the thermodynamic Limit ($N ...
0
votes
0answers
2k views

Statics: particle mechanics versus rigid body mechanics

In particle mechanics where the notion of rotation does not apply, particles are said to be in static equilibrium when the sum of the external forces acting on the particle of interest in all ...
-1
votes
0answers
17 views

Conductor in electrostatic equilibrium

Consider the following capacitor: The upper conductor is charged by $Q$. There's a conductor on the middle with thickness $e$. The lower conductor is connected to the ground. All of them have area ...