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1answer
143 views

Downward force applied at center of see saw [closed]

If we are given the length of a see saw of negligible weight, and the weights and distances from the center of the two people on the ends of the see saw, how can we find the downward force being ...
1
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0answers
61 views

Equilibrium Points in Lagrangian Mechanics

Suppose we have a one particle system with generalized coordinates $q_i$. In classical mechanics, the corresponding Lagrangian is $L = T - V$. Assume $V(q)$ is time-independent. What additional ...
3
votes
1answer
270 views

How do simple bird waterers work?

I made a simple bird waterer made from two 1.25L PET bottles. Let's call these two bottles the reservoir and the tray. Setup The tray is a bottle with the top cut off to leave only the bottom ...
0
votes
3answers
111 views

Finding minimum force to hold a particle in equilibrium [closed]

A particle of mass $m$ is suspended from a point A on a vertical wall by means of a light inextensible string of length $b$. Find the magnitude and direction of the minumum force $\boldsymbol P$ ...
0
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0answers
224 views

Ladder equilibrium problem - Where do the hinge forces go?

In my physics homework there is a problem about a hinged ladder like this and a man is standing on one of its halves. The two parts of the ladder are hinged together at the top. My question is, ...
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2answers
414 views

Electric charge in stable equilibrium

Why an electric charge can't be held in a position of stable equilibrium, neither by an electrostatic field nor by a mechanical force ?
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2answers
45 views

Physical Explanation of the steady state in RC circuits

Given a simple RC circuit with a resistance $R$ connected to a capacitor $C$, the differential equation that describes the voltage is $$C \dot V + V/R = 0$$ whose solution is $$V= V(t) = V_0 ...
7
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1answer
309 views

Spikes on ferrofluid?

What exactly are the spikes, or peaks and valleys, caused by in pictures such as these Wikipedia states that "From the point of view of magnetic energy, peaks and valleys are energetically ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Is there always an equilibrium point in space for gravity?

For instance, for a two-body system, there will always be a point in-between the two in which the forces of gravity completely cancel, and if I were there then I would experience no net force. I ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

Equilibrium Question? [closed]

For the figure shown a 5.0m long board is hinged 1.75m from its right end and allowed to rotate freely. You push with an upward force of 250N on the end of the board away from the pivot. A bucket of ...
1
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0answers
37 views

problem about heat in thermodynamics

$$\nabla G=-T\nabla S-T\nabla S_{sur}=-Q+q $$ $$\nabla G=-T\nabla S-T\nabla S_{sur}=-(U-W_{rew})+q $$ $$\nabla G=-T\nabla S-T\nabla S_{sur}=-(q+W-W_{rew})+q $$ $$\nabla G=-T\nabla S-T\nabla ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Is state defined for non-equilibrium systems?

Equilibrium thermodynamic states follow the state principle and Gibb's phase rule when it comes to fixing a state when given a minimum of (typically) 2 state properties. For non-equilibrium states, I ...
1
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0answers
48 views

Why is it valid to assume that the liquid-vapour interface is always saturated during evaporation?

For steady state evaporation, I read from two textbooks which simply states that the partial pressure of vapour of interest (say water) at the liquid-vapour interface is equal to the saturation ...
4
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2answers
845 views

Understanding the Jacobian Matrix

Taking the example of a two dimensional system, desribred by the following ODE's: \begin{align} \frac{dx_1}{dt}&=f_1(x_1,x_2)\\ \frac{dx_2}{dt}&=f_2(x_1,x_2) \end{align} The Jacobian Matrix ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Electrical charge equilibrium and the piezoelectric effect

About the piezoelectric effect: if I press a crystal the electrical charges segregate and an electrical voltage appears on the other two faces of the crystal. See this link for example: ...
2
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0answers
86 views

Detailed Balance for Quantum Master Equations from System Hamiltonians with Degenerate Spectrum

Kossakowski, Andrzej, et al. ("Quantum detailed balance and KMS condition." Communications in Mathematical Physics 57.2 (1977): 97-110) gave a proof that the stationary state of a quantum dynamical ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

'Mechanical equilibrium does not necessarily mean that the pressure is same at all points of the system' - why?

