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5
votes
2answers
197 views

Is ergodic hypothesis in contradiction with the notion of equilibrium?

From wikipedia: In physics and thermodynamics, the ergodic hypothesis1 says that, over long periods of time, the time spent by a system in some region of the phase space of microstates with the ...
5
votes
0answers
104 views
+50

Computational scaling of quantum and classical Monte Carlo algorithms

How does the computational complexity of finding an equilibrium thermal state for a given Hamiltonian at a given temperature scale with system size under classical and quantum Monte Carlo? I know ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Pressure in deodorant can

Pressure in a deodorant can is greater than the surrounding pressure but still the can is in equilibrium with the surrounding . Why does this happen. If we apply $F = PA$ then $P_{in}A= P_{atm}A$ and ...
-1
votes
2answers
45 views

Pressure Difference affecting reversibility of a process

It is said that for a finite pressuredifference between system and the surrounding the process is irreversible. From the diagram can you please tell me how the process is irreversible ? Does this ...
-1
votes
0answers
8 views

Pressure factor affecting reversibility of a process [duplicate]

It is said that for a finite pressure difference between system and the surrounding the process is irreversible. From the diagram can you please tell me how the process is irreversible ? Does this ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

Why do forces/pressures/electrons/temperatures/etc equalize

What causes various forces/etc. like to equalize? I can understand water in a tank being affected by gravity but why do high pressure systems want to move to low pressure systems (vaccuums), electrons ...
3
votes
2answers
855 views

Why can't charge be in a stable equilibrium in electrostatic field?

I am reading Feynman's Lectures volume_II where he discussed the impossibility of the presence of stable equilibrium in an electrostatic field. There are no points of stable equilibrium in any ...
1
vote
4answers
42 views

Particle Equilibrium and the Interpretation of Accelerations

I have a simple question regarding the interpretation of acceleration and force in the context of a particle in equilibrium. Given that the necessary and sufficient definition for particle equilibrium ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Ball Rotating in Place Under Waterfall

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Khf6koh3IO8 Can anyone help me explain this? It seems like the ball should shoot out from underneath. I have two main theories. 1) Bernoulli's Principle says that the ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Sum of all Moments around an axis as a nonzero number in Statics [closed]

Good time of day, everyone! Here's one thing I can't quite grasp on. So given a Statics problem, I have: $ΣM_x = 159 \;\mathrm{N\cdot m} ≠ 0$; (Sum of all moments around x-axis equals 150 N•m) Now, ...
-1
votes
1answer
46 views

Equilibrium of rigid body [closed]

A uniform beam $AB$ of length $2l$ rests with end $A$ in contact with rough horizontal ground. A point $C$ on the beam rests against a smooth support. $AC$ is of length $\frac{3l}{2}$ with $C$ higher ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

Why there is an extra componet of force in this Equilibrium state?

I have a question about the forces on a body at equilibrium. Look to this image: here i draw a man standing with a pen on earth. And I think that I draw all possible forces on it. They are as ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Reversible processes in which mechanical or thermal equilibrium is not reached

The definition of a reversible thermodynamic process requires in any instant the mechanical equilibrium (equal pressures) and thermal equilibrium (equal temperatures) of the system in a quasi-static ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Mechanical equivalent of heat => transfer from work W to heat Q

Consider the following experiment to determine the mechanical equivalent of heat $\mu = \frac{\Delta W}{\Delta Q}$ Not seen in the picture is a weight with known mass hanging down the cord. When you ...
5
votes
0answers
155 views

Thermodynamic equilibrium or thermal equilibrium and equipartition theorem

In all derivations of the equipartition theorem I can find a thermodynamic equilibrium distribution is used to show it's validity. But more vague sources (physics.stackexchange answer by Luboš Motl, ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

why a body acted upon with a couple, has net force=GM^2/4R^2 although it is in translational equilibrium [closed]

Two stars of equal mass M move with constant speed V in a circular orbital of radius R about their common center of mass .What is the net force on each star? the answer to this question was net force=...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Does zero net force imply zero net torque?