If there are variations in pressure or elastic stress within the system,parts of the system may move, or expand or contract. Eventually these motions,expansions or contractions will cease, and when ...
2
votes
3answers
238 views

Unstable equilibrium in a pendulum

Consider a pendulum with a bob and a massless, rigid, hinged rod attached to the bob. The bob is at rest at the bottom most position. Neglecting friction, is it possible to impart such a velocity ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Can't understand the meaning of a formula describing a stable equilibrium?

I've found this formula in a book and I can't understand its meaning: $$\frac{df}{dx}\biggr|_{x_0} < 0$$ It describes the condition of an object to being in a $\textit{stable}$ equilibrium. At ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Do Monte-Carlo updates have a physical significance in stat. mech?

One of the archetypical example to introduce Monte-Carlo methods in stat. mech. is to work out the properties of the 2D square lattice Ising model and compare the obtained results with Onsager's exact ...
1
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2answers
442 views

How does the temperature in a bucket of water with ice change over time?

I'm curious what happens to the temperature of the water in a bucket of water with ice in it. Let's start with a bucket with just ice in it, and we add water, in a room which is room temperature. It ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

What's the point with equilibrium in Thermodynamics?

All the Thermodynamics books I saw until now state that in Thermodynamics we are mainly concearned with equilibrium states (I know there's "non-equilibrium Thermodynamics", but I'm interested on the ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

H-theorem and Boltzmann equation applied to Boltzmann distribution

Using the Boltzmann equation: $$ \frac{dH}{dt} = \int_0^{\infty} dr \int_0^{\infty} ds W(r,s)[p_r - p_s][\ln{p_r} - \ln{p_s}],$$ and assuming $p_r = e^{-\beta r}$, the equation looks like $$ ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Perfectly vertical spinning top [duplicate]

Consider a non-spinning top. If a top is perfectly vertical, and the interface between its base and the ground is perfectly flat, it should stay in (unstable) equilibrium. I.e. it does fall. What ...
1
vote
3answers
157 views

Ice and liquid water interacting across a boundary

Imagine we have two thermodynamic systems, one a mass of ice and the other an equal mass of liquid water, with both at 273.16K. Each system is isolated, except that they can interact with each other ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Does the entropy of a system vary in the equilibrium?

I am not physicist and this question may seem trivial. But I understand that in the equilibrium the magnitudes such as temperature or volumen do not vary. Is the same for entropy? My logical says that ...
0
votes
1answer
155 views

Finding equilibrium of mechanical system

A system is described as follows: Consider a system consisting of two rotating bars of length $l$ and with uniform mass density and each with total mass $m$. The bars are attached to a common ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Why is $\omega = \sqrt{K/m}$ valid for a quantum oscillator?

I'm working in the 3rd edition of Modern Physics by Serway, Moses, and Moyer. In 6.6, it talks about a quantum oscillator. I don't fully understand how the definition of frequency works. Now, we ...
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0answers
208 views

Torque of person on bridge [closed]

Consider a 10 meter bridge that weighs 500 N supported at both ends. A person who weighs 750 N is standing 2 m from the end of the bridge. What are the forces $F_a$, $F_b$ holding the bridgeup at ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Transmission/Equilibrium Question

Suppose there are two wheels linked by some kind of apparatus with a transmission, in a vacuum. Wheel A is spinning, wheel B is not. Is it empirically possible for the transmission to transfer the ...
0
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0answers
49 views

How to calculate the partial entropy in a fully connected ising system

I'm trying to reproduce a calculation that should lead to the partial entropy in a fully connected ising model for the high-temperature range ($\beta < 2$) in the thermodynamic Limit ($N ...
7
votes
2answers
523 views

Do airlocks in space decompress violently as they do in movies?

The standard scene follows: The good guys have finally captured the enemies and have them in an airlock chamber on a spaceship. A button is pressed and out they go, violently propelled by the blast of ...
11
votes
3answers
191 views

How quickly should a fluid come to hydrostatic equilibrium?