I wonder, for a rigid body, if the vector sum of all external forces acting on it is equal to zero ($F_{\rm net} = 0$), does this imply that the vector sum of all external torques acting on it about ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Interpreting force components in statics problems involving inclined planes or similar

I'm having troubles to understand how to interpret the components of forces on inclined plane in quite complicated situations. I will make an example of one of the cases where I get confused. ...
6
votes
1answer
114 views

Adiabatic piston: why is Callen's argument flawed?

This question is related to this one. I would ask you to read that question and my answer to the question itself before answering this one. The problem is the following. In his book Thermodynamics, ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Balancing Orthogonal Forces on 2D plane with arbitrary placement [closed]

I have a rectangular block in the xy plane with the center of mass that acts in the z direction at an arbitrary place in the plane. I also have 4 legs that support this weight underneath the block. ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Shelf always tipping over when pushed, thanks to normal force

A while ago, I encountered a problem with a person pushing a shelf at the top, with the center of mass located in the middle. The task is to find the maximum magnitude of the force vector, not causing ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Why do molecules in a gas not generally arrange themselves at the distance of minimum potential energy (Lennard-Jones 6-12 potential)

As the title suggests, why is this? Is it because the distance of molecules in a gas is too large (compared to in liquids/solids)? Or are there other reasons for this?
47
votes
6answers
6k views

Why does a system try to minimize its total energy?

Why does a system like to minimize its total energy? For example, the total energy of a $H_2$ molecule is smaller than the that of two two isolated hydrogen atoms and that is why two $H$ atoms tries ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Finding the electric field in a bar moving through a magnetic field [closed]

In this diagram: I'm supposed to find the electric field through the bar at equilibrium. I know that at equilibrium, the accumulated positive charge on the bottom of the bar results in a field that ...
4
votes
3answers
58 views

Why do Temperatures Equalize

I have some Oxygen at Temp A in one container and some Nitrogen at Temp B in another container. If I mix these two containers eventually both the Oxygen and Nitrogen will be at the same temperature. ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Easiest way to levitate a ferromagnetic material that is not a permanent magnet?

I want to levitate an iron cube that is not a polarized permanent magnet. What is the easiest way to do this?
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Is it possible to levitate large objects through diamagnetic levitation?

I am currently building a diamagnetic levitator with a strong neodymium magnet, two slabs of bismuth (a diamagnetic material), and a small neodymium cube to levitate. However, I was wondering if it ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Can a diamagnetic levitator levitate non-permanent ferromagnetic materials?

I am building a diamagnetic levitator that will eventually levitate a small neodymium cube. However, is it also possible for an iron cube to be levitated as well? I know that diamagnetic materials ...
0
votes
3answers
75 views

The principle behind Inertia and it's connection to Equilibrium

Inertia is the tendency of a force-free body to remain in that state or it is something that opposes any act of changing its equilibrium state. Mass is a measure of inertia. I have some questions ...
12
votes
7answers
1k views

Why doesn't an object, despite having a non-zero potential energy stored in it, fall by itself from the elevation?

When an object is at a certain height, it has some energy stored in it as we have done some work on it to get it to that height. So when it already has energy, then why doesn't it fall off from the ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Equilibrium of a Solid Body

To find the torques around B, see the figure below, I took the cross product as followed: and we know that $W=160 N$ but when I insert that value into the the equation in the red box, I get $F_3=46....
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How does distance affect force?

In the image below, the system is in equilibrium. Some force is applied at the bottom of the vertical pole and is being opposed by some force at the top by the horizontal pole... But I feel as though ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

I need help with determining angles after shifting of axis in Free Body Diagrams

I can't figure out by which property of the triangle the angles in shifted axis are also 30 degrees. Vertical angle theorom doesn't work. I drew it again and again. If someone could draw me a diagram, ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Massless ladder against a frictionless wall [closed]

I am confused by a review problem for my physics course. I keep getting a different answer from the solution (which was given to us) and not sure what I am missing. A massless ladder has a length of $...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Calculating the time for two bodies to reach thermodynamic equilibrium

If we have two bodies a and b, with temperatures $T_a$ and $T_b$ respectively, with $T_a > T_b$ and we also know that body b is surrounded by body a completely. How do we calculate the relaxation ...
0
votes
2answers
150 views

Angular equilibrium on a see-saw

I have a tonne of questions related to see-saw equilibrium because most places I've been to online only deal with horizontal equilibrium - but static equilibrium can occur on an angle too. My ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How is equilibrium achieved when masses are unbalanced?

Consider the see-saw scenario shown below (This image was from a Phet simulation) If you place a 5kg mass 0.25m from the pivot point, the seesaw will have net torque in an anticlockwise direction, ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Basic tension and equilibrium confusion

The following is what I did: $$Fsin\theta = 60 => F = 93 N$$ $$Fcos\theta = 40 => F = 52 N$$ Why do I get different results? Does this mean the object isn't in equilibrium? How can I proceed ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Equilibrum position of an extensible spring

A stone of mass $m$ is attached at one end of a vertical spring whose another (upper) end is fixed at horizontal surface. During the motion, a spring takes vertical direction. Force in spring is ...
4
votes
2answers
98 views

Does the entropy of a system vary in the equilibrium?

I am not physicist and this question may seem trivial. But I understand that in the equilibrium the magnitudes such as temperature or volumen do not vary. Is the same for entropy? My logical says that ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Gas/liquid pressure equilibrium of water in an exotic environments

So I'll preface this by saying this is not some evil homework assignment, this came about from some idle talk of colonizing the moon by a couple of software engineers when we realized we had no idea ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Conservation of Energy of two charged blocks connected by light spring

Two identical blocks resting on a frictionless, horizontal surface are connected by a light spring having a spring constant $k = 100 N/m$ and an unstretched length $L_i=0.400 m$. A charge $Q$ is ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

Equilibrium using Center of Buoyancy and Gravity (Problem)

I don't understand a solution to a homework question. Specifically, I don't understand the logical sequence of each bolded statement in the answer. (b) To ensure that a ship is in stable ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Difference between state variable and state function in thermodynamic?

I think these two terms are sometimes used as synonyms and other times as different concepts. Can some explain what is the difference? An example would be good. Also, can state variable be the state ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Three-log problem [closed]

Three uniform round rigid cylindrical logs of the same size and weight are placed on a horizontal plane. The two at the bottom are touching each other, the third one is placed on the top as shown in ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

Angles in a static equilibrium

I have three masses (Fα, Fβ & Fg) with 2 pulleys, and a wind variable which is in static equilibrium. I have already calculated the appropriate forces for the 3 masses by multiplying it with 9.81m/...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Are these torques correct for a simple balancing/fulcrum experiment?

For my physics lab, they had us do a simple static equilibrium experiment where we rested a ruler on a fulcrum (at its center of mass) and then attached varying amounts of weight on either end at ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

A counterexample to the Law of Stable Equilibrium?

This is the "Law of Stable Equilibrium", according to Hatsopoulos and Keenan: A system having specified allowed states and an upper bound in volume can reach from any given state one and only ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Evolution of Gibbs energy change of reaction with temperature

The Gibbs energy change of reaction is given by $$\Delta G^0_{rx}=\Delta H^0_{rx}-T\Delta S^0_{rx}$$ From the look of it seems the direction of variation of equlibrium with $T$ is given by the sign ...
0
votes
3answers
4k views

Lowest point of a loose cable with a pulley/mass hanging from it [closed]

This is part of a homework question which I've been stuck on for several hours. I've tried googling "lowest point of rope", "lowest point of hanging cable", "lowest point of pulley", and a bunch of ...