Let's say I'm holding a one-liter water bottle, full of water, which I then drop. Before dropping the water bottle, the equilibrium is for there to be a pressure gradient in the water canceling the ...
3
votes
1answer
273 views

Lagrangian formulation of the problem: small oscillations around an equilibrium

I'm having trouble understanding how some conclusions are made in my book. I'm studying from a coursebook based on Goldstein's "Classical Mechanics", here's what's written in my book, with my problems ...
-1
votes
2answers
740 views

Why mountain roads are winded up rather than keeping them straight? [closed]

In my opinion, to prevent the line passing from the center of gravity of a body (e.g bike or car) trying to climb the mountain or hill to fall outside the base of support so to maintain stable ...
1
vote
1answer
619 views

Mechanics question - ladder leaning against a wall

I am struggling with part a) of this question: Here is the solution: In part a) they prove that $F \leq \mu R$ is false for this system. So as $F$ is neither less than nor equal to $\mu R$ it ...
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0answers
52 views

Criteria for stable equilibrium [closed]

A homogeneous wooden bar of length 10 cm, thickness 4 cm and weight 1 Kg is balanced on the top of a semicircular cylinder of radius R as shown below. What is the minimum radius of the semicircular ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

What is the relevance of potential energy as a concept?

As far as i understand, for an object to have a fixed quantity of potential energy, it must be in current equilibrium and have no net force applied to it (otherwise the potential would convert to ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

How can the tension force be computed to test if a shape is moving or not?

Source Given the coordinates of $n$ 3D joints ($1kg$ each) connected by $m$ rods. Assume rods have zero mass and joints with $z=0$ are fixed to the ground while others are free to move, will the ...
2
votes
3answers
191 views

Equilibrium that is not stable

Consider a system which is in an equilibrium state. Now, a small perturbation causes it to start oscillating about the equilibrium state, but over time, the momentum with which it overshoots the ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

How does a simple weighing balance actually work? [duplicate]

I have made a simple sketch of how I think the system looks like. My problem is: I always thought that the angle the balance makes is a function of the difference between the two masses (or the ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Difference between steady state and equilibrium?

In semiconductor physics, what is the difference between steady state and equilibrium. How analysis of devices varies in these processes?
3
votes
2answers
402 views

Physical significance of Taylor and Maclaurin series - What is the significance of defining a Maclaurin series in Mathematical Physics?

In physics, usually Taylor series is used to express a quantity which keep changes with coordinate. For example the potential energy of a molecule changes with coordinate, so we express the potential ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

What is the equivalent of a eutectic point for a (two-liquid)+solids system?

I deal with complex phase equilibria involving solid and liquid phases at high temperature. Below is a simplified temperature-XH2O diagram for a multicomponent system at constant pressure. (Note: ...
1
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0answers
47 views

Vacancy Generation / Annihilation Time (Relaxation Time)

Vacancy Generation/Annihilation Time, Recombination Time and Relaxation Time ($\tau$) are all synonymously used in atomic physics literatures. They're defined as the time that it takes for vacancies ...
0
votes
2answers
389 views

Equilibrium of of water level in punctured bucket?

Would a bucket with a hole in the bottom being filled at different rates with water come to to different equilibrium levels with in the bucket? Or would at any fill rate above initial flow rate of ...
0
votes
4answers
650 views

Is vapour pressure based on partial pressures or just total pressure on the liquid?

The explanation for the boiling point of water is that at 100C, the vapour pressure becomes greater than atmospheric pressure. But say you had a a jar of water sealed in argon at 1atm, which is larger ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

States of Matter and Equilibrium

Can I say that, matter generally when cooled decreases in volume because, when it is cooled,i.e., we lower the temperature of the surroundings, then the avg. energy of our sample will be higher than ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

What happens to matter when in a thermodynamic equilibrium?

I am trying to gain a better understanding of thermodynamic equilibrium. Here's what (I think) I know: If a system is in Thermal, Radiative, Chemical, and Mechanical Equilibrium, then it is in ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Earnshaw's theorem and springs

Earnshaw's theorem states that the Laplacian of the potential energy of a small charge moving through a landscape full of static negative and/or positive charges (and gravity) is zero. Thus you can't ...